Texas. Legislature

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The Texas Legislature's Central Investigating Committees of the House and Senate were formed in 1917 to investigate every state department and institution in Texas. The investigation was an outgrowth of general public suspicion and distrust of state government, aggravated by: the entry of the United States into World War I and the resulting distrust of German-Americans; the impeachment of Governor Ferguson earlier in 1917; and charges of corruption and collusion made against officials and employees associated with or appointed by Ferguson.

On September 5, 1917, during the 3rd Called Session of the 35th Legislature, 11 representatives offered an unnumbered simple resolution calling for a statewide investigation and providing for a steering committee to formulate recommendations and procedural plans for conducting that investigation. Shortly later, the steering committee offered an unnumbered supplemental resolution proposing the creation of the House Central Executive Committee. The Committee was to be composed of 10 House members who would be divided into 10 subcommittees and investigate a group of agencies and institutions. Each of the subcommittees was to be assigned a second House member. The Committee was to receive clerical assistance, and submit a final report to the House and to the Governor. The Central Executive Committee members included: Representatives Bryan, Cope, Fairchild, Fly (the chair), Johnson, McMillin, Sentell, Spencer, and Tillotson. The additional appointees included: Sackett, Seawright, Terrell, Pillow, Davis of Grimes, Holaday, McDowra, O'Banion, De Bogory, and Hudspeth.

At about the same time, a similar resolution was passed in the Senate (Senate Resolution 18, 35th Legislature, 3rd Called Session, 1917), appointing 10 members to an investigating committee. The Senate committee members were authorized to sit and cooperate with any committee or subcommittee of the House that had been created for similar purposes. Senate members included: Westbrook (the chair), Clark, Lattimore, Decherd, Alderdice, Hopkins, McNealus, Hudspeth, Smith, and Buchanan of Scurry.

The Senate Investigating Committee first convened in Dallas on October 26, 1917 and decided to act in conjunction with the House Committee, to meet jointly on October 30 in Austin, and to begin investigations on November 1st. The House Committee first convened in Austin on October 25, 1917 and asked Governor Hobby to come before the Committee with any suggestions he might have concerning the investigations. Governor Hobby suggested that: each department be audited; each institution be visited; units of the prison system be visited; inquiries be made regarding the scope of work of each department, to determine the extent to which the work could be combined and consolidated with a view toward eliminating as many offices and positions as possible; the efficiency of the financial management practices of each department be investigated; and bookkeeping and accounting procedures be investigated to develop recommendations for improvement.

The final organizational meeting on November 1 determined that the Senate Committee would, like the House, have 10 subcommittees. Working jointly, the House and Senate subcommittees composing any one group were to be distinct and independent entities, but were to work together as a unit in the investigation of any department or institution when there should be agreement between them. In the case of disagreement, each subcommittee would conduct the investigation independently and in its own way, making its own report to its own Central Committee. After all subcommittee reports were submitted to the Central Committees, the Central Committees were to act jointly in the creation of the general reports and recommendations to the Legislature and Governor. (See the series descriptions for the composition of each subcommittee and the list of departments/institutions they were to investigate.)

Subcommittee reports were issued to the Central Committees on January 7, 1918. The Central Committees met jointly, reviewing the subcommittee reports and creating the final reports, until January 27, 1918 - on which day the sessions of all committees were concluded. The joint report of the House and Senate Central Committees was printed and filed on February 1, 1918. The reports, excluding the testimony before the subcommittees, were published in 1918/1919.

From the guide to the Records of the Central Investigating Committees of the House and Senate, 1917-1918, (Repository Unknown)

