Henderson, Lawrence Joseph, 1878-1942

Alternative names

Hide Profile

Henderson graduated from Harvard in 1898 and taught biological chemistry at Harvard.

From the description of Papers of Lawrence Joseph Henderson, 1905-1945 (inclusive). (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 76973063

Lawrence Josepeh Henderson established the Fatigue Lab at Harvard Business School in 1927 to discover physiological norms for human biological processes and to study the physiological changes that create fatigue in workers. The lab continued to operate until 1947.

From the description of Lawrence Joseph Henderson papers, 1907-1942. (Harvard Business School). WorldCat record id: 76891680

Lawrence Joseph Henderson, son of Joseph and Mary Reed (Bosworth) Henderson, was born in Lynn, Massachusetts on July 3, 1878. He received the BA degree, magna cum laude, from Harvard College in 1898 and an MD from Harvard Medical School in 1902. Following graduation, he spent two years in Germany conducting research in the field of Biological Chemistry.

Upon his return to the United States in 1904, he began his long association with Harvard University. Henderson taught Biological Chemistry (1904-1905) at Harvard Medical School as an Instructor (1905-1910), Assistant Professor (1910-1919), and Professor (1919-1934). In 1934, Henderson became the Abbot and James Lawrence Professor of Chemistry, an honor he retained until his death in 1942. He was also Chairman of the Society of Fellows from 1933-1942 and a member of the Harvard Cancer Commission from 1928-38. In addition to his teaching career at Harvard, he was a visiting lecturer at the University of Paris (1921), Yale University (1928), the University of Berlin (1928), and the University of California (1931).

His principal field was biological chemistry, but he also taught and wrote on sociological topics. Professor Henderson established the Fatigue Laboratory at Harvard Business School in 1927 to discover physiological norms for human biological processes and to study the physiological changes that cause fatigue in workers. The lab continued to operate until 1947. He was instrumental in the establishment of the Harvard undergraduate concentrations in biochemistry and in history of science, as well as the doctoral program in the history of science and learning. He was an enthusiastic proponent of the cross-disciplinary exchange of ideas at Harvard.

Henderson was active in a wide variety of professional organizations. He was Foreign Secretary for the National Academy of Sciences and also for the National Research Council. He was Chairman of the National Academy of Sciences section on Physiology and Biochemistry, and he chaired the National Research Council’s committee on Work in Industry and Committee on Inter-American Relations. He also played a pivotal role on the Rockefeller Foundation's Committee on Industrial Physiology.

He married Edith Lawrence Thayer in 1910. The Henderson’s had one son, Lawrence, Jr. The family lived in Cambridge, Massachusetts; Professor Henderson died on February 10, 1942 after a short illness.

