Snoke, Albert W. (Albert Waldo), 1907-

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Albert Waldo Snoke was born in Fort Steilacoom, Washington, in 1907. After receiving a B.S. degree from the University of Washington in 1928, he attended Stanford University Medical School and received his M.D. degree in 1933. In 1936, Snoke joined the staff of the Strong Memorial Hospital, Rochester, New York, and became its assistant director in 1937. Snoke left Rochester in 1946 to assume the directorship of Grace-New Haven Hospital in New Haven, Connecticut. In New Haven he also taught hospital administration at Yale University and oversaw the development of the Yale-New Haven Hospital, serving as its executive director from 1965-1968. From 1969-1973, Snoke worked in Illinois as coordinator of health services and later as acting executive director of the Illinois Comprehensive State Health Planning Agency. In 1987 his book, Hospitals, Health, and People, was published. Snoke died on April 18, 1988.

From the description of Albert Waldo Snoke papers, 1861-1988 (inclusive), 1946-1988 (bulk). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 702171126

Albert Waldo Snoke was born in Fort Steilacoom, Washington, in 1907. After receiving a B.S. degree from the University of Washington in 1928, he attended Stanford University Medical School and received his M.D. degree in 1933. In 1936, Snoke joined the staff of the Strong Memorial Hospital, Rochester, New York, and became its assistant director in 1937. Snoke left Rochester in 1946 to assume the directorship of Grace-New Haven Hospital in New Haven, Connecticut. In New Haven he also taught hospital administration at Yale University and oversaw the development of the Yale-New Haven Hospital, serving as its executive director from 1965-1968. From 1969-1973, Snoke worked in Illinois as coordinator of health services and later as acting executive director of the Illinois Comprehensive State Health Planning Agency. In 1987 his book, Hospitals, Health, and People, was published. Snoke died on April 18, 1988.

Albert Waldo Snoke was born in Fort Steilacoom, Washington, on July 19, 1907. Snoke was active in Boy Scouts and attained the rank of Eagle. In 1924 he was part of the United States troop which participated in an international jamboree in Copenhagen, Denmark. After graduating from Puyallup High School, he attended the University of Washington and received a B.S. degree in 1928. Snoke then went to the Stanford University Medical School, where he received his M.D. in 1933. He was a resident in the Stanford University Hospital until 1936. During the summer of 1931, Snoke served as a park ranger in Mount Rainier National Park. While at Stanford, Snoke became acquainted with Parnie Storey, a fellow medical student and the daughter of Parnie and Thomas Storey, the latter being the general director of the school of hygiene and physical education at Stanford. They were married in 1934.

Snoke's residency had been in pediatrics, and he went to the Strong Memorial Hospital, in Rochester, New York, expecting to continue in this field of medicine. In 1937, however, he was offered the position of assistant director of the hospital, under Basil MacLean. Snoke remained in this position through World War II. In 1946, he was asked to become the director of the newly formed Grace-New Haven Hospital. In New Haven, he faced the problems of fusing two medical facilities, their staffs, and budgets, while building a new memorial unit. Snoke was instrumental in balancing the interests and resolving the tensions between the private physicians, who had used the Grace Hospital facilities, and the faculty members of the Yale University Medical School, who had brought their classes to the bedsides of patients in the New Haven Hospital.

Snoke was known for his concern for patient care and for his interest in the role of the university teaching hospital. It was under his influence that the hospital developed the concept of "rooming-in" to allow newborn babies to stay with their mothers in the mother's room. He also developed a training program for hospital administrators and encouraged the improvement of the university's nursing school. Snoke played a major role in the formation of the Yale-New Haven Medical Center, Inc., which raised funds and served as a coordinating structure for the university medical school-hospital partnership.

Snoke was a national leader in hospital administration and was active in professional organizations. He served the American Hospital Association (AHA) in numerous ways, chairing its Councils on Hospital Planning and Plant Operations, on Prepayment Plans and Hospital Reimbursement, and on Professional Practice. He was president of the AHA from 1956-1957 and received the AHA's Distinguished Service Award in 1965. Snoke also served as president of the Connecticut Hospital Association (1954-1955), and was a member of the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Hospitals, the Joint Commission on the Improvement of Care of the Patient and the National Commission on Public General Hospitals. He was often called upon as a consultant on hospital operations and worked in partnership with his wife Parnie, who, besides having an M.D., received a degree in public health from Yale in 1961.

For reasons he did not entirely understand, Snoke was forced to resign as executive director of the Yale-New Haven Hospital on December 31, 1967. He was then named the acting executive director of the Illinois Comprehensive State Planning Agency and Coordinator of Health Services under Governor Richard Ogilvie and held this post until 1973. His resignation followed Ogilvie's defeat for reelection. While in Illinois, he helped develop a model Emergency Medical Service and Trauma Program.

