Horatio Southgate papers, 1836-1879.


Horatio Southgate papers, 1836-1879.

Papers by and about Southgate containing a great deal of material about missions of the Episcopal Church in Greece, Turkey, and other parts of the Near East, and relations with the Orthodox Church. Chiefly letters to Bishop William Rollinson Whittingham, who was a prime supporter of Near Eastern missions, with official documents and related materials. The collection begins with Whittingham's notes on the history of Near Eastern missions, 1828-1841, and accounts of Southgate's labors there from 1836 to 1850. Southgate's mission was thought of in the Episcopal Church as a quasi-diplomatic embassage to the Orthodox Churches, opening up relations which eventually led to intercommunion of the two Churches, and as an effort to introduce what were conceived of as purer practices in the Orthodox Churches. In general High Churchmen remain indifferent or supported these efforts and Low Churchmen tended to remain indifferent or to oppose them--divisions reflected in these papers. Southgate's discursive correspondence, chiefly with Bishop Whittingham, discusses conditions in the Ottoman Empire; his activities, difficulties, and educational enterprises in Constantinople and other places; visits with Orthodox dignitaries and with William Howley, the Archbishop of Canterbury (1844); doctrinal problems impeding union between the Episcopal and Orthodox Churches; a desire for union of the Churches; plans for educating boys from Greece and Turkey at the College of St. James in Hagerstown, Md., to be missionaries, with correspondence about some of these boys; and many other matters. Among subjects are financial difficulties in Constantinople, 1843; Southgate's return home in 1844 and consecration as Bishop for Turkey; the official letter of the House of Bishops to the Patriarch of Constantinople, 1844; Bishop Philander Chase's commendatory letter for Southgate to the Eastern Patriarchs and instructions of the Board of Missions to Southgate, 1845; correspondence with the Syrian Metropolitan of Jerusalem (which reports that the Roman Catholic Bishop of Damascus is considering uniting with the Episcopal Church); Southgate's hope for a Reformed Catholic Church in the Near East, 1845; his opinion of Sir Stratford Canning, British Ambassador at Constantinople, 1847, and other British affairs; a schism in the Armenian Church, 1847; disastrous lack of financial support from the Board of Missions and Southgate's deprivations, 1848; and letters from Bishop John P.K. Henshaw, 1849, to other bishops concerning a crisis in affairs of the mission. In 1850, following the death of his wife and because of his five small children, Southgate writes of his resignation of episcopal duties and desire for parish work at home. Thereafter the papers chiefly concern his rectorship of the Church of the Advent, Boston; church affairs in Massachusetts; Southgate's reports of his visitations to parishes in Maryland and the District of Columbia, 1853-1854 and 1864-1865; his reasons for resigning charge of Zion Church, New York; and affairs of other New York churches. Letters also deal with his second marriage, 1865, and family affairs throughout the period, with references to the Reverend Edward Southgate, Hattie Southgate (Mrs. Graham), and the Reverend William S. Southgate.

181 items.


SNAC Resource ID: 7957217

Related Entities

There are 13 Entities related to this resource.

Southgate, Horatio, 1812-1894

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6ht3j66 (person)

Episcopal clergyman, bishop, missionary to Constantinople, author of a "Narrative of a Tour Through Kurdistan, Persia and Mesopotamia." From the description of Autograph of Horatio Southgate, n.d. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 49516886 Episcopal Missionary Bishop in the Ottoman Empire. From the description of Horatio Southgate papers, 1836-1879. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 664246173 Protestant Episcopal bishop; B.A., Bowdoin, 1832; att...

Episcopal Church

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6dg0f6f (corporateBody)

In 1982, the General Convention of the Church deleted the words "Protestant" and "in the United States of America" from the official title of the Church, making it the Episcopal Church. From the description of Records of the Protestant Episcopal Church of the United States of America, Domestic and Foreign Missionary Society, 1823-1975 (inclusive). (Yale University). WorldCat record id: 702152635 ...

Church of the Advent (Boston, Mass.)

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w64b7rsk (corporateBody)

Howley, William, 1766-1848

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6960fv8 (person)

Bishop of London. From the description of Autograph letter signed : Tatham, to an unidentified recipient, "Saturday," [n.d.]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270859703 Archbishop of Canterbury. From the description of Autograph letter signed as Bishop of London : London, to an unidentified correspondent, 1818 Mar. 4. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 269521837 ...

Episcopal Church. Board of Missions

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6mw8nr4 (corporateBody)

College of St. James

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6t49sxp (corporateBody)

Chase, Philander, 1775-1852

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6kd23xb (person)

Philander Chase, Episcopal Bishop, first Bishop of Ohio, later Bishop of Illinois, and founder of Kenyon College in Ohio and Jubilee College in Illinois. From the description of Plea for Western Colleges and Theological Seminaries : New York : holograph, 1845 Nov. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 702138736 First Episcopal Bishop of Ohio (1819-1831) and later Bishop of Illinois (1835-1852) and Presiding Bishop (1843-1852). From the description of Philander Chase pap...

Henshaw, J. P. K. (John Prentiss Kewley), 1792-1852

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6ng4nv4 (person)

First Episcopal Bishop of Rhode Island. From the description of John Prentiss Kewley Henshaw papers, 1814-1871. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 658058631 John Henshaw was born in Middletown, Connecticut to Daniel Henshaw and Sally Prentiss Henshaw on 13 June 1792. The family moved to Middlebury, Vermont, where John attended Middlebury College and graduated in 1808; he then attended Harvard University as a resident graduate for a year. After a visit to Middletown, Henshaw beca...

Episcopal Church. House of Bishops

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6cs09hm (corporateBody)

Whittingham, William Rollinson, 1805-1879

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w69s1rv7 (person)

William Rollinson Whittingham was born in New York City, N.Y., and graduated from the General Theological Seminary in 1825. He was ordained as an Episcopal priest in 1829 and became rector of Saint Mark's Church in Orange, N.J. Whittingham later served as rector of Saint Luke's Church in New York City, and in 1835 became a professor of ecclesiastical history at the General Theological Seminary. In 1840, he was elected Episcopal bishop of Maryland, the youngest American bishop to date, and served...

Stratford de Redcliffe, Stratford Canning, Viscount, 1786-1880

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6w3876j (person)

British author and diplomat. From the description of Stratford Canning, Viscount Stratford de Redcliffe, correspondence, 1821-1822. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70980294 English diplomat. From the description of Autograph letter signed : London, to Joel R. Poinsett, 1824 June 3. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270872312 Stratford de Redcliffe was a British diplomat assigned to the embassy at Constantinople from 1842 to 1858. Sar...

Zion Church (New York, N.Y.)

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6qz905n (corporateBody)

Organized in 1797 as the English Lutheran Church, at Mott and Cross Streets, New York City; dissolved in 1810 and reorganized as the Zion Church, a Protestant Episcopal house of worship, congregation remained intact. From the description of Church records, 1794-1837. (New York University, Group Batchload). WorldCat record id: 58758652 ...

Armenian Church

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w63537b0 (corporateBody)