International military tribunal

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Representatives of the United States, the Soviet Union, Great Britain, and France organized the International Military Tribunal (IMT) in 1945 to try cases against twenty-four Nazi leaders. Between 20 November 1945 and 1 October 1946 the IMT was convened, and verdicts were handed down on 30 September and 1 October 1946. The verdicts resulted in twelve death-by-hanging sentences, seven life terms, and three acquittals. The author of most of the documents and papers in the collection, Alfred Rosenberg, was born in Estonia in 1893 and fled to Germany in 1918, where he joined the pan-Germanic and occult Thule Society. He spread his antisemitic and anti - Bolshevik views through such works as Die Spur der Juden im Wandel der Zeiten (The Track of the Jews through the Ages [1919]) and Unmoral im Talmud (Immorality in the Talmud [1919]). In his popular work, Der Mythos des 20. Jahrhunderts (The Myth of the Twentieth Century [1935]), he argued that race was the main influence that shaped all aspects of culture. Rosenberg rose to power within the National Socialist German Workers' (Nazi) Party. As editor of the main Nazi paper Voelkischer Beobachter and head of the Foreign Policy Department, Rosenberg worked to systematize Nazi philosophy and ideology. In 1946, the International Military Tribunal in Nuremberg sentenced him to death. He died by hanging on 16 October 1946.

From the description of Collection. 1923-1947. (University of Nebraska - Lincoln). WorldCat record id: 51064546

The International Military Tribunal was established after World War II to prosecute the most notorious German war criminals in what has come to be known as the Nurnberg trials. Thirteen war crimes trials in all were held, twelve of which were held upon indictments filed by Brigadier General Telford Taylor, United States Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, acting on behalf of the United States of America. The first of these trials, United States versus Karl Brandt, et al., concerned medical matters. It is the documentation of this trial which comprises this collection.

