San Jose State Normal School

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In 1857 the San Francisco Board of Education established Minns' Evening Normal School for current and prospective teachers in the city. Named after its principal, George W. Minns, the institution was formally established as the first California State Normal School by the State Legislature in 1862. A decade later, the Legislature voted to move the Normal School to San Jose, and the school relocated to its new home on Washington Square prior to the fall term of 1872. After a fire destroyed the Normal School building in 1880, the Legislature authorized $200,000 to construct a new building on the same site. Completed in 1881, the building was commonly referred to as the Second State Normal School. After several names and curriculum changes, Minns' Normal School is now San Jose State University offering more than 134 bachelor's and master's degrees with 110 concentrations, and is recognized as one of the top public universities granting such degrees in the West.

The chronology of San Jose State University's various name changes is as follows: Minns' Evening Normal School is founded in 1857; is renamed California State Normal School in 1862; becomes San Jose State Normal School in 1887; is renamed San Jose State Teachers College in 1921; becomes San Jose State College in 1935; is incorporated into the California State Colleges (now the 23-campus California State University system) in 1961; becomes California State University, San Jose, in 1972; and is renamed its current title, San Jose State University, in 1974.

In 1898, the Normal School Board of Trustees established a kindergarten training department with a demonstration class. The following year, the San Jose State Normal School kindergarten training school was established, and had a faculty of three, a student body of ten, and a kindergarten group of some seventy children. The kindergarten training school was eventually abandoned the following year due to a Board decision that the expense did not justify the numerical gain, but kindergarten classes continued at the Normal School and enrollment increased throughout the early 1900s.

From the description of San Jose State Normal School teaching tools collection, 1896-1927. (San Jose Public Library). WorldCat record id: 341768406

In 1857 the San Francisco Board of Education established Minns' Evening Normal School for current and prospective teachers in the city. Named after its principal, George W. Minns, the institution was formally established as the first California State Normal School by the State Legislature in 1862. A decade later, the Legislature voted to move the Normal School to San Jose, and the school relocated to its new home on Washington Square prior to the fall term of 1872. After a fire destroyed the Normal School building in 1880, the Legislature authorized $200,000 to construct a new building on the same site. Completed in 1881, the building was commonly referred to as the Second State Normal School. After several names and curriculum changes, Minns' Normal School is now San Jose State University offering more than 134 bachelor's and master's degrees with 110 concentrations, and is recognized as one of the top public universities granting such degrees in the West.

The chronology of San Jose State University's various name changes is as follows: Minns' Evening Normal School is founded in 1857; is renamed California State Normal School in 1862; becomes San Jose State Normal School in 1887; is renamed San Jose State Teachers College in 1921; becomes San Jose State College in 1935; is incorporated into the California State Colleges (now the 23-campus California State University system) in 1961; becomes California State University, San Jose, in 1972; and is renamed its current title, San Jose State University, in 1974.

From the description of San Jose State Normal School Principals and Early Presidents records, 1862-1915 (bulk 1907-1915). (San Jose Public Library). WorldCat record id: 318071273

Organizational History

In 1857 the San Francisco Board of Education established Minns' Evening Normal School for current and prospective teachers in the city. Named after its principal, George W. Minns, the institution was formally established as the first California State Normal School by the State Legislature in 1862. A decade later, the Legislature voted to move the Normal School to San José, and the school relocated to its new home on Washington Square prior to the fall term of 1872. After a fire destroyed the Normal School building in 1880, the Legislature authorized $200,000 to construct a new building on the same site. Completed in 1881, the building was commonly referred to as the Second State Normal School. After several names and curriculum changes, Minns' Normal school is now San José State University, offering more than 134 bachelor's and master's degrees with 110 concentrations, and is recognized as one of the top public universities granting such degrees in the West.

From the guide to the San José State Normal School Principals and Early Presidents Records, 1862-1915, 1907-1915, (San José State University. Library.)

Organizational History

In 1857 the San Francisco Board of Education established Minns' Evening Normal School for current and prospective teachers in the city. Named after its principal, George W. Minns, the institution was formally established as the first California State Normal School by the State Legislature in 1862. A decade later, the Legislature voted to move the Normal School to San José, and the school relocated to its new home on Washington Square prior to the fall term of 1872. After a fire destroyed the Normal School building in 1880, the Legislature authorized $200,000 to construct a new building on the same site. Completed in 1881, the building was commonly referred to as the Second State Normal School. After several name and curriculum changes, Minns' Normal school now known as San José State University, offer more than 134 bachelor's and master's degrees with 110 concentrations, and is recognized as one of the top public universities granting such degrees in the West.

