Batista y Zaldívar, Fulgencio, 1901-1973

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Fulgencio Batista y Zaldívar was born in Banes, in the province of Oriente, Cuba, January 16, 1901. Of very humble origins, Batista worked from an early age. An avid reader, he attended public school and Colegio Los Amigos, an American Quaker school, but was primarily a self-educated man. He held a few jobs and in 1921 he joined the Cuban Army. By 1932, he was a military court stenographer with the rank of sergeant major. On September 4 1933, Batista led the so called "sergeant's revolt", taking control of the Army under a series of short lived governments. As "Jefe del Estado Mayor del Ej́ército" (Army Chief of Staff) for the next seven years, Batista increased the size and consolidated the power of the army and suppressed a number of uprisings. In October of 1940, in the first elections after the inception of a new constitution, Batista was elected president. Succeeded by Ramón Grau San Martín, who won the 1944 elections, Batista left the country. In the 1948 elections in which Carlos Prío Socarrás was elected president Batista, still living in the United States, was elected senator for the province of Las Villas. On March 10, 1952 Batista staged a military coup overthrowing the Prío presidency. His past democratic and pro-labor tendencies won him support from the financial sector and labor leaders. Among the opponents was Fidel Castro, who led an attack against the Moncada army installation in Santiago de Cuba in a failed attempt to overthrow Batista's government on July 26, 1953. Castro was captured, brought to trial and sentenced to 15 years in prison. A year later Batista was again elected president. During the following years, post War economic prosperity grew to unprecedented levels. But growing opposition escalated to social unrest and violence. Castro, who was in exile after being freed in the 1955 amnesty, returned to Cuba and after another failed attack retreated to the mountains to wage a guerrilla war. By 1958 the general situation of the country had become difficult, opposition forces had grown in size and won a number of victories, and some of Batista's officials had deserted. On January 1, 1959, Batista resigned and flew to the Dominican Republic. In August of the same year, Batista moved to Portugal where he resided until his death in Marbella, Spain, on August 6, 1973. During those years he wrote extensively and corresponded with prominent literary and political figures including both former allies and adversaries.

From the description of The Fulgencio Batista Zaldívar Collection 1933-1973. (University of Miami). WorldCat record id: 184905056

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Records of the Office of War Information. 1926 - 1951. Motion Picture Films from "United News" Newsreels. 1942 - 1945. MACARTHUR BLASTS JAPANESE FROM NEW GUINEA [ETC.]
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. NEWS OF THE DAY NO. 226
referencedIn WPIX, Inc., Collection. 1948 - 1953. Assorted Films. 1948 - 1960. Castro -- Cuba, Castro, and Communism
referencedIn George S. Messersmith papers, 1907-1955 University of Delaware Library - Special Collections
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. USAF "GOODWILL" TOUR National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Wallace, Tom, 1874-1961. Tom Wallace papers, 1925-1960. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn Paramount Pictures, Inc., Collection. 1951 - 1951. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1941 - 3/1957. PARAMOUNT NEWS (MAR. 12]
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. PRESIDENT BATISTA OF CUBA ARRIVES AT BOLLING FIELD AND IS GREETED BY PRESIDENT ROOSEVELT
referencedIn Paramount Pictures, Inc., Collection. 1951 - 1951. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1941 - 3/1957. PARAMOUNT NEWS [APRIL 17]
referencedIn Reid, Ogden R. (Ogden Rogers), 1925-. Ogden Rogers Reid papers, 1925-1982 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Paramount Pictures, Inc., Collection. 1951 - 1951. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1941 - 3/1957. PARAMOUNT NEWS [DEC. 16]
creatorOf Batista y Zaldívar, Fulgencio, 1901-1973. The Fulgencio Batista Zaldívar Collection 1933-1973. University of Miami, Otto G. Richter Library
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. PRESIDENT BATISTA VISITS USS CANBERRA
referencedIn General Records of the Department of State. 1763 - 2002. Moving Images Relating to U.S. Foreign Policy and Foreign Relations. 1911 - 1972. NEWS REVIEW [NO. 1] National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Serafino Romualdi papers, 1936-1967 [bulk 1946-1966]. Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library
referencedIn Papers, 1955. University of Florida
referencedIn United States. Dept. of State. Confidential U.S. diplomatic post records: Cuba, 1930-1945 (inclusive), [microform]. Yale University Library
referencedIn Herbert Lionel Matthews Papers, 1909-2002, [Bulk Dates: 1937-1976]. Columbia University. Rare Book and Manuscript Library,
referencedIn Fulgencio Batista Inauguration Collection, circa 1955 Special and Area Studies Collections, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
referencedIn Ruttenberg, Harold J. Papers of Harold J. Ruttenberg, 1932-1998. University of Pittsburgh
referencedIn Romualdi, Serafino, 1900-1967. Series 1. Latin American correspondence, 1943-1966, bulk, 1950-1965. Cornell University Library
referencedIn González del Valle Ríos, Antolín. [Fulgencio Batista : colección de panfletos = Fulgencio Batista : pamphlet collection]. University of Miami, Otto G. Richter Library
referencedIn Ogden Rogers Reid papers, 1925-1982 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Matthews, Herbert Lionel, 1900-. Herbert Lionel Matthews papers, 1909-2002 [Bulk Dates: 1937-1976]. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Paramount Pictures, Inc., Collection. 1951 - 1951. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1941 - 3/1957. PARAMOUNT NEWS [JULY 15] United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Paramount Pictures, Inc., Collection. 1951 - 1951. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1941 - 3/1957. PARAMOUNT NEWS [JULY 25]
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Batista family. family
associatedWith Matthews, Herbert Lionel, 1900- person
associatedWith Messersmith, George S., (George Strausser), 1883-1960 person
associatedWith Otto G. Richter Library. corporateBody
associatedWith Reid, Ogden R. (Ogden Rogers), 1925- person
associatedWith Romualdi, Serafino person
associatedWith Romualdi, Serafino, 1900-1967. person
associatedWith Ruttenberg, Harold J. person
associatedWith United States. Dept. of State. corporateBody
associatedWith Wallace, Tom, 1874-1961. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Cuba
Subject
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1901-01-16

Death 1973-08-06

Cubans

Spanish; Castilian,

English

Information

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Ark ID: w63v0hsw

SNAC ID: 58072786