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Georges Cuvier (1769-1832) was a French zoologist, paleontologist and historian of science. A committed empiricist, Cuvier opposed theories, arguing that scientists should limit themselves to describing. In zoology his work depended upon his dominant position at the Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, which was the largest scientific research institution of the era. French government expeditions brought specimens from distant lands to build its collections. Upon his arrival at the Museum Cuvier rearran...
French mathematician, physicist, astronomer and politician. François Arago contributed to major discoveries concerning electromagnetism, light polarisation and velocity, the meridian arc length of the earth, and the standardisation of the metric system. From 1830 he was director of the Paris Observatory. Arago also served several roles in government, including a short period as the prime minister of France. From the description of Letter of François Arago written to Louis de Freyci...
Epithet: Director of the Altona Observatory British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000618.0x0002dc Alexander Dallas Bache (1806-1867) was an important scientific reformer during the early nineteenth century. From his position as superintendent of the United States Coast Survey, and through leadership roles in the scientific institutions of the time, Bache helped bring American science into alignment with ...