Jack Rabin collection on Alabama civil rights and southern activists, 1941-2004 (bulk 1956-1974).


Jack Rabin collection on Alabama civil rights and southern activists, 1941-2004 (bulk 1956-1974).

The collection is a compact but highly complex, multi-layered compilation of documents, sound recordings, and visual images. It includes records of the Montgomery Improvement Association (MIA) (1955-1974); photographs and surveillance tapes of Martin Luther King, Ralph Abernathy, and many others involved in sit-ins (early 1960s), the MIA (1963), the Selma March (1965), and the Poor People's Campaign (1968); oral histories of the white activists Clifford and Virginia Durr, John Beecher, and Myles Horton (late 1960s - 1975); and films of the African-American activists Luther Henderson (in Savannah, Georgia, 1964) and Stokely Carmichael (in Montgomery, Alabama, circa 1972). Other individuals represented in the collection include James L. Bevel, Anne Braden, Carl Braden, Ralph J. Bunche, Johnnie Rebecca Carr, James A. Dombrowski, James O. Eastland, James Forman, Charles Gomillion, Lester Hankerson, James A. Hood, John Lewis, Rufus A. Lewis, E.D. Nixon, Rosa Parks, Amelia Boynton Robinson, T.Y. Rogers, Fred Shuttlesworth, Don Slayman, Hosea Williams, Whitney Young, and Bob Zellner. Organizations represented include AFL-CIO, Alabama. Dept. of Public Safety. Investigative and Identification Division. Subversive Unit, American Nazi Party, Congress of Racial Equality, Defense Plant Corporation, Highlander Folk School (Monteagle, Tenn.), Montgomery Improvement Association, National Socialist White People's Party, Southern Christian Leadership Conference, Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, and the U.S. Federal Communications Commission.

3.15 cubic feet and 371 items.

Related Entities

There are 41 Entities related to this resource.

Braden, Anne McCarty, 1924-2006

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w65n6zmv (person)

Journalist, civil rights activist; interviewee married Carl Braden. From the description of Reminiscences of Anne Braden : oral history, 1981. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 309721763 Journalist; civil rights activist; interviewee married Carl Braden. From the description of Oral history interview with Anne Braden, 1978. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 309721830 Anne McCarty was born ...

Braden, Carl, 1914-1975

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w69d7qc1 (person)

Carl Braden was born and raised in Louisville, Kentucky. Braden left school at sixteen to begin a career in journalism. In October 1954, Carl and Anne Braden were indicted in Louisville under a state sedition law by the Jefferson County Grand Jury after the house they purchased for a Black family (Andrew Wade) was bombed. The charges against Mrs. Braden and five other people were dropped, but Carl was held under bail of $40,000, tried and found guilty of sedition for having incited the bombing. ...

Zellner, Bob, 1939-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6f58g46 (person)

Bob Zellner graduated from Huntingdon College in 1961 and that year became a member of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) as its first white field secretary. ...

Abernathy, Ralph, 1926-1990

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6kt7jhc (person)

Ralph David Abernathy (1926-1990) was a minister, civil rights leader, and confidant of the Reverend Martin Luther King, Jr....

Forman, James, 1928-2005

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6vb9208 (person)

Social activist and organizer James Forman was born on October 4, 1928, in Chicago. He spent much of his childhood with his grandmother on a farm in Marshall County, Mississippi. His grandmother stressed the importance of education and his experiences in the segregated South proved very important in his developing social consciousness.Forman completed high school in 1947. He attended Chicago's Wilson Junior College before joining the U.S. Air Force. After completing four years of military servic...

Carmichael, Stokely, 1941-1998

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6cd1sns (person)

Stokely Carmichael was born in Trinidad and moved to New York City with his family in 1952. In 1964 he graduated from Howard University with a B.A. in Philosophy; the same year he became a field secretary of Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC). In 1966 he was elected chairman of SNCC....

Bevel, James Luther, 1936-2008

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6mt4kp6 (person)

Civil rights activist Reverend James Luther Bevel was born in Itta Bena, Mississippi, on October 19, 1936. After a stint in the services, Bevel was called to the ministry and enrolled in the American Baptist Theological Seminary in Nashville, Tennessee. While in the Seminary, Bevel joined the Nashville chapter of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC), then led by the Reverend James Lawson.In 1960, Bevel and other black students trained by Lawson, including John Lewis, Dianne Nash, ...

Congress of Racial Equality

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6d904dp (corporateBody)

Downtown CORE (Congress of Racial Equality), a chapter of the CORE national organization, was formed in March 1963 and remained active until the end 1966. Based on Manhattan's Lower East Side, it was one of nearly a dozen New York City local chapters organized in the early 1960s. Its founders included Rita and Michael Schwerner (the latter one of the group of three civil rights workers murdered in Philadelphia, Mississippi in 1964), and its members included radical pacifist Igal Rodenko, anarchi...

Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (U.S.)

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w65f9js6 (corporateBody)

The Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) was created in 1960 at Shaw University in Raleigh, North Carolina. Its purpose was to coordinate the student protest movement. SNCC led voter registration drives in Mississippi and other southern states, held civil rights demonstrations advocating social integration, and sponsored the Freedom Summer of 1964 in Mississippi....


http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6h52hhw (corporateBody)

The AFL and CIO merged in 1955 as an umbrella organization for skilled trade and industrial unions. Its regional office in Baltimore represented worker interests against this railroad merger. From the description of AFL-CIO response to merger of Pennsylvania and New York Central railroads, 1962-1963. (Pennsylvania State University Libraries). WorldCat record id: 238572652 Created by merger of American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations in 1955. ...

Durr, Virginia Foster

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6sf3068 (person)

Virginia Foster Durr (1903-1999) was a civil rights activist and a friend of Lyndon B. Johnson and Lady Bird Johnson. She was a relief worker during the Great Depression, worked as a lobbyist and campaign worker for Progressive Party candidate Henry Wallace in the 1940s, ran as a candidate for governor of Virginia in 1948, and worked as a civil rights activist in Montgomery, Alabama in the 1950s and 1960s. From the description of Durr, Virginia Foster, 1903-1999 (U.S. National Archiv...

Gomillion, Charles G. (Charles Goode), 1900-1995

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6sn0818 (person)

Shuttlesworth, Fred L., 1922-2011

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6gt5x49 (person)

Rev. Fred L. Shuttlesworth (1922- ), Baptist minister and civil rights activist, resided in Birmingham, Alabama. From the description of Rev. Fred L. Shuttlesworth papers, 1953-1969. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 38476539 ...

Slayman, Don

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w60k5jkt (person)

Rabin, Jack, 1945-....

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6t18c5f (person)

Jack Michael Rabin, Professor of Public Administration and Public Policy at The Pennsylvania University in Harrisburg since 1988, founded an incorporated, non-profit organization called the Center for the Study of Civil Liberties and Civil Rights in 1974 to collect primary source materials in these areas. He died in Harrisburg, 13 Nov. 2006. From the description of Jack Rabin collection on Alabama civil rights and southern activists, 1941-2004 (bulk 1956-1974). (Pennsylvania State Un...

Bunche, Ralph J. (Ralph Johnson), 1904-1971

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6251n9f (person)

Ralph Bunche was Secretary of United Nations. From the description of Letter (typewritten) to Abraham Stavsky, 1967, February 28. (Regent University). WorldCat record id: 49291995 Ralph Johnson Bunche b 1904; educated at University of California, Los Angeles (AB), Harvard University (AM, PhD); Chairman, Dept of Political Science, Howard University, Washington DC, 1928-1950; Director, Trusteeship Department, Unted Nations, 1946-1954; acting UN Mediator on Palestine, 1948-1949...

Robinson, Amelia Boynton, 1911-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w65f0grh (person)

Civil rights pioneer Amelia Boynton Robinson was born on August 18, 1911, in Savannah, Georgia. As a young lady, Robinson became very active in women's suffrage. In 1934, at the age of twenty-three, Robinson became one of the few registered African American voters. In an era where literacy tests were used to discriminate against African Americans seeking to vote, Robinson used her status as a registered voter to assist other African American applicants to become registered voters.In 1930, while ...

Hankerson, Lester

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6vm7np8 (person)

Williams, Hosea, 1926-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6pv6twh (person)

Lewis, Rufus A. (Rufus Andrew), 1906-1999

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6pc6fpf (person)

Young, Whitney M. Whitney M. Young papers.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w66m3wtj (person)

Sociologist. Whitney Moore Young, Jr. (1921-1971) was Executive Director of the National Urban League, 1961-1971. From the description of Papers, 1960-1977. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122443095 ...

Highlander Folk School (Monteagle, Tenn.)

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6ng8x0r (corporateBody)

Recordings (1954-1960) of folk music and of workshops on leadership, integration and voter registration conducted by the school, including a 1956 integration workshop with comments by Rosa Parks on Martin Luther King and the Montgomery bus boycott. Included are performances by Folk School students, Zilphia Horton, Pete Seeger, Guy Carawan, Jack Elliott, Frank Hamilton, and May Justus. Also, a radio interview (ca. 1960) with Septima Clark and school founder Myles Horton. From the desc...

Nixon, Edgar Daniel

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6sb728g (person)

Hood, James A.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6bs256c (person)

American Nazi Party

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6h46q0t (corporateBody)

Initially called the World Union of Free Enterprise National Socialists (WUFENS), but later renamed the American Nazi Party in 1960 to attract maximum media attention. The party was based largely upon the ideals and policies of Adolf Hitler's NSDAP in Germany during the Third Reich but also expressed allegiance to the Constitutional principles of the U.S.'s Founding Fathers. It also added a platform of Holocaust denial. From the description of American Nazi Party records, 1962 July. ...

