Borchgrevink, Carsten Egeberg, 1864-1934

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Carsten Egeberg Borchgrevink was born in Oslo, Norway, on December 1, 1864, the son of a Norwegian father and an English mother. He enrolled as a student at the Royal Forestry School in Saxony in 1885 and at the age of twenty-four emigrated to Australia. Initially, he worked on government survey teams in Queensland and New South Wales before becoming a teacher of languages and natural science in New South Wales. In 1894 Borchgrevink volunteered as seaman, seal-shooter and naturalist for the Norwegian Sealing and Whaling Exploration, 1893-1895 (leader Henrik Johan Bull), organised to investigate Antarctic whaling possibilities. The expedition ship Antarctic managed to penetrate the ice of the Ross Sea and Borchgrevink was a member of the party that landed at Possession Island and Cape Adare in January 1895. This experience led Borchgrevink to visit England to raise funds to lead an Antarctic expedition of his own, the British Antarctic Expedition, 1898-1900. The expedition ship Southern Cross sailed from Hobart in December 1898 and after a successful landing at Cape Adare in February 1899, two huts were erected where ten men wintered, the first party to do so on Antarctica. Borchgrevink left Cape Adare onboard Southern Cross in February 1900, called at Possession Islands, Cape Crozier and coasted along the Ross Barrier. At a place in the Barrier that approximates to the Bay of Whales, a sledging party reached a farthest south of 78.83° in February 1900. After his return to England, Borchgrevink did not receive the acclaim that he considered his due and had to wait more than a quarter of a century before receiving the Patron's Medal of the Royal Geographical Society in 1930. He returned to Norway with his English wife and continued to interest himself in scientific pursuits. He died in comparative poverty on 21 April 1934. From the guide to the Carsten Egeberg Borchgrevink collection, (Scott Polar Research Institute, University of Cambridge)
Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Axel Melby collection, 1900 Scott Polar Research Institute
referencedIn Janet Crawford collection, 1979 Scott Polar Research Institute
referencedIn Carsten Egeberg Borchgrevink collection Scott Polar Research Institute
referencedIn Century Company records, 1870-1924 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf Carsten Egeberg Borchgrevink collection Scott Polar Research Institute
referencedIn Sir George Newnes collection, 1899-1901 Scott Polar Research Institute
referencedIn Bassett Jones (collector) records, 1818-1938. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
creatorOf Paine, Albert Bigelow, 1861-1937,. Letters to Albert Bigelow Paine, 1875-1934 (bulk 1891-1934). Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn Louis Charles Bernacchi collection, 1898-1932 Scott Polar Research Institute
creatorOf Carsten Egeberg Borchgrevink collection, [1896-1933] Scott Polar Research Institute
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Bernacchi Louis Charles 1876-1942 person
associatedWith Borchgrevink Carsten Egeberg 1864-1957 person
associatedWith British Antarctic Expedition 1898-1900 corporateBody
associatedWith Carsten Egeberg Borchgrevink person
correspondedWith Century Company corporateBody
associatedWith Crawford Janet person
associatedWith Crawford, Janet person
correspondedWith Dellenbaugh, Frederick Samuel, 1853-1935 person
associatedWith Jones, Bassett, collector. person
associatedWith Louis Charles Bernacchi person
associatedWith Markham Clements Robert 1830-1916 person
associatedWith Melby Axel person
associatedWith Melby, Axel person
associatedWith Mill Hugh Robert 1861-1950 person
associatedWith Newnes George 1851-1910 person
associatedWith Paine, Albert Bigelow, 1861-1937, person
associatedWith Rudmose-Brown Robert Neal 1879-1954 person
associatedWith Sir George Newnes person
associatedWith Southern Cross (Ship) corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
Antarctica 00 AQ
Oslo 12 NO
Oslo 12 NO


Birth 1864-12-01

Death 1934-04-21



Ark ID: w6q05zrp

SNAC ID: 83209165