Charlotte, Queen, consort of George III, King of Great Britain, 1744-1818

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Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (19 May 1744 – 17 November 1818) was Queen of Great Britain and Queen of Ireland as the wife of King George III. Charlotte was born into the royal family of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. Charlotte was a patron of the arts and an amateur botanist who helped expand Kew Gardens. She introduced the Christmas tree to Britain, after decorating one for a Christmas party for children from Windsor in 1800. She was distressed by her husband's bouts of physical and mental illness, which became permanent in later life. She maintained a close relationship with Queen Marie Antoinette of France, and the French Revolution likely enhanced the emotional strain felt by Charlotte. Her eldest son, George, was appointed as Prince Regent in 1811 due to the increasing severity of the King's illness. Charlotte died in November 1818 with her son George at her side. Charlotte's husband, who was likely unaware of her death, died a little over a year later.

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Portraits, 1679-1893. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Benezet, Anthony, 1713-1784. Letter, 1783 August 25, Philad[elphia], "To Charlotte Queen of Great Britain" / Anth[on]y Benezet. Haverford College Library
referencedIn Charlotte Beckedorff manuscript material : 1 item, ca. 1802-1818 The New York Public Library. Carl H. Pforzheimer Collection of Shelley and His Circle.
referencedIn Beckedorff, Charlotte. Charlotte Beckedorff manuscript material : 1 item, ca. 1802-1818 New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Extra-illustrated Life of Nollekens, 1708-1875, 1768-1836 Yale Center for British Art
referencedIn Coleridge, Samuel Taylor, 1772-1834. [Queen Charlotte] : autograph manuscript signed and incomplete of an article written for the Courier, [1818-1819]. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Spencer Perceval: Correspondence, 1806-1812 Cambridge University Library, Department of Manuscripts and University Archives
referencedIn Johnsonian Miscellanies, extra-illustrated, 1538-1900 (inclusive);, 1738-1866 (bulk). Houghton Library
creatorOf Louis XVI, King of France, 1754-1793. Letter signed : Versailles, to "Madam, my sister" [Charlotte, Queen, consort of George III, King of Great Britain, 1744-1818], 1788 Jan. 7. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Papers, 1593-1824 (inclusive), 1794-1813 (bulk). Houghton Library
referencedIn Engravings, 1679-1880. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Dodd, William, 1729-1777. William Dodd papers, 1777. Houghton Library
referencedIn Charlotte, Queen, 1744-1818 : [miscellaneous ephemeral material]. Metropolitan Museum of Art, Thomas J. Watson Library
creatorOf Verzeichniss der in Ihro Majestät der Koniginn Bibliothek zu Windsor und Frogmore enthaltenen deutschen Bücher [manuscript], England, between 1803-1818. Grolier Club
referencedIn Hanover royal music archive, 1651-1951 (bulk circa 1770-1870). Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Bathurst, Henry, Earl Bathurst, 1762-1834. Letter signed : London, to Sir Hudson Lowe, 1818 Nov. 17. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Johnsoniana; or, Supplement to Boswell: being anecdotes and sayings of Dr. Johnson, extra-illustrated, 1668-1866 (inclusive);, 1738-1836 (bulk). Houghton Library
creatorOf Ernest Augustus, King of Hanover, 1771-1851. Autograph letters signed (18) : to his mother Queen Charlotte, (2) and to Capt. Charles Jones, (16), 1818 Apr. 3 to 1830 Apr. 30. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Portraits [manuscript], 1679-1893. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Austen, Jane, 1775-1817. Autograph letter signed : Southampton, to Cassandra Austen, 1809 Jan. 17-18. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Houghton Library printed book provenance file, A-D Houghton Library
referencedIn Boswell's Life of Johnson : including Boswell's Journal of a tour to the Hebrides and Johnson's Diary of a journey into North Wales, edited by George Birkbeck Hill, extra-illustrated, 1464-1897 (inclusive), 1724-1874 (bulk). Houghton Library
referencedIn MISCELLANEOUS LETTERS, papers, etc., 1554-19th century British Library
referencedIn Barnard, Edward, fl. 1783-1813. Silver kettle and spirit lamp given by Queen Charlotte to Sir Joseph Banks [realia] / Rebecca Emes [and] Edward Barnard. Libraries Australia
