Literary and scientific autographs and manuscripts, 1703-1900.

ArchivalResource

Dreer, Ferdinand Julius, 1812-1902,. Literary and scientific autographs and manuscripts, 1703-1900.

Literary and scientific autographs and manuscripts, 1703-1900.

Letters, literary manuscripts, and journals organized around individuals, institutions, or events. Of American interest are: letters of the Penn family, 1666-1786; letter of Evan Evans, Rector of Christ Church, Philadelphia, to the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel, 1707; Franklin's "Queries to be asked the Junto;" letters from Patrick Henry to George Washington, 1777-1778, concerning the Conway cabal; papers of George Washington, 1744-1799; letters of Thomas Jefferson, 1774-1825; letters of Robert Morris, 1777-1799; Jacob Rush's letters to John Hancock, 1777; letters to Philadelphia naturalist Humphry Marshall from Thomas Parke, John Abell, and other naturalists in America and Europe, 1772-1796; John Heckewelder's journal, 1793; and letters, papers, and prints illustrating Lafayette's life, 1784-1830. Dreer also collected a comprehensive group of papers relating to the publication of John Marshall's Life of George Washington, including the holograph manuscript for volumes 4 and 5 (the first three volumes were destroyed in a printing office fire), subscription lists, and letters between Caleb P. Wayne, the publisher, and Mason Locke Weems and William Poyntell, his agents, as well as letters from Bushrod Washington and John Marshall. From his friend Robert Dale Owen, Dreer received holograph copies of "The Future of the North West in connection with the scheme of Reconstruction without New England," 1863; Owen's examination of spiritualism, "Footfalls on the Boundary of Another World," 1860; and a letter addressed to President Lincoln in 1863, "The Pardoning Power in its Relation to Reconstruction." Other literary manuscripts include: Edgar Allan Poe, holograph copies of verse and a book review; letters of Jared Sparks, 1835-1843, to Edward Ingraham; Leigh Hunt, manuscript for Abou Ben Adhem; William Duane's book of humorous anecdotes; John Fanning Watson, "Historical Incidents of Germantown," 1823, "Annals of Philadelphia" and supplement, and genealogical material concerning the Fanning family; Francis Hopkinson's transcription, 1776, of "Chronological Tables of Europe;" John Redman's annotated copy of Emanuel Swedenborg's Delights of Wisdon concerning Conjugal Love (London, 1794); and John Penn's copy of Les Vrais Principes de la langue franc╠žaise (Amsterdam, 1747). Scientific and miscellaneous manuscripts complete this section of the collection: Benjamin Rush manuscripts, 1786-1813; materials relating to the polar expedition of John Ross, 1832-1836; letters to Alfred L. Elwyn, Treasurer of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, 1848-1856; and Elisha Kent Kane's journal, 1853-1855, of the 2nd Grinnel Expedition and correspondence with George W. Childs concerning its publication. Also present: Thomas Rush, memorandum book, 1711-1749; surveys of land of Richard Peters, 1742-1765; miscellaneous manuscripts of Friends Meetings, Middletown, Bucks County, and elsewhere, 1731-1832; records of the Homony Club, Annapolis, Md., 1770-1773; Chester County, Pa., bail books, 1768-1785, and special bail book, 1805-1830; Bucks County, Pa., militia brigade inspector's reports, 1800-1818; Philadelphia Fire Company, constitution and minutes, 1818-1837; dockets of justices of the peace, Adams County, Pa., 1830-1832, 1858-1860; subscription list for mezzotint engraving after Athenaeum portrait of George Washington, published by George W. Childs, 1852, with testimonial letters from U.S. senators; diaries and accounts of Mrs. Scott Siddons, 1881-1890; Robert Proud, accounts for his Philadelphia school, 1751-1790, with a list of students; and Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits.

Related Entities

There are 45 Entities related to this resource.

Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w65c0rvg (person)

Jared Sparks (1789-1866) was the President of Harvard University from February 1, 1849 to February 10, 1853. He was also a Unitarian minister, editor, and historian. Jared Sparks was born to Joseph Sparks and Elinor (Orcut) Sparks on May 10, 1789 in Willington, Connecticut. Sparks was one of nine children and came from a family of modest means. When he turned six years old, Sparks went to live with an aunt and uncle in Camden, New York, to help relieve the family of a mout...

Poe, Edgar Allan, 1809-1849

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w69x14rt (person)

Edgar Allan Poe (1809-1849) was an American author, poet, and critic. In 1834 Poe married his cousin Virginia, who was not quite fourteen at the time, and began seriously seeking a means of supporting "his family." In the spring of 1835, the family moved back to Richmond where Poe took a position with the Southern Literary Messenger . Poe used the opportunity to publish several of his poems and short tales in the paper, but he also began developing his reputation as a pugnacious critic by contr...

Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w60d5jrb (person)

Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826) was an American statesman and third president of the United States. From the description of Thomas Jefferson letter, 1809. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 367818629 Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826) was the third president of the United States, born in Goochland (now Albemarle County), Virginia. He was a member of the Virginia House of Burgesses from 1769 to 1775, and with R. H. Lee and Patrick Henry initiated the inter-colonial committee of correspond...

Abell, John.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6jm4tf8 (person)

Duane, William, 1808-1882

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6b601r8 (person)

Peters, Richard, 1704-1776

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6zk5mb6 (person)

Rev. Richard Peters was a clergyman. He was the uncle of Judge Richard Peters of Philadelphia. From the description of Miscellaneous manuscripts, 1765, n.d. (University of Pennsylvania Library). WorldCat record id: 190878612 Philadelphia clergyman, provincial secretary and councillor. From the description of ALS : Philadelphia, to [John Penn?], 1772 Mar. 2. (Rosenbach Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 86165787 From the description of ALS : Phila...

Watson, John F. (John Fanning), 1779-1860

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6fx78bm (person)

John F. Watson was an antiquarian, publisher and financier. He was born in New Jersey but later settled in Germantown, Pa. From the description of Bible thoughts, 1823-1859(inclusive), 1926-1827(bulk). (Historical Society of Pennsylvania). WorldCat record id: 122524436 American publisher, financier and antiquarian. From the description of Letters of John Fanning Watson [manuscript], 1831 and 1852. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 647840601 J...

Wayne, Caleb Parry, 1776-1849

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6hd8pv4 (person)

Merchant and printer. From the description of Caleb Parry Wayne papers, 1800-1816. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70981318 ...

Morris, Robert, 1734-1806

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6ht2pb8 (person)

Robert Morris (1734-1806), "the Financier of the American Revolution," was a signer of the Declaration of Independence, the Articles of Confederation, and the Constitution, a powerful committee chairman in the Continental Congress, an important figure in Pennsylvania politics, and perhaps the most prominent businessman of his day. From the description of Robert Morris letter, to Managers of the Pennsylvania Hospital, 1783 November 26. (Colonial Williamsburg Foundation). WorldCat reco...

Kane, Elisha Kent, 1820-1857

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6vx0h6s (person)

Elisha Kent Kane was an American naval surgeon and explorer who commanded the second Grinnell Expedition to the Arctic, 1853-1855. From the description of Elisha Kent Kane letter, Philadelphia, Pa., to Bayard Taylor, 1856. (Pennsylvania State University Libraries). WorldCat record id: 34242180 Elisha Kent Kane was a physician and explorer. From the description of Papers, 1830s-1860s. (American Philosophical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 122616028 ...

Childs, George William, 1829-1894

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6nz89dh (person)

George W. Childs (1829-1894) was the founder and editor of the Philadelphia Public Ledger, a noted philanthropist, and a longtime friend of Anthony J. Drexel. Born in Baltimore, he moved to Philadelphia to work for a bookseller at age fourteen and soon went into business for himself at the age of eighteen. In 1849, he became a partner in the publishing firm of R. E. Petersen & Company, and in 1860 he formed a partnership with the influential publisher J. P. Lippincott. In 1864, he purchased ...

