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Gertrude (Foster) Brown, daughter of Lydia Anne Drake and William Charles Foster, was born in Morrison, Illinois, and studied piano at the New England Conservatory of Music in Boston and in Berlin and Paris, 1886-1889. She taught piano at the Chicago Conservatory of Music before her marriage to Ray Brown in 1893. She continued to play and perform after her marriage, giving lecture recitals on Wagner. From 1913-1917, GFB was an officer and President of the New York State Woman Suffrage Association, 1917-1920. In 1918 she served as Director-General of the Women's Overseas Hospitals in France, and from 1921-1931 was Managing Director of the Woman Citizen .

Arthur Raymond Brown, 1865-1944, was born in Groton, Conn., the son of Marianna (Ward) and Samuel Watson Brown. He was descended from the Raymonds of Rindge, N.H., and was great grandson of Revolutionary General Artemas Ward of Shrewsbury, Mass. RB was an artist and advertising executive. He was educated at the Worcester Polytechnic Institute, and worked for the Chicago Evening Post and later for the Hawley Advertising Company in New York City.

From the guide to the Additional papers, (inclusive), (bulk), 1732-1956, 1815-1956, (Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute)

Gertrude (Foster) Brown was born in Morrison, Ill., on July 29, 1867, to Charles Foster and Anna (Drake) Foster. Musical as a child, GFB studied piano at home and then entered the New England Conservatory of Music in Boston, graduating in August 1885 after completing the four-year course in two years. She taught piano for a year at a private school in Dayton, Ohio, then studied in Berlin with Xaver Scharwenka and in Paris with Delaborde. She made her professional debut as a pianist with the Philharmonic Orchestra in Berlin on January 25, 1889.

In 1889 GFB joined the staff of the Chicago Conservatory of Music, teaching and performing in conservatory concerts. In August 1893 she married Arthur Raymond Brown, an artist and newspaperman. They had no children. In 1896 the Browns moved to New York, and by 1900 she was touring the U.S. lecturing on Richard Wagner's operas.

After an illness in about 1905, GFB began to focus increasingly on the issue of woman suffrage. In 1909 she organized a Woman Suffrage Study Club (later merged with the Woman Suffrage Party), attended the 42nd annual convention of the National American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA) in 1910, and was elected president of the New York State Woman Suffrage Association in 1914. She continued to work for suffrage through 1920, except that she spent 1918 in France as liaison officer for the Women's Overseas Hospitals. In 1920 GFB wrote " Your Vote and How to Use It," published by Harper's in 1921.

Also in 1921 Carrie Chapman Catt asked GFB to take control of The Woman's Journal, founded in 1870 by Lucy Stone and Henry B. Blackwell. The magazine was renamed The Woman Citizen and GFB was the general manager until its demise in 1931. GFB was also an active member of the League of Women Voters and the New York Woman's City Club.

During the 1930s, GFB and her husband traveled extensively in Europe and North Africa. During World War II she was active in the Women's Action Committee for Victory and Lasting Peace. She also nursed her husband through his final illness; Raymond Brown died on April 30, 1944. GFB died in 1956.

Researchers should be aware that some facts and dates given in the editor's introduction to the autobiography in 1v do not correspond with information supplied in Who Was Who, vol. 4, 1961-1968. Where there were discrepancies, the processor has used information from Who Was Who in this biographical note.

From the guide to the Papers, (inclusive), (bulk), 1822-1978, 1910-1949, (Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Papers, (inclusive), (bulk), 1822-1978, 1910-1949 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
creatorOf Additional papers, (inclusive), (bulk), 1732-1956, 1815-1956 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Adams, John Quincy, 1767-1848 person
associatedWith Alfred Converse person
correspondedWith Anna (Foster) Quackenbush person
associatedWith Ansermet, Ernst person
associatedWith Artemas Ward person
associatedWith Bandarlog Press corporateBody
correspondedWith Benjamin Ward person
associatedWith Brown, Arthur Raymond, 1865-1944 person
associatedWith Brown family family
associatedWith Brown, Marianna (Ward), 1825-1923 person
associatedWith Brown, Samuel Watson, 1828-1866 person
associatedWith Caroline Cutler person
associatedWith Catherine Fiske person
associatedWith Catt, Carrie Chapman, 1859-1947 person
associatedWith Eliza Payson person
associatedWith Emerson, Joseph. person
correspondedWith Foster Adams person
correspondedWith Foster, Charlotte person
associatedWith Foster family family
associatedWith Gibson, Charles Dana, 1867-1944 person
associatedWith Henry Dana Artemas Ward person
associatedWith Joel Raymond person
correspondedWith Josephine F. Adams person
correspondedWith Josephine Foster person
associatedWith Kenyon, Mildred (Adams), 1894-1980 person
associatedWith Laidlaw, Harriet Wright (Burton), 1873-1949 person
associatedWith Landowska, Wanda, 1877-1959 person
associatedWith Linda Raymond Ward person
associatedWith Mary (Ball) Raymond person
associatedWith National American Woman Suffrage Association corporateBody
associatedWith New England Conservatory of Music corporateBody
associatedWith New York State Woman Suffrage Association corporateBody
associatedWith Ohio, Marietta person
associatedWith Phoebe Ward person
associatedWith Polly (Raymond) Cutler person
associatedWith Raymond family family
correspondedWith Raymond, Linda person
associatedWith Raymond, Paul person
correspondedWith Reeve, Lella person
correspondedWith Samuel Watson Brown person
associatedWith Sawyer, Sophia person
associatedWith Scharwenka, Franz Xaver, 1850-1924 person
associatedWith Skinner, Cornelia Otis, 1901- person
associatedWith Skinner, Otis, 1858-1942 person
correspondedWith Sydney A. Reeve person
correspondedWith Thurston, Philomelia person
associatedWith von Bulow, Hans person
associatedWith Ward, Artemas, 1727-1800 person
associatedWith Ward, Benjamin, 1793-1828 person
associatedWith Ward family family
associatedWith Ward, Henry Dana, 1797-1884 person
associatedWith Ward, Henry Dana Artemas person
associatedWith Ward, Linda (Raymond), 1798- person
associatedWith Whitehouse, Vira (Ogden), 1875-1819 person
associatedWith Woman Citizen corporateBody
associatedWith Woman Citizen Corporation corporateBody
associatedWith Women's Action Committee for a Lasting Peace corporateBody
associatedWith Women's Action Committee for Victory and Lasting Peace corporateBody
associatedWith Women's Overseas Hospitals corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
Women suffrage
Pianists--United States--Biography
Carrie Chapman Catt Memorial Fund


Birth 1867

Death 1956

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Ark ID: w6t57wbw

SNAC ID: 972822