Richter, Hans, 1888-1976

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German-born avant-garde artist and filmmaker.

From the description of Hans Richter archive, 1916-1977. (Museum of Modern Art (MOMA)). WorldCat record id: 122594159

German painter and film-maker, who emigrated in 1931. He lived and worked first in the Soviet Union, then France and Switzerland before settling in the U.S. in 1941, where he taught from 1942-1956 at the Institute of Film Technique, New York City College. In 1958 he returned to Switzerland where he died.

From the description of Papers, 1929-1968. (Getty Research Institute). WorldCat record id: 81036285

German-born filmmaker Hans Richter was influential in the European avant-garde of the 1920s. His animated films 'Rhythmus 21', 'Rhythmus 23', and 'Rhythmus 25' evolved from his studies of 'rhythm in painting' with Viking Eggeling. Because the abstract shapes and colors in Richter's Dadaist films resemble Suprematist compositions, he attracted the attention and admiration of Russian painter Kazimir Malevich, whose 1927 film script for 'An artistic and scientific film: painting and the problems of the architectural approach to the new classical architectural system' bears the instruction 'for Hans Richter.' However, Richter did not attempt to realize Malevich's film until he had emigrated to the United States and completed several other films, including 'Dreams that money can buy' (1944-46) and 'Dadascope 1 and 2' (1957). In 1970 Richter began work on, but never completed, the Malevich animation.

From the description of Malevich animation, 1970-1981. (Getty Research Institute). WorldCat record id: 86117072

Filmmaker; New York, N.Y.

First one-man show in 1916, the same year he joined the Dadaists. His interest in the movement of forms led him first to scroll painting and then to film. He produced his first movie in 1921 and then went on to create Dreams That Money Can Buy, with Duchamp, Ernst, Calder and Man Ray, and 8 X 8, among others.

From the description of Hans Theo Richter papers, [ca. 1914-1981]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 86132904

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Man Ray, 1890-1976. Man Ray letters and album, 1922-1976. Getty Research Institute
referencedIn Richard Huelsenbeck papers, 1910-1978 Getty Research Institute
referencedIn Eagle, Arnold. Papers and films related to Hans Richter, 1929-1990 (bulk 1946-1981). Getty Research Institute
referencedIn Rose Fried Gallery Records Archives of American Art
creatorOf Roh, Franz, 1890-1965. Franz Roh papers, ca. 1911-1965. Getty Research Institute
referencedIn Byron Gallery records Archives of American Art
creatorOf Eagle, Arnold. Arnold Eagle papers and film related to Hans Richter's Malevich animation, 1927-1981 (bulk 1970). Getty Research Institute
referencedIn Richter, Hans, 1888- : [miscellaneous ephemeral material]. Metropolitan Museum of Art, Thomas J. Watson Library
referencedIn The Renaissance Society at the University of Chicago records Archives of American Art
creatorOf Hans Theo Richter papers Archives of American Art
referencedIn Robert Valançay correspondence, 1921-1978 Getty Research Institute
creatorOf Gyorgy Kepes papers Archives of American Art
referencedIn Printed ephemera relating to Hans Richter, 1946-1970. Getty Research Institute
creatorOf Valançay, Robert. Robert Valançay correspondence, 1920-1985 (bulk 1930-1949). Getty Research Institute
creatorOf Poupard-Lieussou, Yves. Correspondence and collected papers on Dada and Surrealism, 1905-1984 (bulk 1956-1979). Getty Research Institute
creatorOf Richter, Hans, 1888-1976. Malevich animation, 1970-1981. Getty Research Institute
creatorOf Kleinschmidt, Hans J. Research files, 1902-1975. Getty Research Institute
referencedIn Rudi Blesh papers Archives of American Art
referencedIn Cleve Gray papers Archives of American Art
creatorOf Richter, Hans, 1888-1976. Artist file. Brooklyn Museum Libraries & Archives
referencedIn Smithsonian Institution. Libraries. Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden Library audio archive collection, 1969-2004. Smithsonian Institution. Libraries
referencedIn Yves Poupard-Lieussou correspondence and collected papers on Dada and Surrealism, 1905-1984, 1956-1979 Getty Research Institute
referencedIn Betty Parsons Gallery records and personal papers Archives of American Art
creatorOf Richter, Hans, 1888-1976. Papers, 1929-1968. Getty Research Institute
creatorOf Kiesler, Frederick. Letters received by Frederick Kiesler, 1937-1961. Getty Research Institute
referencedIn Arnold Eagle papers and films related to Hans Richter, 1927-1990, 1946-1981 Getty Research Institute
creatorOf Huelsenbeck, Richard, 1892-1974. Richard Huelsenbeck papers, 1910-1978. Getty Research Institute
creatorOf Richter, Hans, 1888-1976. Reminiscences of Hans Richter : oral history, 1973. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
creatorOf Richter, Hans, 1888-1976. Hans Richter archive, 1916-1977. Museum of Modern Art (MOMA)
referencedIn Photograph File of Close Up Magazine, 1911-1947, 1926-1933 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Oral history interview with Enrico Donati Archives of American Art
Relation Name
associatedWith Blesh, Rudi, 1899-1985. person
associatedWith Byron Gallery. corporateBody
associatedWith Calder, Alexander, 1898-1976. person
associatedWith Cocteau, Jean, 1889-1963. person
associatedWith College of the City of New York (1926-1961). Institute for Film Techniques. corporateBody
associatedWith Donati, Enrico, 1909-2008 person
associatedWith Duchamp, Marcel, 1887-1968. person
associatedWith Eagle, Arnold. person
associatedWith Ernst, Max, 1891-1976. person
associatedWith FIFO (Film und Foto) corporateBody
associatedWith Flaherty, Robert Joseph, 1884-1951. person
associatedWith Früh, Kurt. person
associatedWith Gray, Cleve person
associatedWith Gray, Cleve. person
associatedWith Harding, Bruce, person
associatedWith Huelsenbeck, Richard, 1892-1974. person
associatedWith Karpel, Bernard, 1911- person
associatedWith Kepes, Gyorgy, 1906-2001. person
associatedWith Kerényi, Karl, 1897-1973. person
associatedWith Kiesler, Frederick. person
associatedWith Kleinschmidt, Hans J. person
associatedWith Macpherson, Kenneth. person
associatedWith Malevich, Kazimir Severinovich, 1878-1935. person
associatedWith Man Ray, 1890-1976. person
associatedWith Mauer, Otto. person
associatedWith Mies van der Rohe, Ludwig, 1886-1969. person
associatedWith Parsons, Betty. person
associatedWith Peck, Meyer P. person
associatedWith Poupard-Lieussou, Yves. person
associatedWith Roh, Franz, 1890-1965. person
associatedWith Rose Fried Gallery (New York, N.Y.) corporateBody
associatedWith Schwitters, Kurt, 1887-1948. person
associatedWith University of Chicago. Renaissance Society. corporateBody
associatedWith Valançay, Robert. person
associatedWith Valançay, Robert person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Art, Modern
Animation (Cinematography)
Art, Abstract
Art and motion pictures
Cinematography, Abstract
Dadaism in motion pictures
Experimental films
Experimental films
Motion picture producers and directors
Motion pictures
Photography, Artistic
Radio plays, German
Suprematism in art
Unfinished animated films


Birth 1888-04-06

Death 1976-02-01




Dutch; Flemish,




Ark ID: w6qf9k42

SNAC ID: 72922111