Hyde, H. Montgomery (Harford Montgomery), 1907-1989

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Irish lawyer, Lt. Colonel in the British Army Intelligence Corps., professor of history and political science, and writer.

From the description of H. Montgomery Hyde Collection, 1897-1971. (Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center (HRC); University of Texas at Austin). WorldCat record id: 122385668

Harford Montgomery Hyde was born in Belfast, Ireland, in 1907. His parents were James Johnstone Hyde, a linen merchant, and Isobel G. Montgomery, a distant cousin of Henry James. Hyde attended Sedbergh School at Queen's University, Belfast, Magdalen College, and Oxford where he read history and law. He began his practice of law as a barrister in London and on the North-Eastern Circuit in 1934. He and his wife Dorothy, a member of the World War II Fire Service, were married in April 1939. Later that year, Hyde joined the British Army Intelligence Corps. He became a Lieutenant-Colonel in the service and traveled to many countries including America, Denmark, Finland, France, Italy, Sweden, and Russia.

Beginning in 1947, Hyde spent two years as the legal advisor for the British Lion Film Corp. He served as a member of Parliament from the Belfast North Division in the House of Commons from 1950-59. He played a prominent role in the fight to abolish the death penalty for murder and became involved in efforts to bring about legal and social reform in the areas of censorship, pornography, and civil rights for homosexuals. Hyde also acted as a United Kingdom delegate for the Council of Europe Consultative Assembly in Strasbourg, France, from 1952-55. From 1959 to 1961 he was a professor of history and political science at Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan.

The Rise of Castlereagh,Hyde's first published work, appeared in 1933. He published more than 40 books on various topics, including several volumes in the Notable Trial Series. As a scholar of trends in criminal law and social history, he focused particularly on pornography and scandal and wrote numerous works on Oscar Wilde, Alfred Douglas, Henry James, Roger Casement, and Judge Jefferys. Some of his titles include: Air Defense and the Civil Population (1937), Mexican Empire (1946), Privacy and the Press (1947), The Trial of Oscar Wilde (1948), The Trial of Craig and Bentley (1954), Trial of Sir Roger Casement (1960), Oscar Wilde: The Aftermath (1963), A History of Pornography (1964), Henry James at Home (1969), The Love that Dared Not Speak Its Name (1970), Oscar Wilde: A Biography (1975), Crime Has Its Heros (1976), The Annotated Oscar Wilde (1982), and Secret Intelligence Agent (1982), an autobiographical account of Hyde's activities during World War II. Hyde died in the summer of 1989, just after completing the introduction to his final work, The Lady Chatterley's Lover Trial, published in 1990.

From the guide to the H. Montgomery Hyde Collection TXRC95-A4., 1907-1989, (Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center, The University of Texas at Austin)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Halsband, Robert, 1914-. Robert Halsband papers, 1708-1976. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
creatorOf Holland, Vyvyan Beresford, 1886-1967. Autograph letter signed : London, to Montgomery Hyde, 1953 Apr. 7. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Oscar Wilde and his Literary Circle Collection: Manuscripts and Miscellaneous Materials, 1854-1962 William Andrews Clark Memorial Library.
creatorOf Hyde, H. Montgomery (Harford Montgomery), 1907-1989. H. Montgomery Hyde Collection, 1897-1971. Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
referencedIn Papers, 1853-2005 (inclusive), 1939-2003 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Papers, 1853-2005 (inclusive), 1939-2003 (bulk). Houghton Library.
creatorOf Lawrence, T. E. (Thomas Edward), 1888-1935. Papers of T.E. Lawrence, 1894-2006 (bulk 1911-2000). Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn Anatole James autobiography, 1900-1910. Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library.
referencedIn John Cushman Associates Records, 1965-1978 Columbia University. Rare Book and Manuscript Library,
creatorOf James, Henry, 1843-1916. Papers of Henry James [manuscript], 1876-1915, 1930-1939. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf H. Montgomery Hyde Collection TXRC95-A4., 1907-1989 Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
referencedIn Donald and Katharine Foley Collection of Penguin Books, 1935-1965 Bancroft Library
creatorOf James, Anatole. Anatole James autobiography, 1900-1910. Cornell University Library
referencedIn John Cushman Associates. John Cushman Associates records, 1965-1978. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
creatorOf H. Montgomery Hyde fonds. McMaster University
referencedIn Papers, 1901-1969. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Wilde, Oscar, 1854-1900. Collection, 1851-1957 (bulk 1877-1957). Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Braybrooke, Neville, 1923- person
associatedWith Braybrooke, Neville, 1923- . person
associatedWith Casement, Roger, Sir, 1864-1916 person
associatedWith Cullen, John. person
associatedWith Cullen, John. person
associatedWith Doyle, Michael Francis. person
associatedWith Doyle, Michael Francis. person
correspondedWith Eccles, Mary Hyde. person
associatedWith Edel, Leon, 1907- person
associatedWith Fairfield, Letitia Denny. person
associatedWith Fairfield, Letitia Denny. person
associatedWith Foley, Donald L. person
associatedWith Foley, Katharine person
associatedWith Gulliot de Saix, Leon, 1885- person
associatedWith Halsband, Robert, 1914- person
associatedWith Hamilton, Gerald, 1890- person
associatedWith Hamilton, Gerald, 1890-1970. person
associatedWith Hodge, James (James Hozier), 1906- . person
associatedWith Hodge, James, (James Hozier), 1906 person
associatedWith Holland, Vyvyan Beresford, 1886-1967 person
associatedWith James, Anatole. person
associatedWith James, Anatole. person
associatedWith James, Henry, 1843-1916 person
associatedWith John Cushman Associates. corporateBody
correspondedWith Kingdon, Mary Kathleen Weld, 1874-1953 person
associatedWith Lambert, J. W. (Jack Walter), 1917-1986 person
associatedWith Lane, Allen, Sir, 1902-1970 person
associatedWith Lawrence, T. E. (Thomas Edward), 1888-1935. person
associatedWith MacColl, Rene, 1905 person
associatedWith MacColl, Rene, 1905- . person
associatedWith MacDermont, Frank. person
associatedWith MacDermont, Frank. person
associatedWith Mackey, Herbert O. person
associatedWith Macmillan, Harold, 1894- person
associatedWith Macmillan, Harold, 1894-1986. person
associatedWith Noyes, Alfred, 1880-1958 person
associatedWith Queensberry, Francis Archibald Kelhead Douglas, 10th Marquis, 1895- person
associatedWith Russell Leonard, 1906 person
associatedWith Secker, Martin, 1882-1978 person
associatedWith Sherard, Muriel. person
associatedWith Sherard, Muriel. person
associatedWith Singleton-Gates, Peter. person
associatedWith Singleton-Gates, Peter. person
associatedWith White, J. Alan. person
associatedWith White, J. Alan. person
associatedWith Wilde Oscar, 1854-1900 person
associatedWith Wilkinson, Louis, 1881-1966 person
associatedWith William Andrews Clark Memorial Library corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
Great Britain
Lamb House, Sussex.
Ireland
Great Britain, Politics and Government.
Lamb House, Sussex
Subject
Erotic literature--History and criticism
Nationalists
Homosexuality--Law and legislation
Homosexuality, Law and legislation, Great Britain
Authors, American--19th century--Biography
Obscenity (law)
Sodomy
Sodomy, Great Britain
Consuls
Pornography
Nationalists, Ireland
Consuls, Great Britain
Obscenity (law), Great Britain
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1907-08-14

Death 1989-08-10

Britons

English

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