Zbigniew Brzezinski Papers 1798-2009 (bulk 1952-2007)
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The Columbia University community and administration mobilized to the fullest extent in answer to the entry of the United States into World War I. Summed up by President Nicholas Murray Butler in the 1918 Annual Report, the effects of the war on the University were far-reaching: "Students by the hundred and prospective students by the thousand entered the military, naval, or civil service of the United States; teachers and administrative officers to the number of nearly four hundred...
Warren Christopher was born on October 27, 1925. He received a B.S. from the University of Southern California in 1945 and an LL.B. from Stanford University in 1949. He has been a lawyer in private practice in Los Angeles since 1950. He served as Deputy Attorney General during the Lyndon Johnson administration, 1967 to 1969, and he served as Deputy Secretary of State during the Carter administration, 1977 to 1981. As Deputy Secretary of State, he handled the negotiations for release of the Ameri...
Pope John Paul II (b. Karol Jozef Wojtyla, May 18, 1920, Wadowice, Poland-d. Apr. 2, 2005). He was elected pope in 1978, the first non-Italian chosen as Pope in 456 years. He survived an assassination attempt in May 1981. From the description of John Paul II, Pope, 1920-2005 (U.S. National Archives and Records Administration). naId: 10678008 ...
George Pratt Shultz was born December 13, 1920, in New York, New York, son of Birl E. and Margaret Pratt Shultz. He married Helena Marie O''Brien in 1946. He received a B.A. in economics from Princeton University in 1942. That same year he joined the U.S. Marine Corps and served until 1945, attaining the rank of Captain. In 1949, he earned a Ph.D. in industrial economics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). From 1948 to 1957, he taught in both the MIT Department of Economics and...
Madeleine Albright, also knowna as Madeleine Jana Korbel Albright (b. May 15, 1937, Prague, Czechoslovakia), American politician and diplomat, is the first woman to serve as the United States Secretary of State, nominated by U.S. President Bill Clinton on December 5, 1996....
Henry Alfred Kissinger (born May 27, 1923) is an American diplomat and political scientist who served as the Secretary of State and National Security Advisor under the presidential administrations of Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford. Born in Germany as Heinz Alfred Kissinger, he was a Jewish refugee who fled the Nazi regime with his family in 1938. He became National Security Advisor in 1969 and later Secretary of State in 1973. For his actions negotiating a ceasefire in Vietnam, Kissinger received...
Les Aspin was a Democratic congressman representing Wisconsin's First Congressional District, 1970-1993. While in Congress he served on the Armed Services, Government Operations, and Budget Committees and in 1985, he was selected to chair the Armed Services Committee. In 1993, left Congress to serve as Secretary of Defense in the Clinton administration and resigned in 1994. Aspin then joined the Marquette University faculty in the international affairs program in Washington, D.C. as well as invo...
Jimmy Carter (James Earl Carter, Jr.), thirty-ninth president of the United States, was born on October 1, 1924, in Plains, Georgia, and grew up in the nearby community of Archery. His father, James Earl Carter, Sr., was a farmer and businessman; his mother, Lillian Gordy, a registered nurse. He was educated in the Plains public schools, attended Georgia Southwestern College and the Georgia Institute of Technology, and received a B.S. from the U.S. Naval Academy in 1946. In the Navy he became a ...
Biographical/Historical Note 1 January 1936 Born, Collingswood, New Jersey 1957 B.A. from University of Notre Dame 28 December 1957 Marries Patricia Ann Mason 1958 M.A. in Political Science...
Senator. From the description of Reminiscences of Hubert H. Humphrey : oral history, 1958. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122376713 From the description of Reminiscences of Hubert H. Humphrey, Jr. : oral history, 1977. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 86100450 Hubert Horatio Humphrey, Jr. (1911-1978) was a U.S. Senator and Vice President of the United States. He worked as a pharmacist in his fathe...
General secretary, Kommunisticheskai︠a︡ partii︠a︡ Sovetskogo Soi︠u︡za, 1985-1991; president of the Soviet Union, 1990-1991. From the description of Dialog o perestroĭke, "prazhskoĭ vesne" i sot︠s︡ializme : typescript, 1994 / Mikhail Gorbachev, Zdenek Mlynarzh. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122500680 Mikhail Sergeevich Gorbachev (1931-) was leader of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) from 1985 to 1991. Gorbachev was born on March 2, 1931, in Privolnoe, Russia,...
The Committee on the Choice of Electives recommended in 1910 that in order to guarantee students' reading knowledge of French or German, every student must pass a special oral examination in either one of the two languages before admission to the junior class. The rule was revised in 1920. From the description of Oral examination papers in French and German, 1912-1913. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 228513467 During World War II, Harvard University trained militar...
