Southgate, Horatio, 1812-1894

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Episcopal clergyman, bishop, missionary to Constantinople, author of a "Narrative of a Tour Through Kurdistan, Persia and Mesopotamia."

From the description of Autograph of Horatio Southgate, n.d. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 49516886

Episcopal Missionary Bishop in the Ottoman Empire.

From the description of Horatio Southgate papers, 1836-1879. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 664246173

Protestant Episcopal bishop; B.A., Bowdoin, 1832; attended Andover Theological Seminary; confirmed, 1834, ordained deacon, 1835; apptd. by the foreign commission of the board of missions to make an investigation of Muhammadanism, 1836-41; ordained priest, 1839; apptd. missionary to Constantinople, 1840-44; consecrated bishop for the dominions and dependencies of Turkey, 1844-49; resigned in 1850; became rector of various churches in U.S., 1851-72.

From the description of Horatio Southgate papers, 1834-1891 (inclusive). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 702165803

Protestant Episcopal bishop; B.A., Bowdoin, 1832; attended Andover Theological Seminary; confirmed, 1834, ordained deacon, 1835; apptd. by the foreign commission of the board of missions to make an investigation of Muhammadanism, 1836-41; ordained priest, 1839; apptd. missionary to Constantinople, 1840-44; consecrated bishop for the dominions and dependencies of Turkey, 1844-49; resigned in 1850; became rector of various churches in U.S., 1851-72.

Horatio Southgate, 1812-1894

Southgate, Horatio, P.E. Bishop, b. in Portland, Me., 5 July 1812. He was graduated at Bowdoin in 1832, and then went to the Andover theological seminary, intending to enter the ministry. Two years later he applied for orders in the Episcopal church, and was confirmed in October 1834. He was ordained deacon in Trinity church, Boston, Mass., 12 July 1835, by Bishop Griswold, and soon afterward was appointed by the foreign committee of the board of missions to make an investigation of the state of Mohammedanism in Turkey and Persia. He sailed from New York in April 1836 and was occupied for five years in this field of research. On his returning to the United States he was ordained priest by St. Paul's chapel, New York city, 3 Oct 1839, by Bishop Benjamin T. Onderdonk. He was appointed missionary to Constantinople in 1840 and served for four years in that capacity, during which time he made a tour through Mesopotamia. The Episcopal church having resolved henceforth to send bishops into the foreign missionary field, Dr. Southgate was consecrated bishop for the dominions and depndencies of the sultan of Turkey, in St. Peter's church, Philadelphia, Pa., 26 Oct 1844.

In the following year he returned to Constantinople, and was occupied in the duties of his office until 1849. He then came back to the United States and offered his resignation, which was accepted by the house of bishops in October 1850. He received the degree of S.T.D. From Columbia in 1845 and the same from Trinity in 1846. He was elected bishop of California in 1850 and of Hayti in 1870, but declined. In 1851 he went to Portland, Me. and organized St. Luke's parish, now the cathedral church of the diocese. The following year he accepted the rectorship of the Church of the Avent, Boston, which he held until the close of 1858. In the autumn of 1859 he became rector of Zion church, New York city, and discharged the duties of that post for thirteen years, resigning in September 1872.

Since that date he has lived in retirement in Ravenswood, N.Y. Bishop Southgate's chief publications are Narrative of a Tour through Armenia, Kurdistan, Persia and Mesopotamia (2 vols,, New York, 1840); Narrative of a Visit to the Syrian (Jacobite) Church of Mesopotamia (1844); A Treatise on the Antiquity, Doctrine, Ministry and Worship of the Anglican Church in Green (Constantinople, 1849); Practical Directions for the Observence of Lent (New York, 1850); The War in the East (1855); Parochial Sermons (1859); and The Cross above the Crescent, a Romance of Constantinople (Philadelphia, 1877). He has also contributed freely to church and other literature in magaznies and reviews.

Appleton's Cyclopaedia of American Biography, V, 613-14.

For more information, see Kenneth Walter Cameron, "The Manuscripts of Horatio Southgate...A Discovery," American Church Monthly, XLII (1937), 155-73, a copy of which is in Box 1, Folder 1 of the papers.

