Burt, Maxwell Struthers, 1882-1954

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American prose writer, poet, political activist, and rancher.

From the description of Correspondence, 1931-1951. (University of Pennsylvania Library). WorldCat record id: 86166534

[Maxwell] Struthers Burt (1882-1954), author, dude rancher, poet, was the patriarch of an American literary family. Burt married Katharine Newlin, whom he had met while studying at Oxford, in 1912. While living in Wyoming, both took up writing and both become very successful, penning short stories, novels, screenplays, poetry, and nonfiction. Much of their work was based on their experiences in the vast wilderness of the West. Their first child, Nathaniel Burt (Class of 1936), was born in 1913 and also became a well-known writer.

While living in Wyoming, Burt was a dude wrangler on the Bar BC Ranch, which he had co-founded in 1912; these experiences led to perhaps his most famous book The Diary of a Dude Wrangler , published by Scribner's-Burt's main house-in 1924.

Burt wrote short stories prolificly through the 1920s, authoring 37 different tales, most published in high-class fiction and poetry magazines like Scribner's , Collier's , or The Saturday Evening Post . As he grew older, Burt shifted his writing towards novels, critical pieces, and “subjective histories”, including Malice in Blunderland , Philadelphia, Holy Experiment , and Powder River; Let 'er Buck .

In the late 1920s Burt grew tired of an active dude ranch, and wanted a quieter place in which to write. In 1929 he bought two old ranches, merged them, and formed the Three Rivers Ranch, a Burt family retreat for the next half century.

Despite local opposition, Burt supported the establishment of a national park in the Jackson Hole/Teton Mountain area. Burt helped enlist the financial backing of John D. Rockefeller and his Snake River Land Co., which made the Grand Teton National Park a reality. Burt agreed to sell the Three Rivers Ranch to Rockefeller (who would later give the land to the government) at cost, in exchange for a 50-year lease on that property. The Three Rivers Ranch is now part of Grand Teton Park, having reverted to the Park Service in 1980.

Although raised a Philadelphian, Burt spent much of his time later in life at the Three Rivers Ranch or at his winter estate, Hibernia, in Southern Pines, North Carolina.

  • 1882: Born in Baltimore on October 18
  • 1898 - 1900 : Reporter for the Philadelphia Times
  • 1900: Entered Princeton University
  • 1904: Graduated from Princeton
  • 1904 - 1905 : Studied at the University of Munich
  • 1905 - 1906 : Studied at Merton College, Oxford
  • 1906 - 1908 : Taught English at Princeton
  • 1912: Co-founded the Bar BC Ranch married Katharine Newlin
  • 1913: Son, Nathaniel Burt (Class of 1936) was born
  • 1915: Published first short story, “Water-Hole,” in Scribner's
  • 1920: Won the O. Henry Memorial Prize for “Each in His Generation”
  • 1924: Published The Diary of a Dude Wrangler
  • 1929: Formed the Three Rivers Ranch in Moran, Wyoming
  • 1935: Published Malice in Blunderland
  • 1938: Published Powder River; Let 'er Buck
  • 1945: Published Philadelphia, Holy Experiment
  • 1954: Died in Jackson Hole, Wyoming on August 29