creatorOf Benezet, Anthony, 1713-1784. Papers, 1750-1936 (bulk 1750-1784). Haverford College Library
referencedIn Letters of Samuel Johnson, LL.D., collected and edited by George Birkbeck Hill, extra-illustrated, 1413-1900 (inclusive), 1775-1839 (bulk). Houghton Library
referencedIn Charlotte, consort of King George III, King of Great Britain, 1744-1818. Letter, 1784. University of North Carolina, Charlotte, J. Murrey Atkins Library
creatorOf Charlotte, consort of George III, King of Great Britain, 1744-1818. Letter to Thomas Bruce Brudenell, 3d Earl of Ailesbury [manuscript] 1788 June 7. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Arblay, Alexandre Jean Baptiste Piochard, comte d', 1754-1818. Recueil de lettres copiees pour servir un jour a l'instruction autant qu'a l'agrement de notre cher Alex qui trouvera a chaque page mille et mille nouvelles raisons d'aimer et cherir et admirer His Fond Mother. / A.P. d'Arblay, [ca. 1800]. Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Powell, Angelika Schmiegelow. Queen Charlotte, 1744-1818: a bilingual exhibit, 1996-1997. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Wynn Belasyse Letters, 1788-1821 Bangor University
referencedIn More, Hannah, 1745-1833,. Autograph letter signed from Hannah More, Barley Wood, to Mrs. Garrick [manuscript], 1818 December 2. Folger Shakespeare Library
referencedIn Miscellaneous European calligraphy, 1591-1977. Houghton Library
referencedIn Addition to the Prints Collection None., 1718-1945 Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
referencedIn History of the Seven Years' War, 1756-1762. Yale University, Lewis Walpole Library
creatorOf Charlotte, Queen, consort of George III, King of Great Britain, 1744-1818. Papers of Charlotte, consort of George III, King of Great Britain, 1775-1785. Library of Congress
referencedIn Luc, J. A. de (Jean André), 1727-1817. Jean André DeLuc papers, 1746-1847 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Jean André DeLuc papers, 1746-1847 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
creatorOf Schrader, Heinrich Otto. Gedichte religiösen inhalts / von H. O. Schrader : manuscript, 1801. Houghton Library
referencedIn Burney, Charles, 1726-1814. Memoirs, 1805 - 1811. Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Doctor Johnson and the fair sex; a study of contrasts, extra-illustrated, 1738-1840 (inclusive), 1784-1837 (bulk). Houghton Library
referencedIn Lee family. Lee family papers, 1754-1836. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Arblay, Alexandre Jean Baptiste Piochard, comte d', 1754-1818. person
associatedWith Austen, Jane, 1775-1817. person
associatedWith Bathurst, Henry, Earl Bathurst, 1762-1834. person
associatedWith Beckedorff, Charlotte person
associatedWith Beckedorff, Charlotte. person
correspondedWith Benezet, Anthony, 1713-1784. person
associatedWith Boswell, James, 1740-1795 person
associatedWith Brudenell, Thomas Bruce, 3rd Earl of Ailesbury, 1729-1814. person
associatedWith Burney, Charles, 1726-1814. person
correspondedWith Charlotte, consort of King George III, King of Great Britain, 1744-1818. person
associatedWith Coleridge, Samuel Taylor, 1772-1834. person
associatedWith Craig, William Henry, 1835- person
associatedWith Croker, John Wilson, 1780-1857 person
associatedWith Dodd, William, 1729-1777. person
associatedWith Ernest Augustus, King of Hanover, 1771-1851, person
associatedWith Hill, George Birkbeck Norman, 1835-1903 person
associatedWith Houghton Library. corporateBody
associatedWith Houghton Library. corporateBody
associatedWith Houghton Library. corporateBody
associatedWith Ireland, W. H. (William Henry), 1777-1835 person
correspondedWith Johnson, Samuel, 1709-1784 person
associatedWith Karl Ludwig Friedrich, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, 1741-1816. person
associatedWith Lady Charlotte Wynn Belasyse person
associatedWith Lee family. family
associatedWith Louis XVI, King of France, 1754-1793. person
associatedWith Luc, J. A. de (Jean André), 1727-1817. person
associatedWith Luc, J. A. de (Jean André), 1763-1847 person
associatedWith More, Hannah, 1745-1833, person
associatedWith Perceval, Spencer person
associatedWith Powell, Angelika Schmiegelow. person
associatedWith Schrader, Heinrich Otto. person
associatedWith Upcott, William, 1779-1845 person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Mirow 12 DE
London ENG GB
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 00 GB
Subject
Private libraries
Occupation
Activity

Person

Birth 1744-05-19

Death 1818-11-17

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