Records 1875-1986.


State Democratic Executive Committee of Alabama. Records 1875-1986.

Records 1875-1986.

The State Democratic Executive Committee records, 1875-1986, document over a century of virtual single party politics in Alabama. The records provide detailed information concerning election practices, political campaigns, party solidarity/dissension and race relations. The records not only reflect on politics within the state, but provide information relating to Alabama's role in national politics. The records, primarily the correspondence, minutes and printed materials, provide valuable information on many topics such as white supremacy, state's rights, civil rights, election manipulations and the many schisms within the party. The primary correspondents include committee officers and various state, local and national committee members and political figures. The records also provide detailed information about the more routine areas of the committee's responsibilities. A substantial portion of the collection consists of candidate files, election records, campaign materials, and records of contested elections. These records illustrate the manner in which the committee assisted and qualified candidates, supported political campaigns, and executed special and primary elections. The records of each administration were generally maintained independently from the records of previous administrations, except in instances. Where the chairman served more than one term. Several of the administrations were poorly documented. The bulk of the materials date from 1919 to 1951 and from 1959 to 1963.

34.67 cubic feet. (104 archives boxes and 2 oversized boxes)

Related Entities

There are 43 Entities related to this resource.

Smith, Alfred Emanuel, 1873-1944 (person)

Alfred Emanuel Smith (December 30, 1873 – October 4, 1944) was an American politician who served four terms as Governor of New York and was the Democratic Party's candidate for president in 1928. Smith was the foremost urban leader of the Efficiency Movement in the United States and was noted for achieving a wide range of reforms as governor in the 1920s. The son of an Irish-American mother and a Civil War veteran father, he was raised in the Lower East Side of Manhattan near the Brooklyn Bri...

Black, Hugo LaFayette, 1886-1971 (person)

Hugo LaFayette Black (1886-1971) was a judge for the Supreme Court of the United States. He was nominated by Franklin D. Roosevelt on August 12, 1937; confirmed by the Senate on August 17, 1937; and received his commission on August 18, 1937. He assumed senior status on September 17, 1971, but his service was terminated soon thereafter, with his death on September 25, 1971. ...

Pettus, Edmund W. 1821-1907. (person)

State Democratic Executive Committee of Alabama. (corporateBody)

The State Democratic Executive Committee, established in the 1800s, provides the infrastructure for the Democratic Party in Alabama. The committee consists of elected representatives from each county, as well as several committeemen elected from the state at large, each serving a four year term. The chairman, who presides over the committee, is elected from among the committee membership and also serves a four year term. The committee is responsible for promoting and exe...

Smith, A. G. (Alan Gregory), 1931- (person)

Heflin, Thomas, 1869-1951. (person)

Knox, John Barnett, b.1857. (person)

Clarke, Richard Henry, 1843-1906. (person)

Estes, George C. (person)

Nesbitt, W. D. b. 1869. (person)

McCorvey, Gessner T. (Gessner Tutwiler), 1882-1965 (person)

McCorvey, a former Alabama state Democratic executive committee chairman, is probably best known as one of the leaders of the Dixiecrat revolt of 1948. He was also heavily involved with the passage of the Boswell Amendment in 1945. Used selectively as a means to disfranchise blacks and poor whites, that amendment to the Alabama constitution required voters to interpret and explain any section of the U.S. Constitution. It was later declared unconstitutional by a Federal district court. ...

Webb, James H. M., 1956- (person)

Dixon, J. K. b. 1870. (person)

Democratic Conservative Party (Ala.) (corporateBody)

Shouse, Jovett, .b. 1879. (person)

Mallory, Silas Sweeney, 1844-1921 (person)

Resident of Bucyrus, Ohio and later Erie, Mich.; served with 64th Ohio Volunteers during the Civil War. From the description of Silas Sweeney Mallory collection, 1861-1866. (Rutherford B Hayes Presidential Center). WorldCat record id: 70972362 From the description of Silas Sweeney Mallory collection, 1861-1866. (Rutherford B Hayes Presidential Center). WorldCat record id: 54450060 ...

