Daniel, Clifton, 1912-2000

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Managing Editor, 1964-1969, and Associate Editor, 1969-1977, of the NEW YORK TIMES.

From the description of Papers, 1955-1977. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 155539748

Elbert Clifton Daniel, Jr., was born on September 19, 1912, in Zebulon, North Carolina. He married Margaret Truman, daughter of President Harry S. Truman, on April 21, 1956. Daniel received his A.B. in Journalism from the University of North Carolina in 1933. He studied journalism under O. J. Coffin, and earned his doctorate in 1970. He was a member of the National Press Club, the Century Association, and Phi Delta Theta. Daniel died on February 21, 2000 in New York City.

From the description of Daniel, Clifton (Elbert Clifton), 1912-2000 (U.S. National Archives and Records Administration). naId: 10568965


From the description of Reminiscences of E. Clifton Daniel, Jr. : lecture, [196-?]. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122343092

Daniels was born in London on 2 October 1912. He was educated at the Sciennes School, Edinburgh and George Heriot's School, Edinburgh, obtaining a scholarship to read mathematics at Edinburgh University where he graduated MA in 1933. With the encouragement of the head of department, E.T. Whittaker, he went for a further period of study at Cambridge University, winning a Major Mathematical Scholarship to Clare College. Amongst his Cambridge studies he took a course in statistics with practical exercises which was provided by the School of Agriculture. In 1935 he was appointed Statistician at the Wool Research Industries Association, Leeds to study mathematical and statistical aspects of the wool industries. Skeins of wool are bundles of fibres and the mathematical theory of 'fibre bundles' was one that Daniels returned to again and again in his career. One of Daniels' colleagues at Leeds was the biochemist A.J.P. Martin who, with R.L.M. Synge, was working on the development of paper chromatography for which they were awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for 1952. Daniels contributed a mathematical appendix to their key paper giving a quantitative explanation of why the method works.

During the Second World War Daniels was seconded to the Air Warfare Analysis Group in the Ministry of Aircraft Production to work on improvements in radiolocation. This work led in due course to a major paper on position finding in the Journal of the Royal Statistical Society. In 1947 he returned to Cambridge as Lecturer in Mathematics attached to the newly formed Statistical Laboratory which offered a postgraduate Diploma in Statistics. Here he played a crucial role in the formation of the Laboratory's many impressive students but became very critical of the University's treatment of his subject, there being no professor and none of the academic staff held college fellowships. In 1957 Birmingham University established a Chair in Mathematical Statistics and Daniels was invited to apply. Here he spent 21 years, retiring from the Chair in 1978 when he returned to Cambridge to continue research in association with the Statistical Laboratory. Amongst his statistical work at Birmingham was a close research relationship with J.C. Squire, a leading member of the medical faculty. Daniels' research was characterised by his deployment of classical mathematical techniques to solve very difficult probabilistic problems arising from scientific issues.

Daniels' distinction in mathematical statistics was recognised by his colleagues and the wider scientific community. In 1974-1975 he served as President of the Royal Statistical Society which awarded him its Guy Medal in silver in 1957 and in gold in 1984. In 1985 he was elected an honorary fellow of the International Statistical Institute. He was elected FRS in 1980. Daniels died on 16 April 2000.