From the guide to the Horatio Southgate papers, 1834-1891, (Manuscripts and Archives)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Southgate, Horatio, 1812-1894. Horatio Southgate papers, 1834-1891 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Eastburn, Manton, 1801-1872. Manton Eastburn papers, 1825-1872. Archives of the Episcopal Diocese of Maryland
referencedIn Chase, Philander, 1775-1852. Philander Chase papers, 1808-1876. Archives of the Episcopal Diocese of Maryland
referencedIn Doane, George Washington, 1799-1859. George Washington Doane papers, 1827-1882. Archives of the Episcopal Diocese of Maryland
referencedIn Burgess, George, 1809-1866. George Burgess papers, 1837-1879. Archives of the Episcopal Diocese of Maryland
creatorOf Southgate, Horatio, 1812-1894. Autograph letter signed : Boston, to the Rev. Eugene Augustus Hoffman, 1857 July 6. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Episcopal Bishops collection, 1778-1911 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf Southgate, Horatio, 1812-1894. Autograph of Horatio Southgate, n.d. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Brownell, Thomas Church, 1779-1865. Thomas Church Brownell papers, 1817-1869. Archives of the Episcopal Diocese of Maryland
referencedIn Justin Perkins (AC 1829) Papers, ca. 1830-1869 Amherst College Archives and Special Collections
creatorOf Southgate, Horatio, 1812-1894. Horatio Southgate papers, 1836-1879. Archives of the Episcopal Diocese of Maryland
referencedIn Seabury, Samuel, 1729-1796. Samuel Seabury papers, 1784-1884. Archives of the Episcopal Diocese of Maryland
creatorOf Perkins, Justin, 1805-1869. Perkins papers, ca. 1830-1869. Amherst College Library
creatorOf Horatio Southgate papers, 1834-1891 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Willis, Nathaniel Parker, 1806-1867. Nathaniel Parker Willis collection, 1813-1866. Yale University Library
referencedIn Letters to Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, 1761-1904 (inclusive) 1820-1888 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Coxe, A. Cleveland (Arthur Cleveland), 1818-1896. Arthur Cleveland Coxe papers, 1837-1887. Archives of the Episcopal Diocese of Maryland
referencedIn Willis, Nathaniel Parker, 1806-1867. Nathaniel Parker Willis collection, 1813-1866. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Armenian Church corporateBody
associatedWith Brownell, Thomas Church, 1779-1865. person
associatedWith Burgess, George, 1809-1866. person
associatedWith Chase, Philander, 1775-1852. person
associatedWith Church of the Advent (Boston, Mass.) corporateBody
associatedWith College of St. James corporateBody
associatedWith Coxe, A. Cleveland (Arthur Cleveland), 1818-1896. person
associatedWith Doane, George Washington, 1799-1859. person
associatedWith Eastburn, Manton, 1801-1872. person
associatedWith Episcopal Church corporateBody
associatedWith Episcopal Church. Board of Missions. corporateBody
associatedWith Episcopal Church. House of Bishops. corporateBody
correspondedWith Henshaw, J. P. K. (John Prentiss Kewley), 1792-1852 person
associatedWith Hoffman, Eugene Augustus, 1829-1902, person
associatedWith Howley, William, 1766-1848. person
correspondedWith Longfellow, Henry Wadsworth, 1807-1882 person
associatedWith Perkins, Justin, 1805-1869 person
associatedWith Seabury, Samuel, 1729-1796. person
associatedWith Stratford de Redcliffe, Stratford Canning, Viscount, 1786-1880. person
associatedWith Whittingham, William Rollinson, 1805-1879. person
associatedWith William L. Clements Library corporateBody
associatedWith Willis, Nathaniel Parker, 1806-1867. person
associatedWith Zion Church (New York, N.Y.) corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
Istanbul (Turkey)
Massachusetts
Greece
Middle East
Boston (Mass.)
Maryland--Hagerstown
Massachusetts--Boston
Maryland
Washington (D.C.)
New York (N.Y.)
Turkey--Istanbul
Turkey
Middle East
Turkey
Subject
Missionaries
Diplomatic and consular service, British
Bishop
Armenia--Church history--19th century
Orthodox Eastern Church--Relations--Episcopal Church
Episcopal Church--Missions
Episcopal Church--Bishops
Episcopalian universities and colleges
Missionaries--Training of
Americans--Correspondence
Clergy
Students, Foreign
Christian union
Orthodox Eastern Church--Doctrines
Missions
Visitations, Ecclesiastical
Occupation
Clergy
Function

Person

Birth 1812-07-05

Death 1894-04-11

Americans

English

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