Washington, George, 1732-1799

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6r31qfk (person)

George Washington (b. Feb. 22, 1732, Westmoreland County, Va.-d. Dec. 14, 1799, Mount Vernon, VA) was the first president of the United States, serving from 1789 to 1797. Washington came from a family of farmers and landowners. He had little education but showed an aptitude for mathematics. He used this talent to become a surveyor. At 15, Washington took a job as assistant surveyor on a team sent to map the Shenandoah Valley in western Virginia. In his early 20s, Washington joined the Virgin...

Hunt, Leigh, 1784-1859

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6h41rc8 (person)

English essayist and poet. From the description of [Letters] / Leigh Hunt. [1848-1856] (Smith College). WorldCat record id: 234302986 From the description of Criticism on female beauty : notes, ca. 1824. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122510755 Leigh Hunt moved from Chelsea to Kensington in 1840. From the description of Leigh Hunt, letter : Kensington, England : Autograph note signed, [1840?] Nov. 22. (University of California, Berkeley). WorldCat record...

Penn, John, 1729-1797.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6836944 (person)

Homony Club (Annapolis, Md.)

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w69t008g (corporateBody)

Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6tn815h (person)

Benjamin Franklin (b. January 17, 1706, Boston, MA-d. April 17, 1790, Philadelphia, PA) was one of the Founding Fathers of the United States. Franklin was a leading author, printer, political theorist, politician, freemason, postmaster, scientist, inventor, humorist, civic activist, statesman, and diplomat. As a scientist, he was a major figure in the American Enlightenment and the history of physics for his discoveries and theories regarding electricity. As an inventor, he is known for the ligh...

Swedenborg, Emanuel, 1688-1772

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6br90kj (person)

Mathematician, naturalist, and theosophist. From the description of Emanuel Swedenborg journal excerpt, undated. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70980564 ...

Weems, M. L. (Mason Locke), 1759-1825

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6k36g7b (person)

Best known as "Parson Weems," biographer of George Washington, Weems began as an Anglican priest in Maryland. He wrote several other biographical and moral works and from 1794 to 1825 worked as an agent for the Philadelphia publisher Mathew Carey. From the description of ALS : Dumfries, Va., to Jacob Johnson, Kimber & Co., 1815 Apr. 13. (Rosenbach Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 122489377 ...

Marshall, John, 1755-1835

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6ms3www (person)

John Marshall (1755-1835) was born near Germantown, Prince William (currently Fauquier) County, Virginia on 24 September 1755 to parents Thomas Marshall and Mary Randolph Keith. From 1775-1781, Marshall served in the Continental Army and fought in the Revolutionary War. During the spring and summer of 1780, Marshall attended classes at the College of William and Mary and received his license to practice law. After the war, he moved to Richmond, Virginia and began his practice. Marshall married M...

American Association for the Advancement of Science

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w64f5jc0 (corporateBody)

Edmund W. Sinnott was president of the American Association for the Advancement of Science at the time of this correspondence. Walter G. Berl was an editor for the Association. From the description of Letters, 1948-1971, to Lewis Mumford. (University of Pennsylvania Library). WorldCat record id: 155878457 ...

Rush, Jacob, 1747-1820

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6p00d91 (person)

Pennsylvania jurist. From the description of ALS : Reading, Pa., to Samuel Bryan, 1802 Jan. 2. (Rosenbach Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 122591722 Jurist. From the description of Bond of Jacob Rush, 1808. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 71015440 ...

Heckewelder, John Gottlieb Ernestus, 1743-1823

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w69k4fjj (person)

John Gottlieb Ernestus Heckewelder was a Moravian missionary. From the description of Letters and manuscripts, 1741-1822. (American Philosophical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 122523571 From the description of Journey with the commissioners to the Indian treaty, 1793. (American Philosophical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 122579018 From the description of Letters and papers, 1789-1796. (American Philosophical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 1225...

