Archives of Irish America.
The Material Culture collection compliments the entire Archives of Irish America in that its contents ... The unique format of many of the materials - hats, t-shirts, bumper stickers - provide insight to scholars and researchers in the methods used to convey information within the Irish-American community.
From the guide to the Archives of Irish America Material Culture and Ephemera Collection, 1915-2005, (Tamiment Library / Wagner Archives)
The materials in this collection were collected and assembled by the staff of the Archives of Irish America and various donors in an attempt to document the variety of materials produced by and for the Irish American community in support of and reaction to Republican activities in the United States, the Republic of Ireland, and Northern Ireland.
From the guide to the Irish Republicanism Collection, Bulk, 1970-1995, 1937-2003, (Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive)
The Vertical Files collection compliments the collections in the Archives of Irish America in that it provides information on many topics and individuals not formally represented in the collections. The unique format of many of the materials - fliers, posters, pamphlets - provide insight to scholars and researchers in the methods used to convey information within the Irish-American community.
From the guide to the Archives of Irish America Vertical Files, Bulk, 1970-2009, 1866-2009, (Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive)
The materials in this collection were collected, purchased, and assembled by the staff of the Archives of Irish America and various donors in an attempt to document the variety of pamphlets produced by and for the Irish American community.
From the guide to the Archives of Irish America Pamphlet Collection, 1843-1992, (Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive)
Emerald Societies are fraternal and family organizations whose members are of Irish American ancestry. The societies exist to promote and foster an appreciation and cultivation of the heritage and culture of the Irish American community as well as provide a common meeting place for activities and events, often charitable in nature. Societies are often found within organizations, as this collection illustrates, including the Fire Department, Departments of Police and Correctional Officers, and the Board of Education, among others. Emerald Societies exist all over the United States. This collection represents a portion of the societies in New York City and State.
From the guide to the Emerald Societies of New York Records, 1977-2004, (Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive)
The materials in this collection were collected and assembled by the staff of the Archives of Irish America and various donors in an attempt to document the variety of newspapers and other publications produced by and for the Irish American community.
From the guide to the Archives of Irish America Newspapers and Periodicals Collection, Bulk, 1964-2005, 1811-2011, (Tamiment Library / Wagner Archives)
The Consulate General of Ireland in New York City provides assistance and information to Irish citizens both visiting and living in New York including passport and visa services, authentication of documents, and advice for foreign travel. The Consulate is a branch of the Embassy of Ireland which is headquartered in Washington D.C.
From the guide to the Consulate General of Ireland Records, 1975-1998, (Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive)
The Gaelic Society of New York was one of the earliest American organizations established to promote Irish as a spoken language. It was founded in 1875, following the establishment of the Philo-Celtic Society of Boston (1873) and the Brooklyn Philo-Celtic Society (1874). The fist preliminary meeting for the Society was held on December 12, 1894 to consider the feasibility of organizing a group to promote further understanding of the language, history, antiquities, literature, music, and art of Ireland. The Society established its headquarters at 47 West 42nd Street and continued to operate in Manhattan, from offices at the City University of New York’s John Jay College, into the 1970s. Thereafter, its library moved to Mineola, New York, using space provided by the Irish American Society of Nassau, Suffolk and Queens.
Historically, Irish immigrants arriving in New York City in the 19th century were initially monoglot Irish speakers. The use of Irish in Ireland and areas of Irish immigration dramatically declined later in the century due to a variety of causes, including colonization and national education initiatives. Most first-generation New York Irish were bilingual at mid-century; thereafter English increasingly dominated, contributing to important social and economic advances among the immigrant population.
Starting around 1850, individuals and organizations began to make efforts to preserve the Irish language in New York City. Several publications, including weekly newspapers like the Irish American ran columns in Irish. In the early 1870s the Irish World encouraged native speakers to teach classes to cultivate the spoken language. Among the first organizations founded to sponsor language classes were the Philo-Celtic Society of Boston, the Brooklyn Philo-Celtic Society, and the Gaelic Society of New York. These American organizations predate the establishment of the Society for the Preservation of the Irish Language founded in Dublin, Ireland in 1876. In New York, teachers and scholars such as David O’Keefe, Michael Logan, and Daniel Magner provided instruction for students both Irish-born and Irish American.
