Murray, Bruce C.

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Bruce C. Murray was born November 30, 1931, in New York City. He earned a doctorate in Geology at Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1955, and served as a geologist for Standard Oil from 1955-58. After serving as a Geophysicist for the U.S. Air Force, Murray joined the Caltech faculty as a Research Fellow of Planetary Science and Geology in 1960. Murray became a full Professor of Planetary Science and Geology at Caltech in 1969.

Dr. Murray was a member of the Mars Television Teams on Mariners 4, 6, 7 and 9, and was the Television Team leader for the Mariner 10 flyby of Venus and Mercury. He was named Director of JPL on June 23, 1975, officially succeeding William H. Pickering on April 1, 1976.

During his administration at JPL, the Voyager spacecraft were launched and reached Jupiter and Saturn, Seasat was launched, and the Galileo and Magellan programs were approved by Congress. Murray advocated several ambitious planetary missions, which he called "Purple Pigeons," such as a Jupiter Orbiter Probe, a Venus Orbital Imaging Radar, a Mars rover mission, a Lunar Polar Orbiter and a Comet Halley rendezvous. Murray also advocated the preliminary study of an interstellar probe. Most of these missions were ultimately cancelled due to lack of funding or support. Beginning in the mid-1970s, programs at JPL were increasingly concentrated in non-space related projects involving energy and defense work.

Dr. Murray resigned as Lab Director in June 1982. He has remained active in space research. In 1979 he was a co-founder of The Planetary Society, and he became the Society's President on the death of Carl Sagan in 1997. He was a member of the scientific teams of the Russian Phobos '88 mission, the Russian Mars 96 and the U.S. Mars Global Surveyor missions, and the U.S. New Millennium Mars Microprobe Team. He has published over 120 scientific papers and authored or co-authored six books.

From the description of Bruce C. Murray Collection, 1975-1982. (Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives). WorldCat record id: 733100871

Bruce C. Murray was born November 30, 1931, in New York City. He earned a doctorate in Geology at Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1955, and served as a geologist for Standard Oil from 1955-58. After serving as a Geophysicist for the U.S. Air Force, Murray joined the Caltech faculty as a Research Fellow of Planetary Science and Geology in 1960, and became a full Professor of Planetary Science and Geology at Caltech in 1969.

Dr. Murray was a member of the Mars Television Teams on Mariners 4, 6, 7 and 9, and was the Television Team leader for the Mariner 10 flyby of Venus and Mercury. He was named Director of JPL on June 23, 1975, officially succeeding William H. Pickering on April 1, 1976.

During his administration at JPL, the Voyager spacecraft were launched and reached Jupiter and Saturn, Seasat was launched, and the Galileo and Magellan programs were approved by Congress. Murray advocated several ambitious planetary missions, which he called "Purple Pigeons," such as a Jupiter Orbiter Probe, a Venus Orbital Imaging Radar, a Mars rover mission, a Lunar Polar Orbiter and a Comet Halley rendezvous. Murray also advocated the preliminary study of an interstellar probe. Most of these missions were ultimately cancelled due to lack of funding or support. Beginning in the mid-1970s, programs at JPL were increasingly concentrated in non-space related projects involving energy and defense work.

Dr. Murray resigned as Lab Director in June 1982. He has remained active in space research. In 1979 he was a co-founder of The Planetary Society, and he became the Society's President on the death of Carl Sagan in 1997. He was a member of the scientific teams of the Russian Phobos '88 mission, the Russian Mars 96 and the U.S. Mars Global Surveyor missions, and the U.S. New Millennium Mars Microprobe Team. He has published over 120 scientific papers and authored or co-authored six books.

From the description of Bruce C. Murray Chronological File Collection, 1976-1982. (Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives). WorldCat record id: 733100864

