Oral history interview with William Shockley, 1974 September 10.

ArchivalResource

Oral history interview with William Shockley, 1974 September 10.

Born in London in 1910; childhood in Palo Alto, California; undergraduate at University of California, Los Angeles and California Institute of Technology; graduate school at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (JohnSlater, thesis advisor); Bell Laboratories, 1936; war-related work at Bell Laboratories, Whippany (ca. 1 year), patents on radar ideas (Columbia University Project); fission work with James Fisk (National Bureau of Standards); the transistor; Solid State Physics group organized in 1945 at Bell Labs under Shockley and Stanley Morgan. Also prominently mentioned are: Walter Houser Brattain, Karl Kelchner Darrow, Clinton Joseph Davisson, John R. Dunning, Enrico Fermi, James Brown Fisk, Harvey Fletcher, J. R. Haynes, Alan Holden, William Vermillion Houston, Mervin J. Kelly, Philip McCord Morse, Foster Cary Nix, Linus Pauling, Frederick Seitz, Frederick Emmons Terman, and Dean E. Wooldridge.

Sound recordings: 2 sound cassettes, 3 7-inch sound reels, 2 5-inch sound reels, (ca. 5.0 hrs.), 1 session.Transcript: 35 p.

Related Entities

There are 20 Entities related to this resource.

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6sv8d0k (corporateBody)

The Department of General Studies at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) did not officially exist until 1882. Courses in general studies were offered as early as 1865, when the MIT Catalog offered a curriculum option called the Course in Science and Literature. At that time, all regular MIT students were required to take “general studies” classes from the Course in Science and Literature, in addition to English, history, and modern languages. In 1882 the Course in Scienc...

Columbia University

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6r0313j (corporateBody)

The Columbia University community and administration mobilized to the fullest extent in answer to the entry of the United States into World War I. Summed up by President Nicholas Murray Butler in the 1918 Annual Report, the effects of the war on the University were far-reaching: "Students by the hundred and prospective students by the thousand entered the military, naval, or civil service of the United States; teachers and administrative officers to the number of nearly four hundred...

Fletcher, Harvey, 1884-1981

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6n88172 (person)

Fletcher died in 1981. From the description of Autobiographical notes, 1956. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 84131911 Engineer and acoustics researcher at Bell Laboratories. From the description of Interview conducted by Oliver Daniel, May 9, 1979 [sound recording]. (University of Pennsylvania Library). WorldCat record id: 155861761 Died 1981. From the description of Oral history interview with Harvey Fletcher, 1964 May 15. (Unknown). WorldCat...

Brattain, Walter H. (Walter Houser), 1902-1987

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6x068rn (person)

Major affiliations include: Bell Laboratories, NJ, USA, 1929-1967; Columbia University, New York, NY USA, 1942-1943; and Whitman College, Walla Walla, WA, USA, 1967- From the description of Personal Papers. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 84185841 Physicist. Major affiliations include: Bell Laboratories, NJ, USA (1929-1967); Columbia University, New York, NY, USA (1942-1943); and Whitman College, Walla Walla, WA, USA, (1967-1987?). From the description of Thesis, ...

Hoddeson, Lillian

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w65x2d63 (person)

Holden, Alan W., 1926-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6377bzh (person)

Chemical physics. Major affiliations includes: Bell Laboratories, USA, 1925- From the description of Papers, 1904-1985. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 83949070 Lifespan 1904-1985. From the description of Oral history interview with Alan Holden, 1974 July 30 and 21 June 1976. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 84075014 ...

Davisson, Clinton Joseph, 1881-1958

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6fj3jkr (person)

Physicist. From the description of Clinton Joseph Davisson papers, 1908-1962 (bulk 1937-1946). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79450630 Physicist (electron optics). From the description of Letters from J. J. Thomson, 1913, and letter to son, James W. Davisson, concerning Davisson's visit to Cavendish Laboratory, his marriage and family life, 1913-1957. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 77849727 Biographical Note ...

Fermi, Enrico, 1901-1954

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6736s35 (person)

Enrico Fermi was a physicist. From the description of Letters, 1918-1926, to Enrico Perisco. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 173466015 From the guide to the Enrico Fermi letters, 1918-1926, to Enrico Perisco, 1918-1926, (American Philosophical Society) Physicist. From the description of Papers of Enrico Fermi, 1919-1954. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 71068165 Physicist (slow neutrons, artificial radioactivity, beta-ray emission, statistical mode...

