Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Personality Index to Black and White and Color Negatives, Slides, and Transparencies of U.S. Air Force Activities, Facilities, and Personnel

ArchivalResource

Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Personality Index to Black and White and Color Negatives, Slides, and Transparencies of U.S. Air Force Activities, Facilities, and Personnel

Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Personality Index to Black and White and Color Negatives, Slides, and Transparencies of U.S. Air Force Activities, Facilities, and Personnel

This series functions as a joint personality index for Record Group 342, Series AF ("Black and White Photographs of U.S. Air Force Activities, Facilities, and Personnel, Domestic and Foreign"); Series C ("Color Photographs of U.S. Air Force Activities, Facilities, and Personnel, Domestic and Foreign"); as well as providing access to a portion of P ("Photographs of U.S. Air Force and Noted Civilian Personalities"). The Personality Index is in two parts comprising some 60,000 index cards (3" X 5"), proceeding alphabetically through an estimated 40,0000 names (including multiple cards for the more heavily-photographed figures). There is near-comprehensive coverage of the formal portrait views, head-and-shoulders, or figure-seated-at-desk -- found frequently in Record Group 342, Series C and in Record Group 342, Series AF, and near-comprehensive coverage of the formal portrait views found in the "Generals" segment of Record Group 342, Series P (Boxes 123-189, spanning some 4,300 negatives). The larger portion of Record Group 342, Series P (Photographs of U.S. Air Force and Noted Civilian Personalities) is devoted to formal portraits of colonel-rank officers. These portraits are rarely represented in the Personalities Index, and can be identified only by consulting the Record Group 342, Series P "Colonels" segment itself. As for references to other kinds of images of individuals in Record Group 342, Series AF and Series C (appearing in group portraits, or appearing in views of meetings, tours, reviews, award ceremonies, and assorted special and routine operations), the Personality Index coverage is substantial but by no means comprehensive. Not every individual identified in every Air Force picture caption is represented in the Personality Index. High-ranking or particularly notable figures tend to be those indexed, although there are certainly many lesser known military personnel and civilians included as well. Altogether, the Personality Index includes listings for Secretaries of the Air Force, Chiefs of Staff, and other headquarters officials; area and functional command heads, wing and divisional commanders, and many other Air Force generals; war honorees, aces, test pilots, astronauts, and other aviation figures; leading Army, Navy, and Marine officials; U.S. Presidents, Vice-Presidents, Cabinet members, and Congressional and diplomatic figures; entertainers and other non-government celebrities; foreign political and military luminaries; and, as suggested above, a variety of lower-level U.S. Air Force personnel appearing in photographs of activities as diverse as aircraft maintenance, flight instruction, and religious prayer. Specific names in Part I (1954-1980) range from Air Force General Nathan Twining to Captain Alan D. Milacek (winner of an Air Force "Mackay Trophy" in 1970), from General Charles "Chuck" Yeager to Sergeant John Harrell (shown in a routine view of a maintenance shop at Phan Rang Air Base in South Vietnam), from President Dwight D. Eisenhower to Senator Strom Thurmond, from Ambassador Frederick Nolting to King Hussein, from Bob Hope to Cardinal Richard J. Cushing. Part II provides primarily citations to World War II and Korean War-era personalities. There is some overlapping of information. Some Korean War individuals and notables in early aviation history are also represented in Part I. Part II includes citations to such individuals as President Dwight D. Eisenhower; then Representative Gerald R. Ford visiting repatriated prisoners of war in Korea; and Secretary of State Dean Acheson signing an agreement to establish a long range proving ground for guided missiles in the Bahamas. Included too is a citation to Ambassador Averill Harriman in Russia awaiting the arrival of U.S. Strategic Air Force bombers to a Russian base. Too ranking Air Force personnel such as General Henry H. Arnold, Major General Harry G. Armstrong, Major General Curtis E. LeMay; Major General Claire L. Chennault, Lieutenant General George E. Stratemeyer, and Colonel George W. Goddard are cited multiple times. In many instances numerous notable episodes from their military careers are referenced. Photographs of Lieutenant Benjamin O. Davis, Jr. of Tuskegee Airmen fame is included in part II. Of interest is a citation to one image in particular of Davis rceiving the Distinguished Flying Cross from his father US Amy General Benjamin O. Davis, Sr. There are many citations to images of comedian Bob Hope with United Service Organizations (USO) troupes entertaing airmen on the frontlines in World War II and Korea. Other well known actors entertaining service personnel are also cited. Examples of references to less notable individuals include Betty Baker, a World war II American Red Cross staffer on rest and relaxation in Italy; 2nd Lt. Alberta L. Bleau, a nurse in the Army Nurse Corps meeting her brother Staff Sergeant John G. Bleau in the European Theater of Operations; and Captain Julean Marcinkowski interrogating desserter Ho Uk Chin of the Second Division, North Korean Forces, November 1950. For a more detailed introduction to the notable personalities, see the description for Record Group 342, Series B ("Black and White and Color Photographs of U.S. Air Force Activities, Facilities, and Personnel, Foreign and Domestic"). All Personality Index cards bear names and corresponding black and white or color item numbers (or, in the case of Record Group 342, Series P negatives, a reference to "General's Book"), specific portrait dates, plus, at times, "A," "B," or "C" designations (these suffixes represent multiple views of a given individual in Record Group, Series P).The majority of the images referenced in Part II are black and white. Beyond these basic references, cards vary considerably in terms of depth of information and mode of presentation. This variance is due in part to heightened workloads and limited staff resources in the picture depository over the years; in part to the absence of a fully-developed Air Force picture cataloging/indexing manual; and in part to late-1960's changes designed to bring the still picture cataloging approach in line with the motion picture cataloging approach used at Norton Air Force Base. (See the Record Group 342, Series B description for a full explanation of the "Norton" system). While the majority of cards are devoted to single images, there are also numerous cards containing multiple-item listings. The majority of cards include systematic caption information (place, date that the image was taken, date that the image arrived at the central depository, organizational source, full content description, photographic process and format, and, increasingly after the mid-1960's, photographer). There are also many cards with only very cursory caption references. There are even widely-scattered cards bearing small contact prints of the respective personalities. Finally, the majority of cards contain some form of cross referencing to prints in Record Group 342, Series FH ("Black and White and Color Photographs of U.S. Air Force and Predecessor Agencies Activities, Facilities, and Personnel - World War II and Korean War") and in Record Group 342, Series B. Subject references appear as either a string of terms appearing on the top or bottom of the card (e.g., "Filed- Vietnam -- Maintenance -- Miscellaneous"), as is the case with the majority of the cards, or a numeric code entry appearing at the top (e.g., 040500, indicating the 04 Events/Activities category, notebook 50). At the same time, the cross-references do not always lead the researcher directly to the corresponding print. In some cases, the terms cited on the card have not been updated to match the Norton-system notebook headings introduced in the late-1960's. And, again in some cases, the numeric code entry does not take into account a non-Norton, geographic ("ND" group) notebook location. Hence, such print cross-references become clues, at best, rather than authoritative connecters.

