City Club of New York

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Albert S. Bard (1866-1963) was an attorney and civic activist in New York City. A graduate of Amherst College and Harvard Law School, Bard came to New York City in 1893, where he engaged in the practice of corporation and general law until a few years before his death. From 1901-1935 (or 1938) he practiced with his partner, Leighton Calkins (1868-1955), under the firm name of Bard & Calkins at 25 Broad Street. Bard continued to practice law until 1960. Bard was an energetic participant in civic and urban affairs and a member of numerous civic and professional organizations, to which he contributed his legal expertise. As a preservationist, he opposed many of Robert Moses' plans for the development of New York City. He successfully organized opposition to the Brooklyn-Battery Bridge project and was instrumental in the preservation of Castle Clinton. Bard also retained life-long affiliations with his hometown of Norwich, Connecticut, and the schools he attended.

From the guide to the Albert S. Bard papers, 1893-1962, (The New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division.)

The City Club of New York was founded in 1892 by Edmond Kelly as a men's club to promote effective and honest government in New York City.

From the description of City Club of New York records, 1896-1925. (New York Public Library). WorldCat record id: 122485600

The City Club of New York was founded in 1892 by Edmond Kelly as a mens club to promote effective and honest government in New York City. Kelly (1851-1909) was a lawyer, political reformer and sociologist, born in France to American parents. Kelly returned to the United States with his parents in 1868. After completing his formal education with an LL.B, in 1877, Kelly embarked upon a career in the business world. What propelled Kelly to prominence was his advocacy against the political machine. Kelly was noted for overturning the Tammany machine that wrought corruption in New York City. This served as an incentive for the formation of the City Club of New York

The Constitution, Article I, (amended March 18, 1907) states: The purpose of the City Club of New York shall be to aid in securing permanent good government for the City of New York through the election and the appointment of honest and able municipal officers and the establishment of a clear and stable system of laws relating to the city. With this objective in their constitution, the City Club was established as a non-partisan and pro-active organization that would serve as a watchdog to promote effective and good government.

The City Club administration was made up of the President, Board of Trustees, Executive Committee (enforced the orders of the Board), and other committees devoted to specific issues such as subways, the environment, elections, club membership, and city government practices. Over time, the committees would evolve and change as different issues became a focal point. The Club took positions on cable franchises, pollution, rejection of New York City as the 51st state, campaign finance reform, support of term limits, and conducted Public Policy Forums. The City Club also joined other organizations such as the Citizens Union, Common Cause/NY, the New York Public Interest Group, and the Women's City Club of New York to petition the government. The City Club positions on issues were frequently published in The New York Times, the Daily News, and the New York Post as well as in its own publications. The City Club Bulletin was the first newsletter, published from September 1895 through 1940. A new newsletter, City Club Comments, was created in 1959. It was edited for years by I. D. Robbins (former president and board member) and his wife Caroline Robbins. Comments was succeeded in 1978 by The Gadfly. This new publication was founded by Stanley Turkel. The word gadfly described in an American dictionary as "a purposely annoying or provoking person.." This was the purpose of the newsletter, to heighten the awareness of the public about issues of importance to New York City. A feature of the Gadfly was "Impertinent Questions in Search of Pertinent Answers" which contained open questions to elected officials regarding important issues of the day.

Special events sponsored by the City Club include: the Friday Roundtable Luncheons, the Distinguished New Yorker Dinners, the Albert S. Bard Awards, and the Richard S. Childs Lectureship. The City Club Roundtable Luncheons meet once a week on Friday (except during the summer). At these Luncheons, the invited speaker, usually a member, made a presentation. The Distinguished New Yorker Dinners, established in 1969, are held annually as a fund-raiser to honor a New Yorker who made a memorable contribution to civic well-being. Jacob S. Potofsky, President of the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America was the first person selected to be honored. Named in honor of Albert S. Bard (1867-1963) who fought for the improvement of civic life in New York City, the Bard Awards for Excellence in Architecture and Urban Design were first given in 1963. The Richard S. Childs Lectureship in Municipal Administration was established by the City Club Research Foundation during the celebration of Childs' 95th birthday in 1977. Childs was a reformer and civic leader who served as President of the City Club from 1930 to 1942.

The City Club dissolved in 2009 after a century of public service on behalf of New Yorkers.

