Custis Family

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Biographical Note

George Washington Parke Custis

  • 1781, Apr. 30: Born, Mount Airy, Md.
  • 1799: Aide-de-camp to General Charles C. Pinckney, U.S. Army
  • 1804: Married Mary Lee Fitzhugh
  • 1812: Volunteer in defense of Washington, D.C., during the War of 1812
  • 1824: Began publishing "Conversations with Lafayette" in the Alexandria Gazette during the Marquis de Lafayette's visit to the United States
  • 1826: Began publishing "Recollections of Washington" in the United States Gazette
  • 1827: Produced first play, The Indian Prophecy, performed at the Chestnut Street Theater, Philadelphia, Pa.
  • 1830: Produced Pocahontas, or the Settlers of Virginia, performed at the Walnut Street Theater, Philadelphia, Pa.
  • 1833: Produced North Point, or Baltimore Defended, performed in Baltimore, Md.
  • 1834: Produced The Eighth of January, performed at the Park Theater in New York, N.Y.
  • 1857, Oct. 10: Died, Arlington House, Fairfax County, Va.

Arthur Lee

  • 1740, Dec. 20: Born, Stratford Hall, Westmoreland County, Va.
  • 1764: M.D., University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland
  • 1766: Elected fellow, Royal Society Returned to America Practiced medicine, Williamsburg, Va.
  • 1768: Settled in London, England Published "Moniter" letters. Virginia Gazette, William Rind, ed., 25 Feb.-28 Apr.
  • 1769 - 1774 : Published "Junius Americanus" letters. London Evening Post, R. Nutt, ed., and London Gazetteer, Charles Say, ed., 17 July 1769-6 Jan. 1772, and London Public Advertiser, H. S. Woodfall, ed., June 1772-Mar. 1774
  • 1770: Assistant to Benjamin Franklin, agent for Massachusetts in England and France
  • 1770 - 1774 : Studied law, Lincoln's Inn and Middle Temple, London, England
  • 1774: Published An Appeal to the Justice and Interests of the People of Great Britain in the Present Dispute with America. London, England: John Almon
  • 1775: Admitted to bar, London, England Agent for Massachusetts in England and France Confidential correspondent, Continental Congress Committee of Secret Correspondence, London, England Pubished A Second Appeal to the Justice and Interests of the People on the Measures Respecting America by the Author of the First. London, England: n.p.
  • 1776: Appointed, with Benjamin Franklin and Silas Deane, to negotiate a treaty with France
  • 1777: Appointed commissioner to Spain, succeeding Benjamin Franklin
  • 1780: Returned to America
  • 1781 - 1782 : Member, Virginia House of Delegates
  • 1782 - 1785 : Member, Continental Congress
  • 1784 - 1789 : Commissioner, U.S. Treasury
  • 1785 - 1786 : Member, Virginia House of Delegates
  • 1792, Dec. 12: Died, Landsdowne, Middlesex County, Va.

Charles Lee

  • 1758, July: Born, Fauquier County, Va.
  • 1775: A.B., College of New Jersey, Princeton, N.J.
  • 1777 - 1789 : Naval officer of South Potoma
  • 1789: Married Anne Lee
  • 1789 - 1793 : Collector, Port of Alexandria, Va.
  • 1793 - 1795 : Member, Virginia General Assembly
  • 1794: Admitted to Pennsylvania bar
  • 1795 - 1801 : U.S. attorney general
  • 1801: Judge, circuit court
  • 1802: Returned to private law practice
  • 1815, June 24: Died, Fauquier County, Va.

