Besant, Annie, 1847-1933

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Theosophist and political leader in India.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : London, to Mr. Crowther, 1888 Oct. 1. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270623129

Annie Wood Besant was born in London to Irish parents. An early marriage to a young clergyman ended in divorce, as Annie's increasing progressivism led to social activism. She renounced the Church, and became one of the most formidable and sought after writers and lecturers for such causes as the Freethinkers and Fabian Socialism. Among many activities, she led the 1888 Match Girls' Strike, sought to liberalize birth control, and campaigned for India Home Rule. Later in life, she embraced Theosophy, and spent her last years in India with her son and daughter.

From the description of Annie Besant letters and essay, 1877-1914. (Pennsylvania State University Libraries). WorldCat record id: 55850190

1872 published On the Deity of Jesus of Nazareth; 1873 deed of separation; 1874 moved to London; 1875-1888 co-editor, the National Reformer; 1877 co-founder, the Freethought Publishing Company; 1884 founder and editor, Our Corner; 1885 executive member of the Fabian Society; 1887 joined the Law and Liberty League; 1888 helped organise the women's match factory strike, East London; c 1888 editor, The Link; 1889 joined the Theosophical Society; 1889-1890 elected to the London school board; 1893 arrived in India; 1893-1907 administered Theosophical affairs in India; 1897 founder, the Central Hindu College Monastery and English public school; 1904 founder, Central Hindu Girls’ School, Benares; 1907-1929 president, the Theosophical Society; editor, The Commonweal and New India; 1913 joined the Indian National Congress; 1916 established the Indian Home Rule League; 1917 interned at Ootacamund; 1917 president, the 32nd Indian National Congress, Calcutta; 1928 member of the Nehru committee.