From the guide to the Gaelic Society of New York Records, Bulk, 1894-1951, 1894-1977, (Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive)
The Ancient Order of Hibernians (AOH) is a Catholic, Irish American fraternal Organization founded in New York City in 1836. The Order traces its roots back to similar societies that existed in Ireland for over 300 years beginning in the mid-16th century. While the AOH now resides in the United States, Canada, and the United Kingdom, the United States AOH is a separate and much larger organization.
Like its early Irish predecessors, the AOH was formed to protect the welfare of its Irish-Catholic members. On May 4, 1836, the AOH in America was founded at New York's St. James Church by men emulating these Irish societies, to protect the clergy and churches from the violent American nativists who attacked Irish Catholic immigrants and Church property. At the same time the vast influx of Irish Immigrants fleeing Ireland’s Great Hunger in the late 1840's prompted a growth in many Irish societies in the USA - the largest of which was and continues to be the AOH.
Active across the United States, the Order seeks to aid the newly-arrived Irish, both socially and economically. The many Divisions and club facilities located throughout the U.S. have traditionally been among the first to welcome new Irish immigrants. Here, the Irish culture -- art, dance, music, and sports are fostered and preserved. The AOH has been at the forefront of issues concerning the Irish, such as immigration reform, economic incentives (both domestic and in Ireland), the human rights issues addressed in the MacBride Legislation, Right-To-Life, and a peaceful and just solution to the issues that divide Ireland.
The AOH in America is partitioned into Divisions, County Boards, and State Boards, and is governed by a National Board elected every two years. The Division is the basic unit in the Order, and membership in a Division is membership in the Order. Even County, State, and National Officers, maintain membership in a local Division. Annual dances, concerts, and parades sponsored by all levels of the Order raise millions for charity, while providing a showcase for the positive contributions of the Irish to every walk of American life.
The Ladies Ancient Order of Hibernians is an associate organization of the AOH but was not officially recognized until 1894 in Omaha, Nebraska. The LAOH recognizes values and missions similar to AOH, and they often conduct activities together. Originally called the "Daughters of Erin," the LAOH has changed names several times up to 1984 when it became the Ladies Ancient Order of Hibernians.
From the guide to the Collection on the Ancient Order of Hibernians, Bulk, 1970-2000, 1903-2008, (Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive)
James Paul [sometimes listed as Patrick] Sullivan was the third of six surviving children born to Irish immigrants Jeremiah Sullivan, a grocer, and his wife Elizabeth Flynn, who arrived in the United States in 1870 and 1875 respectively. Young J.P., or Jim, was born on February 28, 1885 and spent his early years in Manhattan where he attended P.S. 14 on East 27th Street and joined the track team of the St. Bartholomew Boys Club and, later, of the 22nd Regiment. By that time, six foot tall Jim could run a mile in 4:50. In September 1905 at the New York Metro Senior American Athletic Union Championships, Sullivan ran the mile in 4:22 creating a new American record. After impressive showings at the Canadian Championships and the New York Athletic Club Games that same month, he became known in the press as “4:22 Jim” and by March 1906 had been selected for the American Olympic team.
Athens, Greece was the site for a special international athletic meeting known as the Intercalated Games scheduled between the 1904 and 1908 Olympic years. The American Olympic team sailed from New York City on the S.S. Barbarosa on 31 March 1906 with James P. Sullivan aboard, on leave from his position as a junior clerk with the Department of Education’s Bureau of Buildings.
In Athens, Sullivan competed in the 800 meter race but did not qualify for the final. He also ran in the 1500 meter race, finishing fifth. His second place win at the Olympic Trials in Philadelphia in June 1908 made him one of thirteen members of the Irish American Athletic Club selected to represent the United States at the 1908 Olympic Games in London.
But, once again, Jim Sullivan did not bring home an Olympic medal. Nevertheless, he was part of an historic track-and-field team competing under the American flag – IAAC teammates Martin Sheridan, John J. Hayes, and Mel Sheppard, for example, brought home the gold in discus throw, Greek discus, the marathon, and the 1500 meter respectively – a team that was fêted upon their return to New York with a parade down Fifth Avenue and a reception at Sagamore Hill on Long Island with President Theodore Roosevelt.
