Wilbur J. Cohen papers, 1930-1987 (bulk 1935-1979).


Wilbur J. Cohen papers, 1930-1987 (bulk 1935-1979).

Papers of an official in the Social Security Administration (1935-1956), assistant secretary, undersecretary, and secretary of the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare (1961-1969), professor of social work (1956-1960), professor of education and public welfare and dean of the School of Education at the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor (1969-1979), and founder and co-chairman of the Save Our Security coalition. Included are appointment books, personal and professional correspondence, memoranda, reports, minutes, draft legislation, testimony, task force clippings, memoirs, writings and speeches, interview transcripts, and sound recordings. Prominent correspondents include Arthur Altmeyer, Robert Ball, J. Douglas Brown, Nelson Cruikshank, John Dingell, Paul Douglas, Robert Doughton, Arthur Flemming, John Fogarty, Aime Forand, John Gardner, Walter George, Burr Harrison, Lister Hill, Hubert Humphrey, Leo Irwin, Henry Jackson, Lester Johnson, Robert Kean, John F. Kennedy, Edward Kennedy, Robert Kerr, Russell Long, George McGovern, Wilbur Mills, Wayne Morse, Robert Myers, Carl Perkins, Claude Pepper, J. J. Pickle, Merlyn Pitzele, Henry Reuss, Alice Rivlin, Sargent Shriver, Theodore Sorensen, Robert Wagner, Elizabeth Wickenden, and Edwin Witte. The files document the expansion of the Social Security system; the establishment of the Medicare program; social welfare policy and legislation during the Kennedy and Johnson administrations; Cohen's career as a federal official, academic, expert and consultant on Social Security; and his activities as a writer, speaker, and advocate of government health, education, and social programs. The processed portion of this collection is summarized above, dates 1930-1987, and described in the register. Additional accessions, also date 1930-1987, are described below.

109.8 c.f. (279 archives boxes) and4 tape recordings; plusadditions of 11.4 c.f.,91 tape recordings,148 photographs and1.2 c.f. of photographs,29 negatives,2 film reels, and6 videorecordings.

Related Entities

There are 44 Entities related to this resource.

United States. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6hb9wwr (corporateBody)

In March 1972 President Richard Nixon called for an "intensive study" and requested a plan for developing a "safe, fast, and efficient nationwide blood collection and distribution system." Nixon's request was the result of several independent events and initiatives throughout the late 1960s that focused on the U.S. lack of an efficient system for maintaining a sufficiently ample, risk-free national blood supply. The primary aim of the policy was to eliminate the nation's dependence on an oft-con...

Hill, J. Lister (Joseph Lister), 1894-1984

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6fv9bnj (person)

Joseph Lister Hill (December 29, 1894 – December 20, 1984) was an American politician. A member of the Democratic Party, he represented Alabama in the U.S. Congress for more than forty-five years, as both a U.S. Representative (1923–1938) and a U.S. Senator (1938–1969). During his Senate career he was active on health-related issues, and served as Senate Majority Whip (1941–47), and Hill also served as the Chair of the Senate Labor Committee. At the time of his retirement, Hill was the fourth-mo...

Pepper, Claude, 1900-1989

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6sr9r2z (person)

Claude Denson Pepper (September 8, 1900 – May 30, 1989) was an American politician of the Democratic Party, and a spokesman for left-liberalism and the elderly. He represented Florida in the United States Senate from 1936 to 1951 and the Miami area in the United States House of Representatives from 1963 until 1989. Born in Chambers County, Alabama, Pepper established a legal practice in Perry, Florida after graduating from Harvard Law School. After serving a single term in the Florida House o...

Morse, Wayne L. (Wayne Lyman), 1900-1974

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6cp7vdh (person)

Wayne Lyman Morse (October 20, 1900 – July 22, 1974) was an American attorney and United States Senator from Oregon. Morse is well known for opposing his party's leadership and for his opposition to the Vietnam War on constitutional grounds. Born in Madison, Wisconsin, and educated at the University of Wisconsin and the University of Minnesota Law School, Morse moved to Oregon in 1930 and began teaching at the University of Oregon School of Law. During World War II, he was elected to the U.S....

McGovern, George S. (George Stanley), 1922-2012

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6039fz6 (person)

George Stanley McGovern (July 19, 1922 – October 21, 2012) was an American politician, historian, U.S. representative, U.S. senator, and the Democratic Party presidential nominee in the 1972 presidential election. McGovern grew up in Mitchell, South Dakota, where he was a renowned debater. He volunteered for the U.S. Army Air Forces upon the country's entry into World War II and as a B-24 Liberator pilot flew 35 missions over German-occupied Europe from a base in Italy. Among the medals besto...

