Rutgers University Oral History Archives Program.

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On July 1, 1994, the Department of History at Rutgers University established the Rutgers Oral History Archives of World War II with an initial gift of $100,000 from the Rutgers College Class of 1942. Under the direction of Professor G. Kurt Piehler (1994-1999) and Sandra Stewart Holyoak (1999-2011), this project has recorded the personal experiences of men and women, primarily Rutgers University alumni, who served on the home front and overseas. In 2000, the project expanded its scope to include those who bore witness to the Korean War, the Vietnam War and the Cold War. While recording oral histories remains the Archives primary goal, the administrators have also aimed to gather documentary materials from their subjects for deposit in Special Collections and University Archives at Alexander Library.

From the description of Rutgers University Veterans History Collection, 1942-1995. (Rutgers University). WorldCat record id: 767568175

The fiftieth anniversary of the end of the Second World War sparked a growing realization among both scholars and the public alike that a generation is in danger of disappearing from historical memory. Americans who came of age during the Great Depression and then went on to confront the twin threats of German fascism and Japanese militarism are now in their seventies and eighties. If we do not act immediately and record their oral memoirs and stories, we will forever prevent their experiences from becoming part of the historical record of this vital era.

On July 1, 1994, the Department of History at Rutgers-The State University of New Jersey established the Rutgers Oral History Archives of World War II with an initial gift of $100,000 from the Rutgers College Class of 1942. Under the direction of Professor G. Kurt Piehler, this archive records the personal experiences of the men and women who served on the homefront and overseas. The goals of the project are multifaceted and include:

Conducting in-depth interviews of individuals who lived through the Second World War II beginning with an initial target group of Rutgers College alumni and Douglass College alumnae (formally, New Jersey College for Women). Preserving the original interview tapes and edited transcripts in Rutgers Special Collection and University Archives at Alexander Library in New Brunswick. Alexander Library is the central research library for the humanities and social sciences in the Rutgers system. Encouraging individuals from the World War II era to make their personal papers and memorabilia available to scholars and the public by donating them to the Oral History Archives or to another appropriate institution. Disseminating the oral memoirs and other materials collected by the project to both the academic community and the general public through books, radio and television documentaries, and museum and library exhibits. Actively involving undergraduate students in the interviewing process, and the use of thematerial as well as fostering intergenerational bonds between them and the World War II generation. Offering other academic institutions a model project that demonstrates how alumni can be encouraged to take a greater part in the life of a university on all levels. Collaborating with other institutions to record the oral histories of other groups of men and women who came of age during the 1930s and 1940s.

There are a number of general oral histories of World War II, but the Rutgers project has focused initially on a target group of college educated men who attended Rutgers College and women who attended the New Jersey College for Women. We are focusing on this group in order to gain a better understanding of the impact of World War II on American higher education. In 1941, recent college graduates made up the bulk of the junior officer corps, and they played a crucial role in the postwar economic boom. In unprecedented numbers, female graduates entered a range of traditionally "male" occupations during the labor shortage. By interviewing individuals from the G.I. Bill classes, we seek to examine the reintegration of veterans in American society and whether this program opened educational opportunities.

The alumni/alumnae of Rutgers and the New Jersey College for Women have played a crucial role in the history of New Jersey. Our archives will offer incomparable resources for scholars and the public seeking to understand the history of the state, especially in the 1930s and 1940s. We will provide a base for historians seeking to compare other states and regions to New Jersey.

Initial interviews were conducted with members of the Class of 1942. Then, in the Summer and Fall of 1994, the project staff conducted a mass mailing to members of another prewar (1943) and a postwar (1949) class from Rutgers College. These two classes were selected in order to offer a comparative perspective on how the war impacted the group with college degrees going into the Second World War and those without a baccalaureate. The project is especially interested in documenting how the G.I. Bill transformed American higher education and society in general.

Through press announcements and other means, the staff has encouraged other Rutgers College alumni and New Jersey College for Women alumnae to participate in the project. Individuals willing to participate in the project are asked to complete a detailed survey that offers the project director and other interviewers a detailed biographical sketch of an individual's life, especially his or her war-time experiences. In the first year of the project's existence, it accumulated more than three-hundred completed surveys and more than 110 interviews.

The laborious process of transcription is the Achilles heel of any oral history project. Students and project interns transcribe interviews and Sandra Stewart Holyoak, the project director, reviews word for word resulting transcripts. After reviewing transcripts completed by students enrolled in this seminar, Mrs. Holyoak returns them to the interviewees for their comments and corrections. Project personnel encourage individuals to correct only minor errors of fact or grammar, and we seek to assure participants that they have ultimate ownership of their life story. After review and final editing, all transcripts and tapes are placed in the Rutgers Special Collections and University Archives.

