Durand, William Frederick, 1859-1958

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Professor and head of the Mechanical Engineering Department at Stanford University, 1904-1924, Durand was most known for his aeronautical research.

From the description of William Frederick Durand papers, 1876-1979. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 551918463

Biographical/Historical note

Frank Oakes Ellenwood was born November 10, 1878 in Little Hocking, Ohio. In 1904 he received the degree of A.B. in Mechanical Engineering from Stanford University, and in 1922 the degree of Mechanical Engineer, also from Stanford University. In 1911 he went to Cornell University as an assistant professor of heat-power engineering after serving as an instructor of mechanical engineering at Stanford from 1908 to 1911. In 1915 he was made Professor of Heat-Power Engineering; in 1940 he was made head of that department, and in 1941 he was appointed John Edson Sweet Professor of Engineering. He died in Rochester, New York, on September 7, 1947.

From the guide to the Frank Oakes Ellenwood materials on Stanford and William F. Durand, 1899-1944, (Department of Special Collections and University Archives)

Biography

William F. Durand, known as the Dean of American engineering, joined the Stanford University faculty in 1904, serving as professor and head of the Mechanical Engineering Department until his retirement at age 65 in 1924; he held the position of Professor Emeritus until 1958.

Durand, a 1880 graduate of the United States Naval Academy, began his teaching career at Michigan State College in 1887; in 1891 he joined the Cornell University faculty, teaching in the School of Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering.

Although his early research was in marine engineering, Durand was best known for his contributions to the science of aeronautics, specifically the development of the first variable pitch propeller. He was an original member of the National Advisory Committee on Aeronautics, serving from 1915 to 1933, and again during World War II, when he helped organize the work being done on jet propulsion.

Durand was professionally active well into his 80s. After his retirement from Stanford, he continued his research on airplane propellers, making use of Stanford's wind tunnel. He served several terms as president of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers and Sigma Xi. He was a member of a federal advisory board concerned with the Colorado River and Hoover Dam; and he worked with the Daniel Guggenheim Fund for the Promotion of Aeronautics

From the guide to the William F. Durand papers, 1893-1979, (Department of Special Collections and University Archives)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Breer, Carl. Carl Breer notebooks, 1905-1968. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Douglas Tilden Papers, 1860-1970 Bancroft Library
creatorOf Dams, papers concerning design and construction, 1903-1956 Stanford University. Libraries. Dept. of Special Collections and University Archives.
referencedIn Stanford University. Commission of Engineers. Stanford University, Commission of Engineers, records, 1906-1908. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Stanford notebooks, 1905-1968 Cecil H. Green Library. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Ray Lyman Wilbur, president of Stanford University, papers, 1914-1951 Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Carl Breer notebooks, 1905-1968 Cecil H. Green Library. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Malina, Frank J. 1912-1981. Marjorie Malina Collection, 1936-1945, 1997. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
referencedIn Children's Hospital at Stanford (Calif.). Children's Hospital at Stanford records, 1917-1977. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
creatorOf Durand, William Frederick, 1859-1958. [Pamphlets]. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Borsdamm, John. John Borsdamm papers, 1930-1972. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn John Borsdamm papers, 1930-1972 Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
creatorOf William F. Durand papers, 1893-1979 Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Martens, Wilhelm Ludwig Ferdinand, d. 1931. Wilhelm Ludwig Ferdinand Martens papers, 1868-1926. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Stanford University. Student Affairs Committee. Stanford University, Student Affairs Committee, records, 1895-1914 (inclusive), 1901-1917 (bulk). Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Wilbur, Ray L. (Ray Lyman), 1875-1949. Ray Lyman Wilbur, president of Stanford University, papers, 1914-1951. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
creatorOf Frank Oakes Ellenwood materials on Stanford and William F. Durand, 1899-1944 Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Engineering courses at Stanford University correspondence, 1906 Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Stanford University, President's Office, University fees records, 1906-1910 Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Scientists and science collection, 1870-1948. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Stanford University. President's Office. Stanford University, President's Office, University fees correspondence, 1906-1910. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
creatorOf Durand, William Frederick, 1859-1958. Report on power development at power house no. 1 at Moccasin Creek on the Hetch Hetchy water supply / W.F. Durand, J.D. Galloway, F.G. Baum. Water Resources Collections and Archives, WRCA
referencedIn William Frederick Durand house specifications, circa 1905. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
creatorOf Durand, William T. A. [Scrapbook]. Rochester Public Library, Central Library of Rochester and Monore County
referencedIn William Frederick Durand house specifications, circa 1905 Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
creatorOf Atkinson, Lynn. Dams, papers concerning design and construction, 1903-1956. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Engineering courses at Stanford University : correspondence, 1906. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Stanford University, Student Affairs Committee, records, 1895-1924, 1901-1917 Cecil H. Green Library. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Stanford University, Registrar's Office, records, 1891-1955, 1891-1928 Cecil H. Green Library. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
creatorOf Durand, William Frederick, 1859-1958. William Frederick Durand papers, 1876-1979. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Children's Hospital at Stanford records, 1917-1977 Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Stanford University, Commission of Engineers, records, 1906-1908 Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Stephen Timoshenko papers, 1907-1996, 1921-1970 Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Timoshenko, Stephen, 1878-1972. Stephen Timoshenko papers, 1907-1996 (inclusive), 1921-1970 (bulk). Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Burgers, J. M. (Johannes Martinus), 1895-. Papers. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Stanford University. Registrar's Office. Stanford University, Registrar's Office, records, 1891-1955 (inclusive), 1891-1928 (bulk). Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
creatorOf Durand, William Frederick, 1859-1958. [Publications]. Cornell University Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Atkinson, Lynn person
associatedWith Baum, F. G. person
associatedWith Borsdamm, John. person
associatedWith Borsdamm, John. person
associatedWith Breer, Carl. person
associatedWith Burgers, J. M. (Johannes Martinus), 1895- person
associatedWith Children's Hospital at Stanford. corporateBody
associatedWith Children's Hospital at Stanford (Calif.) corporateBody
associatedWith Ellenwood, Frank Oakes person
associatedWith Galloway, John Debo, 1869-1943. person
associatedWith Hetch Hetchy Project (Calif.) corporateBody
correspondedWith Martens, Wilhelm Ludwig Ferdinand, d. 1931. person
associatedWith Simkins, H. W. person
associatedWith Stanford University. Commission of Engineers. corporateBody
associatedWith Stanford University. Dept. of Mechanical Engineering corporateBody
associatedWith Stanford University. President's Office. corporateBody
associatedWith Stanford University. President's Office. corporateBody
associatedWith Stanford University. Registrar's Office. corporateBody
associatedWith Stanford University. Registrar's Office. corporateBody
associatedWith Stanford University. Student Affairs Committee. corporateBody
associatedWith Stanford University. Student Affairs Committee. corporateBody
correspondedWith Tilden, Douglas, 1860-1935 person
associatedWith Timoshenko, Stephen, 1878-1972. person
associatedWith Wilbur, Ray L. (Ray Lyman), 1875-1949. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
New York (State)--Rochester
California, Northern
Moccasin Creek Power Plant (Calif.)
Subject
Banks and banking
Stanford University--History
Hydroelectric power plants
Stanford University--campus scenes
Aeronautics--Research
Marine engineering
Hydraulics
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1859-03-05

Death 1958-08-09

Information

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