Biographical/Historical Note British politician; prime minister, 1979-1990. From the guide to the Margaret Thatcher speech, 1993, (Hoover Institution Archives) ...
Biographical Note 1939, April 2 Born, New York, N.Y. 1961 A.B., Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass. 1962 Married Antonia Plehn 1962 1970 ...
Captain, Polish army; underground courier between Warsaw and London, 1943-1945. From the description of Jan Nowak papers, 1942-1981. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 754872516 Biography Captain, Polish army; underground courier between Warsaw and London, 1943-1945. From the guide to the Jan Nowak Papers, 1942-1981, (Hoover Institution Archives) ...
Zbigniew Kazimierz Brzezinski was born on March 28, 1928 in Warsaw, Poland. His father was Polish consul-general in Montreal during World War II. After the communists seized control of the Polish government in 1945, his family remained in Canada. He received a B.A. and M.A. from McGill University in 1949 and 1950, and a Ph.D. from Harvard University in 1953. He remained at Harvard, first as a research fellow at the Russian Research Center, 1953 to 1956, and then as assistant professor of governm...
Freedom House was established in 1941 as a non-profit, non-partisan democratic challenge to the Braunhaus in Munich, a center for Nazi propaganda. It physically merged several anti-isolationism organizations, including Committee to Defend America by Aiding the Allies and Fight for Freedom, while allowing them to remain administratively autonomous. Acting from its headquarters in the Willkie Memorial Building, Freedom House functioned as a clearinghouse, coordinator, radi...
Honorary Chairman, Council on Foreign Relations. From the description of Oral history interviewee with David Rockefeller, 2007. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 660148869 ...
U.S. secretary of defense, physicist, and educator. From the description of Papers of Harold Brown. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 71132876 Harold Brown was born on September 10, 1927 in New York, New York. He received an A.B. (1945), an A.M. (1946) and a Ph.D. (1949) from Columbia University. He was a research scientist at Columbia University from 1945 to 1950 and lecturer in physics at Columbia from 1947 to 1948. From 1949 to 1950 he was a lecturer in physics at Stevens In...
Cyrus R. Vance was born on March 27, 1917, in Clarksburg, West Virginia. He attended Yale University and earned his B.A. in 1939 and his LL.B. in 1942. He began governmental work in 1957 by helping to draft the National Space Act of 1958. In 1961, John F. Kennedy appointed him general counsel and, in 1962, promoted him to secretary of the army. In 1964, Lyndon B. Johnson appointed Vance deputy secretary of defense. After resigning in 1967, Vance was asked by Johnson to ensure federa...
George Herbert Walker Bush (1924-2018) was Vice President of the United States from 1981 to 1989 and the 41st President of the United States from 1989 to 1992. He was born on June 12, 1924, in Milton, Massachusetts, to Dorothy Walker Bush and Prescott Bush (who was a Republican Senator from Connecticut from 1952 to 1962). He graduated from Phillips Academy, Andover, Massachusetts on his 18th birthday, June 12, 1942. That same day, he enlisted in the U.S. Navy as a Seaman 2nd Class. Receiving ...
Richard Milhous Nixon, 37th President of the United States, was born on his family''s farm on January 9, 1913 in Yorba Linda, California. His family moved to Whittier, California in 1922, and his father operated a grocery store there. His mother''s family were Quakers, and Nixon attended Whittier College, a Quaker institution. He graduated from Whittier in 1934, and won a scholarship to Duke University Law School. After graduating from Duke, he returned to Whittier, California and joined the la...
Author, journalist, speechwriter, and public relations consultant. Also known as William L. Safire. From the description of William Safire papers, 1953-1980 (bulk 1960-1973). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70983130 Biographical Note 1929, Dec. 17 Born, New York, N.Y. 1947 1949 ...
Brent Scowcroft (b. Mar. 19, 1925, Ogden, Utah), retired air force officer and government official. From the description of Scowcroft, Brent, 1925- (U.S. National Archives and Records Administration). naId: 10567887 ...
At the Dept. of State, Blake was Assistant Chief of Special Projects Division, in 1946; and Leland King was the Acting Chief of the Foreign Buildings Operations, in 1949. Theodor Eberstaller was the brother of Richard Eberstaller, the husband of Alma Mahler's half-sister Maria; Richard and Maria Eberstaller were both deceased at this point. From the description of Correspondence to Alma Mahler, 1946-1949. (University of Pennsylvania Library). WorldCat record id: 155864672 Of...
Condoleeza Rice was U.S. Secretary of State from 2005-2009. From the description of Letter, July 20, 2006. (Naval War College). WorldCat record id: 707476819 ...