Dr. G. Kurt Piehler, former director of the Oral History Archives, teaches in the history department at the University Tennessee in Knoxville, Tennessee. Professor Piehler's early scholarship has centered on questions of identity, memory, and the politics of commemoration. He is the author of several recently published articles and a book, Remembering War the American Way (Smithsonian Institution Press, 1995).

Sandra Stewart Holyoak currently serves as the director of the Rutgers Oral History Archives of World War II. A recent graduate of Rutgers, Ms. Holyoak supervises all interns and project staff, coordinates and conducts interviews, and provides editorial supervision and assistance to the preparation of all transcripts. Project research assistants supervise the preparation of transcripts and maintain the project correspondence. Their duties also include directing the work of the student interns, coordinating the interviewing schedule, and conducting preliminary pre-interview research.

Saun R. Illingworth, also a Rutgers gradaute, serves as the Assistant Ditector of the program. Along with Sandra Holyaok, Shaun conducts interviews, oversees the editing of transcripts, and coordinates numerous public programs and outreach initiatives that highlight the accomplishments of the progtam.

Thomas J. Frusciano, the University Archivist of Rutgers University, is responsible for processing and making available project interviews and other materials donated by interviewees to the Rutgers Archives.

Professor John W. Chambers, professor of history at Rutgers University in New Brunswick, New Jersey, serves as the chair of the project's advisory committee. He is the author of the book, To Raise an Army: The Draft Comes to Modern American (Free Press/Macmillan, 1987), and the editor-in-chief of The Oxford Companion to War, Peace, and Society.

All transcribed interviews are also available on the Rutgers Oral History Archives Website .

AG College of Agriculture COP College of Pharmacy DC Douglass College ENG College of Engineering GSE Graduate School of Education GSNB Graduate School-New Brunswick LAW Rutgers Law (Newark) NJC New Jersey College for Women (later Douglass College) Non-RU No Rutgers Affiliation RC Rutgers College R-N Rutgers-Newark RU-faculty Member of Rutgers Faculty UC University College

From the guide to the Guide to the Rutgers Oral History Archives Program Interview Transcripts, 1994-[ongoing], (Rutgers University Libraries. Special Collections and University Archives.)

The fiftieth anniversary of the end of the Second World War sparked a growing realization among both scholars and the public alike that a generation is in danger of disappearing from historical memory. Americans who came of age during the Great Depression and then went on to confront the twin threats of German fascism and Japanese militarism are now in their seventies and eighties. If we do not act immediately and record their oral memoirs and stories, we will forever prevent their experiences from becoming part of the historical record of this vital era.

On July 1, 1994, the Department of History at Rutgers-The State University of New Jersey established the Rutgers Oral History Archives of World War II with an initial gift of $100,000 from the Rutgers College Class of 1942. Under the direction of Professor G. Kurt Piehler, this archive records the personal experiences of the men and women who served on the homefront and overseas. The goals of the project are multifaceted and include:

Conducting in-depth interviews of individuals who lived through the Second World War II beginning with an initial target group of Rutgers College alumni and Douglass College alumnae (formally, New Jersey College for Women). Preserving the original interview tapes and edited transcripts in Rutgers Special Collection and University Archives at Alexander Library in New Brunswick. Alexander Library is the central research library for the humanities and social sciences in the Rutgers system. Encouraging individuals from the World War II era to make their personal papers and memorabilia available to scholars and the public by donating them to the Oral History Archives or to another appropriate institution. Disseminating the oral memoirs and other materials collected by the project to both the academic community and the general public through books, radio and television documentaries, and museum and library exhibits. Actively involving undergraduate students in the interviewing process, and the use of thematerial as well as fostering intergenerational bonds between them and the World War II generation. Offering other academic institutions a model project that demonstrates how alumni can be encouraged to take a greater part in the life of a university on all levels. Collaborating with other institutions to record the oral histories of other groups of men and women who came of age during the 1930s and 1940s.

There are a number of general oral histories of World War II, but the Rutgers project has focused initially on a target group of college educated men who attended Rutgers College and women who attended the New Jersey College for Women. We are focusing on this group in order to gain a better understanding of the impact of World War II on American higher education. In 1941, recent college graduates made up the bulk of the junior officer corps, and they played a crucial role in the postwar economic boom. In unprecedented numbers, female graduates entered a range of traditionally "male" occupations during the labor shortage. By interviewing individuals from the G.I. Bill classes, we seek to examine the reintegration of veterans in American society and whether this program opened educational opportunities.

