James, Jack N. (Jack Norval), 1920-2001

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James was Mariner R Project Manager.

From the description of Sonett's letter of 1961 Oct 16 with four action items regarding Mariner R : letter to Charles Sonett, 1961 Oct 20. (Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives). WorldCat record id: 733097630

James was Deputy Planetary Program Director.

From the description of Criticism of the New PMP (Program Management Plan) Format : letter to F.D. Kochendorfer, NASA, 1961 Feb 23. (Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives). WorldCat record id: 733097592

James was Mariner Project Manager.

From the description of Locations of the Accelerometers on the Mariner C Spacecraft Adapter for Measurement of the Flight Vibration Environment and Identification of the Accelerometer to be Mounted on the Spacecraft : letter to S.C. Himmel, Lewis Research Center Agena Project Manager, 1964 Mar 2. (Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives). WorldCat record id: 733098350

Jack Norval James was born November 22, 1920 in Dallas, Texas. He was married to Ruth Florence Shockly of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and had 3 sons and 1 daughter. He graduated from Sunset High School, Dallas, Texas in 1937. He later graduated with a Bachelor of Science degree in Electrical Engineering from Southern Methodist University, Dallas, Texas in 1942 and from Union College, Schenectady, New York with a Master of Science degree in Electrical Engineering in 1949. He also attended the University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California in 1951.

Prior to working at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), James, as a student, worked as a surveyor for the City of Dallas in 1940 and also as a roustabout for the Atlantic Refining Company from 1941 - 1942. James saw active duty in the U.S. Navy from June 1943 to April 1946. During that period, he was trained in radar at Bowdoin College, Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Bell Laboratories. He was a radar instructor at Princeton and Pacific Fleet Schools and served as Radar Maintenance Officer aboard Landing Ship Tanks (LST) and the battleship South Dakota. He was employed as a Research Engineer from 1945 to 1950 at RCA and General Electric in Schenectady, New York. At General Electric, from 1946 to 1949, he worked on the Hermes Ordnance project, working mainly on rocket motors, radar command and tracking systems for the V-2 rocket.

On March 17, 1950, James began his association with JPL as a Research Engineer in the Telemetering Division. He developed both ground and flight radar equipment for the Corporal missile system, the nation's first guided ballistic missile, and was responsible for key field operations and tracking stations on the Explorer 1 and Pioneer 4 Projects. He served as Deputy Director for the U. S. Army's Sergeant Project, a solid propellant surface-to-surface ballistic guided missile. In 1961 James was named Project Manager of the Mariner Venus Project, which resulted in the world's first successful planetary mission when Mariner 2 flew by Venus on December 14, 1962. He was named Project Manager for the Mariner Mars Project, which resulted in the first successful Mars mission when Mariner 4 encountered that planet on July 14, 1965. In December 1964, he became the Deputy Assistant Lab Director (ALD) for Lunar and Planetary Programs; Acting ALD for Lunar and Planetary Programs in March 1965; Deputy ALD for Lunar and Planetary Programs in December 1966 and ALD of Technical Divisions in October 1967.

In mid-April 1972, James stopped working for medical reasons, returned on September 25, 1973 on a part time basis and obtained several ad hoc assignments. In 1978, he became the ALD for Technology and Space Program Development and in September 1980, he formed the Applied Technology Development Office and became the ALD of that division. On October 9, 1985, James requested employment phase out and proposed to become head of the DCP Engineering Office on January 1, 1986. On May 1, 1986 he began working part time and retired from JPL on January 1, 1987.

James was a member of Sigma Tau, Sigma Xi, AIAA and IEEE. He was the recipient of the Astronautics Engineer Award presented by the National Rocket Club in 1963, the NASA Public Service Award and was co-recipient of the 1963 Louis W. Hill Space Transportation Award. In 1965 James was awarded the NASA Exceptional Scientific Achievement medal by President Lyndon B. Johnson at a White House ceremony for managing the Mariners to Venus and Mars. He has received the Distinguished Engineering Alumnus Award from Southern Methodist University. In 1967 James was co-recipient of the Stuart Ballantine Medal presented by the Franklin Institute of Philadelphia.

