Nuremberg trials archive, 1933-1946.

ArchivalResource

Donovan, William J. (William Joseph), 1883-1959,. Nuremberg trials archive, 1933-1946.

Nuremberg trials archive, 1933-1946.

Documents relating to the prosecution of the 24 major defendants in the first trial of Nazi war criminals before the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg, Germany, held from November 1945 to October 1946. Includes many documents obtained or generated by the United States Office of Strategic Services (OSS) and the United States Office of Chief of Counsel for the Prosecution of Axis Criminality (OCC). Includes 90 v. of trial transcripts in English and in German, and 55 v. of investigative, procedural, and legal documents, including interrogation reports, translated testimony, affidavits, and first-person written statements (many of them original handwritten documents) of witnesses, defendants, and prisoners of war; OSS- and OCC-generated analyses and English translations of captured German documents; photographs (including several of Hitler in his early life); maps, charts, and film inventories created or produced by the OSS or OCC; OSS biographical reports of persons, mostly Germans, believed to be implicated in the Nazi war effort; extended studies of major figures like Hitler, Himmler, and Goering; OSS research & analysis reports on topics related to the historical, cultural, and socio-economic backgrounds, as well as the conduct, of the Second World War, including Germany's economic preparations to wage aggressive war, Nazi alterations of various areas of German law, Nazi paramilitary and military organizations, and concentration camps. Also, OCC trial briefs pertaining to the 24 original defendants at the first Nuremberg Trial and addressing the major charges of War Crimes, Crimes Against Peace, and Crimes Against Humanity, as defined by the Charter of the International Military Tribunal; clippings from contemporaneous periodicals and newspapers; numerous memoranda by and to Major General William J. Donovan; memoranda by and to Justice Robert H. Jackson; and many memoranda and reports by major and minor figures involved in the prosecutorial effort, including Sidney S. Alderman, Colonel John H. Amen, Colonel Telford Taylor, Colonel Robert G. Storey, Dr. Fabian von Schlabrendorff, Captain Otto N. Nordon, Franz Neumann, Dr. Henry J. Kellermann, Commander James B. Donovan, and Commander Sidney J. Kaplan; lists and directories of OCC personnel, as well as issues of a daily newsletter for OCC staff in Nurnberg; and translated transcriptions of Soviet and other foreign radio addresses commenting on the Trials. Also, translated selections of speeches and writings by well-known Nazis, including Hitler, Hess, Streicher, Rosenberg, Himmler, Goebbels, Bormann, Schacht, and Werner Best; and prosecutor's dossiers on the 24 defendants: Hermann Goering, Rudolf Hess, Joachim von Ribbentrop, Robert Ley, Wilhelm Keitel, Ernst Kaltenbrunner, Alfred Rosenberg, Hans Frank, Wilhelm Frick, Julius Streicher, Walter Funk, Hjalmar Schacht, Gustav Krupp, Karl Doenitz, Erich Raeder, Baldur von Schirach, Fritz Sauckel, Alfred Jodl, Martin Bormann, Franz von Papen, Arthur Seyss-Inquart, Albert Speer, Constantin von Neurath, and Hans Fritzsche.

145 v.

Related Entities

There are 44 Entities related to this resource.

Schlabrendorff, Fabian ˜vonœ 1907-1980

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United States. Office of Strategic Services

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The special operations Branch, Office of Strategic Services, London was charged with conducting in enemy or enemy-occupied territories of the European Theater, sabotage operations, the support and supply of resistance groups, and guerrilla warfare. From the description of OSS/London: Special Operations Branch and Secret Intelligence Branch war diaries, 1944, [microfilm]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122640182 ...

Seyss-Inquart, Arthur, 1892-1946.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6dr2sf7 (person)

Austrian Nazi leader; chancellor, 1938. From the description of Arthur Seyss-Inquart memorandum, undated. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 754866940 Biographical/Historical Note Austrian Nazi leader; chancellor, 1938. From the guide to the Arthur Seyss-Inquart memorandum, undated, (Hoover Institution Archives) ...