Snoke deplored the tendency of health professionals and health institutions to be preoccupied with the business of medicine rather than the care of patients. He sought ways to bring about cooperation between all types of health care institutions to ensure a continuum of care which would include prevention and post-acute care as well as the treatment of acute illness. Snoke spoke out for a national policy for health and welfare. He was active in the formation of health maintenance organizations and supported the creation of the Medicare system. He was also an advocate of the Connecticut Regional Medical Program. In 1987, the Yale University Press published Snoke's Hospitals, Health, and People, containing his reflections on his long career and such contemporary problems as reimbursement and cost containment, patients' inability to pay for medical care, program management, marketing, and corporate organization. Snoke died on April 18, 1988.

From the guide to the Albert Waldo Snoke papers, 1861-1988, 1946-1988, (Manuscripts and Archives)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Yale-New Haven Hospital. Yale-New Haven Hospital records, 1904-1977 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Caldwell B. Esselstyn papers, 1945-1964 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
creatorOf Snoke, Albert W. (Albert Waldo), 1907-. Albert Waldo Snoke papers, 1861-1988 (inclusive), 1946-1988 (bulk). Yale University Library
referencedIn Isidore Sydney Falk papers, 1918-1984 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Weinerman, E. Richard (Edwin Richard), 1917-1970. Edwin Richard Weinerman papers, 1908-1970 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Yale-New Haven Hospital records, 1904-1977 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
creatorOf Snoke, Albert W. (Albert Waldo), 1907-. A Sanitary survey of Mount Ranier National Park / by Albert W. Snoke. Stanford University, Lane Medical Library
referencedIn Darling, George B. George B. Darling papers, 1805-1995 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn George B. Darling papers, 1805-1995 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Esselstyn, Caldwell B., 1902-1975. Caldwell B. Esselstyn papers, 1945-1964 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Falk, I. S. (Isidore Sydney), 1899-1984. Isidore Sydney Falk papers, 1918-1984 (inclusive). Yale University Library
creatorOf Snoke, Albert W. (Albert Waldo), 1907-. Medicine, health and people : the transition of a physician through hospital administration to health administration / Albert W. Snoke. American Hospital Association, AHA Resource Center
referencedIn Edwin Richard Weinerman papers, 1908-1970 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
creatorOf Albert Waldo Snoke papers, 1861-1988, 1946-1988 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith American Hospital Association. corporateBody
associatedWith Boy Scouts of America. corporateBody
associatedWith Carrier Corporation. corporateBody
associatedWith Chapman, Carleton B. person
associatedWith Clark, Henry T. (Henry Toole), 1917- person
associatedWith Commission on Public-General Hospitals. corporateBody
associatedWith Connecticut Regional Medical Program. corporateBody
associatedWith Crosby, Edwin. person
associatedWith Crosby, Edwin. person
associatedWith Darling, G. B. (George B.) person
associatedWith Darling, George B. person
associatedWith Darling, George B. person
associatedWith Darling, George B. person
associatedWith DeNardis, Lawrence. person
associatedWith Esselstyn, Caldwell B., 1902-1975. person
associatedWith Falk, I. S. (Isidore Sydney), 1899-1984. person
associatedWith Grace-New Haven Community Hospital. corporateBody
associatedWith Hague, James E. person
associatedWith Illinois. Governor (1969-1973 : Ogilvie) corporateBody
associatedWith Jersey City Medical Center (N.J.) corporateBody
associatedWith Joint Commission on Accreditation of Hospitals. corporateBody
associatedWith Kentucky Council on Public Higher Education. corporateBody
associatedWith Kinzer, David M. person
associatedWith Masur, Jack. person
associatedWith Masur, Jack. person
associatedWith McMahon, John Alexander. person
associatedWith Medical Administrators Conference. corporateBody
associatedWith Morrissey, Edward F. person
associatedWith Morrissey, Edward F. person
associatedWith Ogilvie, Richard B. person
associatedWith Rytand, David A. person
associatedWith Snoke, Parnie. person
associatedWith Snoke, Parnie. person
associatedWith Society of Medical Administrators (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith Stanford University. corporateBody
associatedWith Stanford University. Dept. of Public Health and Preventive Medicine. corporateBody
associatedWith Thompson, John. person
associatedWith Thompson, John. person
associatedWith United States. Employees' Compensation Commission. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. National Park Service. corporateBody
associatedWith Weinerman, E. Richard (Edwin Richard), 1917-1970. person
associatedWith Yale-New Haven Hospital. corporateBody
associatedWith Yale-New Haven Medical Center. corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
Mount Rainier National Park (Wash.)
United States
Palo Alto (Calif.)
Mount Rainier National Park (Wash.)
Palo Alto (Calif.)
Mount Rainier National Park (Wash.)
United States
Subject
Medical economics
Medical policy
Regional medical programs
Medical care
Medical policy--United States
National health insurance
Physicians--Personal Narratives
Medicine
Hospitals--Administration
Public health
Health planning--Law and legislation
Medical ethics
Medical economics--United States
Hospital Administration--Personal Narratives
Sanitation
Health planning--Law and legislation--United States
Medical care--United States
Occupation
Physicians
Function

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Birth 1907

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