From the guide to the Papers and correspondence of Henry Ellis Daniels, 1912-2000, ca 1931-2000, (Cambridge University Library)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Norval Neil Luxon Papers, circa 1930-1989 University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library. Southern Historical Collection
creatorOf Atkinson, Brooks, 1894-1984. Letters, 1920-1977 : to Lewis Mumford. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Daniel, Clifton, 1912-. Autograph letter signed : New York, to Francis Mason, 1986 Sept. 26. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Lerner, Eugene, collector. The Josephine Baker collection, 1926-2001 Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
creatorOf Daniel, Clifton, 1912-2000. Reminiscences of E. Clifton Daniel, Jr. : lecture, [196-?]. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
creatorOf Clifton Daniel and Margaret Truman Daniel Papers. 1942 - 1975. Subject Files Harry S. Truman Library
creatorOf Papers and correspondence of Henry Ellis Daniels, 1912-2000, ca 1931-2000 Cambridge University Library
creatorOf New York TImes Company records. Clifton Daniel papers, 1955-1979 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Cox, Francis A. Papers, 1954-1973. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Robert Manning papers, 1938-1993. Houghton Library
referencedIn New York TImes Company records. Clifton Daniel papers, 1955-1979 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Sound Recordings of Meetings and Telephone Conversations (Nixon Administration). 2/16/1971 - 7/18/1973. Sound Recordings of Meetings and Telephone Conversations. 2/16/1971 - 7/18/1973. Executive Office Building tape number 401 Richard Nixon Library
referencedIn Lucille Lortel papers The New York Public Library. Billy Rose Theatre Division.
creatorOf Truman, Margaret, 1924-2008. Papers of Clifton Daniel and Margaret Truman Daniel, 1942-1975. Harry S. Truman Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Annenberg, Walter H., 1908-2002. person
associatedWith Atkinson, Brooks, 1894-1984 person
associatedWith Baldwin, Hanson Weightman, 1903-1991. person
associatedWith Bancroft, Harding F. person
associatedWith Barnes, Clive, 1922- person
associatedWith Bernstein, Theodore M. (Theodore Menline), 1904-1979. person
associatedWith Broder, David S. person
associatedWith Brody, Jane E. person
associatedWith Catledge, Turner, 1901-1983. person
associatedWith Columbia University. Graduate School of Journalism. corporateBody
associatedWith Cox, Francis A. person
associatedWith Cronkite, Walter. person
associatedWith Curtis, J. Mongomery. person
associatedWith Daniell, Raymond, 1901- person
associatedWith De Onis, Juan, 1927- person
associatedWith Dryfoos, Orvil Eugene, 1912-1963. person
associatedWith Dubinsky, David. person
associatedWith Eisenhower, Dwight D. (Dwight David), 1890-1969. person
associatedWith Eyfan, Walter. person
associatedWith Frankel, Max, 1914- person
associatedWith Gaulle, Charles de, 1890-1970. person
associatedWith Halberstam, David. person
associatedWith Harriman, W. Averell (William Averell), 1891-1986. person
associatedWith Helms, Richard. person
associatedWith Hofman, Paul. person
associatedWith Hoover, J. Edgar (John Edgar), 1895-1972. person
associatedWith Johnson, Lyndon B. (Lyndon Baines), 1908-1973. person
associatedWith Kennedy, Robert F., 1925-1968. person
associatedWith King, Martin Luther. person
associatedWith Lerner, Eugene, collector. person
associatedWith Lewis, Anthony, 1927- person
associatedWith Lichtheim, George, 1912- person
associatedWith Lortel, Lucille person
associatedWith Luxon, Norval Neil, b. 1899. person
associatedWith Manchester, William, 1922-2004. person
associatedWith Manning, Robert, 1919- person
associatedWith Mason, Francis S. (Francis Scarlett), 1921- person
associatedWith McNamara, Robert S., 1916-2009. person
associatedWith Nasser, Gamal Abdel, 1918-1970. person
associatedWith New York Times Company. corporateBody
associatedWith New York Times (Firm). News Dept. corporateBody
associatedWith New York Times Information Service. corporateBody
associatedWith Reston, James, 1909-1995. person
associatedWith Saddler, Donald person
associatedWith Salisbury, Harrison Evans, 1908- person
associatedWith Sulzberger, Arthur Hays, 1891-1968. person
associatedWith Truman, Margaret, 1924-2008. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
New York (State)--New York
United States
Broadcast journalism
News agencies
Newspaper publishing


Birth 1912-09-19

Death 2000-02-21




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