Capron, Horace, 1804-1885

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U.S. army officer and U.S. commissioner of agriculture.

From the description of Horace Capron papers, 1834-1961 (bulk 1871-1875). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 71131604

Horace Capron: worked in cotton manufacturing, 1829-1834; in 1834 commissioned colonel of the 32nd Regiment of Maryland Militia; opened a cotton factory, 1836; active in progressive farming and agricultural societies; from 1852-1854 special agent over certain Indian tribes in Texas; served in the Civil War, attaining rank of Brigadier-general in the Illinois cavalry; in 1867 appointed U.S. Commissioner of Agriculture, remaining until 1871, when he was appointed by the Japanese government as commissioner and chief advisor to the Kaitakushi Department in the development and settlement of Hokkaido; returned to the U.S. in 1875.

From the description of Horace Capron papers, 1837-1884 (inclusive). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 702168503

From the guide to the Horace Capron papers, 1837-1884, (Manuscripts and Archives)

Epithet: Brigadier-General; American agriculturalist

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000843.0x0002e0

Biographical Note

  • 1804, Aug. 31: Born, Attleboro, Mass.
  • 1834: Married Louisa V. Snowden (died 1849)
  • 1836 - 1851 : Owner and superintendent of a cotton factory, Laurel, Md. Became nationally known for progressive farming techniques
  • 1854: Married Margaret Baker
  • 1863: Commander and lieutenant colonel, 14th Illinois Cavalry
  • 1865: Commander and brigadier general, United States Volunteers
  • 1866: Served in United States Army
  • 1867 - 1871 : Commissioner of agriculture
  • 1871 - 1875 : On staff of Agriculture Commission; adviser to the Japanese government
  • 1885, Feb. 22: Died, Washington, D.C.

From the guide to the Horace Capron Papers, 1834-1961, (bulk 1871-1875), (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Amomen, David. person
associatedWith Antisell, Thomas, 1817-1893. person
associatedWith Burnside, Ambrose Everett, 1824-1881. person
associatedWith Capran family. family
correspondedWith Capron family family
correspondedWith Capron family family
associatedWith Day, Murray S. person
correspondedWith Grant, Ulysses S. (Ulysses Simpson), 1822-1885 person
correspondedWith Greeley, Horace, 1811-1872 person
associatedWith Henry, Joseph, 1797-1878. person
associatedWith Jenkins, Thornton Alexander, 1811-1893. person
associatedWith Kuroda, Kiyotaka, 1840-1900. person
associatedWith Library of Congress. Manuscript Division. corporateBody
associatedWith Lyman, Benjamin Smith, 1835-1920. person
associatedWith Markham family. family
associatedWith Monroe, Henry Smith. person
associatedWith National Grange of the Patrons of Husbandry. corporateBody
associatedWith New York State Library. Manuscripts and Special Collections Unit. corporateBody
associatedWith Robeson, George Maxwell, 1829-1897. person
associatedWith Rogers, John Rankin, 1838-1901. person
associatedWith Sellers, John R. person
correspondedWith Sherman, William T. (William Tecumseh), 1820-1891 person
associatedWith Thomas, George Henry, 1816-1870. person
associatedWith United States. Army. Illinois Cavalry Regiment, 14th. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Army. Infantry. Division, 6th. Brigade, 1st. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Dept. of Agriculture. corporateBody
associatedWith Wasson, James R. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
United States
United States of America
United States
United States
Hokkaido (Japan)
Hokkaido (Japan)
Franklin, Battle of, Franklin, Tenn., 1864
Stoneman's Raid, 1863
Agricultural assistance, American
Agriculture and state
Public officers
Public officials
Army officers


Birth 1804-08-31

Death 1885-02-22





Ark ID: w6tq749v

SNAC ID: 5105304