Kelly, Maude McClure, 1887-1973. (person)

Ray, Ben F. (person)

White, Hugh. (person)

McQueen, John, -1845 (person)

Crook, James, b. 1841. (person)

Democratic National Committee (U.S.) (corporateBody)

Bugg, L. S. (person)

Rominer, Allen C. (person)

Engelhardt, Samuel, 1912-1991. (person)

Samuel Engelhardt, a farmer and merchant in Macon County (Ala.), was a prominent Alabama politician who served in the State House of Representatives from 1950-1954 and in the State Senate from 1954-1958. From 1959 to 1963, Engelhardt served as chairman of the Democratic Executive Committee of Alabama as well as Highway Department director for Governor John Patterson. In 1962, Engelhardt ran for governor, but he lost in the Democratic Primary to George C. Wallace. From the description...

Rushton, Marion, .b. 1893. (person)

White, Frances (Frank) S., b. 1847. (person)

Baker, John. (person)

State Executive Committee of the Democratic and Conservative Party (Ala.) (corporateBody)

Evins, R. B. b. 1875. (person)

Lowe, Robert J., b. 1861. (person)

Bragg, Walter Lawrence, 1835-1891 (person)

Walter Lawrence Bragg, son of P.N. and Martha W. Bragg, was born in Lowdnes County, Alabam, on 25 February 1838. When he was four, the family moved to Ouachita County, Arkansas, and grew up there. He graduated from Harvard in 1858 and practiced law in Camden, Arkansas. He rose to the rank of captain in the Army of Tennessee during the Civil War, after which he settled in Marion, Alabama. In 1871, he moved to Montgomery. Bragg's political career began in 1874, when he was...

Mayhall, Roy. (person)

Underwood, Oscar Wilder, 1862-1929 (person)

Oscar Wilder Underwood (1862-1929) served Alabama for many years in the U.S. House of Representatives and the U.S. Senate. Known best for his extensive knowledge of and authorship of a sweeping tariff reform act, he was also a Democratic candidate for president in 1912 and in 1924, which saw the longest convention in U.S. history. He has been described as a conservative politician who opposed suffrage for women, Prohibition, and rights for organized labor. Underwood was born on May 6, 1862, i...

Champion, Ira Trimble, b. 1869. (person)

Democratic national convention (corporateBody)

Democratic National Convention (DNC) was held in Denver, Colo., August 25-28, 2008. Barack Obama and Joe Biden were selected as the presidential and vice-presidential candidates for the democratic party. From the description of Democratic National Convention records, 2008 August 25-28 [manuscript]. (Denver Public Library). WorldCat record id: 406500469 ...

Raskob, John J. (John Jakob), 1879-1950 (person)

John Raskob was born in Lockport, N.Y. on March 19, 1879. He was educated in the area's public schools and after holding a number of positions as a stenographer and secretary went to work for The Johnson Company of Lorain, Ohio, in August 1900. The Johnson Company had been recently purchased by Pierre S. du Pont. Two years later he became Pierre S. du Pont's private secretary, and when du Pont became treasurer of E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Co. on March 4, 1904, Raskob became his ...

Goodwin, R. Tyler b. 1870. (person)

Bankhead, John Hollis, 1872-1946 (person)

U.S. senator from Alabama. From the description of Letter, 1932 Jan. 4. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70974791 Bankhead was born 1872 July 2 to John H. and Tallulah Brockman Bankhead at Moscow, Lamar Co., Ala. He graduated from the University of Ala. with a B.A. in 1891 as president of his class. He graduated from Georgetown University in 1893 with a Bachelor of Laws, again as president of his class. That same year he began practicing law in Jasper,...

Graves, Bibb, 1873-1942 (person)

Hill, Lister, 1894-1984 (person)

Senator. From the description of Reminiscences of Lister Hill : oral history, 1958. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 309740670 Senator Hill served in the House of Representatives from 1923 to 1938 and was in the Senate from 1938 to 1970. From the description of Lister Hill [sound recording] : an oral history / interviewed by Harlan B. Phillips, Jan.-June 1967. (National Library of Medicine). WorldCat record id: 49322575 ...

State Democratic Executive Committee (Ala.) (corporateBody)

Democratic Party (Ala.) (corporateBody)

The 1860 Democratic National Convention was one of the crucial events in the lead-up to the American Civil War. The official Democratic national convention adjourned in deadlock without choosing a candidate for President. A resumed official convention nominated Senator Stephen A. Douglas of Illinois for President and former Senator Herschel V. Johnson of Georgia for Vice President. A "rump" convention, primarily Southerners, nominated Vice President John C. Breckinridge for Presiden...