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Murray, Bruce C., 1931-. To My Successor as Director of JPL, 1982 Jun 30. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf Murray, Bruce C., 1931-. Remarks by Bruce Murray to Management Personnel, 1976 Dec 14. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
referencedIn Jet Propulsion Laboratory (U.S.). Collections in the Archives of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (U.S.) 1936-1990. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
creatorOf Murray, Bruce C., 1931-. Remarks by Bruce Murray, Third [sic] Annual "State of the Lab" Report, 1980 Mar 26. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf Murray, Bruce C., 1931-. Engineering factors involved in the Mars mission : letter to Lee DuBridge, 1965 Feb. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf Murray, Bruce C., 1931-. C. I. T and the social sciences : report outline, 1968 Mar 27. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf Murray, Bruce C., 1931-. Mars Exploration Program : letter to Homer Newell, 1965, May. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf Murray, Bruce C., 1931-. Competitive Source Board : interoffice memorandum to Distribution, 1978 Dec 21. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf Murray, Bruce C., 1931-. Remarks by Bruce Murray to Management Personnel, 1978 Apr 7. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
referencedIn The Old Future : Renderings of JPL's 'Purple Pigeons', ca. 1995. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf Murray, Bruce C., 1931-. Bruce C. Murray Collection, 1975-1982. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf Terhune, Charles H., Jr., 1916-2006. Charles H. Terhune, Jr. Collection, 1975-1983. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf Pickering, William H., 1910-2004. William H. Pickering Speech Reference Collection, 1959-1974. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf Murray, Bruce C., 1931-. Reorganization and consolidation: Director's letter no. 12, 1976 Jul 30. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf Murray, Bruce C., 1931-. First Annual "State of the Lab" Talk, 1977 Apr 1. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf Benedict, Helen. JPL Office of the Director Entertainment Account Collection, 1980-1982. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf Colella, Frank J., 1921-. Executive Council Memoranda Collection, 1977-1982. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf Murray, Bruce C., 1931-. NASA science management in the planetary program : proposal and correspondence, 1966-1967. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf Gates, Clarence R., 1926-2008. Clarence R. Gates Collection, 1980-1995. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
referencedIn Hamilton, Tom W.,. Interview with Tom W. Hamilton / byJose Alonso. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf Pickering, William H., 1910-2004. William H. Pickering Speech Collection, 1955-1975. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
referencedIn The Seth MacFarlane Collection of the Carl Sagan and Ann Druyan Archive, 1860-2004, (bulk 1962-1997) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Fubini, Eugene G., 1913-1997,. Dr. Eugene Fubini Correspondence, 1977-1983. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf Albee, Arden L. The Bruce C. Murray and Charles H. Terhune, Jr. Director's Office Papers Collection, 1971-1979. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf Jet Propulsion Laboratory (U.S.). Office of the Director. Office of the Director Interoffice memoranda Collection, 1958-1985. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf Murray, Bruce C. Forget the Shuttle and Head for Mars, 2003 Aug 29. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf Felberg, Fred H., 1920-. JPL Institutional Management Committee Collection, 1977-1991. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf Murray, Bruce C., 1931-. Seventh [sic] Annual State of the Lab Address, 1982 Apr 2. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf La Porte, Todd R. JPL Laboratory-Related Miscellaneous Documents Collection, 1953-1999. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf Murray, Bruce C., 1931-. Letters to the Editor, 1978 Apr. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
referencedIn [Press Release Announcing the Appointment of Bruce Murray as JPL Director], 1975. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf Murray, Bruce C., 1931-. JPL Executive Council Retreat Collection, 1978-1991. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf Murray, Bruce C., 1931-. Remarks by Bruce Murray, Mid-Year Review, 1979 Oct 5. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf Sagan, Carl, 1934-1996,. The Solar System [serial], 1975 Sep. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
referencedIn Appointment of Dr. Murray, new director of Caltech / JPL to succeed Dr. William H. Pickering : Caltech News Bureau memo, 1975 Jun 20. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf Dunne, James A., 1934-1992. Science, 1974 Jul 12. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf Murray, Bruce C., 1931-. Remarks by Bruce Murray, JPL Mid-Year Review, 1978 Oct 13. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf Schurmeier, Harris M, 1924-. Harris M. Schurmeier Collection, 1970-1986. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf Murray, Bruce C., 1931-. JPL-CIT Relationships : Analysis and Recommendations, memorandum to Robert P. Sharp, 1965 Oct 1. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf Murray, Bruce C., 1931-. [Comment on article in February 1978 issue of Los Angeles IEEE Bulletin], letter to Los Angeles Council of the IEEE, 1978 Feb 17. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
