Ezekiel, Moses Jacob, 1844-1917

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American sculptor.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Villa d'Este, Tivoli, to Mr. and Mrs. [John W. Field], 1886 Jan. 3. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270530720

Sculptor, Rome, Italy.

Born in Richmond, Va., of a Sephardic Jewish family, Ezekiel was educated at the Virginia Military Institute in Lexington. Fought with the Confederates in the Civil War. In 1869, he went to Berlin to study at the Royal Art Academy, and he met with great success, winning a prize that allowed him to study in Rome, where he resided permanently. His studio in Rome was in the Diocletian baths.

From the description of Memoirs of the baths of Diocletian : or memoirs of a southern veteran / by Moses Jacob Ezekiel. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122394077

Moses Jacob Ezekiel was born in Richmond, Virginia on October 28, 1844. He was the sixth child of Jacob and Catherine de Castro Ezekiel. In 1861 Moses Ezekiel entered the Virginia Military Institute (VMI) and during the Civil War fought in the VMI Cadet batallion. In 1868, after studying anatomy at the Medical College of Virginia for one year, Ezekiel came to Cincinnati to study art. In 1869 he entered the Royal Academy of Art in Berlin, Germany. On the merits of his bust of George Washington, Ezekiel was admitted into the Berlin Society of Artists. In 1873 Ezekiel became the first non-German to win the Michael Beer prize.

Throughout his life, Ezekiel was a prolific sculptor and, fortunately, many of his works have been preserved. In 1874 the B'nai B'rith commissioned Ezekiel to execute a marble group for presentation at the U.S. centennial in 1876. (This marble group, Religious Liberty, is now on permanent display at Fairmount Park in Philadelphia). In 1912 Ezekiel's Confederate memorial monument, New Southern, was dedicated at Arlington National Cemetery. Included among his other works are statues and busts of Franz Liszt, Cardinal Gustav Adolf Hohenlohe, Eve, Homer, David, Jesus, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, Isaac Mayer Wise, and Edgar Allen Poe.

During his lifetime, Ezekiel was widely acclaimed and honored for his sculptures. He received knighthood from both Germany and Italy. He was awarded the Crosses of Merit and Art from the Emperor of Germany. The Italian rank of chavalier was bestowed upon him by King Victor Emanuel and the title of Officer of the Crown of Italy by King Humbert. He received the Raphael Medal of Urbino, a silver medal from the St. Louis World Exposition, several medals from the Royal Art Association of Palermo as well as numerous other honorary medals and membership in art institutes and societies across the world.

During World War I Ezekiel participated in the formation of the American-Italian Red Cross Relief Committee.

In 1917 Moses Jacob Ezekiel died in Rome, Italy. Due to the war and its political aftermath, his body was not returned to the United States until 1921. Ezekiel's grave is in Arlington Cemetery, near the site of his memorial sculpture, New Southern .

From the guide to the Moses Jacob Ezekiel Papers., 1864-1974, 1864-1921, (The Jacob Rader Marcus Center of the American Jewish Archives)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn W. W. Corcoran Papers, 1791-1896, (bulk 1849-1888) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Ezekiel, Moses Jacob, Sir, 1844-1917. Autograph letter signed : Villa d'Este, Tivoli, to Mr. and Mrs. [John W. Field], 1886 Jan. 3. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Ezekiel, Moses Jacob. [Moses Jacob Ezekiel] : artist file John and Mable Ringling Museum of Art Library, Ringling Museum Library
referencedIn Stieglitz family. Flora Stieglitz Straus collection of Stieglitz family papers, 1860-1999. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Corcoran, W. W. (William Wilson), 1798-1888. W.W. Corcoran papers, 1791-1896 (bulk 1849-1888). Library of Congress
referencedIn Ezekiel, M. : [miscellaneous ephemeral material]. Metropolitan Museum of Art, Thomas J. Watson Library
creatorOf Ezekiel, Moses Jacob, 1844-1917. Clipping regarding Moses Ezekiel and the Confederate Cemetery at Johnson's Island [manuscript] : typed memorandum concerning Ezekiel. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Flora Stieglitz Straus collection of Stieglitz family papers, 1860-1999 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Hooker, Zebulon Vance. Moses Jacob Ezekiel collection, 1864-1974. American Jewish Archives
referencedIn Papers of Robert Woods Bliss and Mildred Barnes Bliss, ca. 1860-1969 (inclusive) Harvard University Archives.
creatorOf Ezekiel, Moses Jacob, 1844-1917. Memoirs of the baths of Diocletian : or memoirs of a southern veteran / by Moses Jacob Ezekiel. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Century Company records, 1870-1924 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Burnham, W. E. Roy. Letter to Jack Dalton forwarding 3 photographs of the studio and works of the sculptor, M. Ezekiel [manuscript] 28 Feb. 1944. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Stieglitz, Alfred, 1864-1946. Alfred Stieglitz / Georgia O'Keeffe archive, 1728-1986 (bulk 1880-1986). Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn McClelland, Donald. Donald McClelland papers, 1857-1968. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn University of Virginia Final Exercises miscellany [manuscript], 1906-1950. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Alfred Stieglitz / Georgia O'Keeffe archive, 1728-1986 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Centennial Photographic Co. Centennial Photographic Co. photographs, 1876. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
creatorOf Moses Jacob Ezekiel Papers., 1864-1974, 1864-1921 The Jacob Rader Marcus Center of the American Jewish Archives
creatorOf Ezekiel, Moses Jacob, 1844-1917. Artist file. Brooklyn Museum Libraries & Archives
creatorOf Ezekiel, Moses Jacob, 1844-1917. Artist file : miscellaneous uncataloged material. Metropolitan Museum of Art, Thomas J. Watson Library
referencedIn Stieglitz, Alfred, 1864-1946. Alfred Stieglitz / Georgia O'Keeffe archive, 1728-1986. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Duveen, Albert,. Albert Duveen collection of artists' letters and ephemera, 1808-1910. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Robinson, Leigh, 1840-1922. Manuscripts, letters, and papers of Leigh Robinson, Confederate soldier, orator, with several items of an early date relating to Conway Robinson [manuscript] 1787-1930. University of Virginia. Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
correspondedWith Bliss, Robert Woods, 1875-1962 person
associatedWith Burnham, W. E. Roy. person
associatedWith Centennial Photographic Co. corporateBody
correspondedWith Century Company corporateBody
correspondedWith Chyet, Stanley F. person
correspondedWith Corcoran, W. W. (William Wilson), 1798-1888. person
correspondedWith Dellenbaugh, Frederick Samuel, 1853-1935 person
associatedWith Duveen, Albert, person
associatedWith Ezekiel family family
associatedWith Field, John W., 1815-1887, person
correspondedWith Gutmann, Joseph person
correspondedWith Hooker, Zebulon Vance, II person
associatedWith Johnson's Island Confederate Cemetery (Ottawa County, Ohio) corporateBody
associatedWith Liszt, Franz, 1811-1886. person
associatedWith McClelland, Donald. person
associatedWith Moses Jacob Ezekiel, person
associatedWith Robinson, Leigh, 1840-1922. person
associatedWith Stieglitz, Alfred, 1864-1946. person
associatedWith Stieglitz family. family
associatedWith Stieglitz family. family
associatedWith The John and Mable Ringling Museum of Art Library. corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
Italy--Rome
Subject
Artist's studios
Sculpture, Jewish--United States
Jewish artists
Sculpture, American--United States
Sculptors
Sculpture
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1844-10-28

Death 1917-03-27

Americans

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