In 1898, the Normal School Board of Trustees established a kindergarten training department with a demonstration class. The following year, the San José State Normal School kindergarten training school was established, and had a faculty of three, a student body of ten, and a kindergarten group of some seventy children. The kindergarten training school was eventually abandoned the following year due to a Board decision that the expense did not justify the numerical gain, but kindergarten classes continued at the Normal School and enrollment increased throughout the early 1900s.

Most of the teaching tools in the collection were produced by the well-known Milton Bradley Company, maker of toys and games for children since 1864. Bradley was a firm believer in German educator Friedrich Froebel's then-radical notion of kindergarten as a cornerstone of childhood education, and pushed the idea in America with an almost evangelical zeal. Even though this concept was not yet accepted as a part of the American school system, Bradley manufactured Kindergarten Gifts and Occupations in 1877, using local timber and materials from his home in Springfield, Massachusetts. These gifts (blocks and items to teach basic skills), were added to the company's product offerings even though sales were initially almost non-existent. As kindergarten gained in popularity in the United States, Froebel's Gifts became an industry standard, providing for child's play while at the same time training children in movement dexterity and the laws of nature. The bulk of the San José State Normal School Teaching Tools Collection consists of such Gifts and Occupations, including balls, blocks for building, colored tablets for design, and colored papers to cut and fold.