Epithet: educationist, theosophist and politician in India

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000001026.0x000354

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf G. B. SHAW PAPERS: SERIES I. Vol. XXII (ff. 212). Correspondence with:1. ff. 1-14. Sir James Barrie, Bart.; 1901-1913, n.d. Partly [italics]typewritten copy.[/italics]2. ff. 15-58. Max Beerbohm; 1898-1935. Partly [italics]copy[/italics].3. ff. 5..., 1885-1946 British Library
referencedIn Vol. IX (ff. 357+134*). Mar. 1889-June 1891.COUNTY OF London: Correspondence and papers of J. Burns as L.C.C. representative for Battersea: 1889-1905.Trade Unions: Correspondence, speeches, etc., of J. Burns, M.P., rel.to: 1872-1905.includes:ff. 1, 1... British Library
creatorOf Correspondence and papers relating to Universal Co-Masonry, 1905-1997 British Library
referencedIn Mildred and Louise Kennedy autograph collection, 1784-1923. Houghton Library.
referencedIn 43688. MISCELLANEOUS PAPERS AND FRAGMENTS., 1260-1933 British Library
creatorOf Besant, Annie Wood, 1847-1933. Karma [archivo de computadora] / Annie Besant. Biblioteca Nacional de Mexico
referencedIn Walter Crane Drawings and Papers, Bulk, 1877-1925, 1877-1963; bulk 1877-1925 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive
referencedIn Champneys, Basil, 1842-. Basil Champneys correspondence, 1882-1925. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Blackmore, R. D. (Richard Doddridge), 1825-1900. Correspondence of R.D. Blackmore [manuscript] 1858-99. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Sophia Smith Collection. Prostitution collection, 1834-1975. Smith College, Neilson Library
creatorOf Wallace, Alfred Russel, 1823-1913. Letters. Smithsonian Institution. Libraries
referencedIn Bryant & May Matchmakers Strike Register, 1888-1899 London Metropolitan University: Trades Union Congress Library Collections
creatorOf Besant, Annie, 1847-1933. Annie Besant letters and essay, 1877-1914. Pennsylvania State University Libraries
referencedIn A. R. WALLACE PAPERS. Vol. XXVI (ff. 437). Correspondence on spritualism and related subjects; 1864 -1913, n.d.includes:f. 1 Sir David Brewster, natural philosopher: Letter to -: 1855.: Copy.ff. 3, 141, 144, 148 (draft), 150, 154 (draft) William..., 1864-1913 British Library
referencedIn Stern Lager Kongress (1926 Ommen). Stern Lager Kongress Ommen 1926. National Library of Israel, Jewish National Library
referencedIn Basil Champneys correspondence, 1882-1925 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Nethercot, Arthur Hobart, 1895-1981. Arthur H. Nethercot Papers, 1927-1981. Northwestern University
creatorOf Besant, Annie Wood, 1847-1933. Genealogía del hombre [recurso electrónico] / Annie Besant. Biblioteca Nacional de Mexico
creatorOf Besant, Annie, 1847-1933. Letter to [Whitelaw] Saunders. Adelphi Terrace. 1919 Jul. 31. University of Iowa Libraries
referencedIn Vol. VIII (ff. 125). 1874-1888, preceded (f. 1) by a copy in John Burns's hand of a letter, 15 Sept. 1872, from Friedrich Engels to M. Maltman Barry, journalist.Trade Unions: Correspondence, speeches, etc., of J. Burns, M.P., rel.to: 1872-1905.includ..., 1872-1888 British Library
referencedIn Theosophical Society (Great Britain). Manuscripts, 1906. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Papers of Sir Francis Younghusband (1863-1942) and other members of his family, 1836-1981 British Library
referencedIn Vol. DCCVII (ff. 302). [19th century]includes:ff. 1-14 Eusebius, Bishop of Caesarea in Palestine: Digest by W. E. Gladstone of his Praeparatio Evangelica: n.d.ff. 15-25, 169, 181, 182, 225-228 Theology: Memoranda by W. E. Gladstone on theological..., 19th century British Library
creatorOf Besant, Annie (Wood), 1847-1933. Autograph letter signed : London, to Mr. Crowther, 1888 Oct. 1. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Autograph collection, 1816-1917, 1816-1917 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Albert de Rochas Papers, Bulk, 1882-1908, 1845-1921 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Dan H. Laurence Collection. Doctor Annie Besant : Fifty Years in Public Work - contains Beasant's passage through Fabian Socialism, 1924. University of Guelph
creatorOf Annie Besant papers., 1914-1926 British Library