Henry "Light-Horse Harry" Lee

  • 1756, Jan. 29: Born, Leesylvania, Prince William County, Va.
  • 1773: Graduated, College of New Jersey, Princeton, N.J.
  • 1776: Captain, Theodorick Bland's regiment, Virginia Cavalry
  • 1778: Major, Continental Army
  • 1779: Captured 160 British soldiers, Paulus Hook, N.Y.
  • 1780: Promoted to lieutenant colonel
  • 1781: Present at Siege of Yorktown and surrender of General Charles Cornwallis
  • 1782: Married Matilda Lee
  • 1785: Member, Virginia House of Delegates
  • 1785 - 1788 : Member, Continental Congress
  • 1789 - 1791 : Member, Virginia House of Delegates
  • 1792 - 1795 : Governor of Virginia
  • 1793: Married Anne Hill Carter
  • 1794: Commanded troops that put down the Whiskey Rebellion in Pennsylvania
  • 1798: Commissioned major general
  • 1799 - 1801 : Member, U.S. House of Representatives
  • 1800: Discharged, U.S. Army
  • 1808: Imprisoned for debt
  • 1812: Published Memoirs of the War in the Southern Department of the United States. Philadelphia, Pa.: Bradford & Inskeep
  • 1814: Went to the West Indies
  • 1818, Mar. 25: Died, Cumberland Island, Ga.

Richard Bland Lee

  • 1761, Jan. 20: Born, Leesylvania, Prince William County, Va.
  • 1784 - 1788 : Member, Virginia House of Delegates
  • 1789 - 1795 : Member, U.S. House of Representatives
  • 1794: Married Elizabeth Collins
  • 1796: 1799 - 1806 : Member, Virginia House of Delegates
  • 1815: Moved to Washington, D.C.
  • 1816: Appointed commissioner of claims for property destroyed during War of 1812
  • 1819 - 1827 : Judge, Orphans' Court, Washington, D.C.
  • 1827, Mar. 12: Died, Washington, D.C.

Richard Henry Lee

  • 1732, Jan. 20: Born, Stratford Hall, Westmoreland County, Va.
  • 1743 - 1752 : Attended Wakefield Academy, Yorkshire, England
  • 1752: Returned to Virginia
  • 1757: Married Anne Aylett (died 1768)
  • 1758 - 1776 : Member, Virginia House of Burgesses
  • 1763: Instrumental in founding the Mississippi Company
  • 1766: Signed Westmoreland Resolutions against the Stamp Act
  • 1769: Married Anne Gaskins Pinckard
  • 1774 - 1779 : Member, Continental Congress Served on Secret Committee of Commerce
  • 1776: Introduced resolution in Continental Congress for American independence from Great Britain
  • 1780 - 1784 : Member, Virginia House of Delegates
  • 1784 - 1787 : Member and president, Continental Congress
  • 1789 - 1792 : Member, U.S. Senate
  • 1794, June 19: Died, Chantilly, Westmoreland County, Va.

Robert Edward Lee

  • 1807, Jan. 19: Born, Stratford Hall, Westmoreland County, Va.
  • 1829: Graduated, United States Military Academy, West Point, N.Y.
  • 1831: Married Mary Randolph Custis
  • 1837 - 1841 : Superintending engineer, St. Louis, Mo.
  • 1846 - 1848 : Served in Mexican War under General Winfield Scott
  • 1852 - 1855 : Superintendent, United States Military Academy, West Point, N.Y.
  • 1859: Commanded forces that put down John Brown's raid, Harpers Ferry, Va.
  • 1861: Resigned from the U.S. Army
  • 1862: Appointed commander, Army of Northern Virginia
  • 1865: General-in-chief, Confederate armies Surrendered, Appomattox Court House, Va.
  • 1866 - 1870 : President, Washington College, Lexington, Va.
  • 1870, Oct. 12: Died, Lexington, Va.

William Lee

  • 1739, Aug. 31: Born, Stratford Hall, Westmoreland County, Va.
  • 1761 - 1763 : Studied in England
  • 1763: Secretary, Mississippi Company
  • 1763 - 1766 : Resided in Barbados, West Indies
  • 1766: Signed Westmoreland Resolutions against the Stamp Act
  • 1768: Merchant and financier, London, England
  • 1769: Married Hannah Philippa Ludwell (died 1784)
  • 1769 - 1770 : With firm of DeBerdt & Sayre, then self-employed
  • 1773: Elected sheriff, London, England
  • 1775: Elected alderman, Aldgate ward, London, England
  • 1777: Appointed American commercial agent, France
  • 1778: U.S. commissioner to Berlin, Germany, and Vienna, Austria Negotiated an unauthorized treaty with Holland
  • 1779: Recalled by Congress Settled in Brussels, Belgium
  • 1780: Resigned as alderman, London, England
  • 1783: Returned to Virginia
  • 1795, June 27: Died, Greenspring, James City County, Va.