Archival Resources
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creatorOf Bonnell, George Wythe. ALS, 1836 Nov. 15, [Texas], to the Senate and House of Representatives of the Republic of Texas, Columbia, Texas. University of North Texas Library, UNT
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referencedIn Templeton, R. L. Papers, 1928-1985. Texas Tech University Libraries, Academic Library
referencedIn Texas. Constitutional Convention (1974). Collection, 1960-1975, 1973-1974. Texas Tech University Libraries, Academic Library
referencedIn Water Resources Committee meeting files, 1954, 1956-1957 Texas State Archives
referencedIn Epperson, Benjamin Holland, 1826-1878. Epperson, Benjamin Holland, papers, 1834-1876 University of Texas Libraries
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referencedIn Blanchard, H. J. "Doc", 1924-1982. Papers, 1972-1974. Texas Tech University Libraries, Academic Library
referencedIn Prohibition Scrapbook, [ca. 1907-1935] Dolph Briscoe Center for American History
referencedIn Secretary of State legislative bills and resolutions filed (General and special laws), 1836-2009 Texas State Archives
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referencedIn Traylor, John H., 1839-. John H. Traylor dictation : Granbury, Texas, 1887. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Kibler Office Supplies (Firm). Oral history interview with Morris Kibler and Lillian Kibler, 1978 November 9. University of North Texas Library, UNT
referencedIn Oscar Branch Colquitt Papers, 1873-1941. Dolph Briscoe Center for American History
referencedIn Alamo Items 1913; 1930; 1934; 1942; 1949., 1836, 1903-1942 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History
referencedIn Erath (George Bernard) Family Papers 1930; 74-002; 80-091., 1829-1967 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History
referencedIn Duggan, Arthur P., Sr., 1876-1935. Papers, 1860-1951, 1893-1944. Texas Tech University Libraries, Academic Library
referencedIn Goodwin, G. I., 1835-. G.I. Goodwin dictation : Brownwood, Texas?, 1887? UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Texas. Secretary of State. Statutory Documents Section. Secretary of State legislative bills and resolutions filed (General and special laws), 1836-2007. Texas State Library & Archives Commission
referencedIn Inventory of the William A. Owens Papers (Part Two) LIT/Owens MSS 00089., 1940-1980 Cushing Memorial Library,
referencedIn Hance, Kent Ronald, 1942-. Papers, 1953-1978. Texas Tech University Libraries, Academic Library
referencedIn Cole, James Reid Papers 1939; 1941; 1954., 1852-1926 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History
referencedIn Turner, Amasa, 1800-1877. Turner, Amasa, papers, 1827-1990 University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn Throckmorton, J. W. (James Webb), 1825-1894. Life of James Webb Throckmorton, 1881. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Austin (Texas) Scrapbook, 1908-1945 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History
referencedIn Baker, Benjamin F., 1851-. Dictation from Benjamin F. Baker, [1886?]. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Buford, Nat M., 1824-. Dictation from Nat M. Buford : Dallas, Texas, 1886. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Paddock, B. B. (Buckley B.), 1844-1922. B.B. Paddock notes on Fort Worth, 1886? UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Gillette, Michael L. Gillette, Michael L. Collection, 1972-1974 University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn E. Preston Smith Papers, S 937. 1., 1930-1975 and undated Texas Tech University,Southwest Collection/Special Collections Library
referencedIn Goodridge, C. F. Papers 1941., 1904-1929 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History
referencedIn Ivins, Molly. Ivins, Molly, papers, 1936, 1944-2008. University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn Thompson, S. A., 1851-1920. S.A. Thompson : papers, 1883-1931. Bryan Wildenthal Memorial Library, Sul Ross State University Library
referencedIn Blount, Stephen W. (Stephen William), 1808-1890. Dictation from Stephen W. Blount : Dallas, Texas, 1886. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Dʹavila, Diana,. Oral history interview with Diana Dʹavila, 1997 [videorecording]. University of Texas at Arlington, Central Library
referencedIn Tillery, Edwin,. Oral history interview, [19--]. Stephen F. Austin State University, East Texas Research Center
referencedIn Colquitt, Oscar Branch, 1861-1940. Colquitt, Oscar Branch, papers, 1873-1941. University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn Winegarten (Ruthe) papers, 1912-2004 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History