From the description of Jack N. James Collection, 1945-1986. (Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives). WorldCat record id: 733100098

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Felberg, Fred H. Associate Directors Collection, 1959-1994. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf James, Jack N. 1920-2001. OSSA project managers meeting of 27-28 June : minutes of presentation to NASA Senior Council with cover letter, 1963 Sep 5. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf Burke, James D., 1925-. History Office Collection, Ranger / Mariner/Surveyor. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf Jet Propulsion Laboratory (U.S.). R&AD Construction and Support Services Procurement Section 626. Simulation of Area Weapons Effects Project Collection, 1982-1989. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf James, Jack N. 1920-2001. Request for specific action to aid in accomplishing projects : memo to the Executive Council, 1963 Jul 12. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf James, Jack N., 1920-2001. DoD Work : interoffice memorandum to Charles H. Terhune, Jr., 1973 Jun 14. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf Pickering, William H., 1910-2004. William H. Pickering Speech Reference Collection, 1959-1974. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf California Institute of Technology. A study of relations between the Jet Propulsion Laboratory and the campus of the California Institute of Technology : Part I: Main report. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf Murray, Bruce C., 1931-. JPL Executive Council Retreat Collection, 1978-1991. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf James, Jack N., 1920-2001. Plan for Space Program Development, 1976 Oct 20. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf James, Jack N. 1920-2001. Jack N. James Collection, 1945-1986. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf Pickering, William H., 1910-2004. JPL Significant Event Reports Collection, 1969-1971. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf Parks, Robert J., 1922-. Robert J. Parks Collection, 1945-1966. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf Terhune, Charles H., Jr., 1916-2006. Charles H. Terhune, Jr. Collection, 1975-1983. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf James, Jack N., 1920-2001. Remembering Mariner II, 1982 Sep. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf James, Jack N. 1920-2001. List of Paramount Problems to My Area : memo to William H. Pickering, JPL Director, 1963 Feb 22. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf Schurmeier, Harris M, 1924-. Harris M. Schurmeier Collection, 1970-1986. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf Dawson, Kirk M., 1938-. Executive Council Collection, 1986-2001. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf Colella, Frank J., 1921-. Executive Council Memoranda Collection, 1977-1982. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf Jet Propulsion Laboratory (U.S.). Office of the Director. Office of the Director Collection, 1959-1982. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf James, Jack N. 1920-2001. Systems which failed catastrophically on JPL missions : IOM 66-125 to all concerned, 1966 Oct 5. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf James, Jack N. 1920-2001. Office of Space Science & Applications (OSSA) project management group : meeting minutes, 1965 Feb 4. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf Pickering, William H., 1910-2004. William H. Pickering Office File Collection, 1955-1976. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf James, Jack N. 1920-2001. Letter from James to Donald Hearth NASA re: Initiation of "Mariner IV Project Oct 1966. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf Jet Propulsion Laboratory (U.S.). Defense Projects Office. U.S. Army Projects Collection, 1964-1984. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf Schurmeier, H.M. Charter of the Ranger, Mariner, Surveyor and Fire Tracking, Telemetry and Communications Panel, 1963 Nov 1. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf James, Jack N. 1920-2001. Mariner Mars 69 project status reports : memos to Dr. Pickering, 1964 Sep - Dec. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf James, Jack N. 1920-2001. In high regard / Jack N. James. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf James, Jack N. 1920-2001. Requests for Specific Action to Aid in Accomplishing Projects : memo to Executive Council, 1963 Jul 12. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf James, Jack N. 1920-2001. List of paramount problems in my area : letter to William Pickering, 1963 Feb 22. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf James, Jack N. 1920-2001. All Source Analysis System / Enemy Situation Correlation Element (ASAS/ENSCE) Test Documents and Interface Module (AIM) Collection 1985-1987. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
referencedIn Collier, W. ARGMA visit of December 19, 1959 : report to R. J. Parks and J. N. James, 1959 Dec 14. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf James, Jack N. 1920-2001. Presentation to Gen. Shinkle at ARGMA on Sergeant scheduling: lmemo to R. J. Parks, 1959 Dec 8. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf Albee, Arden L. The Bruce C. Murray and Charles H. Terhune, Jr. Director's Office Papers Collection, 1971-1979. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf James, Jack N. 1920-2001. Sonett's letter of 1961 Oct 16 with four action items regarding Mariner R : letter to Charles Sonett, 1961 Oct 20. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf James, Jack N. 1920-2001. Performance History of Unmanned Fully Attitude Stabilized Spacecraft Projects During the 1960s, 1967 Jun. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf Colella, Frank J., 1921-. JPL Public Affairs Office Collection, 1969-1983. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