Humphrey, Hubert H. (Hubert Horatio), 1911-1978

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w66j56vs (person)

Hubert Horatio Humphrey Jr. (May 27, 1911 – January 13, 1978) was an American politician who served as the 38th vice president of the United States from 1965 to 1969. He twice served in the United States Senate, representing Minnesota from 1949 to 1964 and 1971 to 1978. He was the Democratic Party's nominee in the 1968 presidential election, losing to Republican nominee Richard Nixon. Born in Wallace, South Dakota, Humphrey attended the University of Minnesota. At one point he helped run his ...

Dingell, John D. (John David), 1926-2019

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6vn52hk (person)

John David Dingell Jr. (July 8, 1926 – February 7, 2019) was an American politician who served as a member of the United States House of Representatives from 1955 until 2015. A member of the Democratic Party, he holds the record for longest-ever serving member of Congress in American history, representing Michigan for more than 59 years. He most recently served as the representative for Michigan's 12th congressional district. A longtime member of the House Energy and Commerce Committee, Dingell ...

Flemming, Arthur S. (Arthur Sherwood), 1905-1996

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w65q5xhd (person)

Arthur S. Flemming (1905-1996), a Methodist ecumenical leader, is the son of Harriet Sherwood and Harry H. Flemming. He attended Ohio Wesleyan University, from which he received an A.B. in 1927. Following his graduation he joined the staff at American University as an instructor in government while completing his masters degree, which he received in 1928. In 1930 he became an editorial writer for U.S. News and World Report. Meanwhile, he attended George Washington University, which awarded him a...

Sorensen, Theodore C.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w60p225j (person)

Theodore C. (Chaikin) Sorensen was born in Lincoln, Nebraska on May 8, 1928. He attended the University of Nebraska, where he received a B.S. degree in Law in 1949 and an LL.B. in 1951. Mr. Sorensen was admitted to the Nebraska bar in 1951, the New York bar in 1966, the District of Columbia bar in 1971, and to the U.S. Supreme Court. He served as attorney for the Federal Security Agency from 1951 to 1952 and was a member of the staff of the Joint Committee on Railroad Retirement in the U.S. Sena...

Kean, Robert, 1893-1980.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6223wv7 (person)

United States. Social Security Administration

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w69924sf (corporateBody)

Altmeyer, Arthur J. (Arthur Joseph), 1891-1972

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6nz8n6z (person)

Administrator. From the description of Reminiscences of Arthur Joseph Altmeyer : oral history, 1967. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122527063 ...

Mills, Wilbur D. (Wilbur Daigh), 1909-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6sj22tt (person)

Congressman. From the description of Reminiscences of Wilbur Daigh Mills : oral history, 1981. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 309742101 ...

Jackson, Henry M. (Henry Martin), 1912-1983

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6pr85n7 (person)

Jackson's tenure in the House was briefly interrupted by service in the U.S. Army. He enlisted in 1943, but was recalled by President Roosevelt to congressional service after basic training. Jackson was assigned to the Government Operations Committee's Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations, a position which quickly put him at the center of the un-American activities controversies and in the national spotlight. He won recognition ...

Save Our Security.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w62857rv (corporateBody)

Harrison, B. P. (Burr Powell), 1904-1973

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Ball, Robert M. (Robert Myers), 1914-2008

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w60p22bs (person)

Government official. From the description of Reminiscences of Robert M. Ball : oral history, 1968. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122480871 ...

Long, Russell B.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6f47ns2 (person)

Russell Billiu Long served in the United States Senate from Louisiana for 38 years. Son of Louisiana governor and senator, Huey Pierce Long, and nephew of three-time Louisiana governor, Earl Kemp Long, Russell Long was elected to the U.S. Senate seven times, retiring from public office in January 1987. From the description of Russell B. Long photograph, circa 1950s. (Louisiana State University). WorldCat record id: 190570382 From the description of Russell B. Long papers, 18...

Shriver, Sargent, 1915-2011

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Robert Sargent Shriver (b. 1915-d. Jan. 18, 2011), brother-in-law of John F. Kennedy, lawyer, businessman, government official, and diplomat, was Assistant General Manager, Merchandise Mart from 1948 to 1961. During and after the Kennedy administration, her served as the Director of the Peace Corps from 1961 to 1966, Director of the Office of Economic Opportunity from 1964 to 1968, and Special Assistant to President Lyndon B. Johnson from 1965 to 1968. Shriver later served as Ambassador to Franc...

Fogarty, John Edward, 1913-1967

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U.S. representative from Rhode Island. From the description of John Edward Fogarty memorial, 1967. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79450284 U.S. representative from Rhode Island; originally a bricklayer; of Providence and Harmony, R.I. From the description of Papers, 1939-1967. (Providence College, Phillips Memorial Library). WorldCat record id: 70925276 John E. Fogarty served in the United States House of Representatives for twe...