Jim Sullivan continued running competitively until 1912, despite surgery for a tendon injury and times for the mile – like 4:24 or 4:29 – that never beat his personal best. In 1910 and 1911 his image was selected for two series of tobacco cards (Hassan and Mecca) featuring Champion Athletes and Prizefighters.
He married Grace Burke in 1913 – the daughter of Irish immigrants, Richard (a broker at the Custom House) and Mary – and they raised two children, Richard and Elise, on his job as a clerk for the Kings County Court, a position he held until 1958. James P. Sullivan died on 9 April 1965 at age 79.
From the guide to the James P. Sullivan Collection, 1905-1908, (Tamiment Library / Wagner Archives)
The Gaelic Athletic Association (GAA) was established in Ireland in 1884 as a part of the Gaelic Revival as a way to encourage the playing of Gaelic football and hurling. Local chapters were opened in Ireland and America throughout the late nineteenth and twentieth centuries. While Gaelic games had been played in America since the Irish first emigrated, play was not fully standardized until enthusiasts in New York formed the city’s first GAA Board in 1914. They also sought to organize games with teams in other cities along the East Coast. There were three fields of note in New York City for much of the twentieth century: Celtic Park in Queens, the Polo Grounds in Upper Manhattan, and Gaelic Park (a.k.a. Croke Park) in the Bronx.
One of the highlights for the New York GAA was the 1947 All-Ireland Gaelic Football Final between Cavan and Kerry. Played at the Polo Grounds, it is the only All-Ireland final played outside of Ireland. It was held in New York to commemorate 100th anniversary of the worst year of the Great Famine, and the thousands of Irish who came to New York as a consequence.
Interest in football and hurling is dependent upon immigration from Ireland and there was a slump in the 1970s. However, the 1980s revived the local GAA, as the influx of undocumented Irish brought with it new players.
From the guide to the Gaelic Athletic Association (GAA) of New York Collection, Bulk, 1980-2000, 1944-2005, (Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive)
Irish county organizations were first organized in New York City in the late 1840s. The early societies were for the most part purely social organizations, but in the 1870s some started to offer benefits for sickness and death. Sports teams eventually became an important component of county organizations, especially hurling and Gaelic football clubs. In the 1880s, inspired by the land reform movement in Ireland, many additional county societies were organized. Evictions and high rents were often fought on a local basis in Ireland, and in New York a county society rather than one of the broader Irish fraternal or social organizations could often respond better or faster to sudden developments in the old country. In the early 1890s the first attempt was made to establish a central body to coordinate the Irish county societies; such an organization was set up in Manhattan and at the same time a similar coordinating body was formed in Brooklyn, where many county societies existed independently. Both of these overseeing bodies were similar in design to the present-day United Irish Counties Association (UICA), but after only a few years of work the early umbrella organizations went out of existence.
A detailed and informative history of county societies in New York by John T. Ridge, Mary McMullan and Mae O'Driscoll(from which the text above was excerpted and adapted) can be found on the UICA web site, at:
From the guide to the Archives of Irish America County Societies Collection, Bulk, 1970-2001, 1906-2007, (Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive)
Irish county organizations were first organized in New York City in the late 1840s. The early societies were for the most part purely social organizations, but in the 1870s some of them started to offer benefits for sickness and death. As the Irish settled into different areas of the city, individual county societies became more prevalent. With the growth of Irish sports, these county societies were even more important. The United Irish Counties Association organized in 1904 as the Irish Counties Athletic Union, as an organization to coordinate and provide venues for sporting events and dances. The goal was to reunite the individual Irish Societies under one umbrella organization, to establish a "central unit of administration to guide and coordinate the activities of the Irish County Organizations," according to the history written by James Comerford, former President of the UICA. (See Box 3, Folder 18.) In 1907, the name was changed to United Irish Counties Association (UICA) with the aim of providing more Irish activities in addition to sports and dances. The purpose of the UICA as articulated in its incorporation papers is to "aid and encourage the members of the Irish race in this State (New York) in taking advantage of all the educational and business opportunities; to furnish information and advice to them on all matters relating to high schools, night schools, trade schools, civil service and commercial opportunities." The organization also promotes activities to preserve and promote the traditional culture if the Irish. This is realized in the Feis, an annual celebration of Irish music, dance, song and athletics.