referencedIn Frontier Protection Records, 1857-1865 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History
referencedIn Russell, Charles Arden, 1822-1878. Russell, Charles Arden, papers, 1839-1935 University of Texas Libraries
creatorOf Records of the Central Investigating Committees of the House and Senate, 1917-1918 University of Texas at Austin. General Libraries
referencedIn Government -- Legislature. Daughters of the Republic of Texas Library
referencedIn Kendall, W. A., 1830-. W.A. Kendall dictation : Austin, Texas, 1887? UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Bryan, Guy M. (Guy Morrison), 1821-1901. Guy Morrison Bryan dictation : Galveston, Texas, 1887. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Turner, Amasa, papers 1927; 66-171; 98-230; 98-262; 99-028., 1827-1990 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History
referencedIn Texas. Secretary of State. Statutory Documents Section. Secretary of State legislative bills and resolutions filed (General and special laws), 1836-2009. Texas State Library & Archives Commission
referencedIn Pfeuffer, George, 1830-. George Pfeuffer biography, 1886? UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Grant, Ben Z., 1939-. Grant, Ben Z., papers, undated University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn Berkeley, Benjamin F., 1875-1962. Benjamin F. Berkeley : papers, 1902-1940. Bryan Wildenthal Memorial Library, Sul Ross State University Library
referencedIn McKinney, A. T., 1838-. A.T. McKinney dictation, 1886? UC Berkeley Libraries
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referencedIn McCoy, John C., 1819-. Dictation from John C. McCoy, 1886. UC Berkeley Libraries
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referencedIn Linn, E. D., 1848-. Dictation from E.D. Linn, [1885?]. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Bledsoe, William Harrison, 1869-1936. Papers, 1851-1971, 1851-1949. Texas Tech University Libraries, Academic Library
referencedIn Frontier Protection Records, 1857-1865 University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn Cole, James Reid, 1839-1917. Cole, James Reid, papers, 1852-1926 University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn Oden, William E. Papers, 1961-1965. Texas Tech University Libraries, Academic Library
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referencedIn Chambers, A. J., 1835-. Dictation from A.J. Chambers, [1885?]. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn McIlhany, Grainger W. Papers, 1949-1967. Texas Tech University Libraries, Academic Library
referencedIn Documents Relating to the History of the University of Texas M. D. Anderson Hospital for Cancer Research HRC Documents Relating UTMDACC History., 1942-1956 Historical Resources Center, Research Medical Library, The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center
referencedIn Pease, Elisha Marshall, 1812-1883. Elisha Marshall Pease biographical sketch, 1886? UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Texas Association of College Teachers Records 84-218; 84-223; 85-214; 93-382; 98-150., 1946-1992 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History
referencedIn Browning, James Nathan, 1850-1921. Dictation from James Nathan Browning, 1886. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Pendleton, W. S., 1850-. W.S. Pendleton dictation, 1886? UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Colquitt, Rawlins M. Papers 1940., 1915-1939 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History
referencedIn Erath (George Bernard) Family. Erath (George Bernard) Family Papers, 1829-1967 University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn Epperson, Benjamin Holland, papers, 1834-1876 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History
referencedIn Texas Commission on Higher Education. Records, 1952-1965, (bulks 1954-1965). Texas Tech University Libraries, Academic Library
referencedIn Texas Observer, Records 98-318; 2004-130; 2010-261; 2011-150., 1952-2004 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History
referencedIn Goodridge, C. F. Goodridge, C. F. Papers, 1904-1929 University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn Huling, Thomas Byers, Papers, 1826, 1831-1881, 1901 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History
referencedIn Truitt, James W., 1845-1922. Truitt, James W., Papers, 1806-1918 (bulk 1840-1887) University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn Rangel, Irma,. Oral history interview with Irma Rangel, 1996 [videorecording]. University of Texas at Arlington, Central Library
referencedIn Secretary of State Statutory Documents Section redistricting plans, 1981-1982, 1991-1993 University of Texas at Austin. General Libraries
creatorOf Texas. Legislature. An act granting right of way to the Thirty-fifth Parallel Railroad Company, 1870 Aug. 6. Arkansas History Commission, Department of Archives and History