Slater, John C. (John Clarke), 1900-1976

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6gm88vx (person)

John Clarke Slater was a physicist. He graduated from Harvard (Ph. D. 1923) and continued his studies at Cambridge University. He also studied in Copenhagen for six months under Niels Bohr, with whom Slater worked again in 1929 on the quantum theory. He returned to the United States in 1930 to become head of the department of physics at M.I.T., where he worked with Karl Compton to transform the study of physics there. From the description of Papers, 1908-1976. (American Philosophical...

California institute of technology

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6rj8cxv (corporateBody)

Wooldridge, Dean E., 1913-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6j39pvq (person)

Physics, engineering;. Member of technical staff, Bell Laboratories, 1936-1946; Dir. electronic research and development, Hughes Aircraft Co, 1946-1953; Research Assoc. Engineering, California Institute of Technology, from 1962. Born, 1913; Died, 1985. From the description of Oral history interview with Dean E. Wooldridge, 1976 August 21. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 82944288 ...

University of California, Los Angeles

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w61g4fv2 (corporateBody)

Biography Cox was born Jan. 5, 1926 in Fresno, CA; BA, political science, Stanford, 1949; associate for Bill P. Wreden, antiquarian book dealer, San Francisco; MLS, UC Berkeley, 1954; began working at the UCLA library in 1954, serving in gifts and exchange, as head of the Geology Library, and head of circulation (1960-77); compiled and donated Albright library bibliography; Acting Assoc. University Librarian for Public Services, UCLA, 1977-79...

Shockley, William, 1910-1989

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6df6stk (person)

Died 1989. From the description of Oral history interview with William Shockley, 1974 September 10. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 78821004 American physicist. From the description of William Shockley miscellaneous papers, 1980. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 754871662 Professor of engineering at Stanford (1958-1975; emeritus 1975- ). Shockley was co-recipient of the Nobel Prize in physics, 1956. From the description of William Shockley paper...

Seitz, Frederick, 1911-2008

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w61v5g81 (person)

Physicist. On the physics faculty at University of Rochester, 1935-1937; research physicist, General Electric Company, 1937-1939; on the physics faculty at University of Pennsylvania, 1939-1942; Carnegie Institute of Technology, 1942-1949; and University of Illinois, 1949-1965; president, National Academy of Sciences, 1962-1969; president, Rockefeller University, 1968-1978. From the description of Summary of 1987 conference: The Origins of Solid State Physics in Italy: 1945-1960, 198...

Darrow, Karl K. (Karl Kelchner), 1891-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6sx6g0b (person)

Physicist (science writer). Physicist, Western Electric Company, 1917-1924 and Bell Telephone Laboratories, 1925-1956; Secretary, American Physical Society, 1941-1966. Died 1982. From the description of Karl Kelchner Darrow Papers, 1872-1978, (bulk 1917-1972) (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 154306668 Physicist (science writer). Physicist with Western Electric Company, 1917-1924 and Bell Telephone Laboratories, 1925-1956; Secretary, American Physical Society, 1941-1966. Died 1...

Kelly, Mervin Joe

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6cz3h6x (person)

Pauling, Linus, 1901-1994

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6zk5j54 (person)

Born in Portland, Oregon on 28 February 1901. Died on 19 August 1994. Education: B.S., Chemical Engineering, Oregon State College (1922), Ph.D., Physical Chemistry and Mathematical Physics, California Institute of Technology (1925). Employment: 1925-1926 National Research Council; 1926-1927 Universities of Münich, Zürich, and Copenhagen; 1922-1969 California Institute of Technology; 1969- Stanford University; 1973-1979 Linus Pauling Institute of Science and Medicine. From the descr...

United States. National Bureau of Standards.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6kw99kt (corporateBody)

After World War II the National Bureau of Standards (NBS) was charged with the task of following developments in computing. In response, NBS began to index and abstract books, journals, reports and other literature covering a broad range of computer-related topics beginning in the mid-1940s. Eventually the enormity of the task forced NBS to abandon this work in 1978. From the description of Computer Literature Collection, 1956-1978. (University of Minnesota, Minneapolis). WorldCat re...

Bell Telephone Laboratories, inc.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6w73vwf (corporateBody)

Morse, Philip M. (Philip McCord), 1903-1985

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6474d56 (person)

Morse died in 1985. From the description of Autobiographical data, ca. 1962. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 81716656 Philip McCord Morse was born August 6, 1903, in Shreveport, Louisiana. His parents, Allen Crafts Morse, a telephone engineer, and Edith McCord Morse, soon moved to Cleveland where he grew up. In 1921 Philip Morse started attending Case Institute, but he took the following year off to work in the Radiolectric Shop that he owned with friends. Upon h...