From the guide to the City Club of New York records, 1896-2005, (The New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division.)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Robbins, I. D., 1913-. Reminiscences of I. D. Robbins : oral history, 1976. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Hapgood, Norman, 1868-1937,. Typescript letter signed from Norman Hapgood, New York, to William Winter [manuscript], 1910 February 8. Folger Shakespeare Library
creatorOf City Club of New York records, 1896-2005 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Papers, 1927-1984 Harvard Law School Library Langdell Hall Cambridge, MA 02138
referencedIn Childs, Richard S. (Richard Spencer), b. 1882. Reminiscences of Richard Spencer Childs : oral history, 1975. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn New York Botanical Garden. Award certificates, [ca. 1940-1980] Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Meier mss., 1927-2010 Lilly Library (Indiana University, Bloomington)
referencedIn Bard, Albert Sprague, 1866-. Albert S. Bard papers, 1893-1962. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn John Jay Chapman papers concerning Dante's "Divine comedy" in translation, 1889-1892. Houghton Library
referencedIn Bowker, R. R. (Richard Rogers), 1848-1933. Richard Rogers Bowker Papers, 1856-1958. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Grosvenor Neighborhood House. Grosvenor Neighborhood House records, 1913-1990s. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Albert S. Bard papers, 1893-1962 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf City Club of New York. [Collection of reports and publications of the City Club of New York]. New-York Historical Society
creatorOf City Club of New York. Correspondence with Theodore Dreiser, ca. 1914-1938. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf City Club of New York. City Club of New York records, 1896-1925. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Richard Rogers Bowker papers, 1856-1958 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn R.H. Burnside Papers, 1893-1949 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Richard Aldrich papers, 1842-1956 (inclusive), 1883-1938 (bulk). Houghton Library
referencedIn Hand, Learned, 1872-1961. Papers, 1840-1961 Harvard Law School Library Langdell Hall Cambridge, MA 02138
creatorOf City Club of New York. Letter, 1941, to Lewis Mumford. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Aldrich, Richard, 1863-1937 person
associatedWith American Civic Association corporateBody
associatedWith American Planning and Civic Association corporateBody
associatedWith Art Commission of the City of New York corporateBody
associatedWith Baird family family
associatedWith Bard, Albert Sprague. person
associatedWith Bard, Albert Sprague, 1866- person
associatedWith Bard & Calkins corporateBody
associatedWith Bard, Charles, 1827-1921 person
associatedWith Bowker, R. R. (Richard Rogers), 1848-1933. person
associatedWith Burnside, R. H., 1870-1952 person
associatedWith Calkins, Leighton person
correspondedWith Casner, A. James, 1907-1990 person
associatedWith Chadbourne, William Merriam, 1879-1964 person
associatedWith Chapman, John Jay, 1862-1933 person
associatedWith Childs, Richard S. (Richard Spencer), b. 1882. person
associatedWith Citizens Union of the City of New York corporateBody
associatedWith City Fusion Campaign Committee corporateBody
associatedWith Constantin, Arnaud de. person
associatedWith Curry, S. S. (Samuel Silas), 1847-1921 person
associatedWith Desmond, Thomas C person
associatedWith Deye, John person
associatedWith Dougherty, J. Hampden (John Hampden), 1849-1918 person
associatedWith Ely, Robert Erskine, b. 1861 person
associatedWith Fine Arts Federation of New York corporateBody
associatedWith Grosvenor Neighborhood House. corporateBody
associatedWith Hallett, George H person
associatedWith Hand, Learned, 1872-1961 person
associatedWith Hapgood, Norman, 1868-1937, person
associatedWith Honest Ballot Association corporateBody
associatedWith Howes, William F. person
associatedWith Isaacs, Stanley M. (Stanley Myer), 1882-1962 person
associatedWith Iselin, Hope Goddard person
associatedWith Kelly, Edmond, 1851-1909. person
associatedWith Kirkbridge, Franklin Butler, 1867-1955 person
associatedWith Lawton, Elizabeth Boyd, 1873-1952 person
associatedWith Loeffler, Herman C person
associatedWith McAneny, George, 1870-1953 person
associatedWith Meier, Deborah person
associatedWith Municipal Art Society of New York corporateBody
associatedWith National Committee for Restriction of Outdoor Advertising corporateBody
associatedWith National Council for the Protection of Roadside Beauty (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith National Roadside Council corporateBody
associatedWith National Serigraph Society corporateBody
associatedWith New York Botanical Garden. corporateBody
associatedWith New York State Roadside Council corporateBody
associatedWith New York Young Republican Club corporateBody
associatedWith Norwich Society of New York corporateBody
associatedWith Proportional Representation League corporateBody
associatedWith Purdy, Lawson, 1863-1959. person
associatedWith Reform Club (New York, N.Y.) corporateBody
associatedWith Regional Plan Association (New York, N.Y.) corporateBody
associatedWith Riis, Roger William, 1895-1953 person
associatedWith Robbins, I. D., 1913- person
associatedWith Robinson, Beverley B person
associatedWith Schieffelin, William Jay, 1866- person
associatedWith School Art League of New York City corporateBody
associatedWith Smith, Alfred Emanuel, 1873-1944. person
associatedWith Stearns, Charles Falconer, 1866-1946 person
associatedWith Stetson, Francis Lynde, 1846-1920 person
associatedWith Welling, Richard, 1858-1946. person
associatedWith Williams, Henry Davison, 1863- person
associatedWith Williams, Wheeler person
associatedWith Wright, Henry Collier, 1868-1935. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
New York (N.Y.)
New York (N.Y.)
New York (State)--New York
New York (N.Y.)
New York (N.Y.)
Subject
Advertising, Outdoor
Billboards
City planning
Civic improvement
Civic improvement
Clubs
Clubs
Local elections
Proportional representation
Refuse and refuse disposal
Refuse and refuse disposal
Snow removal
Snow removal
Street cleaning
Street cleaning
Urban renewal
Occupation
Lawyers
Activity

Corporate Body

Active 1893

Active 1962

Americans

Information

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