Society of Friends

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6s50g0g (corporateBody)

The Society of Friends (or 'Quakers') was formed by George Fox (1624-1691), a shoemaker from Nottingham. In the 1640s Fox travelled throughout England delivering sermons in which he argued that individuals could have direct access to God without the need for churches, priests or other aspects of the established Church. Fox's followers became known as the 'Friends of Truth' and later the 'Society of Friends'. Fox developed rules for the management of meetings, which were printed as 'Friends Fello...

Parke, Thomas, 1749-1835

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6n02hvw (person)

Thomas Parke was a Philadelphia Quaker physician; he was elected to the American Philosophical Society in 1774. From the guide to the Thomas Parke journal, 1771-1773, 1771-1773, (American Philosophical Society) Thomas Parke was a Philadelphia Quaker physician, and was elected to the American Philosophical Society in 1774. From the description of Journal, 1771-1773. (American Philosophical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 122464817 ...

Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6cv4hfd (person)

Dr. Benjamin Rush was a Philadelphia physician. From the description of Miscellaneous manuscripts, 1793-1821, n.d. (University of Pennsylvania Library). WorldCat record id: 122647047 However, the identification of EBS is uncertain. T.C. Stockton (The Stocktons of New Jersey, etc.) lists under this name a first cousin of Rush's wife, born June 4, 1773, who died (no date) without issue. The Univ. Pa. registers of medical matriculants list EBS in 1813-14 (#73), 1814-15 (#102), ...

Dreer, Ferdinand J. (Ferdinand Julius), 1812-1902

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6br9m9d (person)

Ferdinand Julius Dreer, a Philadelphia jewelry manufacturer, philanthropist, and autograph collector. From the description of Papers of Ferdinand J. Dreer, 1719-1936 (bulk 1840-1890). (Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens). WorldCat record id: 122510338 ...

Hancock, John, 1737-1793

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6x749wh (person)

John Hancock (b. January 23, 1737, Braintree, MA-d. October 8, 1793, Boston, MA) was a prominent Boston merchant and leading statesman during the American Revolutionary War period. A 1754 graduate of Harvard College, he served as its treasurer from 1773 until 1777. Born in Braintree, Massachusetts, Hancock moved to Boston after the death of his father, the Reverend John Hancock (1702-1744) and lived with his uncle and aunt, Thomas (1703-1764) and Lydia Hancock (1714-1776). Upon grad...

Ingraham, Edward D. (Edward Duncan), 1793-1854

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6v69nfr (person)

Philadelphia lawyer and bibliophile; commissioner under fugitive slave law; general director of the United States Bank. From the description of Letter to Rufus Wilmot Griswold, 1849 September 10. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 62383428 ...

Elwyn, Alfred Langdon, 1804-1884

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w65f35rx (person)

Physician and father-in-law of S. Weir Mitchell. From the description of Letter, 1859, May 18 : Philadelphia. (Duke University). WorldCat record id: 35060218 ...

Rush, Thomas Vale

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6tb3r2v (person)

Lafayette, Marie Joseph Paul Yves Roch Gilbert Du Motier, marquis de, 1757-1834

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6xf1qn8 (person)

Charles Nicoll Bancker was a merchant and financier. From the guide to the Charles Nicoll Bancker family papers, 1733-1894, 1733-1894, (American Philosophical Society) The Marquis de Lafayette (1757-1834) was a French patriot who enlisted in the Continental Army with the rank of Major-General. He was second-in-command to General Washington. He also participated in the French Revolution until 1790 when he was forced out of the country under the rule of the Jacobi...

Henry, Patrick, 1736-1799

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w61n82cg (person)

Patrick Henry, born in Hanover County, Virginia, was a symbol of America's struggle for liberty and self-government. Henry was a lawyer, patriot, orator, and participant in almost every aspect of the founding of America. He studied law on his own, and in 1760, he appeared in Williamsburg to take his attorney's examination before Robert Carter Nicholas and others. Henry served in the Virginia House of Burgesses, was a member of the Virginia committee of Correspondence, a delegate to the Virginia ...

Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts (Great Britain)

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6ff7jq1 (corporateBody)

The Society was founded in 1701 to provide orthodox clergy to the British colonies. From the description of Records, 1701-1786. (American Philosophical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 122489525 From the guide to the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts (Great Britain) records, 1701-1786, 1701-1786, (American Philosophical Society) In 1965, merged with the Universities' Mission to Central Africa to form the United Society for the Propagati...

Owen, Robert Dale, 1801-1877

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6kh0mb6 (person)

Robert Owen was a socialist and philanthropist. From the guide to the Robert Owen correspondence, 1821-1858, 1821-1858, (American Philosophical Society) Social reformer, proprietor of a utopian society at New Harmony, Ind., and diplomat. From the description of Robert Dale Owen : miscellaneous papers, 1844-1870. (Filson Historical Society, The). WorldCat record id: 49307173 American social reformer. From the description of Letter to William D...

Penn family.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6qg8720 (family)

United Churches of Christ-Church and St. Peter's (Philadelphia, Pa.)

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6h78q3z (corporateBody)

Scott-Siddons, Mary Frances, 1844-1896

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w63z0387 (person)

Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6tz44c1 (person)

Epithet: US President British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000497.0x00000a American lawyer in Illinois and sixteenth president of the United States. From the description of Humorous story by Abraham Lincoln, ca. 1850. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122609161 From 1837 to 1841 Lincoln practiced law in partnership with John Todd Stuart, whose cousin Mary Todd he later married. From the...

Proud, Robert, 1728-1813

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6qv3r06 (person)

Quaker educator and scholar. From the description of Papers, 1754-1806. (Swarthmore College). WorldCat record id: 27357783 Philadelphia educator and historian. From the description of Quotations and translations from Virgil and Cato : AMsS : Philadelphia, 1801 May 9-July 18. (Rosenbach Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 122316913 Pennsylvania educator and historian. From the description of Notebook, 1791 and later. (Rosenbach Museum &...

Philadelphia Fire Company.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w63k1n2r (corporateBody)

Evans, Evan, d. 1721.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6cc3hf6 (person)

Marshall, Humphry, 1722-1801

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6dj5gwd (person)

Humphry Marshall was a self-educated Quaker botanist, born and raised in Chester County, Pa. With the encouragement and assistance of his cousin, John Bartram, and other scientific mentors in the U.S. and Britain, Marshall became an accomplished "practical botanist" and by the mid-1760's had established a profitable business collecting and identifying plants and selling them to plant collectors throughout the U.S. and Europe. The botanical garden he established in Chester County was...

Sully, Thomas, 1783-1872

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6pv6mgn (person)

Artist Thomas Sully was born in London, although his actor parents soon emigrated to the United States. A trip back to England to study painting expanded his horizons, and upon his return to the United States he developed a reputation as a first rate painter. He specialized in portraits, especially portraits of women, and painted full-length portraits of many public and private figures. He is perhaps most closely associated with his portrait of Queen Victoria and for his painting, Washington cro...

Poyntell, William, 1756-1811

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6q537fx (person)

William Poyntell was a Philadelphia bookseller. From the description of Thermometrical journal, 1803. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 173466175 From the guide to the Thermometrical journal, 1803, 1803, (American Philosophical Society) ...

Ross, John, Sir, 1777-1856

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w62z1qzq (person)

English admiral and arctic explorer. From the description of Autograph letter signed : to John Murray, Esq., [n.d.]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270657697 Sir John Ross (1777-1856) was a British naval officer and Arctic explorer. After volunteering for the Royal Navy at the age of nine and rising to the rank of Commander in the Napoleonic Wars, Ross led an 1818 expedition in search of the Northwest Passage. He also headed two later, privately funded, voyages of exploratio...