Bush, George, 1796-1859

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George Bush was a prominent mid-century biblical scholar, preacher and controversialist. After graduation from Dartmouth in 1818 and study at Princeton Theological Seminary, Bush was ordained at the Salem (Indiana) Presbytery in 1825, and was appointed pastor in Indianapolis. His religious views, described as 'liberal' or 'progressive,' rapidly came into conflict with those of his more conservative parishioners and in 1828, this conflict resulted in his termination.

From 1831 to 1847, Bush was a professor of Hebrew and Oriental languages at New York University and pursued a prolific publishing career that established a strong scholarly reputation. His publications show the earmarks of an encyclopedic knowledge and a highly rational approach to theological and scriptural questions. His fame as a preacher and educator blossomed at N.Y.U., and during this time, too, he became a committed advocate for the immediate abolition of slavery.

In the early 1840's, Bush developed what was to become a lifelong interest in the New Jerusalem Church, to which he officially converted in 1845, as well as in spiritualism and mesmerism. Although he rejected ecclesiastical rites, he consented to ordaination in the New Church in 1848. With an international repuation already established on the basis of his scholarship, Bush soon became one of the more prominent spokesmen for New Church views in America, and made significant contributions to the spread of the Church in both the U.S. and Britain. He served as editor of the New Church Review and the spiritualist magazine, The Hierophant, and authored numerous Swedenborgian tracts, including the widely read Statement of reasons for believing the doctrines and disclosures of Emanuel Swedenborg (1846) and Mesmer and Swedenborg (1847). Bush continued his promotional work for the New Church until his death in 1859.

From the description of Papers, 1830-1859. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 122506812

George Bush (1796-1859) was a prominent biblical scholar, preacher and controversialist. After graduation from Dartmouth in 1818 and study at Princeton Theological Seminary, Bush was ordained at the Salem Presbytery in Indiana (1825) and was appointed pastor of a church in Indianapolis. His religious views, described as 'liberal' or 'progressive,' rapidly came into conflict with those of his more conservative parishioners and in 1828, this conflict culminated in his termination, following a statement in which he disputed the scriptural authority of Presbyterian church government.

From 1831 to 1847, Bush was Professor of Hebrew and Oriental Literature at New York University and pursued a prolific publishing career that established a strong scholarly reputation. His contributions include The Life of Mohammed (1830), A Grammar of the Hebrew Language (1835), an extensive series of commentaries on books of the Old Testament, and the highly controversial Anastasis: or, the doctrine of the resurrection of the Body, rationally and scripturally considered (1844), all showing the marks of Bush's encyclopedic knowledge and his highly rationalistic approach to theological and scriptural questions. His fame as a preacher and educator blossomed at N.Y.U., and during this time he also became a committed advocate for the immediate abolition of slavery.

In the early 1840's, Bush developed what was to become a lifelong interest in spiritualism and mesmerism. 1845 he converted to the New Jerusalem Church (also know as The Swedenborgian Church in North America) based on the writing of Emanuel Swedenborg. Although Bush rejected ecclesiastical rites, he consented to ordination in the New Church in 1848. With an international reputation already established in the basis of his scholarship, Bush soon became one of the most prominent spokesmen of New Church views, and he made significant contributions to the spread of the church in both the U.S. and Britain. Bush served as editor for the New Church Review and the spiritualist magazine, The Hierophant, and he authored and helped disseminate a large number of Swedenborgian tracts, including the widely read Statement of reasons for believing the doctrines and disclosures of Emanuel Swedenborg (1846) and Mesmer and Swedenborg (1847). Bush continued his promotional work for the New Church until his death, following a protracted and debilitating illness, in 1859.