eng, Latn

Related Entities

There are 15 Entities related to this resource.

Arnold, Henry Harley, 1886-1950

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6n699qb (person)

Henry Harley "Hap" Arnold (June 25, 1886 – January 15, 1950) was an American general officer holding the ranks of General of the Army and General of the Air Force. Arnold was an aviation pioneer, Chief of the Air Corps (1938–1941), Commanding General of the U.S. Army Air Forces, the only U.S. Air Force general to hold five-star rank, and the only officer to hold a five-star rank in two different U.S. military services. Arnold was also the founder of Project RAND, which evolved into one of the wo...

United States. Army Air Forces. Fighter Squadron, 99th

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6935g7g (corporateBody)

The Tuskegee Airmen is the popular name of a group of African-American military pilots who fought in World War II. They formed the 332nd Fighter Group and the 477th Bombardment Group of the United States Army Air Forces. The name also applies to the navigators, bombardiers, mechanics, instructors, crew chiefs, nurses, cooks and other support personnel. All black military pilots who trained in the United States trained at Moton Field, the Tuskegee Army Air Field, and were educated at Tuskegee ...

Yeager, Chuck, 1923-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6t17d24 (person)

Air Force officer, air pilot. From the description of Reminiscences of Charles E. Yeager : oral history, 1974. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122513014 From the description of Reminiscences of Charles E. Yeager : oral history, 1960. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122528260 ...

Davis, Benjamin O., Jr., 1912-2002

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6m62srm (person)

Benjamin Oliver Davis (1912-2002) was born in Washington, DC, the son of Sadie (Overton) and Benjamin Oliver Davis. Upon his graduation from West Point in 1936, he requested an assignment in the Air Corps, which did not accept African Americans at the time. Instead he commissioned with the 24th Infantry in Georgia. In 1938 he taught at Tuskegee as professor of military science and tactics. The Army promoted him to the rank of captain in 1940 and a year later assigned him as an aide to...

Armstrong, Harry G. (Harry George), 1899-1983

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6w69wnn (person)

Harry George Armstrong (b. 1899, DeSmet, S.D.-d. February 5, 1983) served in the U.S. Air Force as a flight surgeon. After graduating from medical school at the University of Louisville, Kentucky, in 1925, Armstrong attended the School of Aviation Medicine at Brooks Field, Texas, and the Army Medical School at Washington, D.C., and graduated from the Medical Field Service School at Carlisle Barracks, Pennsylvania. During World War II, he served as surgeon of the Eighth Air Force, and later as su...

