Drowne, Solomon, 1753-1834

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Solomon Drowne (1753-1834) was a surgeon from Providence, R.I. He was born in 1753, graduated from Rhode Island College (Brown University) in 1773, and received medical degrees from the University of Pennsylvania and Dartmouth College. During the American Revolution, Drowne was a surgeon and following the war, 1784 to 1785, toured European hospitals and medical schools. After returning to Providence, he went to Ohio and then to western Virginia, only to settle finally in Foster, R.I., where he died in 1834. In 1811, Drowne was appointed professor of Botany at Brown. He filled several public offices and was affiliated with various medical and scientific associations. His published works include The Farmer's Guide and Journal of a Cruise in the Fall of 1780 in the Private Sloop of War, Hope.

From the description of Notebook, 1765. (American Antiquarian Society). WorldCat record id: 191259303

Solomon Drowne (sometimes called Solomon Drowne, Junior) was born in Providence in 1753, the third of that name in one of the founding families of the colony of Rhode Island. He attended the College of Rhode Island (now Brown University) and graduated with the Class of 1773. He went on to enroll for the study of medicine at the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia, but his studies were interrupted when he decided to enlist as a surgeon in the Continental Army in 1776. After four years as a military surgeon, including service to the French forces stationed at Newport and on a Rhode Island privateer, Drown resumed his medical studies. He also travelled widely in Europe, attending medical lectures in England, Holland, Belgium and France, and visiting hospitals. He returned briefly to Providence in 1785 to set up a medical practice, but was soon called to Ohio where he joined other veterans of the Revolutionary War in founding the town of Marietta. After four years in Ohio, the restless Drowne moved on to live in Pennsylvania and West Virginia before returning permanently to Rhode Island in 1801.

On his return, Drowne settled in Foster, where he built an elegant house with a botanical garden that he named Mount Hygeia, after the ancient Greek goddess of health. In 1811 he was elected Professor of Materia Medica and Botany at Brown University. He also served the University as a Fellow from 1783 until his death in 1834, and was for several years the Secretary of Corporation of Brown University. He was also a founding member of the Rhode Island Medical Society and the Rhode Island Society for the Encouragement of Domestic Industry.

Drowne married Elizabeth Russell (1759-1844) at Holliston, Massachusetts, in November 1777. The Drownes had five daughters and three sons. One of the girls, Eliza Russell Drowne (1781-1865) -- sometimes referred as Elizabeth -- did some of the drawings that illustrated her father's botanical work. Solomon Drowne died at their home in Foster in 1834.

Christopher Rhodes Drowne (b. 1830) Eliza Russell Drowne (1781-1865) Elizabeth Russell Drowne (1759-1844) Esther Frances Goldsmith Drowne George Leonard Drowne Georgianna Drowne (b. 1848) Henry Bernardin Drowne (1799-1873) Henry Russell Drowne (b. 1860) Henry Thayer Drowne (1822-1897) Julia Ann Stafford Drowne (1802-1888) Luther Washburne Drowne (1850-1890) Maude C. Drowne Sarah Drowne (1750-1834) Sarah Drowne (1790-1846) Sarah Rhodes Arnold Drowne (1832-1906) Samuel Drowne (1721-1770) Samuel Drowne (1752-1829) Shem Drowne (1683-1774) Solomon Drowne (1706-1780) Solomon Horace Drowne (1796-1848) Sophia Drowne Susan Leonard Drowne Thomas Russell Drowne (b. 1888) Thomas Stafford Drowne (1823-1897) William Drowne (1755-1786) William Drowne (1793-1874)

From the guide to the Drowne family papers, 1728-1936, (bulk 1750-1885), (Brown University Library Special Collections)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Drowne family. Drowne family papers, 1646-1929. Brown University, John Hay Library
creatorOf Drowne, Solomon, 1753-1834. Notebook, 1765. Gadsden Public Library
referencedIn James Manning papers, Manning (James) papers, 1761-1827, (bulk 1765-1791) John Hay Library
creatorOf Drowne family papers, 1728-1936, (bulk 1750-1885) Brown University Library, Special Collections
referencedIn Manning, James, 1738-1791. James Manning papers, 1761-1827, (bulk 1770-1792). Brown University, John Hay Library
referencedIn Fraunces Tavern Museum. Manuscript collection, 1704-1974, 1759-1829 (bulk) Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
creatorOf Brown University. Lecture notes (faculty), 1814-1961. Brown University, John Hay Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Anthony, Henry B. (Henry Bowen), 1815-1884 person
associatedWith Arnold family family
associatedWith Audubon, Lucy Green Bakewell, 1788-1874 person
associatedWith Binney, Barnabas, 1751-1787 person
associatedWith Bowen family family
associatedWith Brown family family
associatedWith Brown University. corporateBody
associatedWith Brown University--Alumni and alumnae corporateBody
associatedWith Brown University-Faculty corporateBody
associatedWith Bryant, William Cullen, 1794-1878 person
associatedWith Child, Lydia Maria Francis, 1802-1880 person
associatedWith Clay, Henry, 1777-1852 person
associatedWith Colfax, Schuyler, 1823-1885 person
associatedWith Curtis, George William, 1824-1892 person
associatedWith DeWolf family family
associatedWith Drowne family family
associatedWith Drowne family. family
associatedWith Dwight, Theodore, 1796-1866 person
associatedWith Eastburn, Manton, 1801-1872 person
associatedWith Everett, Edward, 1794-1865 person
associatedWith Fillmore, Millard, 1800-1874 person
associatedWith Fish, Hamilton, 1808-1893 person
associatedWith Foster family family
associatedWith Foster, Theodore, 1752-1828 person
associatedWith Fraunces Tavern Museum. corporateBody
associatedWith Gallatin, Albert, 1761-1849 person
associatedWith Grant, Ulysses S. (Ulysses Simpson), 1822-1885 person
associatedWith Greene family family
associatedWith Hall family family
associatedWith Hancock, John, 1737-1793 person
associatedWith Howe, Julia Ward, 1819-1910 person
associatedWith Jay, John, 1745-1829 person
associatedWith Livingston, Robert R., 1746-1813 person
associatedWith Manning, James, 1738-1791. person
associatedWith Maxcy, Jonathan, 1768-1820 person
associatedWith Messer, Asa, 1769-1836 person
associatedWith Monroe, James, 1758-1831 person
associatedWith Morris, Robert, 1734-1806 person
associatedWith Peale, Rembrandt, 1778-1860 person
associatedWith Rhode Island Medical Society corporateBody
associatedWith Rhodes family family
associatedWith Robbins, Asher, 1761-1845 person
associatedWith Russell family family
associatedWith Sproat, Earl person
associatedWith Stafford family family
associatedWith Tillinghast family family
associatedWith Ustick, Thomas, 1753-1803 person
associatedWith Ward family family
associatedWith Washington, George, 1732-1799 person
associatedWith Webster, Daniel, 1782-1852 person
associatedWith West, Benjamin, 1730-1813 person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Drawing, American
Child artists


Birth 1753-03-11

Death 1834-02-05


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