The alumni/alumnae of Rutgers and the New Jersey College for Women have played a crucial role in the history of New Jersey. Our archives will offer incomparable resources for scholars and the public seeking to understand the history of the state, especially in the 1930s and 1940s. We will provide a base for historians seeking to compare other states and regions to New Jersey.

Initial interviews were conducted with members of the Class of 1942. Then, in the Summer and Fall of 1994, the project staff conducted a mass mailing to members of another prewar (1943) and a postwar (1949) class from Rutgers College. These two classes were selected in order to offer a comparative perspective on how the war impacted the group with college degrees going into the Second World War and those without a baccalaureate. The project is especially interested in documenting how the G.I. Bill transformed American higher education and society in general.

Through press announcements and other means, the staff has encouraged other Rutgers College alumni and New Jersey College for Women alumnae to participate in the project. Individuals willing to participate in the project are asked to complete a detailed survey that offers the project director and other interviewers a detailed biographical sketch of an individual's life, especially his or her war-time experiences. In the first year of the project's existence, it accumulated more than three-hundred completed surveys and more than 110 interviews.

The laborious process of transcription is the Achilles heel of any oral history project. Students and project interns transcribe interviews and Sandra Stewart Holyoak, the project director, reviews word for word resulting transcripts. After reviewing transcripts completed by students enrolled in this seminar, Mrs. Holyoak returns them to the interviewees for their comments and corrections. Project personnel encourage individuals to correct only minor errors of fact or grammar, and we seek to assure participants that they have ultimate ownership of their life story. After review and final editing, all transcripts and tapes are placed in the Rutgers Special Collections and University Archives.

Dr. G. Kurt Piehler, former director of the Oral History Archives, teaches in the history department at the University Tennessee in Knoxville, Tennessee. Professor Piehler's early scholarship has centered on questions of identity, memory, and the politics of commemoration. He is the author of several recently published articles and a book, Remembering War the American Way (Smithsonian Institution Press, 1995).

Sandra Stewart Holyoak currently serves as the director of the Rutgers Oral History Archives of World War II. A recent graduate of Rutgers, Ms. Holyoak supervises all interns and project staff, coordinates and conducts interviews, and provides editorial supervision and assistance to the preparation of all transcripts. Project research assistants supervise the preparation of transcripts and maintain the project correspondence. Their duties also include directing the work of the student interns, coordinating the interviewing schedule, and conducting preliminary pre-interview research.

Saun R. Illingworth, also a Rutgers gradaute, serves as the Assistant Ditector of the program. Along with Sandra Holyaok, Shaun conducts interviews, oversees the editing of transcripts, and coordinates numerous public programs and outreach initiatives that highlight the accomplishments of the progtam.

Thomas J. Frusciano, the University Archivist of Rutgers University, is responsible for processing and making available project interviews and other materials donated by interviewees to the Rutgers Archives.

Professor John W. Chambers, professor of history at Rutgers University in New Brunswick, New Jersey, serves as the chair of the project's advisory committee. He is the author of the book, To Raise an Army: The Draft Comes to Modern American (Free Press/Macmillan, 1987), and the editor-in-chief of The Oxford Companion to War, Peace, and Society.

All transcribed interviews are also available on the Rutgers Oral History Archives Website .

AG College of Agriculture COP College of Pharmacy DC Douglass College ENG College of Engineering GSE Graduate School of Education GSNB Graduate School-New Brunswick LAW Rutgers Law (Newark) NJC New Jersey College for Women (later Douglass College) Non-RU No Rutgers Affiliation RC Rutgers College R-N Rutgers-Newark RU-faculty Member of Rutgers Faculty UC University College

