Records, 1915-1942.


American Defense Society. Records, 1915-1942.

Records, 1915-1942.

Records, 1915-1942, consisting of the correspondence of the Society and internal records of their activities, as well as printed material and newspaper clippings. Correspondence discusses World War I; the Society's wartime campaign to boycott German goods and stop the teaching of German in schools; the Russian Revolution and Bolshevism; sedition and disloyalty; the I.W.W.; the disloyalty of William Randolph Hearst; the case of Thomas Mooney, the labor activist who was accused of bombing a patriotic march; immigration control; general discussion of U.S. and world politics, including their support for the 1920 presidential candidacy of Warren G. Harding; and antisemitic ideas. The Society's publications included a pamphlet entitled "Protocols and World Revolution," explaining Communism by reference to the Protocols of the Elders of Zion. Major figures within the Society include Madison Grant, a trustee, and Charles Stewart Davison, appointed chairman in 1918 and succeeded in 1920 by Elon Huntington Hooker, after which he remained as honorary chairman. Much of the correspondence from ca. 1935-1942 is correspondence of Davison's own, not directly related to the Society. Theodore Roosevelt was the Society's honorary president, and they distributed portraits of him after his death. Their internal organizational material includes minutes, schedules, resolutions, press releases, reports from their "operators" on subversive activities, and a few photographs. Printed material includes their own publications and ephemera, as well as publications, posters and ephemera from other organizations. Most of the material comes from like-minded groups, but there are a few communist and anarchist publications. Clippings deal with American Defense Society activities and other topics of interest to the Society.

9.25 linear feet (22 boxes)

Related Constellations

There are 9 Constellations related to this resource.

American Defense Society (corporateBody)

Ultra-patriotic, traditionalist organization, based in New York City. From the description of Records, 1915-1942. (New York University, Group Batchload). WorldCat record id: 58776278 ...

Harding, Warren Gamaliel, 1865-1923 (person)

Warren Gamaliel Harding (b. November 2, 1865, Blooming Grove, Ohio-d. August 2, 1923, San Francisco, California) was an American politician who served as the 29th President of the United States from March 4, 1921 until his death in 1923....

Hearst, William Randolph, 1863-1951 (person)

Epithet: American newspaper proprietor British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000303.0x000339 American journalist, publisher, and politician. From the description of William Randolph Hearst papers, 1874-1951 (bulk 1927-1947). (University of California, Berkeley). WorldCat record id: 26643556 American newspaper publisher. From the description of Letters : of William Randolph Hearst, 191...

Industrial Workers of the World (corporateBody)

The IWW is a labor organization dedicated to uniting laborers around the world into a single large union. From the description of Collection 1916-1939. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 778701431 Established in Chicago in 1905 by sponsors of socialism and the remnants of previous labor unions, including the Knights of Labor, Western Federation of Miners and the American Labor Union, the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW), or "Wobblies", evolved into a radical industrial unio...

Hooker, Elon Huntington, 1869-1938 (person)

Davison, Charles Stewart, 1855-1942 (person)

Roosevelt, Theodore, 1858-1919 (person)

Roosevelt, 26th U.S. president, served 1901-1909. From the description of DS, 1904 March 1. : Washington, D.C. Homestead Certificate. (Copley Press, J S Copley Library). WorldCat record id: 15210791 26th president of the United States, 1901-1909. From the description of Theodore Roosevelt letters, 1917, 1918. (Buffalo History Museum). WorldCat record id: 213408920 Roosevelt was then Governor of New York. Chapman was one of the founders of the New York St...

Mooney, Thomas J., 1882-1942 (person)

Thomas J. Mooney was born on December 8, 1882 in Chicago, Illinois and raised in Indiana and Massachusetts. A molder by trade, Mooney first came to California in 1908, permanently settling in San Francisco in 1910. There he became involved in the work of the Socialist party and various labor organizing activites. In 1916, Mooney and Warren K. Billings were wrongfully convicted of the Preparedness Day bombing of July 22. Mooney's plight became a cause amongst labor until his eventual release and ...

Grant, Madison, 1865-1937 (person)