creatorOf Besant, Annie Wood, 1847-1933. Evolución de la vida y de la forma [archivo de computadora] / Annie Besant. Biblioteca Nacional de Mexico
referencedIn Champneys, Basil, 1842-1935. Basil Champneys correspondence, 1882-1925. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Raymond Kevin Renford papers., 1883-1975 British Library
referencedIn Papers of Maj David Graham Pole (1878-1952), 1910-1948 British Library
referencedIn Vol. CCCLXVII (ff. 292). Oct.-Dec. 1876.includes:ff. 1, 105, 161, 247 Josif Juraj Strossmayer, Bishop of Bosnia, Slavonia and Sirmium: Letters to W. E. Gladstone: 1876-1889.: Fr. and Germ.ff. 25, 73 Marianne Margaret Home-Cust, afterwards Egerto... British Library
creatorOf Bagnold, Enid. Women authors collection, Ba-Be, 1814-1952. Pennsylvania State University Libraries
creatorOf Besant, Annie Wood, 1847-1933. Hacia el templo [archivo de computadora] / Annie Besant. Biblioteca Nacional de Mexico
referencedIn Atwood, Mary Ann (South), 1817-1910. papers, 1882-1910. Brown University, John Hay Library
creatorOf Besant, Annie Wood, 1847-1933. Formas de la vida después de la muerte [archivo de computadora] / Annie Besant. Biblioteca Nacional de Mexico
creatorOf Besant, Annie Wood, 1847-1933. Dharma [archivo de computadora] / Annie Besant. Biblioteca Nacional de Mexico
creatorOf WELLS LETTERS: letters to Geoffrey H. Wells al. 'Geoffrey West'; 1922-1937, n.d. Included are seven letters from Arnold Bennett to Wells and one from the same to H. G. Wells. Supplements Add. 60571, 60572. Purchased at Sotheby's, 3 March 1980, lot 39..., 1922-1937 British Library
referencedIn Dennis, Helen I. Papers, 1897-1943. University of Chicago Library
creatorOf Besant, Annie Wood, 1847-1933. Autograph letter signed : London, to T.J. Cobden Sanderson, 1889 July 10. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Evans, Frederick H. J.J. Garth Wilkinson / F.H.E. Dartmouth College Library
referencedIn Wendte, Charles William, 1844-1931. Papers, 1867-1931 (inclusive). Harvard University, Divinity School Library
referencedIn Oral Biography papers., 1910-1984 British Library
referencedIn Colby, Clara Bewick, 1846-1916. Papers, 1821-1985. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn British authors collection, 1840-1953. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
creatorOf Besant, Annie Wood, 1847-1933. Doctrina del corazón [archivo de computadora] / Annie Besant. Biblioteca Nacional de Mexico
referencedIn BURNS PAPERS. Vol. IV (ff. 323). Correspondence with Robert Bontine Cunninghame Graham, M.P.; included are (f. 5) a letter, 29 Feb. 1888, from his wife Gabrielle Marie, and (f. 13) a letter, 29 June [ 1889?], from Mrs Cunninghame Graham to Martha Cha..., 1888-1928 British Library
creatorOf Besant, Annie Wood, 1847-1933. Sendero del discipulado [archivo de computadora] / Annie Besant. Biblioteca Nacional de Mexico
creatorOf Besant, Annie, 1847-1933. Annie Besant letters and essay, 1877-1914. Pennsylvania State University Libraries
creatorOf Besant, Annie Wood, 1847-1933. Sabiduría de los upanishads [archivo de computadora] / Annie Besant. Biblioteca Nacional de Mexico
creatorOf Besant, Annie, 1847-1933. Autograph letters signed (2) : London, to Mr. Armytage and Mr. Welch, 1891 Sept. 26-1892 Jan. 26. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Mary Anne Atwood papers, Atwood (Mary Anne) papers, 1882-1910 John Hay Library, Special Collections
referencedIn WILLIAM MORRIS PAPERS. Vol. VIII (ff. 288). Miscellaneous correspondence of William Morris, mainly with persons of distinction in the world of literature; 10 Feb. 1860-14 July 1896. The names of the writers of letters will be found in the Index to th... British Library
referencedIn GLADSTONE PAPERS. Vol. DCXXII (ff. 132). 1. " True and False Conceptions of the Atonement "; Nineteenth Century, Sept. 1894 ; reprinted in Later Gleanings, p. 312. f. 1. 2. First draft of a preface to Sheppard's Pictorial Bible (Chicago, 1895) ; repr..., 1894-1897 British Library
referencedIn Nanjunda Row, M. C. Prominent Hindu theosophist issues indignant protest against Annie Besant's methods ... : some sidelights on the theosophic mysteries. Library of Congress