Wickenden, Elizabeth, 1909-

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Lobbyist, consultant; interviewee married Arthur Goldschmidt. From the description of Reminiscences of Elizabeth Wickenden : oral history, 1966. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122619854 ...

Kennedy, Edward Moore, 1932-2009

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Edward Moore Kennedy (b. Feb. 22, 1932, Boston, Mass.-d. Aug. 25, 2009), graduated from Harvard University with a B.A. in government in 1956, and received his LL.B. from the University of Virginia in 1959. He served in the United States Army from 1951 to 1953. He was elected democratic senator from Massachusetts in 1962, served until his death in August 2009. He was the Assistant District Attorney for Suffolk County from 1961 to 1962, and sought the Democratic nomination for president in 1980....

George, Walter F. (Walter Franklin), 1878-1959

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Walter Franklin George was born on a farm near Preston, Webster County, Georgia on 29 January 1878. He graduated from Mercer University, Macon, Georgia, in 1900 and from its law department in 1901. He was admitted to the bar in 1901 and commenced practice in Vienna, Georgia . He served as Solicitor General of the Cordele judicial circuit 1907-1912 and Judge of the Superior Court 1912-1917. From that bench he was elevated to Judge of the Court of Appeals of Georgia from January to October 1917. H...

Wagner, Robert F. (Robert Ferdinand), 1877-1953

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6rv0p5s (person)

Alumnus of City College, Class of 1898. From the description of Papers, 1926-1964. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 155504196 ...

University of Michigan.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6f803v2 (corporateBody)

Outside of museum holdings, no comprehensive survey and inventory of campus artwork had been attempted since 1937. With support from the Michigan Commission on Art in Public Places, 1,076 items were inventoried during 1988-1990. Additional inventory work was undertaken in 1997-1998 for risk management purposed, but generated little new information. From the description of Inventory of University of Michigan-owned art, 1988-1990, 1997-1998. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id...

Brown, J. Douglas (James Douglas), 1898-1986

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w60z85gv (person)

Economist. From the description of Reminiscences of James Douglas Brown : oral history, 1965. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122481100 J. Douglas Brown (1898-1986) was an economist and Princeton University administrator who was an expert in the field of industrial relations, especially on the topics of Social Security and personnel and manpower issues. He was one of the architects of the original Social Security legislation in 1935 and was...

Pickle, J.J.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6t44vqx (person)

J.J. Pickle (1913-2005) was representative for the 10th U.S. Congressional District of Texas for 1963-1995. Gillis Long (1923-1985) was representative for the 8th U.S. Congressional District of Louisiana in 1963-1965 and 1973-1985. He ran unsuccessfully for governor of Louisiana in 1964 and 1971. From the description of J.J. Pickle oral history interview, 1987. (Louisiana State University). WorldCat record id: 77070659 James Jarrell Pickle, better known as "Jake," (1913-2005...

Irwin, Leo Howard, 1917-1995.

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Douglas, Paul, 1892-1976

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6xd1fsd (person)

Senator. From the description of Reminiscences of Paul Howard Douglas : oral history, 1975. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 309732848 From the description of Reminiscences of Paul Howard Douglas : oral history, 1957. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122527416 U.S. Senator (Democrat, Illinois). From the description of Paul H. Douglas papers, 1932-1971. (Chicago History Museum). WorldCat ...

Perkins, Carl Dewey, 1912-1984

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Carl D. Perkins (1912-1984) a Democrat from Hindman, was first elected to Congress in 1948 to represent Kentucky's mountainous 7th District and began to serve on January 3, 1949. He was appointed to the House Education and Labor Committee, arena for many of the ideological struggles over the social agenda of the federal government. Perkins's diligence, persistent commitment to liberal principles, mastery of congressional procedures, and skills of personal persuasion gained him a reputation as on...

Democratic Party (U.S.)

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w62k030j (corporateBody)

Cruikshank, Nelson H.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6ns1wzb (person)

Labor economist. From the description of Reminiscences of Nelson Hale Cruikshank : oral history, 1967. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122569619 Nelson Hale Cruikshank was born in Bradner, Ohio on June 21, 1902. He served as Chairman of the Federal Council on Aging and Counselor to the President on Aging from January 1977 to April 1980, when he was replaced by Harold Sheppard. As Counselor to the President on Aging, he served as the princip...

