Raymond Dodge was born on February 20, 1871, in Woburn, Massachusetts to George S. and Anna Pickering Dodge. In 1893, Williams College awarded Dodge with a Bachelor of Arts degree, with a concentration in philosophy. In 1896, the University of Halle awarded Dodge a Ph.D. in Philosophy.
Dodge made significant contributions to the United States Army and Navy in the area of psychological warfare, military psychology, and gunnery services. Those contributions included the design and development of the gas mask, apparatus to assess, select, and train gun pointers, and the promotion of human engineering.
Many of Dodge's articles, papers, and findings were published throughout his career, but his contribution to the study of eye movement was one of his most notable studies. This research studied eye movement, status and perception, ocular phenomena, and observation. Dodge's research and experiments covered a wide spectrum, including cancer, the effects of alcohol on the pulse, egoism and altruism, emotions, industrial psychology, pedagogy, politics and economics, psychopathology, sensation, social psychology, and sympathy.
Dodge died on April 8, 1942.
From the guide to the Raymond Dodge papers, 1890-1963, (Center for the History of Psychology)