From the guide to the Guide to the Rutgers Oral History Archives Program Interview Transcripts, 1994-[ongoing], (Rutgers University Libraries. Special Collections and University Archives.)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Agnew, Donald H. person
associatedWith Allied Forces. Army Group, 15th. corporateBody
associatedWith Army Specialized Training Program (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith Atkinson, George J. person
associatedWith Barrett, Charles H. person
associatedWith Bloom, Lewis. person
associatedWith Burns, Robert C. person
associatedWith Chambers, John Whiteclay person
associatedWith Chanute Victory (Liberty Ship) corporateBody
associatedWith Clark, Crandon F. person
associatedWith Clark, Mark W. 1896-1984. person
associatedWith Clothier, Robert C. 1885-1970. person
associatedWith Douglass College corporateBody
associatedWith Frusciano, Thomas J., 1950- person
associatedWith Gardner, Ernest T. person
associatedWith Gombos, W. person
associatedWith Gross, Mason Welch, 1911-1977. person
associatedWith Holyoak, Sandra Stewart person
associatedWith Holyoak, Sandra Stewart person
associatedWith Illingworth, Shaun R. person
associatedWith Illingworth, Shaun R. person
associatedWith Janoff, Russell J. person
associatedWith Kalugin, Lloyd. person
associatedWith Kinney, William A. person
associatedWith Klion, Barton H. person
associatedWith Klion, Stanley R. person
associatedWith Kneller, Franklin J. person
associatedWith Kurowski, Whitey. person
associatedWith Latouche, John, 1917-1956. person
associatedWith Leddy, Gerard J. person
associatedWith List, Howard M., 1910- person
associatedWith Moon, Calvin. person
associatedWith Musial, Stan, 1920- person
associatedWith Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiter-Partei. corporateBody
associatedWith Piehler, G. Kurt. person
associatedWith Razorback (submarine) corporateBody
associatedWith Robeson, Paul, 1898-1976. person
associatedWith Robinson, Earl, 1910-1991. person
associatedWith Robinson, Mary E. person
associatedWith Robinson, Theodore K. person
associatedWith Rommel, Erwin, 1891-1944. person
associatedWith Roosevelt, Franklin D. 1882-1945. person
associatedWith Rutgers College corporateBody
associatedWith Rutgers University corporateBody
associatedWith Rutgers University. Libraries. Special Collections and Archives. corporateBody
associatedWith Rutgers University. Reserve Officers' Training Corps. corporateBody
associatedWith Saks, Harold L. person
associatedWith Sarraiocco, Peter M. person
associatedWith Terry, Lea E. person
associatedWith Truman, Harry S., 1884-1972. person
associatedWith United States. Army. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Army. Airborne Division, 101st. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Army. Air Corps. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Army Air Forces. Air Force, 8th. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Army Air Forces. Air Transport Command. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Army Air Forces. Bombardment Group (H), 34th. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Army Air Forces. Bomb Group (Heavy), 305th. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Army Air Forces. Reconnaissance Group, 6th. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Army. Infantry Division, 100th. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Army. Infantry Division, 28th. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Army. Infantry Regiment, 102nd. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Army. Infantry Regiment, 353rd. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Army. Replacement Depot, 13th. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Army. Women's Army Corps. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Defense Mapping Agency. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Marine Corps. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Navy. corporateBody
associatedWith Williams, A. B. person
associatedWith Zubia, Eduardo. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Ohrdruf (Germany)
Buer (Gelsenkirchen, Germany)
Modrath (Germany)
Taiwan
Muenster (Germany)
Magdeburg (Germany)
Stuttgart (Germany)
Gymnich (Erftstadt, Germany)
Helemano, Kana'i Kauihimalaihi
Aachen (Germany)
Palau
Bastogne (Belgium)
Koblenz (Germany)
Paris (France)
Kiel (Germany)
Liège (Belgium)
Kaiserslautern (Germany)
Chelveston (England)
Saipan
Kassel (Germany)
Okhotsk, Sea of
Louviers (France)
Midway Islands
Ruhland (Germany)
Schweinfurt (Germany)
Guam
Mannheim (Germany)
Metz (France)
Rhine River
Saarbrücken (Germany)
Berlin (Germany)
Paderborn (Germany)
Cologne (Germany)
Göttingen (Germany)
Amsterdam (Netherlands)
Saint Bonaventure (N.Y.)
Friedlos (Germany)
Kii Strait (Japan)
Ludwigshafen (Germany : Landkreis)
Kyūshū Region (Japan)
Luzon (Philippines)
Ruhr River Valley (Germany)
Yokosuka Naval Base (Japan)
Osnabrück (Germany)
Frankfurt am Main (Germany)
La Perthe (France)
Merseburg (Germany)
Subject
Veterans--Education--United States
Aerial photography
Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)
World War, 1939-1945--Veterans--New Jersey
World War, 1939-1945--Atrocities
Prisoners of war
Servicemen's readjustment act of 1944
World War, 1939-1945--Campaigns
Ardennes, Battle of the, 1944-1945
World War, 1939-1945--Aerial operations
World War, 1939-1945
SS Chanute Victory (Liberty Ship)
Combat--Psychological aspects
World War, 1939-1945--Personal narratives, American
World War, 1939-1945--Naval operations--Submarine
World War, 1939-1945--Veterans
Oral History
Occupation
Activity

Corporate Body

Active 1942

Active 1995

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