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Alamo Items person
associatedWith Austin (Texas) Scrapbook person
associatedWith Baker, Benjamin F., 1851- person
associatedWith Berkeley, Benjamin F., 1875-1962. person
associatedWith Blanchard, H. J. "Doc", 1924-1982. person
associatedWith Bledsoe, William Harrison, 1869-1936. person
associatedWith Blount, Stephen W. (Stephen William), 1808-1890. person
associatedWith Bonnell, George Wythe. person
associatedWith Browning, James Nathan, 1850-1921. person
associatedWith Bryan, Guy M. (Guy Morrison), 1821-1901. person
associatedWith Buford, Nat M., 1824- person
associatedWith Chambers, A. J., 1835- person
associatedWith Cole, James Reid person
associatedWith Cole, James Reid, 1839-1917. person
associatedWith Colquitt, Oscar Branch person
associatedWith Colquitt, Rawlins M. person
associatedWith Colquitt, Rawlins M. person
associatedWith Dʹavila, Diana, person
associatedWith Duggan, Arthur P., Sr., 1876-1935. person
associatedWith Epperson, Benjamin Holland, 1826-1878 person
associatedWith Erath (George Bernard) Family family
associatedWith Erath (George Bernard) Family family
associatedWith Foster, L. L., 1851- person
associatedWith Garrett, R. C., 1826- person
associatedWith Gillette, Michael L. person
associatedWith Goodridge, C. F. person
associatedWith Goodridge, C. F. person
associatedWith Goodwin, G. I., 1835- person
associatedWith Grant, Ben Z., 1939- person
associatedWith Hamilton, W. O., 1854- person
associatedWith Hance, Kent Ronald, 1942- person
associatedWith Huling, Thomas Byers person
associatedWith Huling, Thomas Byers person
associatedWith Ivins, Molly. person
associatedWith Kaster, James J., 1933- person
associatedWith Kendall, W. A., 1830- person
associatedWith Kibler Office Supplies (Firm) corporateBody
associatedWith Linn, E. D., 1848- person
associatedWith McCoy, John C., 1819- person
associatedWith McIlhany, Grainger W. person
associatedWith McKinney, A. T., 1838- person
associatedWith Milam, M. B., Mrs. person
associatedWith Morehead, Richard. person
associatedWith Oden, William E. person
correspondedWith Owens, William A., 1905- person
associatedWith Paddock, B. B. (Buckley B.), 1844-1922. person
associatedWith Pease, Elisha Marshall, 1812-1883. person
associatedWith Pendleton, W. S., 1850- person
associatedWith Pfeuffer, George, 1830- person
associatedWith Prohibition Scrapbook corporateBody
associatedWith Rangel, Irma, person
associatedWith Russell, Charles Arden, 1822-1878 person
associatedWith Salinas, Froy. person
associatedWith Smith, Ashbel, 1805-1886. person
associatedWith Smith, Preston, 1912- person
associatedWith Sneed, Sebron Graham, 1836-1894. person
associatedWith Storey, Leonidas Jefferson, 1834-1909. person
associatedWith Templeton, R. L. person
associatedWith Texas Association of College Teachers corporateBody
associatedWith Texas Commission on Higher Education. corporateBody
associatedWith Texas. Constitutional Convention (1974) corporateBody
associatedWith Texas. Legislature. Senate. corporateBody
associatedWith Texas Observer corporateBody
associatedWith Texas. Secretary of State. Statutory Documents Section. corporateBody
associatedWith Texas. Secretary of State. Statutory Documents Section. corporateBody
associatedWith Texas. Secretary of State. Statutory Documents Section. corporateBody
associatedWith Texas Tech University. Office of Governmental Relations corporateBody
associatedWith Texas Water Resources Committee. corporateBody
associatedWith Thirty-fifth Parallel Railroad Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Thomas, James Waller person
associatedWith Thompson, S. A., 1851-1920. person
associatedWith Throckmorton, J. W. (James Webb), 1825-1894. person
associatedWith Tillery, Edwin, person
associatedWith Traylor, John H., 1839- person
associatedWith Truitt, James W., 1845-1922. person
associatedWith Turner, Amasa, 1800-1877 person
associatedWith Turner family. family
associatedWith University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center corporateBody
associatedWith Winegarten, Ruthe person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Texas
Texas
Subject
Loyalty
Reports--Governmental investigations--Texas--1917-1918
Statistics--Governmental investigations--Texas--1917-1918
Governmental investigations--Texas
Testimony--Governmental investigations--Texas--1917-1918
Finance, Public--Texas--Auditing
Legislative oversight--Texas
Letters--Governmental investigations--Texas--1917-1918
Legislative bodies--Texas--Committees
Railroads--Right of way
Drafts--Governmental investigations--Texas--1917-1918
Occupation
Function
Investigating Texas politics and government

Corporate Body

Information

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