From the guide to the International Military Tribunal, Nuremberg trials transcripts and documentary evidence of German medical experiments in the commission of war crimes and crimes against humanity, 1946-1947, (History of Medicine Division. National Library of Medicine)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Leopold Friedberg Collection., 1940s - 1963 Leo Baeck Institute Archives
creatorOf International Military Tribunal. International Military Tribunal proceedings, 1945-1949. Stanford University, Hoover Institution Library
referencedIn Hannah Schiller Collection, 1914-1996, bulk 1921-1956 Leo Baeck Institute.
creatorOf International Military Tribunal Mimeographed Records, 1945-1949 Hoover Institution Archives.
referencedIn Press release and statements from the Nuremberg trials, 1945-1947. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf International Military Tribunal, Nuremberg trials transcripts and documentary evidence of German medical experiments in the commission of war crimes and crimes against humanity, 1946-1947 History of Medicine Division. National Library of Medicine
referencedIn Graven, Paul H., 1921-1999,. Oral history interview with Paul H. Graven [sound recording], 1997. Wisconsin Veterans Museum Research Center
referencedIn Wheelis, Jack G. Wheelis, Jack G., Papers, 1933, 1945-1950 University of Texas Libraries, University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn Wheelis, Jack G. Papers, 1933, 1945-1950 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin .
creatorOf Jodl, Alfred, 1890-1946. Diary, covering the period January 4, 1937 to June 29, 1942. Library of Congress
referencedIn Thompson, Howard L., 1922-1991. Papers and photographs, 1936-1946. Wisconsin Veterans Museum Research Center
referencedIn Parker, John Johnston, 1885-1958. Records of Nuremberg trial of major German war criminals, 1945-1946 [manuscript]. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Gill, Virginia Tracy Hunter. Photographs of Virgina Tracy Gill and the Nuremberg trials [graphic]. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Thomas J. Dodd Papers, undated, 1919-1971. Archives and Special Collections at the Thomas J. Dodd Research Center, University of Connecticut Libraries
referencedIn Reitler, Fred. Fred Reitler papers notebook list pass card. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
referencedIn Hertha Knuth miscellany, 1946 Hoover Institution Archives.
creatorOf International Military Tribunal. Documents [manuscript]. Libraries Australia
referencedIn Donovan, William J. (William Joseph), 1883-1959,. Nuremberg trials archive, 1933-1946. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Knuth, Hertha. Hertha Knuth miscellany, 1946. Stanford University, Hoover Institution Library
referencedIn Office of the U. S. Chief of Counsel for War Crimes. OCCWC Nuremberg, Germany. Preliminary Briefs of Economics Division. Vol. 1 legal briefs. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
creatorOf International Military Tribunal. Nuremberg war crimes trial : official transcript, 1946-1947. Bryan Wildenthal Memorial Library, Sul Ross State University Library
referencedIn Everatt, M. W. M. W. Everatt legal petition, ca. 1946. Stanford University, Hoover Institution Library
creatorOf International Military Tribunal. Collection. 1923-1947. University of Nebraska - Lincoln
creatorOf International Military Tribunal. International Military Tribunal, Nuremberg trials transcripts and documentary evidence of German medical experiments in the commission of war crimes and crimes against humanity, 1946-1947. National Library of Medicine
referencedIn Rowe, James H., 1909-1984. Papers, 1924-1983. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Papers of the International Military Tribunal and the Nuremberg Military Tribunals, 1945-1949 University of Southampton Libraries Special Collections
referencedIn Otto, Henry S. Report of Henry S. Otto report. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
referencedIn Franklin, Robert B. (Robert Beall), 1911-1983. The Robert B. Franklin, Sr., papers, 1932-1982. U.S. Army Heritage & Education Center
referencedIn M. W. Everatt legal petition, 1946 Hoover Institution Archives.
creatorOf Göring, Hermann, 1893-1946. International Military Tribunal : records, 1945-1946 (bulk) University of North Dakota, Chester Fritz Library
referencedIn Egbert, Lawrence D., 1897-1977. Lawrence D. Egbert collection, 1937-1951, undated (bulk 1943-1947). U.S. Army Heritage & Education Center
creatorOf International Military Tribunal. [Nuremberg trial records and documents, ca1945-1946] University of Washington, Marian Gould Gallagher Law Library
referencedIn Andrus, Burton C. Burton C. Andrus collection, 1863-2006, undated (bulk 1935-1952). U.S. Army Heritage & Education Center
referencedIn Tory, Avraham. Nazzi [sic] War Criminals on Trial, November 1945 - October 1946, Court of History, the Last Fashist [sic] Defense Line scrapbook of sketches. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
referencedIn Billig, Elisabeth. Elisabeth Billig Papers 1935-1969 Ohio State University Libraries
referencedIn Bayer, Fredrick J. Fredrick J. Bayer papers book hotographs identification passes (IMT) handwritten notes. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
referencedIn Biddle, Francis, 1886-1968. Francis B. Biddle papers, 1912-1968 (bulk 1940-1966). Georgetown University, Joseph Mark Lauinger Memorial Library
creatorOf Albrecht, Ralph Gerhart, 1896-. Notebook, March 8-May 10, 1946. Harvard Law School Library, HLS Library
referencedIn Francis Biddle Collection of International Military Tribunal Nuremberg Trial Documents and Related Material, 1928-1960, 1945-1946 Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Albrecht, Ralph Gerhart, 1896- person
associatedWith Andrus, Burton C. person
associatedWith Bayer, Fredrick J. person
associatedWith Biddle, Francis, 1886-1968. person
associatedWith Billig, Elisabeth person
associatedWith Bormann, Martin, 1900-1945. person
associatedWith Dodd, Thomas J. (Thomas Joseph), 1907-1971 person
associatedWith Donovan, William J. (William Joseph), 1883-1959, person
associatedWith Egbert, Lawrence D., 1897-1977. person
associatedWith Everatt, M. W. person
associatedWith Everatt, M. W. person
associatedWith Franklin, Robert B. (Robert Beall), 1911-1983. person
associatedWith Friedberg, Leopold person
associatedWith Gill, Virginia Tracy Hunter. person
associatedWith Goebbels, Joseph, 1897-1945. person
associatedWith Göring, Hermann, 1893-1946. person
associatedWith Graven, Paul H., 1921-1999, person
associatedWith Hess, Rudolf, 1894-1987. person
associatedWith Himmler, Heinrich, 1900-1945. person
associatedWith Hindemith, Paul, 1895-1963. person
associatedWith Hitler, Adolf, 1889-1945. person
associatedWith Höss, Rudolf, 1900-1947. person
associatedWith Jodl, Alfred, 1890-1946. person
associatedWith Knuth, Hertha. person
associatedWith Knuth, Hertha. person
associatedWith Ley, Robert, d. 1945. person
associatedWith Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiter-Partei. corporateBody
associatedWith Office of the U. S. Chief of Counsel for War Crimes. corporateBody
associatedWith Otto, Henry S. person
associatedWith Parker, John Johnston, 1885-1958. person
associatedWith Reitler, Fred. person
associatedWith Ribbentrop, Joachim von, 1893-1946. person
associatedWith Rosenberg, Alfred, 1893-1946. person
associatedWith Rowe, James H., 1909-1984. person
associatedWith Schiller-Wartenberg, Hannah R., 1921- person
associatedWith Seyss-Inquart, Arthur, 1892-1946. person
associatedWith Thompson, Howard L., 1922-1991. person
associatedWith Tory, Avraham. person
associatedWith Wheelis, Jack G. person
associatedWith Wheelis, Jack G. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Germany
Germany
Germany
Germany
Germany.
Germany--Nuremberg
Subject
Jews--History--1933-1945
War crimes
War criminals--Biography
Nuremberg Trial of Major German War Criminals, 1945-1946
Human Experimentation
National socialism
Nuremberg Trial of Major German War Criminals, Nuremberg, Germany, 1945-1946
War crime trials
World War, 1939-1945
Church and state--History--1933-1945
Nazis
Nuremberg War Crime Trials, Nuremberg, Germany, 1946-1949
World War, 1939-1945--Germany
Nuremberg War Crime Trials, 1946-1949
Occupation
Function

Corporate Body

Active 1946

Active 1947

International

Multiple languages,

English,

German

Information

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Ark ID: w6cz70gt

SNAC ID: 36597425