Powell, Colin L., 1937-

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Colin Powell (b. April 5, 1937, Harlem, NY) is an American statesman and a retired four-star general in the United States Army. During his military career Powell also served as National Security Advisor (1987–1989), as Commander of the U.S. Army Forces Command (1989), and as Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (1989–1993). Powell was the first African American to serve on the Joint Chiefs of Staff. He was the 65th United States Secretary of State, serving under U.S. President George W. Bush from 2001 to 2005, the first African American to serve in that position.

Powell was born in Harlem, NYC in 1937 and was raised in the South Bronx. His parents, Luther and Maud Powell, immigrated to the United States from Jamaica. Powell was educated in the New York City public schools, graduating from the City College of New York (CCNY), where he earned a bachelor's degree in geology. He also participated in ROTC at CCNY and received a commission as an Army second lieutenant upon graduation in June 1958. He also recieve a Master of Business Administration degree from George Washington University.

Powell was a professional soldier for 35 years, during which time he held myriad command and staff positions and rose to the rank of 4-star General. Following his military retirement, Powell wrote his best-selling autobiography, My American Journey. In addition, he pursued a career as a public speaker, addressing audiences across the country and abroad. Prior to his appointment as Secretary of State, Powell was the chairman of America's Promise - The Alliance for Youth, a national nonprofit organization dedicated to mobilizing people from every sector of American life to build the character and competence of young people. He was nominated by President Bush on December 16, 2000 as Secretary of State. After being unanimously confirmed by the U.S. Senate, he was sworn in as the 65th Secretary of State on January 20, 2001.

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn United States Army 92nd Infantry Division Collection, 1926-2007, (bulk 1942-2000) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Records of the U.S. Information Agency. 1900 - 2003. Photo File Photographs
referencedIn October 1995 (#4063) Gerald R. Ford Library
referencedIn White House Office of Appointments and Scheduling Files. 1989 - 1993. Presidential Daily Diary and Presidential Daily Backup Materials. 1/20/1989 - 1/20/1993. President's Daily Diary Entry, February 25, 1991
referencedIn White House Office of Appointments and Scheduling Files. 1989 - 1993. Presidential Daily Diary and Presidential Daily Backup Materials. 1/20/1989 - 1/20/1993. President's Daily Diary Entry, February 3, 1991
referencedIn Caspar W. Weinberger Papers, 1910-2005, (bulk 1951-2005) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn White House Office of Appointments and Scheduling Files. 1989 - 1993. Presidential Daily Diary and Presidential Daily Backup Materials. 1/20/1989 - 1/20/1993. President's Daily Diary Entry, February 26, 1991
referencedIn September 1994 (#4050) Gerald R. Ford Library
referencedIn Hare, David, 1947-. Stuff happens : a play / by David Hare, 2006. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Weinberger, Caspar W. Caspar W. Weinberger papers, 1910-2005 (bulk 1951-2005). Library of Congress
referencedIn April 2001 (#6015) Gerald R. Ford Library
referencedIn Wally McNamee Photographic Archive, AR2002-011; 2002-027; 2002-097; 2002-180; 2003-032; 2003-085., ca. 1955-2000 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin .
referencedIn Terry Sanford Papers, 1926-1996 David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
referencedIn Taft, William Howard, 1945-. Papers, 1958-1989 (bulk 1970-1989) Library of Congress
referencedIn Photographs of the White House Photograph Office (Clinton Administration). 1/20/1993 - 1/20/2001. Photographs Relating to the Clinton Administration. 1/20/1993 - 1/20/2001. Photograph of President William J. Clinton with General Colin Powell and Secretary of Defense Les Aspin at the Retirement Ceremony for General Powell
referencedIn The A. Romeo Horton Collection, 1959-2007 Liberian Collectionshttp://www.onliberia.org
referencedIn United States. Army. Infantry Division, 92nd. United States. Army. 92nd Infantry Division collection, 1926-2007 (bulk 1942-2000). Library of Congress
referencedIn General Records of the Department of Justice. 1790 - 2002. Photographs of Agency Officials and Activities
referencedIn May 2004 (#6043) Gerald R. Ford Library
creatorOf Duvall, Henry P. Henry P. Duvall papers, ca.2003. U.S. Army Heritage & Education Center
referencedIn General Records of the Department of State. Photographs Documenting Agency Officials, and Headquarters Special Events and Facilities. 2001-2007. National Archives at College Park
referencedIn January 13-15, 2001 (#6013) Gerald R. Ford Library
referencedIn Muhl, Rene, 1951-. Oral history interview with Rene Muhl, 2007 November 15. University of North Texas Library, UNT
referencedIn White House Office of Appointments and Scheduling Files. 1989 - 1993. Presidential Daily Diary and Presidential Daily Backup Materials. 1/20/1989 - 1/20/1993. President's Daily Diary Entry, February 22, 1991
referencedIn Chuck Stone Papers, 1931-2007 and undated David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
referencedIn General Records of the Department of Justice. Photographs of Agency Personnel. 1953-1993. National Archives at College Park
referencedIn April/May 2000 (#6005) Gerald R. Ford Library
referencedIn June 1999 - Quarterly (#4098) Gerald R. Ford Library
referencedIn March 2000 - Quarterly (#6004a) Gerald R. Ford Library
referencedIn William Howard Taft IV Papers, 1958-1989, (bulk 1970-1989) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Taft, William Howard, 1945-. William Howard Taft papers, 1958-1989 (bulk 1970-1989). Library of Congress
referencedIn August 1996 (#4071) Gerald R. Ford Library
referencedIn White House Office of Appointments and Scheduling Files. 1989 - 1993. Presidential Daily Diary and Presidential Daily Backup Materials. 1/20/1989 - 1/20/1993. President's Daily Diary Entry, February 27, 1991
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith A. Romeo Horton person
alumnusOrAlumnaOf City University of New York. City College corporateBody
associatedWith Duvall, Henry P. person
associatedWith Hare, David, 1947- person
associatedWith McNamee, Wally person
associatedWith Muhl, Rene, 1951- person
correspondedWith Ninety-Second Infantry Divison World War II Association corporateBody
correspondedWith Sanford, Terry, 1917-1998 person
associatedWith Stone, Chuck person
correspondedWith Taft, William Howard, 1915 August 7- person
correspondedWith Taft, William Howard, 1945- person
memberOf United States. Army corporateBody
correspondedWith United States. Army. Infantry Division, 92nd. corporateBody
associatedWith Weinberger, Caspar W. person
associatedWith Weinberger, Caspar W. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Harlem NY US
United States 00 US
Subject
Occupation
Secretaries of State (State governments)
Army officers
Function

Person

Birth 1937-04-05

Americans

English

Information

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