O.H. Bakeless papers, 1879-1905.
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Richard Henry Pratt (1840-1924) was a U.S. Army officer who fought for the Union during the Civil War, served on the western frontier (to 1875), established and administered the Carlisle Indian Industrial School (1879-1904). He advocated fair treatment of U.S. Indians and strongly believed that through education they could be assimilated into American society. Richard Henry Pratt devoted his life to public service, beginning as a soldier in the Civil War and later fighting Indians on the fron...
O. H. (Oscar Hugh) Bakeless was a graduate of the Bloomsburg [Pennsylvania] Normal School (ca. 1878) and Lafayette College (ca. 1890). He was a teacher and principal at a number of Pennsylvania schools, and was the principal of the Academic Department of the United States Indian Industrial School at Carlisle, Pennsylvania, from ca. 1890 until he accepted the position as head of the Department of Theory and Practice of Teaching at the Bloomsburg State Normal School in 1902. From the d...
The Carlisle Indian Industrial School was the brainchild of a young lieutenant of the 10th United States (U.S.) Cavalry, Richard Henry Pratt. Lieutenant Pratt had great sympathy for the misery of the Indian, even while he was engaged in subduing the hostile tribes of the West. He became convinced that the solution to the Indian uprisings lay in the education of the Indian rather than in further bloodshed. No public schools allowed Indian students, but Pratt, with the help of influential sympathi...