From the guide to the George Bush papers, Bush, George, 1830-1859, (William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn University of Maryland College Republican Club records, 1948-1976, null University of Maryland
referencedIn Andreĭ Sakharov papers, 1852-2002 (inclusive), 1960-1990 (bulk). Houghton Library.
creatorOf Himes, Joshua V. (Joshua Vaughan), 1805-1895. Second Advent library. Volume 3. Loma Linda University, Del E. Webb Memorial Library
creatorOf George Bush letters, 1823-1858 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Cabell, Hannah Carrington, fl. 1751-1817,. Papers of the Joseph Carrington Cabell family, 1790-1890. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn George Mason University photograph collection, 1950s-2007 George Mason University. Special Collections and Archives.
referencedIn Dickinson family library, 1810-1977. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Autograph File, B, ca.1500-1976. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Gore Vidal papers, 1875-2004 (inclusive), 1936-2000 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn William C. Friday Papers, 1942-1999 and undated (bulk 1985-1999) University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library. Southern Historical Collection
referencedIn Ralph Waldo Emerson letters from various correspondents, ca. 1814-1882. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Bush, George 1796-1859. George Bush papers 1830-1859. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
referencedIn Lucius Lyon papers, Lyon, Lucius, papers, 1770-1934, 1833-1851 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Douglas Menuez photography collection, 1986-2006 Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
creatorOf Thayer, George W. Lucius Lyon papers, 1770-1934, bulk 1833-1851. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
referencedIn Papers of T. H. White, 1922-1986 Harvard University Archives.
referencedIn United States Sanitary Commission records. Army and Navy Claim Agency archives, 1861-1870 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Kenneth Hubbard Collection of Political Campaign Ephemera, 1880-2012 and undated David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
referencedIn Records, 1946-2000 Harvard Law School Library, Harvard University.
creatorOf Ropes family. Ropes Family Papers, 1702-1907. Peabody Essex Museum
creatorOf Bush, George, Rev., 1796-1859. Papers, 1830-1859. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
referencedIn Papers, 1834-1905 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
referencedIn Joseph R. Skeen Papers, 1972-2003 (bulk 1981-2002) New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology.
creatorOf George Bush papers, Bush, George, 1830-1859 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Bible record for the Bush and Loomis families, 1772-1914. [manuscript] New England Historic Genealogical Society
referencedIn The, Daily Worker, and, The Daily World, Photographs Collection, Bulk, 1930-1990, 1920-2001 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive
creatorOf George Bush letter, 1991 Sep 25 Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn "A SWEETE SAVOR for Woman, composed of the flowers of the Holy Schripture, for the most worthy amongst women, Anna the Queene, by hur handmaide A. W. [Anna Walker];" interspersed with poetry. At the end is some account of the writer's father, Sir Geo... British Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Alexander, Adam, 1772-1851. person
associatedWith Alexander, James W. (James Waddel), 1804-1859. person
associatedWith Alexander, Joseph A. (Joseph Addison), 1809-1860. person
associatedWith Arthur, Timothy Shay, 1809-1855. person
associatedWith Ballou, Adin, 1803-1890. person
associatedWith Beecher, Lyman, 1775-1863. person
associatedWith Bellows, Henry W. (Henry Whitney), 1814-1882. person
associatedWith Bohn, George Henry, 1796-1884. person
associatedWith Brown, Samuel Gilman, 1813-1885. person
associatedWith Bushnell, Horace, 1802-1876. person
associatedWith Clissold, Augustus, 1797?-1882. person
associatedWith College Republican Club, University of Maryland corporateBody
associatedWith Communist Party of the United States of America. corporateBody
associatedWith Cralle, Richard K., d.1864. person
associatedWith Crawford, Thomas, 1813?-1857. person
associatedWith Davidson, Samuel, 1806-1898. person
associatedWith Davis, Alexander Jackson, 1803-1892. person
associatedWith Dickinson family, collector. family
correspondedWith Emerson, Ralph Waldo, 1803-1882 person
associatedWith Felton, Cornelius, 1807-1862. person
associatedWith Folsom, Nathaniel Smith, 1806-1890. person
associatedWith Forrest, Edwin, 1806-1872. person
associatedWith Frelinghuysen, Theodore, 1787-1862. person
associatedWith Friday, William C. (William Clyde). person
associatedWith Garrison, William Lloyd, 1805-1879. person
associatedWith George Mason University. Special Collections and Archives. corporateBody
associatedWith Gordon, William Robert, 1811-1897. person
associatedWith Green, William Henry, 1825-1900. person
associatedWith Harris, Thomas Lake, 1823-1906. person
correspondedWith Harvard Law School Forum corporateBody
associatedWith Hodge, Charles, 1797-1878. person
associatedWith Hubbard, Kenneth person
associatedWith Huntingdon, Frederic Dan, 1819-1904. person
correspondedWith HUNTTING - RUDD FAMILY family
associatedWith Kellogg, Miner K., 1814-1889. person
associatedWith LeBoys des Guay, Jean-Francois-Etienne, 1794-1864. person
associatedWith Lewis, Tayler, 1802-1877. person
associatedWith May, Samuel J. (Samuel Joseph), 1797-1871. person
associatedWith Menuez, Doug person
associatedWith New Jerusalem Church. corporateBody
associatedWith Pond, Enoch, 1791-1882. person
associatedWith Ropes family. family
correspondedWith Sakharov, Andreĭ, 1921-1989 person
associatedWith Sears, Edmund H. (Edmund Hamilton), 1810-1876. person
associatedWith Skeen, Joe person
associatedWith Smith, Gerrit, 1797-1874. person
associatedWith Smith, John Pye, 1774-1851. person
associatedWith Stanhope, Philip Henry, 1781-1855. person
associatedWith Stowe, Calvin Ellis, 1802-1885. person
associatedWith Sunderland, La Roy, 1804-1885. person
associatedWith Tafel, Emanuel, 1796-1863. person
associatedWith Tappan, Henry Philip, 1805-1881. person
associatedWith Thayer, George W. person
associatedWith Thayer, George W. person
associatedWith Tracy, Joseph, 1793?-1874. person
associatedWith United States Sanitary Commission corporateBody
associatedWith Vidal, Gore, 1925- person
correspondedWith White, Theodore Harold, 1915- person
associatedWith Wilkinson, James J. G., 1812-1899. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
United States
Great Britain
Subject
Abolitionists
Book reviewing
Evangelistic work
Slavery--Anti-slavery movements
Gifts
Swedenborgians
Publishers and Publishing
Preaching
Spiritualism
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1796-06-12

Death 1859-09-19

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