Chennault, Claire Lee, 1893-1958

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6rf64c0 (person)

Lieutenant General Claire Lee Chennault, a native of Commerce, Texas, earned his military pilot's wings in 1917. He was the chief fighter flight trainer at Maxwell Airfield, Alabama, in the 1930s, and he wrote a book on tactical air defense entitled THE ROLE OF DEFENSIVE PURSUIT (1935). During the Second World War, he commanded the volunteer group The Flying Tigers, which led the air war in China beginning in 1942. From the description of Claire Lee Chennault letter and passport, 194...

Hussein, King of Jordan, 1935-1999

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6cj8nz6 (person)

Davis, Benjamin O., 1880-1970

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6f209zt (person)

Benjamin Oliver Davis (1877-1970) was born in Washington, DC, to Louis and Henrietta (Stewart) Davis. He was the first African American general officer in the U.S. Armed Forces. Davis's military career began when he left his studies at Howard University in 1897 to serve in the Spanish-American War as a first lieutenant. After the war, he enlisted as a private in the 9th Cavalry in 1901. In 1905 he joined the faculty at Wilberforce University in Ohio as professor of military science and ...

LeMay, Curtis E.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6v12zr4 (person)

Curtis Emerson LeMay (1906-1990) was a U.S. Air Force general who directed the bombing of Japan in World War II, and helped lead the bombing in Germany. He built the Strategic Air Command (SAC) during the Cold War, and served as Air Force Chief of Staff from 1961 to 1965. He retired from the Air Force in 1965, and briefly returned to public life in 1968 when he was the vice presidential candidate on the American Independent party ticket with George C. Wallace. From the description of...

Eisenhower, Dwight D. (Dwight David), 1890-1969

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6z60mkn (person)

Dwight David Eisenhower (1890-1969) was leader of the Allied forces in Europe in World War II, commander of NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization), and the thirty-fourth president of the United States, from January 20, 1953, to January 20, 1961. Eisenhower was born on October 14, 1890, in Denison, Texas, the third son of David Jacob Eisenhower, a railroad worker, and Ida Elizabeth Stover. In 1891, the family moved to Abilene, Kansas, where David accepted a job at a local creamery run by ...

Acheson, Dean, 1893-1971

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6jm27mq (person)

U.S. secretary of state; b. Dean Gooderham Acheson. From the description of Papers, 1931-1971. (Harry S Truman Library). WorldCat record id: 70939613 Dean Acheson was born in Middletown, Connecticut, on April 11, 1893. After being educated at Yale University (1912-1915) and Harvard Law School (1915-18) he became private secretary to the Supreme Court Justice, Louis Brandeis from 1919 to 1921. A supporter of the Democratic Party, Acheson worked for a law firm in Washington, D...

Ford, Gerald R., 1913-2006

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6m043ks (person)

Gerald Rudolph Ford, the 38th President of the United States, was born Leslie Lynch King, Jr., the son of Leslie Lynch King and Dorothy Ayer Gardner King, on July 14, 1913, in Omaha, Nebraska. His parents separated two weeks after his birth, and his mother took him to Grand Rapids, Michigan, to live with her parents. On February 1, 1916, approximately two years after her divorce was final, Dorothy King married Gerald R. Ford, a Grand Rapids paint salesman. The Fords began calling her son Gerald ...

Hope, Bob, 1903-2003

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6k75743 (person)

Bob Hope (b. May 29, 1903, London, England–d. July 27, 2003, Los Angeles, CA) was a star of radio, film, television and stage during the 1940-1970's. He acted, song and danced through much of WW II entertaining troops. He continued entertaining troops though Korea, Vietnam and the Middle East. Additionally, Hope made many guest appearances on television as well as hosting his own specials. ...

Stratemeyer, George E., 1890-1969

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6gm9h91 (person)

George Edward Stratemeyer (b. 1890, Cincinnati, Ohio-d. Aug. 11, 1969), U.S. Air Force officer, graduated from West Point in 1915, completed pilot training, then transferred to the Air Corps in 1920. After serving in Hawaii, he became an instructor in tactics at West Point and later, an instructor at the Command and General Staff School. During World War II, he was commanding general, India-Burma Sector, and air adviser to the commanding general of the China-Burma-India Theater of Operations. He...

Twining, Nathan F. (Nathan Farragut), 1897-1982

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6m91hp2 (person)

Air Force officer. From the description of Reminiscences of Nathan Farragut Twining: oral history, 1967. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122419971 U.S. Army and Air Force officer; later, publishing company executive. From the description of Papers of Nathan F. Twining, 1924-1960 (bulk 1950-1960). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 81804920 Nathan Twining's military career began in 1916 as a member of the Third Oregon Infant...