From the guide to the San José State Normal School Teaching Tools Collection, 1896-1927, (San José State University. Library.)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Gilbert, Benjamin F. (Benjamin Franklin). Benjamin F. Gilbert research papers, 1953-1979 (bulk 1957-1970) San Jose State University
referencedIn San José State University Archives Publications Collection, 1925-2009, 1960-1990 San José State University. Library.
referencedIn San José State University Theater Arts Collection, 1900-1988, 1950-1957 San José State University. Library.
referencedIn San José State University. San José State University Spartan sports collection, 1908-2004. San Jose State University
referencedIn Kate Douglas Wiggin collection, circa 1880-1915 San Jose State University. Library.
referencedIn San José State University. San José State University scrapbook collection, 1884-1999 (bulk 1931-1971). San Jose State University
creatorOf San Jose State Normal School. San Jose State Normal School Principals and Early Presidents records, 1862-1915 (bulk 1907-1915). San Jose State University
referencedIn San José State University Student Publications Collection, 1880-2004, 1960-1990 San José State University. Library.
referencedIn San José State University. San Jose State College World War I and World War II collection, 1914-1949 (bulk 1942-1948). San Jose State University
creatorOf San José State Normal School Teaching Tools Collection, 1896-1927 San José State University. Library.
referencedIn San José State University Home Economics Department Records, 1913-1982, 1977-1980 San José State University. Library.
referencedIn San José State University. San José State Normal School records, 1863-1930. San Jose State University
referencedIn San José State Normal School and San Jose State Teachers College Course Catalogs Collection, 1872-1935 San José State University. Library.
referencedIn San José State University. San Jose State Normal School and San Jose State Teachers College course catalogs collection 1872-1935. San Jose State University
referencedIn San José State University Commencement & Honors Convocations Records, 1889-2009, 1956-1968 San José State University. Library.
referencedIn Pete Zidnak Collection of San Jose State University Sports History, 1890-1995 San José State University. Library.
referencedIn San José State University. San Jose State College football film collection, 1968-1972. San Jose State University
referencedIn Walsh, James P., 1937-. First class of San Jose State Normal School research records, 1827-2009 (bulk 1827-1922). San Jose State University
creatorOf San Jose State Normal School. San Jose State Normal School teaching tools collection, 1896-1927. San Jose State University
referencedIn San Jose State Normal School Records, 1860-1990, 1887-1909 San Jose State University. Library.
referencedIn Smith, Sarah Locke, 1860-1939. Sarah Locke family collection, 1865-2004 (bulk 1879-1948). San Jose State University
referencedIn San José State University. San Jose State College Presidential Office administrative records, 1899-1970 (bulk 1950-1970). San Jose State University
referencedIn San José State University. San Jose State University Summer Session records 1903-1980 (bulk 1950-1980). San Jose State University
creatorOf San José State Normal School Principals and Early Presidents Records, 1862-1915, 1907-1915 San José State University. Library.
referencedIn San José State University. San José State University student publications collection, 1880-2004 (bulk 1960-1990). San Jose State University
referencedIn Benjamin F. Gilbert Research Papers, 1953-1979, 1957-1970 San José State University. Library.
referencedIn San José State University Campus Buildings Records, 1903-1999, 1960-1995 San José State University. Library.
referencedIn San José State University. San Jose State University Commencement and Honors Convocation records, 1908-2007 (bulk 1956-1968). San Jose State University
referencedIn San José State University. San José State University campus buildings records, 1903-1999 (bulk 1960-1995). San Jose State University
referencedIn San José State University. San Jose State University Home Economics Department records, 1913-1982 (bulk 1977-1980). San Jose State University
referencedIn San José State University. San Jose State University Library records, 1887-1999 (bulk 1962-1999). San Jose State University
referencedIn San José State University Summer Session records, 1903-1980, 1950-1980 San José State University. Library.
referencedIn San José State University. San Jose State College songs and music collection, 1876-1945 San Jose State University
referencedIn San José State University Special Collections Silicon Valley History Online collection, 1875-1985, (bulk 1925-1950) San José State University. Library.
referencedIn San José State College Presidential Office Administrative Records, 1899-1970, 1950-1970 San José State University. Library.
referencedIn Walsh, James P., 1937-. James P. Walsh papers, 1950-2006 (bulk 1980-1999). San Jose State University
referencedIn San José State University Library Records, 1880-2002, 1962-1999 San José State University. Library.
referencedIn San Jose State College World War I and World War II Collection, 1914-1949, 1942-1948 San José State University. Library.
referencedIn O. C. Williams Records, 1887-1992, 1946-1974 San José State University. Library.
referencedIn San José State University. San Jose State University Theater Arts collection, 1900-1988 (bulk 1950-1957) San Jose State University
referencedIn Williams, Clinton. O. C. Williams records, 1887-1992 (bulk 1946-1974). San Jose State University
referencedIn Sarah Locke Family Collection, 1865-2004, 1879-1948 San José State University. Library.
referencedIn Wiggin, Kate Douglas Smith, 1856-1923. Kate Douglas Wiggin collection, circa 1880-1915. San Jose State University
referencedIn McIntosh Black, Margaret Elizabeth, d. 1945. Margaret Elizabeth McIntosh Black collection, 1880-1934. San Jose State University
referencedIn San José State University. San Jose State University Archives publications collection, 1925-2005 (bulk 1960-1990). San Jose State University
referencedIn Zidnak, Pete. Pete Zidnak collection of San Jose State University sports history, 1890-1995. San Jose State University
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Allen, Charles H. person
associatedWith Allen, Charles H. person
associatedWith California State Normal School corporateBody
associatedWith Clinton, Otho Williams, 1908-1997 person
associatedWith Dailey, Morris E. person
associatedWith Dailey, Morris E. person
associatedWith Gilbert, Benjamin F. (Benjamin Franklin) person
associatedWith Holmes, Ahira person
associatedWith Holmes, Ahira. person
associatedWith McIntosh Black, Margaret Elizabeth, d. 1945. person
associatedWith McNaughton, James person
associatedWith McNaughton, James. person
associatedWith Michael Locke Ettington person
associatedWith Mildred Smith person
associatedWith Minns' Evening Normal School corporateBody
associatedWith San José State College Presidential Office Administration Division corporateBody
associatedWith San Jose State Teachers College corporateBody
associatedWith San José State University. corporateBody
associatedWith San José State University. corporateBody
associatedWith San José State University. corporateBody
associatedWith San José State University. corporateBody
associatedWith San José State University. corporateBody
associatedWith San José State University. corporateBody
associatedWith San José State University. corporateBody
associatedWith San José State University. corporateBody
associatedWith San José State University. corporateBody
associatedWith San José State University. corporateBody
associatedWith San José State University. corporateBody
associatedWith San José State University. corporateBody
associatedWith San José State University. corporateBody
associatedWith San José State University. corporateBody
associatedWith San José State University. corporateBody
associatedWith San José State University. corporateBody
associatedWith San José State University person
associatedWith San José State University corporateBody
associatedWith San José State University Academic Senate Commencement Committee & Academic Affairs Division corporateBody
associatedWith San José State University. Home Economics Dept. corporateBody
associatedWith San José State University Library corporateBody
associatedWith San Jose State University. Library. Special Collections & Archives corporateBody
associatedWith San Jose State University. Library. Special Collections & Archives. corporateBody
associatedWith San José State University Special Collections corporateBody
associatedWith San José State University Summer Session Program corporateBody
associatedWith Smith, Sarah Locke, 1860-1939. person
associatedWith Walsh, James P., 1937- person
associatedWith Wiggin, Kate Douglas Smith, 1856-1923. person
associatedWith Williams, Clinton. person
associatedWith Zidnak, Pete person
associatedWith Zidnak, Pete, 1917-2000 person
Place Name Admin Code Country
California--San Jose
California--San Jose
Subject
Teaching--Aids and devices--Specimens
Education, Higher--California--San José
Education, higher
Occupation
Function

Corporate Body

Active 1896

Active 1927

Information

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Ark ID: w6t4820h

SNAC ID: 74694615