Best, Werner, 1903-1989

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6zh4b1s (person)

Ribbentrop, Joachim von, 1893-1946

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6k936hj (person)

Schacht, Hjalmar Horace Greeley, 1877-1970

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German financial expert; president, Reichsbank, 1924-1930 and 1933-1939; acting minister of national economy, 1934-1937. From the description of Hjalmar Horace Greeley Schacht miscellaneous papers, 1932-1970. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 754869956 Biographical/Historical Note German financial expert; president, Reichsbank, 1924-1930 and 1933-1939; acting minister of national economy, 1934-1937. From the guid...

Papen, Franz ˜vonœ 1879-1969

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6z31xht (person)

German politician; chancellor, 1932; vice chancellor, 1933-1934. From the description of Franz von Papen miscellaneous papers, 1933-1968. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 754868838 Biographical/Historical Note German politician; chancellor, 1932; vice chancellor, 1933-1934. From the guide to the Franz von Papen miscellaneous papers, 1933-1968, (Hoover Institution Archives) ...

Göring, Hermann, 1893-1946

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6c53hvh (person)

Reichsmarschall of Germany, 1940-1945. From the description of Hermann Göring interrogation transcript, 1946. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 754866992 Göring was born in Prussia in 1893. Attended School of Cadets and in 1912 served with 4. Baden Infantry Regiment and the Prince Wilhelm no. 112 Regiment (1913-14). Became a flight observer with Reconnaissance Flight Detachment 25 (1914-15). Was trained as a pilot, wounded in battle of Somme (1916) and reassigned to a Pursuit...

Storey, Robert G. (Robert Gerald), 1893-1981

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6642c7h (person)

Lawyer. From the description of Reminiscences of Robert Gerald Storey : oral history, 1971. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122684281 ...

Neurath, Konstantin, Freiherr von, 1873-1956

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Funk, Walter

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Alderman, Sidney S. (Sidney Sherrill), 1892-

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Lawyer. From the description of Reminiscences of Sidney Sherrill Alderman : oral history, 1953. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 309722598 ...

Kaltenbrunner, Ernst

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6dj5dbd (person)

Kellermann, Henry J.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6v73rdm (person)

Speer, Albert, 1905-1981

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w680510m (person)

Albert Speer became the Third Reich's Minister for Armaments and War Production in February 1942. He was sentenced to twenty years imprisonment for his use of slave labor during the war. From the description of Hans Flaechsner collection, 1937-1947. (Ohio University). WorldCat record id: 22066105 ...

Frick, Wilhelm, 1877-1946

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Jodl, Alfred, 1890-1946

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6dj5dhn (person)

Bormann, Martin, 1900-1945?

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A prominent Nazi official. He became head of the Party Chancellery (Parteikanzlei) and private secretary to Adolf Hitler. From the description of Memorandum by Martin Bormann [manuscript], 1944 January 29. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 647874771 ...

Amen, John Harlan, 1898-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6r808fj (person)

Lawyer. From the description of Reminiscences of John Harlan Amen : oral history, 1951. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 309720404 ...

Hess, Rudolf, 1894-1987

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International military tribunal

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Representatives of the United States, the Soviet Union, Great Britain, and France organized the International Military Tribunal (IMT) in 1945 to try cases against twenty-four Nazi leaders. Between 20 November 1945 and 1 October 1946 the IMT was convened, and verdicts were handed down on 30 September and 1 October 1946. The verdicts resulted in twelve death-by-hanging sentences, seven life terms, and three acquittals. The author of most of the documents and papers in the collection, Alfred Rosenb...

Taylor, Telford.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w66w9cxq (person)

Lawyer. From the description of Reminiscences of Telford Taylor : oral history, 1956. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 309737156 From the description of Reminiscences of Telford Taylor : oral history, 1967. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122528642 ...

Schirach, Baldur ˜vonœ 1907-1974

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w68918nm (person)

Dönitz, Karl, 1891-1980

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6pz57rb (person)

Karl Doenitz was Grand Admiral in the Third Reich. From the description of Instrument of surrender document, May 7, 1945. (Naval War College). WorldCat record id: 742022067 Admiral, German navy. From the description of Karl Dönitz writings, 1945-1946. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 754870735 ...

Neumann, Franz L. (Franz Leopold), 1900-1954.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6c54cm3 (person)

Raeder, Erich, 1876-1960

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6t47fs0 (person)

Raeder served in WWI and in WWII until 1943. He achieved the rank of Grand Admiral in the German Navy. From the description of Letter, August 14, 1928. (Naval War College). WorldCat record id: 706803631 ...