From the guide to the Struthers Burt Papers, 1911-1954, 1845-1957, (Princeton University. Library. Dept. of Rare Books and Special Collections)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Burt, Maxwell Struthers, 1882-1954. Correspondence to Lewis George Sterner, 1928. University of Pennsylvania Library
creatorOf Wilson, James Southall, 1880-1963. Correspondence relating to the Southern Writers Convention sponsored by the "Virginia Quarterly Review" at the University of Virginia, October 23-24, 1931 [manuscript], 1931-1932. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Burt, Struthers, 1882-1954. Struthers Burt papers, 1845-1957 (bulk 1911-1954). Princeton University Library
creatorOf Morley family. Papers, 1906-1954. Haverford College Library
creatorOf Jaffe, Louis I. (Louis Isaac), 1888-1950. Papers of Louis I. Jaffe, 1866-1986, (bulk 1924-1950). University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Burt, Maxwell Struthers, 1882-1954. Quotation by Maxwell Struthers Burt [manuscript], 1921March 22. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn National Lanier Centennial Committee. National Lanier Centennial Committee records, 1939-1945. Johns Hopkins University, Sheridan Libraries and the Milton S. Eisenhower Library
creatorOf Meade, Julian R. (Julian Rutherfoord), 1909-1940. Papers of Julian Meade Rutherfoord, 1928-1940. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Akins, Zoë, 1886-1958. Papers pertaining to "The Enchanted Years" [manuscript], 1919-1922. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Anderson, Ellen Graham, 1887-. Papers of Ellen Graham Anderson [manuscript], 1912-1959. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Burt, Maxwell Struthers, 1882-1954. Correspondence to Van Wyck Brooks, 1940. University of Pennsylvania Library
creatorOf Burt, Maxwell Struthers, 1882-1954. Letters, 1941-1945, to Lewis Mumford. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Atteberry, Julia Burt, 1915-. Julia Burt Atteberry papers, 1829-1979 (bulk 1911-1973). Princeton University Library
creatorOf Adams, James Truslow, 1878-1949. Barrett assorted authors collection [manuscript] 1814-1947. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Burt, Maxwell Struthers, 1882-1954. Letter to Carter-Troop [manuscript], 1924 March 3. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Adams, J. Donald (James Donald), 1891-1968. The writer and his craft : being the Hopwood lectures, 1932-1953. 1934- University of Michigan
creatorOf Hires, Harrison Streeter, 1887-1962,. Letters. : Additions. Haverford College Library
referencedIn The Nation, records, 1879-1974 (inclusive), 1920-1955 (bulk). Houghton Library.
creatorOf Borah, William Edgar, 1865-1940,. Letters to Agnes Rothery from William E. Borah, James Boyd, Struthers Burt, Maristan Chapman, and Agnes Repplier [manuscript] 1929-1935. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Balch, Edwin Swift, 1856-1927,. Papers of the Balch family, 1760-1955. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Reese, Lizette Woodworth, 1856-1935. Papers of Lizette Woodworth Reese [manuscript], 1893-1936. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Burt, Maxwell Struthers, 1882-1954. October night : manuscripts, 1949. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Burt, Maxwell Struthers, 1882-1954,. Correspondence, 1931-1951. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Bell, William Gardner. William Gardner Bell papers, 1912-2004. University of Wyoming, American Heritage Center
creatorOf Burt, Maxwell Struthers, 1882-1954. Letter to Mr. Gessler. Southern Pines, NC. 1933 Nov. 9. University of Iowa Libraries
creatorOf Struthers Burt Papers, 1911-1954, 1845-1957 Princeton University. Library. Dept. of Rare Books and Special CollectionsManuscripts Division
creatorOf Burt, Struthers. Letter, Dec 12, 1924, Viila Kermes-Cargveiranne (Var), France [to] Mrs. Anna Catherine Markham, New York, N.Y. / Struthers Burt. Wagner College, Horrmann Library
creatorOf Sayles, Henry, Jr., 1877-1957. Papers, 1830-1957. Texas Tech University Libraries, Academic Library
referencedIn Erskine, John, 1879-1951. John Erskine papers, [ca. 1890]-1951. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
creatorOf Burt Family. Papers, 1911-1970. University of Wyoming, American Heritage Center
referencedIn Houghton Mifflin Company contracts, 1831-1979 (inclusive) 1880-1940 (bulk). Houghton Library.
creatorOf Burt, Maxwell Struthers, 1882-1954. Correspondence, 1941, from Lewis Mumford. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Autographs of notable Americans of the nineteenth century, 1800s. The California Digital Library
creatorOf O'Conor, Norreys Jephson, b. 1885. Papers of Norreys Jephson O'Conor, 1890-1964 (bulk 1940-1958). Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Anderson, Ellen Graham, 1887- person
associatedWith Atteberry, Julia Burt, 1915- person
associatedWith Bell, William Gardner. person
associatedWith Burt Family. family
associatedWith Burt, Katharine Newlin, 1882-1977 person
associatedWith Burt, Mary Elizabeth, (Mary Elizabeth), 1850-1918. person
associatedWith Burt, Struthers, 1882-1954. person
associatedWith Erskine, John, 1879-1951. person
associatedWith Gessler, Clifford, 1893- , person
associatedWith Hires, Harrison Streeter, 1887-1962, person
associatedWith Houghton Mifflin Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Jaffe, Louis I. (Louis Isaac), 1888-1950. person
associatedWith Markham, Anna Catherine, 1859-1938, person
associatedWith Meade, Julian R. (Julian Rutherfoord), 1909-1940. person
associatedWith Morley family. family
associatedWith National Lanier Centennial Committee. corporateBody
associatedWith Nation (New York, N.Y. : 1865). corporateBody
associatedWith O'Conor, Norreys Jephson, b. 1885. person
associatedWith Perkins, Maxwell E. (Maxwell Evarts), 1884-1947. person
associatedWith Princeton University. Class of 1904. corporateBody
associatedWith Reese, Lizette Woodworth, 1856-1935. person
associatedWith Sayles, Henry, Jr., 1877-1957. person
associatedWith Troop, J. G. Carter (Jared Grassie Carter), 1869- person
associatedWith Wilson, James Southall, 1880-1963. person
associatedWith Wolfe, Thomas, 1900-1938. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Jackson Hole (Wyo.)
United States
Subject
American fiction--20th century
American literature
Authors and publishers--United States--20th century
Stories, American--20th century
American poetry--20th century
Dude ranches--Wyoming--20th century
Western Americana
Occupation
Dude ranchers--Wyoming--20th century
Novelists, American--20th century
Function

Person

Birth 1882-10-18

Death 1954-08-29

Information

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