For more information, visit: http://www.uicany.org/United_Irish_Counties/History.html
From the guide to the United Irish Counties Association Records, 1931-2007, (Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive)
|associatedWith||Adams, Gerry, 1948-||person|
|associatedWith||American Conference for Irish Studies. American Committee for Irish Studies.||corporateBody|
|associatedWith||American Ireland Fund, The.||corporateBody|
|associatedWith||American-Irish Historical Society.||corporateBody|
|associatedWith||American Irish Unity Committee.||corporateBody|
|associatedWith||Ancient Order of Hibernians.||corporateBody|
|associatedWith||Claidheamh Soluis (New York, N.Y.).||corporateBody|
|associatedWith||Connolly, James, 1868-1916||person|
|associatedWith||Cork Workers' Club.||corporateBody|
|associatedWith||Cudahy, John J., 1920-||person|
|associatedWith||De Valera, Eamon, 1882-1975||person|
|associatedWith||Diana, Princess of Wales, 1961-1997||person|
|associatedWith||Doherty, Joseph Patrick, 1955-||person|
|associatedWith||Emerald Isle Immigration Center.||corporateBody|
|associatedWith||Flannery, Michael, 1902-1994||person|
|associatedWith||Friendly Sons of St. Patrick.||corporateBody|
|associatedWith||Gaelic Athletic Association.||corporateBody|
|associatedWith||Gilroy, John G.||person|
|associatedWith||Glucksman Ireland House. New York University.||corporateBody|
|associatedWith||Goulding, Cathal, 1922-1998||person|
|associatedWith||Gralton, Jimmy, 1886-1945||person|
|associatedWith||Ireland. Consulate General (New York, N.Y.).||corporateBody|
|associatedWith||Irish American Athletic Club.||corporateBody|
|associatedWith||Irish American Building Society.||corporateBody|
|associatedWith||Irish American Cultural Institute.||corporateBody|
|associatedWith||Irish American Unity Conference.||corporateBody|
|associatedWith||Irish echo (Boston, Mass. : 1981).||corporateBody|
|associatedWith||Irish Northern Aid.||corporateBody|
|associatedWith||Irish Northern Aid Committee.||corporateBody|
|associatedWith||Irish Republican Army.||corporateBody|
|associatedWith||Irish Republican Information Service.||corporateBody|
|associatedWith||Irish Transport & General Workers' Union .||corporateBody|
|associatedWith||Irish voice (New York, N.Y.) .||corporateBody|
|associatedWith||Kennedy, Edward M. (Edward Moore), 1932-2009||person|
|associatedWith||Kennedy, John F. (John Fitzgerald), 1917-1963||person|
|associatedWith||Knights of Columbus.||corporateBody|
|associatedWith||Larkin, James, 1876-1947||person|
|associatedWith||McAliskey, Bernadette Devlin, 1947-||person|
|associatedWith||Moynihan, Daniel P. (Daniel Patrick), 1927-2003||person|
|associatedWith||New Ireland Forum.||corporateBody|
|associatedWith||O'Casey, Sean, 1880-1964||person|
|associatedWith||O'Hara, Maureen, 1920-||person|
|associatedWith||O'Reilly, Gerald, 1903-1990||person|
|associatedWith||Russell, George William, 1867-1935||person|
|associatedWith||Sands, Bobby, d. 1981||person|
|associatedWith||Sheehy-Skeffington, Francis, 1878-1916||person|
|associatedWith||Socialist Labor Party.||corporateBody|
|associatedWith||Spirit of Freedom.||corporateBody|
|associatedWith||Sullivan, James P., 1885-1965||person|
|associatedWith||The Irish people.||corporateBody|
|associatedWith||U2 (Musical group) .||corporateBody|
|associatedWith||United Irish Counties Association of N.Y.||corporateBody|
|associatedWith||World of Hibernia.||corporateBody|
|Place Name||Admin Code||Country|
|Ireland |x Politics and government |y 20th century.|
|Ireland |x History |y 20th century|
|San Francisco (Calif.)|
|Ireland |x History |y Easter Rising, 1916|
|Northern Ireland |x History |y 1969-1994.|
|Hunger strikes--Northern Ireland|
|Bloody Sunday, Derry, Northern Ireland, 1972|
|Irish Americans--New York (State)--New York--Politics and government|
|Irish Americans--Social life and customs|
|Irish Americans--Societies, etc|