creatorOf Besant, Annie Wood, 1847-1933. Sabiduría antigua [archivo de computadora] / Annie Besant. Biblioteca Nacional de Mexico
creatorOf Baccelli, Guido, 1832-1916. [Education : Mazzoni pamphlet collection]. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
creatorOf Conway, Moncure Daniel, 1832-1907. Collection, 1729-1987, bulk dates 1850-1907. Dickinson College Library, Waidner-Spahr Library
referencedIn Fabian Society (Great Britain). Archives of the Fabian Society: Parts 2-7, 1881-1964 (inclusive), [microform]. Yale University Library
referencedIn Prostitution Collection MS 425., 1834-1975 Sophia Smith Collection
referencedIn Arthur H. Nethercot (1895-1981) Papers, 1927-1981 Northwestern University Archives
referencedIn Schaefler, Sam, 1920-,. Historical and Literary Letters and Documents, 1674-197-. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn BURNS PAPERS. Vol. LXV (ff. 206). (1) Letters to Richard Moore the Chartist from political associates; 1839-1873. Included (ff. 1-6, 8-14) are some letters, etc., 1839-1841, n.d., from Francis Place (d. 1854), apparently all to Moore except one (f. 3..., 1819-1905 British Library
creatorOf Besant, Annie Wood, 1847-1933. Teosofía [recurso electrónico] / Annie Besant. Biblioteca Nacional de Mexico
creatorOf Besant, Annie Wood, 1847-1933. H. P. Blavatsky y los Maestros de Sabiduría [recurso electrónico] / Annie Besant. Biblioteca Nacional de Mexico
creatorOf Crookes, William, 1832-1919. Papers. Smithsonian Institution. Libraries
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Armytage, Mr, person
associatedWith Atwood, Mary Anne, 1817-1910 person
associatedWith Atwood, Mary Ann (South), 1817-1910. person
associatedWith Besant, Annie Wood, 1847-1933. person
associatedWith Besant, Digby, 1869-, son of Annie Besant person
associatedWith Blackmore, R. D. (Richard Doddridge), 1825-1900. person
associatedWith Cahoon, Herbert, 1918- person
associatedWith Champneys, Basil, 1842- person
associatedWith Champneys, Basil, 1842- person
associatedWith Cobden-Sanderson, T. J. (Thomas James), 1840-1922, person
associatedWith Colby, Clara Bewick, 1846-1916. person
associatedWith Conway, Moncure Daniel, 1832-1907. person
associatedWith Crane, Walter, 1845-1915 person
associatedWith Crookes, William, 1832-1919. person
associatedWith Crowther, Mr., fl. 1888, person
associatedWith Dan H. Laurence Collection. corporateBody
associatedWith Dennis, Helen I. person
associatedWith Evans, Frederick H. person
associatedWith Fabian Society (Great Britain) corporateBody
associatedWith Kennedy, Mildred, collector. person
associatedWith Matchmakers' Union corporateBody
associatedWith Moore, E. M., collector. person
associatedWith Nanjunda Row, M. C. person
associatedWith Nethercot, Arthur Hobart, 1895-1981. person
associatedWith Ray, Gordon Norton, 1915- person
associatedWith Rochas d'Aiglun, Albert de, 1837-1914 person
associatedWith Saunders, Whitelaw, 1879-1934, person
associatedWith Schaefler, Sam, 1920-, person
associatedWith Stern Lager Kongress (1926 Ommen) corporateBody
associatedWith Theosophical Society (Great Britain) corporateBody
associatedWith Wallace, Alfred Russel, 1823-1913. person
associatedWith Welch, Mr, person
associatedWith Wendte, Charles William, 1844-1931. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Mustagh Pass, Kashmir
Colworth House, Bedford
South Africa, Africa
Rhodesia, Africa
Srinagar, Kashmir
Chesterfield House, London
Gulmarg, Kashmir
Hunza, Kashmir
North-West Frontier, India
Indore State, India
Lodi, Italy
Pamir, India
Manchuria, China
Turkestan, Asia
Abu, Rajputana
Canada, North America
India, Asia
Tonk State, India
Bundi State, India
Mount Everest, Tibet
Worthenbury, Flintshire
Bhutan, Asia
Chitral State, India
London, county of, England
Gobi Desert, China
Central Asia, Asia
Afghanistan, Asia
Himalaya Mountains, Tibet
Tibet, Asia
Ireland, Europe
Gilgit, Kashmir
Croatia, Europe
Russia, Europe, Asia
India, Asia
United States, North America
China, Asia
Subject
Theosophy
Ciegos--Libros y lectura
Women social reformers--Correspondence
Theosophists--Correspondence
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1847-10-01

Death 1933-09-20

Britons

English

Information

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Ark ID: w6c253df

SNAC ID: 7495465