United States government computing collection circa 1945-1990
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Argonne National Laboratory is located at Argonne, Illinois, and is operated by the U.S. Department of Energy. The Laboratory is one of the nation's leading energy research centers. It develops and assesses nuclear and alternative energy technologies and conducts a wide range of fundamental and applied research in the physical, environmental, and biomedical sciences. Research disciplines range from biology, physics, chemistry, materials science, mathematics, and computer science to advanced ener...
United States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Scientific and Technical Information Division
The original "Survey of large-scale computers and computer projects" was published by the Office of Naval Research in 1947 and 1948. It was revised and updated in 1950 under the title, HIGH-SPEED COMPUTING DEVICES (New York: McGraw-Hill, 1950). This work was contracted out to the Minneapolis, Minn., firm of Engineering Research Associates and was an attempt to survey the state of computer technology at a time when the Navy was weighing the possibility of supporting the development of the electro...
The Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) is a research and development center and NASA field center in Pasadena, California. The JPL is owned by NASA and managed by the nearby California Institute of Technology. The laboratory's primary function is the construction and operation of planetary robotic spacecraft, though it also conducts Earth-orbit and astronomy missions. It is also responsible for operating NASA's Deep Space Network. Among the laboratory's major active projects are the Mars Scien...
Built and launched at New York Navy Yard; commissioned Nov. 12, 1944; scraped in 1993. Served in World War II, the Korean War and the Vietnam War. From the description of USS Bon Homme Richard (CV/CVA-31) photograph collection 1944-1971. (The Mariners' Museum Library). WorldCat record id: 41657866 The federal government decided in 1941 to send Supply Corps personnel to Harvard Business School for training in the business of equipping the Navy. This was effected by a transfer...
After World War II the National Bureau of Standards (NBS) was charged with the task of following developments in computing. In response, NBS began to index and abstract books, journals, reports and other literature covering a broad range of computer-related topics beginning in the mid-1940s. Eventually the enormity of the task forced NBS to abandon this work in 1978. From the description of Computer Literature Collection, 1956-1978. (University of Minnesota, Minneapolis). WorldCat re...
At Harris Neck, Georgia, in the remote northern reaches of McIntosh County, the United States government, in the fall of 1942, confiscated the lands along the South Newport and Barbour Island Rivers. Paved runways were constructed for aircraft, and Harris Neck became an air reconnaissance base for the United States Army Air Force during World War II. A number of support buildings were constructed at the Harris Neck Air Base, such as barracks for personnel, an officers club, and PX, to serve the ...
Prompted by the wartime need for rapid, complex mathematical calculations, the United States government became heavily involved in computer research and development during World War II. Government agencies including the US Navy, the National Bureau of Standards, and NASA continued to sponsor computer research and development projects in the post-war period, many still related to military applications. Early government investment in computer technologies provided a basis for the nascent computer ...