William Henry Fitzhugh Lee

  • 1837, May 31: Born, Arlington House, Washington, D.C. (now Arlington County, Va.)
  • 1857: Graduated, Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass. Entered U.S. Army
  • 1859: Married Charlotte Wickham
  • 1861: Appointed major of cavalry, Confederate States Army
  • 1862: Promoted to brigadier general, Confederate States Army Served in Fredericksburg and Gettysburg campaigns
  • 1863: Captured and imprisoned by Union Army
  • 1864: Released from Union prison
  • 1865: Second in command of Confederate cavalry, Appomattox, Va.
  • 1867: Married Mary Tabb Bolling
  • 1875 - 1879 : Member, Virginia state senate
  • 1887 - 1891 : Member, U.S. House of Representatives
  • 1891, Oct. 15: Died, Ravensworth, Alexandria County, Va.

From the guide to the Custis-Lee Family Papers, 1700-circa 1928, (bulk 1770-1870), (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Custis-Lee Family Papers, 1700-circa 1928, (bulk 1770-1870) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
correspondedWith Adams, John, 1735-1826 person
correspondedWith Breckinridge, John C. (John Cabell), 1821-1875 person
associatedWith Confederate States of America. Army. corporateBody
associatedWith Custis, George Washington Parke, 1781-1857 person
correspondedWith Grayson, William, 1736-1790 person
correspondedWith Greene, Nathanael, 1742-1786 person
correspondedWith Henry, Patrick, 1736-1799 person
correspondedWith Jay, John, 1745-1829 person
correspondedWith Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826 person
correspondedWith Johnston, Joseph E. (Joseph Eggleston), 1807-1891 person
correspondedWith Lafayette, Marie Joseph Paul Yves Roch Gilbert du Motier, marquis de, 1757-1834 person
associatedWith Law, Elizabeth Parke Custis, 1776-1832 person
correspondedWith Lea, Albert Miller, 1808-1891 person
associatedWith Lee, Anne Robinson McCarty, 1798-1840 person
associatedWith Lee, Ann Hill Carter, 1773-1829 person
associatedWith Lee, Arthur, 1740-1792 person
associatedWith Lee, Charles, 1758-1815 person
associatedWith Lee Family family
associatedWith Lee, Hannah Philippa Ludwell. Hannah Philippa Ludwell Lee papers. person
associatedWith Lee, Henrietta Bedinger, 1810- person
associatedWith Lee, Henry, 1691-1747 person
associatedWith Lee, Henry, 1756-1818 person
associatedWith Lee, Ludwell, 1760-1836 person
associatedWith Lee, Mary Bland, 1704-1764 person
associatedWith Lee, Mary Custis, 1835-1918 person
associatedWith Lee, Mary Randolph Custis, 1807-1873 person
associatedWith Lee, Richard Bland, 1761-1827 person
associatedWith Lee, Richard Henry, 1732-1794 person
associatedWith Lee, Robert E. (Robert Edward), 1807-1870 person
associatedWith Lee, Thomas, 1690-1750 person
associatedWith Lee, William, 1739-1795 person
associatedWith Lee, William Henry Fitzhugh, 1837-1891 person
correspondedWith Pickering, Timothy, 1745-1829 person
correspondedWith Pinckney, Mary Stead, approximately 1751-1812 person
correspondedWith Rives, William C. (William Cabell), 1793-1868 person
correspondedWith Scott, Winfield, 1786-1866 person
correspondedWith Smith, Samuel Harrison, 1772-1845 person
correspondedWith Tyler, John, 1790-1862 person
associatedWith Warden, David Bailie, 1772-1845 person
correspondedWith Wigfall, Louis T. (Louis Trezevant), 1816-1874 person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Westmoreland County (Va.)
Philadelphia (Pa.)
United States
France
Washington (D.C.)
Prince William County (Va.)
Subject
Agriculture--Virginia
Occupation
Function

Family

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