Rogers, T. Y., -1970

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w67h2c7m (person)

Clergyman. From the description of Reminiscences of T.Y. Rogers : oral history, 1964. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122631757 ...

Dombrowski, James A. (James Anderson), 1897-1983

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w60k2tc9 (person)

Southern Christian Leadership Conference

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6qv7ctx (corporateBody)

The Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) is a national organization organized in chapters and affiliates that works for human rights across the world. It played a prominent role in the civil rights movement during the 1950s and 1960s. SCLC was closely associated with its first president, Martin Luther King, Jr. Origins of the SCLC can be traced back to the Montgomery Bus Boycott of 5 December 1955 after which leaders of civil rights groups met in Atlanta on 10-11 January 1957 to form ...

Lewis, John, 1940 February 21-2020

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6nz8djj (person)

John Robert Lewis (February 21, 1940 – July 17, 2020) was an American politician, statesman, and civil rights activist and leader who served in the United States House of Representatives for Georgia's 5th congressional district from 1987 until his death in 2020. He was the chairman of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) from 1963 to 1966. Lewis was one of the "Big Six" leaders of groups who organized the 1963 March on Washington. He fulfilled many key roles in the civil right...

King, Martin Luther, Jr., 1929-1968

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6qs5m3z (person)

Martin Luther King, Jr. (b. January 15, 1929, Atlanta, Georgia –d. April 4, 1968, Memphis, Tennessee) was an American Baptist minister and activist who was a leader in the Civil Rights Movement. He is best known for his role in the advancement of civil rights using nonviolent civil disobedience. King helped to organize the 1963 March on Washington, where he delivered his famous "I Have a Dream" speech. In 1964, King received the Nobel Peace Prize and in 1965, he helped to organize the Selma to M...

Horton, Myles, 1905-1990

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6q248g4 (person)

Myles Horton, founder of the Highlander Folk School (Mounteagle, Tenn.) and civil rights activist. From the description of Myles Horton oral history interview, 1989 Dec. 15. (Georgia State University). WorldCat record id: 38726954 ...

Durr, Clifford J. (Clifford Judkins), 1899-1975

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6542rvt (person)

Lawyer. From the description of Reminiscences of Clifford Judkins Durr : oral history, 1974. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 309732708 From the description of Reminiscences of Clifford Judkins Durr : oral history, 1967. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122608603 ...

National Socialist White People's Party

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6km3ghz (corporateBody)

Montgomery Improvement Association

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6zs8hs0 (corporateBody)

Eastland, James O. (James Oliver), 1904-1986

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6c257ms (person)

James Oliver Eastland (b. November 28, 1904, Doddsville, Mississippi-d. February 19, 1986, Doddsville, Mississippi) was a U.S. Senator from Mississippi. Eastland began his career as a lawyer practicing in Mississippi. He then went on to serve as a member of the Mississippi House of Representatives from 1928-1931. In 1941, Eastland served a temporary appointment to the U.S. Senate to fill a vacant seat made by the death of Pat Harrison. Eastland was then officially elected as a Democrat to the U....

United States. Federal Communications Commission

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w62k046n (corporateBody)

Carr, Johnnie Rebecca, 1911-2008

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6808bn0 (person)

Beecher, John, 1904-1980

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6183k8n (person)

American poet, civil rights activist, lecturer, and printer. From the description of Papers, 1957-1979. (University of Arizona). WorldCat record id: 28249098 Civil rights crusader, poet, and rancher. Dedicated his life to eradicating racism and inequality, especially among blacks and steelworkers. Great-great nephew of abolitionists Henry Ward Beecher and Harriet Beecher Stowe. From the description of John Beecher [reading at] Alabama A & M College 1967 April...

Defense Plant Corporation

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6tj3qmp (corporateBody)

The Defense Plant Corporation was organized as a subsidiary of the Reconstruction Finance Corporation. In the months before the United States entered World War II, the crucial problem facing the government was expanding the industrial base of the country to meet military needs. In June 1940, Congress authorized for formation of subsidiaries of the RFC to meet the need for capital to build the industrial base. Under this act the Defense Plant Corporation was formed in August of that year. The Cor...

Parks, Rosa, 1913-2005

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w63k42x2 (person)

Rosa Louis Lee Parks (1913-2005) became an icon of the civil rights movement after she was arrested and jailed for refusing to relinquish her seat on a Montgomery, Alabama, bus in 1955. Her courage led to the Montgomery bus boycott and eventual court order outlawing segregation and discrimination on buses in that city. She was honored with the Congressional Gold Medal, the United States' highest civilian honor, in July of 1999. ...