James E. Jackson and Esther Cooper Jackson Papers Bulk, 1937-1992 1917-2008

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James E. Jackson and Esther Cooper Jackson Papers, Bulk, 1937-1992, 1917-2008

James E. Jackson and Esther Cooper Jackson Papers Bulk, 1937-1992 1917-2008

James E. Jackson (1914-2007) and Esther Cooper Jackson (1917- ) are African American communists and civil rights activists, best known for their role in founding and leading the Southern Negro Youth Congress (1937-48). James Jackson was head of the Communist Party of the United States of America (CPUSA) Louisiana state organization in 1946, and was a Party organizer in the automobile industry in Detroit from 1947-50. He then moved to New York, becoming the Southern Director for the Communist Party. In 1951 he was indicted under the Smith Act, and became a fugitive until 1955. He later served as the Communist Party's Educational Director and as International Affairs Secretary, retiring in 1991. Esther Cooper Jackson served as Executive Secretary of the Southern Negro Congress from 1942-1946. She also co-founded and served as the managing editor from 1961-86 of , an influential African American political and cultural quarterly. The papers contain clippings of articles by and about Jackson; correspondence of both Esther Cooper and James E. Jackson, including the Jacksons' voluminous World War II correspondence with each other; James Jackson's lectures, research notebooks, speeches, and writings and subject files. Also included are correspondence, internal documents and printed ephemera pertaining to the Southern Negro Youth Congress, and to , legal and other materials pertaining to the Smith Act indictments of James Jackson and other communists as well as Communist Party internal documents. Freedomways Freedomways

22.25 linear feet; in 23 boxes

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