referencedIn Logsdon, John M., 1937- ,. Missing the Comet : Why No U.S. Mission to Halley?, 1987 Apr. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf Murray, Bruce C., 1931-. Formation of JPL advisory council : director's letter, 1976 Apr 12. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf Murray, Bruce C., 1931-. JPL-CIT relationships - analysis and recommendations : memo to Robert Sharp, 1965 Oct 1. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf Murray, Bruce C., 1931-. Bruce C. Murray Chronological File Collection, 1976-1982. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf Murray, Bruce C., 1931-. Special Status Report to JPL by Bruce Murray 1981 Feb 26. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf Murray, Bruce C., 1931-. Remarks by Bruce Murray, Mid-Year Review, 1981 Dec 1. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf Murray, Bruce C., 1931-. Planetary Exploration study group : correspondence and draft reports, 1964 Nov 19 to 1965 Sept 24. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf Murray, Bruce C., 1931-. [Letter involving space station] to Burt I. Edelson, 1982 Apr 9. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf Murray, Bruce C., 1931-. Chief Scientist : interoffice memorandum to Senior Staff, 1978 Mar 24. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf Jet Propulsion Laboratory (U.S.). Office of the Director. Office of the Director Collection, 1959-1982. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
referencedIn Westphal, J. A. (James Adolph), 1930-. Oral history interview with James Westphal, 1982. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
creatorOf Murray, Bruce C., 1931-. Remarks by Bruce Murray, Mid-Year Review, 1980 Oct 2. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf Jet Propulsion Laboratory (U.S.). Office of the Director. JPL Executive Council Collection, 1960-1982. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf Murray, Bruce C., 1931-. Remarks by Bruce Murray to Management Personnel, 1976 Jun 11. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf Murray, Bruce C. Semi-Annual Report to the Laboratory by Dr. Bruce Murray to Management Personnel, 1977 Oct 17. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf Murray, Bruce C.,. Final results of campus-JPL planetary exploration study group : memo to Lee DuBridge, Caltech President, 1965 Sep 24. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf Murray, Bruce C., 1931-. Live Broadcast of Midterm Review : Interoffice Memorandum to All Personnel, 1981 Nov 17. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf Murray, Bruce C., 1931-. Mars: science fiction to science fact : article in Engineering and Science (E&S) 1972 Feb. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf Murray, Bruce C., 1931-. Remarks by Bruce Murray, Fourth [sic] Annual "State of the Lab" Report, 1981 Apr 2. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Alexander, George. person
associatedWith Beggs, James M., 1926- person
associatedWith Blamont, Jacques. person
associatedWith Bourke, Roger D., 1938- person
associatedWith Brown, Harold, 1927- person
associatedWith California Institute of Technology. corporateBody
associatedWith California Institute of Technology. Jet Propulsion Laboratory. corporateBody
associatedWith California Institute of Technology. Jet Propulsion Laboratory. corporateBody
associatedWith California Institute of Technology. Jet Propulsion Laboratory. corporateBody
associatedWith Chahine, Moustafa T., 1935-2011. person
associatedWith Chapman, Clark R. person
associatedWith Colombo, Giuseppe, 1920-1984. person
associatedWith Davies, Richard W. person
associatedWith Davis, Leverett, Jr. person
associatedWith Draper, Fraser. person
correspondedWith Druyan, Ann, 1949- Seth MacFarlane collection of the Carl Sagan and Ann Druyan archive. 1860-2004 person
associatedWith Dubridge, Lee A., 1901-1994. person
associatedWith Dyson, Freeman, 1923- person
associatedWith Eckman, Philip K., 1932- person
associatedWith Edelson, Robert. person
associatedWith Fellows, Robert F. person
associatedWith Frosch, Robert A., 1928- person
associatedWith Fubini, Eugene G., 1913-1997, person
associatedWith Gant, Daryal T. person
associatedWith Gates, Clarence R., 1926-2008. person
associatedWith Gulkis, Samuel. person
associatedWith Hamilton, Tom W., person
associatedWith Hawking, Stephen, 1941- person
associatedWith Hearth, Donald P. person
associatedWith Heie, John. person
associatedWith Hinners, Noel W., 1935- person
associatedWith James, Jack N., 1920-2001. person
associatedWith Jet Propulsion Laboratory (U.S.). corporateBody
associatedWith Jet Propulsion Laboratory (U.S.). Competitive Source Board. corporateBody
associatedWith Jet Propulsion Laboratory (U.S.). Office of the Director. corporateBody
associatedWith Jet Propulsion Laboratory (U.S.). Office of the Director. corporateBody
associatedWith Jet Propulsion Laboratory (U.S.). Office of the Director. corporateBody
associatedWith Keyworth, George A., 1939- person
associatedWith Lees, Lester. person
associatedWith Logsdon, John M., 1937- , person
associatedWith Mark, Hans M., 1929- person
associatedWith Meese, Edwin, III., 1931- person
associatedWith Mutch, Thomas A., 1931-1980. person
associatedWith National Aeronautics and Space Administration. corporateBody
associatedWith Newell, Homer E. Jr. 1915-1983. person
associatedWith Nicks, Oran W., person
associatedWith Obryant, William T. person
associatedWith Pickering, William H., 1910-2004. person
associatedWith Reiff, Gelnn A. person
associatedWith Robillard, Geoffrey. person
associatedWith Sagan, Carl, 1934-1996. person
associatedWith Schurmeier, Harris M, 1924- person
associatedWith Scott, R. F. person
associatedWith Seamans, Robert C., Jr., 1918- person
associatedWith Sharp, Robert P. person
associatedWith Small, John G., 1920-2003. person
associatedWith Terhune, Charles H., Jr., 1916-2006. person
associatedWith Thorne, Kip S., 1940- person
associatedWith United States. National Aeronautics amd Space Administration. corporateBody
associatedWith Vogt, Rochus E. person
associatedWith Webb, James E., 1906-1992. person
associatedWith Westphal, J. A. (James Adolph), 1930- person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Subject
Mars (planet)
Contract negotiation
space exploration
Space platforms
Mars exploration
Mariner program :
Decision making
Viking spacecraft
International solar polar mission
management planning
subdivisions
Human factors engineering
Mariner 9 space probe
Space stations
Personnel management
Halley's comet
SYSTEMS ENGINEERING 2 nasat
Venus orbiting imaging radar (spacecraft)
Voyager project :
personnel
Galileo project
Mission planning
Management
consolidation
Universities
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1931-11-30

Death 2013-08-29

Americans

English

Information

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