Rivlin, Alice M.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6np2n5g (person)

Economist, government official, and director of the Congressional Budget Office (1975-1983). Born 1931. From the description of Alice M. Rivlin papers, 1963-1988. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 71072195 Economist and government official; b. 1931. From the description of Papers, 1964-1988. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 28495304 Biographical Note 1931, Mar. 4 ...

Kerr, Robert S. (Robert Samuel), 1896-1963

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6bk1bjg (person)

Kerr was a lawyer and chairman of the board of Kerr-McGee Oil Industries, Inc. He was governor of Oklahoma, 1943-1947. He also represented Oklahoma in the U. S. Senate, 1949-1963. As senator, he chaired the Committee on Aeronautical and Space Sciences (1961-1963) and the Select Committee on National Water Resources (1959-1960). Kerr was a Democrat. From the description of Papers, 1909-1970, bulk 1931-1962. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 518140987 ...

Gardner, John W. (John William), 1912-2002

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6t72tw1 (person)

John William Gardner (1912-2002) was vice president of the Carnegie Corporation of New York from 1949 to 1955, and president of the Carnegie Corporation from 1955 to 1965. He was a member of President Kennedy's Task Force on Education in 1960, on President Johnson's Task Force on Education in 1964, and he served as Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare from 1965 to 1968. From the description of Gardner, John William, 1912-2002 (U.S. National Archives and Records Administration)...

Kennedy, John F. (John Fitzgerald), 1917-1963

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6387zpq (person)

John Fitzgerald Kennedy was born on May 29, 1917, to Joseph P. Kennedy and Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy of Brookline, Massachusetts. John Kennedy, the second of nine children, attended Choate Academy (1932-1935), Princeton University (1935-36), Harvard College (1936-40), and Stanford Business School (1941). In 1940, he published a book based on his senior thesis entitled "Why England Slept." The book criticized British policy of Appeasement. In 1941, Kennedy enlisted in the Navy. In August 1943, Kenn...

Forand, Aimé Joseph, 1895-1972

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6br9vbr (person)

Legislator. From the description of Reminiscences of Aime Joseph Forand : oral history, 1965. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122528105 Aime Joseph Forand served as a congressional member from the 1st Congressional District of Rhode Island to the United States House of Representative for twenty-two years, and was an important advocate for senior citizens, the disabled, and the unemployed. Forand’s monumental work t...

Witte, Edwin E. (Edwin Emil), 1887-1960

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6c82b2s (person)

In addition to his academic position (professor of labor economics, University of Wisconsin), Witte served as the secretary and executive director of the U.S. Committee on Economic Security and is considered the "author" of the Federal Social Security Act of 1935. Witte also served in the following positions: senior statistician of the Wisconsin Industrial Commission (1912); special investigator of the U.S. Commission on Industrial Relations (1914); librarian of the Wisc...

Cohen, Wilbur J. (Wilbur Joseph), 1913-1987

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6vd7jdc (person)

Wilbur J. Cohen was Director of the Research and Statistics Bureau of the Wisconsin Health, Education and Welfare Department and the author of several texts on Social Security. From the guide to the Wilbur J. Cohen, Papers, 1937-1942, (Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Martin P. Catherwood Library, Cornell University.) Government official. From the description of Reminiscences of Wilbur Joseph Cohen : oral history, 1976. (Columbia Univ...

Myers, Robert J. (Robert Julius), 1912-2010

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w67093k8 (person)

Actuary. From the description of Reminiscences of Robert J. Myers :koral history, 1967. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122451883 ...

Pitzele, Merlyn S., 1911-1996.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6ks7thb (person)

Doughton, Robert Lee, 1863-1954

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w64q8wx6 (person)

Robert Lee Doughton of Laurel Springs, Alleghany County, N.C., was a farmer, businessman, state legislator, and U.S. representative from North Carolina's Ninth District, 1911-1952. The following counties were in Doughton's district for at least part of his tenure in Congress: Madison, Yancey, Mitchell, Avery, Burke, Cleveland, Catawba, Lincoln, Gaston, Mecklenburg, Caldwell, Alexander, Watauga, Iredell, Rowan, Cabarrus, Stanly, Ashe, and Alleghany. Doughton was chairman of the House Committee on...

Reuss, Henry S.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6fn267s (person)

U.S. Representative (Dem.) from the 5th Congressional District of Wisconsin, 1955-1982. From the description of Henry S. Reuss Peace Corps Records, 1957-1980, bulk 1960-1961. (Marquette University Raynor Memorial Library). WorldCat record id: 30693315 U.S. Representative from the 5th Congressional District of Wisconsin, 1955-1982. From the description of Henry S. Reuss Menominee Indian Records, 1952-1979, undated. (Marquette University Raynor Memorial Library). W...

Johnson, Lester R. (Lester Roland), 1901-1975

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6qr606w (person)