From the guide to the Lawrence Joseph Henderson papers, 1906-1942, (Baker Library, Harvard Business School)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn George Sarton additional papers, 1901-1956. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Harvard University. Laboratory of Physical Chemistry Related to Medicine and Public Health. Scientific papers and departmental minutes, 1905-1951. Harvard University, Medical School, Countway Library
referencedIn Papers, 1898-1957 Harvard Law School Library, Harvard University.
referencedIn Additional papers, ca. 1870-1922. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Papers, 1888-1964 Harvard Law School Library, Harvard University.
referencedIn George Sarton additional papers, 1901-1956. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Harvard University Archives Photograph Collection: Portraits, ca. 1852-ca. 2004 Harvard University Archives.
referencedIn Harrison, Ross G. (Ross Granville), 1870-1959. Ross Granville Harrison papers, 1820-1975 (inclusive), 1889-1959 (bulk). Yale University Library
referencedIn Harvard Fatigue Laboratory. Harvard Fatigue Laboratory records, 1916-1952 (inclusive), 1941-1947 (bulk). Harvard University, Medical School, Countway Library
creatorOf Lawrence Joseph Henderson papers, 1906-1942 Baker Library, Harvard Business School
referencedIn Records of the Cambridge Scientific Club, 1842-1985, bulk dates 1846-1945. Harvard University Archives.
referencedIn Papers, 1790-1951. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Houghton Library printed book provenance file, E-K. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Lawrence, Paul R. Paul R. Lawrence papers, 1947-1990. Harvard Business School, Knowledge and Library Services/Baker Library
referencedIn Rosalind Richards collection on Edward Arlington Robinson, [ca.1897-1944]. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Harrison, Ross G. (Ross Granville), 1870-1959. Ross Granville Harrison papers, 1820-1975 (inclusive), 1889-1959 (bulk). Yale University Library
referencedIn Barnard, Chester Irving, 1886-1961. Papers, 1925-1960 (inclusive). Harvard Business School, Knowledge and Library Services/Baker Library
referencedIn John Jay Chapman additional papers, 1841-1940. Houghton Library.
referencedIn John Jay Chapman papers, 1841-1940. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Francis John Worsley Roughton papers, Circa 1920-1960 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Correspondence, 1860-1979. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Henderson, Lawrence Joseph, 1878-1942. Papers of Lawrence Joseph Henderson, 1905-1945 (inclusive). Harvard University, Archives
referencedIn Rosalind Richards photograph collection, [ca. 1898] and undated. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Knox College (Galesburg, Ill.). [Faculty series] / [Knox College, Galesburg, Ill.]. Knox College, Seymour Library
referencedIn Roughton, Francis John Worsley, 1899-1972. Papers, [ca. 1920s-1960s]. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Henderson, Lawrence Joseph, 1878-1942. Lawrence Joseph Henderson papers, 1907-1942. Harvard Business School, Knowledge and Library Services/Baker Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Adolph, Edward F. (Edward Frederick), 1895- person
associatedWith American Academy of Arts and Sciences. corporateBody
associatedWith Barnard, Chester Irving, 1886-1961. person
associatedWith Brinton, Crane, 1898-1968. person
associatedWith Cambridge Scientific Club. corporateBody
associatedWith Chafee, Zechariah, 1885-1957 person
correspondedWith Chapman, John Jay, 1862-1933 person
associatedWith Chester Barnard person
associatedWith Conant, James Bryant, 1893-1978. person
associatedWith Crane Brinton person
associatedWith George Sarton person
associatedWith Harrison, Ross G. (Ross Granville), 1870-1959. person
associatedWith Harvard Fatigue Laboratory. corporateBody
associatedWith Harvard Medical School. corporateBody
associatedWith Harvard University corporateBody
associatedWith Harvard University. Graduate School of Business Administration corporateBody
associatedWith Harvard University. Graduate School of Business Administration. Fatigue Laboratory. corporateBody
associatedWith Harvard University. Laboratory of Physical Chemistry Related to Medicine and Public Health. corporateBody
associatedWith History of Science Society. corporateBody
correspondedWith Hocking, William Ernest, 1873-1966 person
associatedWith Houghton Library. corporateBody
correspondedWith Howe, Julia Ward, 1819-1910 person
associatedWith James Conant person
associatedWith Kenneth Murdock person
associatedWith Knox College (Galesburg, Ill.) corporateBody
associatedWith Lawrence, Paul R. person
associatedWith Lowell, A. Lawrence (Abbott Lawrence), 1856-1943. person
associatedWith Mayo, Elton, 1880-1949. person
associatedWith Murdock, Kenneth Ballard, 1895-1975. person
associatedWith National Academy of Sciences (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith National Research Council (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith Pareto, Vilfredo, 1848-1923. person
associatedWith Park, Robert Ezra, 1864-1944. person
associatedWith Parsons, Talcott, 1902-1979. person
associatedWith Peabody, Josephine Preston, 1874-1922 person
associatedWith Pearl, Raymond, 1879-1940. person
associatedWith Pound, Roscoe, 1870-1964 person
associatedWith Raymond Pearl person
associatedWith Richards, Rosalind, 1874- person
associatedWith Rockefeller Foundation. corporateBody
associatedWith Roughton, Francis John Worsley, 1899-1972. person
associatedWith Sarton, George, 1884-1956. person
associatedWith Sumner Welles person
associatedWith Talcott Parsons person
associatedWith Taylor, Henry Osborn, 1856-1941. person
associatedWith Vilfredo Pareto person
associatedWith Welles, Sumner, 1892-1961. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Subject
Industrial relations--History
Physiology
Biochemistry--Study and teaching
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1878-06-03

Death 1942-02-10

Americans

English

Information

Permalink: http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6349p6h

Ark ID: w6349p6h

SNAC ID: 55489227