referencedIn Pickering, William H., 1910-2004. Appointment of Sergeant program deputy director and abolishment of development support division : memo to Program Directors, Division Chiefs, Supervisors, Staff Engineers, 1959 Dec 2. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf James, Jack N., 1920-2001. Performance History of Unmanned Fully Attitude Stabilized Spacecraft Projects During the 1960s, 1967 Jun 16. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf James, Jack N. 1920-2001. GCAT and TCAT for Ranger and Mariner Missions : memo to Distribution, 1965 Feb 22. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf James, Jack N. 1920-2001. Organization of the lunar and planetary projects : letter to Edgar M. Cortright, 1965 Dec 13. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf Schurmeier, H.M. Charter of the Ranger, Mariner, and Fire Tracking, Telemetry and Communications Panel, 1963 Mar 18. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf James, Jack N., 1920-2001. Distinguished JPL Alumni : memo to D. Shaw, 1974 Aug 30. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf James, Jack N. 1920-2001. Projects and Project Management at JPL : memo to William H. Pickering, JPL Director, 1964 Feb 24. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
referencedIn Luedecke, Alvin R., 1910-1998. Lunar and Planetary Projects Office Appointments : memo to Senior Staff and Section Chiefs/Managers, 1964 Dec 23. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf Pickering, William H., 1910-2004. William H. Pickering Speech Collection, 1955-1975. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf James, Jack N., 1920-2001. Development of the JPL Testing, Maintenance, and Supply Philosophy of the Sergeant System, 1957 Aug 8. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf James, Jack N. 1920-2001. Memo from James to Division Managers et al re: Amendment to MM'71 (Mariner Mars '71) Guidelines Jun 1967. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf Jet Propulsion Laboratory (U.S.). Office of the Director. JPL Executive Council Collection, 1960-1982. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf James, Jack N. 1920-2001. Ordnance support plan conference : report, 1956 Oct 22. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf James, Jack N. 1920-2001. Small projects activity status report : memo to Executive Council, 1965 Dec 6. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf James, Jack N. 1920-2001. Projects and project management at JPL : letter to William Pickering, 1964 Feb 24. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf James, Jack N. 1920-2001. Letter from James to Special Distribution re: Trip Report to General Dynamics-Convair for 24 May 1966 Meeting on OAO Launch Jun 1966. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf James, Jack N. 1920-2001. Locations of the Accelerometers on the Mariner C Spacecraft Adapter for Measurement of the Flight Vibration Environment and Identification of the Accelerometer to be Mounted on the Spacecraft : letter to S.C. Himmel, Lewis Research Center Agena Project Manager, 1964 Mar 2. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf James, Jack N. 1920-2001. The Vega Program, 1959 Aug 3. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf Murray, Bruce C., 1931-. Bruce C. Murray Chronological File Collection, 1976-1982. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf Cortright, Edgar M. 1923. First Office of Space Sciences project management meeting : documents, 1963 Jun 27-28. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
referencedIn James, Jack N. 1920-2001. In high regard / Jack N. James. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
referencedIn Hamilton, Tom W.,. Interview with Tom W. Hamilton / byJose Alonso. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf James, Jack N. 1920-2001. Criticism of the New PMP (Program Management Plan) Format : letter to F.D. Kochendorfer, NASA, 1961 Feb 23. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Colella, Frank J., 1921- person
associatedWith Collier, W. person
associatedWith Cortright, Edgar M. 1923. person
associatedWith Felberg, Fred H. person
associatedWith Hamilton, Tom W., person
associatedWith James, Jack N. person
associatedWith Jet Propulsion Laboratory (U.S.). corporateBody
associatedWith Jet Propulsion Laboratory (U.S.). Defense Projects Office. corporateBody
associatedWith Jet Propulsion Laboratory (U.S.). Flight Projects Office. corporateBody
associatedWith Jet Propulsion Laboratory (U.S.). Mariner Mars Mission. corporateBody
associatedWith Jet Propulsion Laboratory (U.S.). Mariner Project Office. corporateBody
associatedWith Jet Propulsion Laboratory (U.S.). Mariner Venus Mission. corporateBody
associatedWith Jet Propulsion Laboratory (U.S.). Office of the Director. corporateBody
associatedWith Jet Propulsion Laboratory (U.S.). Office of the Director. corporateBody
associatedWith Jet Propulsion Laboratory (U.S.). R&AD Construction and Support Services Procurement Section 626. corporateBody
associatedWith Luedecke, Alvin R., 1910-1998. person
associatedWith Meghreblian, Robert V. person
associatedWith Murray, Bruce C., 1931- person
associatedWith Parks, Robert J., 1922- person
associatedWith Pickering, William H., 1910-2004. person
associatedWith Schurmeier, Harris M., 1924- person
associatedWith Schurmeier, H.M. person
associatedWith Shinkle, John G., person
associatedWith Terhune, Charles H., Jr., 1916-2006. person
associatedWith United States. Air Force. corporateBody
associatedWith United States Army. Rocket and Guided Missile Agency. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Dept. of Defense. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Office of Space Sciences. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Office of Space Science and Applications. corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
Subject
Space missions
Mariner c spacecraft
Oao
Nimbus project
Conference
Vega project
Cooperation
Attitude control
System failures
Surveyor project :
Mariner program :
Resource allocation
Ogo
Sergeant missile
Defense program
Mariner 1 space probe
management planning
project management
Unmanned spacecaft
Ranger project :
Lunar programs
Lunar orbiter
schedules
Mariner 2 space probe
Biography
Coordination
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1920-11-22

Death 2001-08-07

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