Sauckel, Fritz, 1894-1946

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w65t81sd (person)

Krupp, G.

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Fritzsche, Hans, 1900-1953

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Frank, Hans, 1900-1946

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Donovan, James B. (James Britt), 1916-

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American lawyer and educator; associate general counsel, Office of Scientific Research and Development, 1942-1943; general counsel, Office of Strategic Services, 1943-1945; assistant to American chief prosecutor, Trial of Major German War Criminals, Nuremberg, 1945; negotiator of Abel-Powers spy exchange with the Soviet Union and of the Cuban prisoners exchange following the Bay of Pigs; president, New York City Board of Education, 1963-1965. From the description of James B. Donovan ...

Jackson, Robert Houghwout, 1892-1954

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6t731jd (person)

U.S. Attorney General. From the description of Papers, 1940-1941. (Duke University Library). WorldCat record id: 41571245 U.S. Supreme Court justice, attorney general, and solicitor general, and lawyer. From the description of Robert Houghwout Jackson papers, 1816-1983 (bulk 1934-1954). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70982879 Supreme Court Justice. From the description of Reminiscences of Robert Houghwout Jackson : oral history, 1952. (Columb...

Ley, Robert, -1945

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6qz2qxj (person)

Robert Ley was born in 1890 in Niederbreitenbach, Germany. He entered the Nazi Party in 1924 and edited anti-Semitic newspapers. As head of the German Labor Front he was a prominent spokesman for National Socialism. He committed suicide in prison in Nuremburg while awaiting trial for war crimes. From the description of Robert Ley papers, 1945-1946 (inclusive), [microform]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122501576 ...

Nationalsozialistische deutsche Arbeiter-Partei

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National socialist German workers party. From the description of Nationalsozialistische deutsche Arbeiter-Partei miscellaneous records, 1923-1944. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 754867334 The Hitler Jugend (Hitler Youth), the Nazi party's youth movement, indoctrinated German youth to perpetuate the "1,000 year Reich." The Hitler Youth movement emphasized activism, physical training, Nazi ideology, especially nationalism and racial concepts, and absolute obedienc...

Streicher, Julius, 1885-1946

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6058bhf (person)

Keitel, Wilhelm, 1882-1946

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6445jm1 (person)

Rosenberg, Alfred, 1893-1946

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6j96gm1 (person)

German national socialist leader. From the description of Alfred Rosenberg memorandum, 1939. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 754867808 Biographical/Historical Note German national socialist leader. From the guide to the Alfred Rosenberg memorandum, 1939, (Hoover Institution Archives) Representatives of the United States, the Soviet Union, Great Britain, and France organized the Internation...

Kaplan, Sidney J. (Sidney Joseph)

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w625292j (person)

b. 1938- From the description of Artist file : miscellaneous uncataloged material. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122464023 ...

Goebbels, Joseph, 1897-1945

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w61j980c (person)

German national socialist leader; minister of public enlightenment and propaganda, 1933-1945. From the description of Joseph Goebbels papers, 1925-1945. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 754868769 ...

Nordon, Otto N.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w65x9t92 (person)

Donovan, William Joseph, 1883-1959

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William Joseph "Wild Bill" Donovan (January 1, 1883 – February 8, 1959) was an American soldier, lawyer, intelligence officer and diplomat, best known for serving as the head of the Office of Strategic Services (OSS), the precursor to the Central Intelligence Agency, during World War II. He is regarded as the founding father of the CIA, and a statue of him stands in the lobby of the CIA headquarters building in Langley, Virginia. A decorated veteran of World War I, Donovan is the only person ...

Himmler, Heinrich, 1900-1945

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6wm1bcj (person)

Reichsführer SS und Chef der deutschen Polizei, 1934-1945. From the description of Heinrich Himmler papers, 1914-1944. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 754866944 ...

Hitler, Adolf, 1889-1945

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6ww7k9k (person)

Chancellor of Germany. From the description of Papers of Adolf Hitler, 1938-1957. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79450921 As a result of an unsuccessful assassination attempt on July 20 1944, Adolf Hitler suffered ruptured eardrums from the detonation of an explosive device. The radiographs under reference are reported to have been produced subsequent to these events. From the description of Radiographs : Adolf Hitler. [1944-1970] (New York Academy of Medicine)....