Rhodes, Eugene Manlove, 1869-1934

Alternative names

Hide Profile

Eugene Mangrove Rhodes was a writer of the old west. He was nationally known for his poetry, novels and, stories. Eleven of his books appeared serially in The Saturday Evening Post . He lived and wrote in Otero county, New Mexico.

From the guide to the Eugene Manlove Rhodes Papers, 1930-1938, (Museum of New Mexico. Fray Angélico Chávez History Library.)

Eugene Manlove Rhodes was a writer of the old west. He was nationally know for his poetry, novels, and stories. Eleven of his books appeared serially in the Saturday Evening Post. He lived and wrote in Otero County, New Mexico.

From the description of Eugene Manlove Rhodes papers, 1930-1938. (Museum of New Mexico Library). WorldCat record id: 51198940

Author and historian of the American West.

From the description of Papers, 1914-1942. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122630876

From the guide to the Eugene Manlove Rhodes papers, 1914-1942, (L. Tom Perry Special Collections)

Rhodes was born in Tecumseh, Nebraska, on January 19, 1869 to Colonel Hinman Rhodes and Julia Manlove Rhodes. He had a brother, Clarence Edgar Rhodes and a sister, Helen Mabel Rhodes. His boyhood was spent in Kansas, his formal education ending at age ten. His mother's home instruction provided him with a foundation for his literary knowledge. In 1881, Eugene and his father moved to establish a homestead in Engle, New Mexico. In 1882, the rest of the family joined them. Eugene's early jobs in New Mexico included stints as a horse wrangler, a well-digger, a miner, an army scout, a freighter, and a cowboy. Above all, Rhodes loved books and he is said to have read even on horseback. In 1883, Rhodes went to work for the Bar Cross Ranch and this experience would provide a lasting inspiration for his stories and books. From 1888 to 1890, Rhodes attended the College of the Pacific. However, because of financial pressures he was unable to complete his education. When he returned to New Mexico in 1890 he taught school briefly, then built a ranch of about eighty acres with cattle and horses close to his family's original homestead near Rhodes Pass in the San Andres Mountains. Rhodes, inspired by his work as a cowhand and in ranching began to write about his experiences. From about 1896 to 1902, Rhodes was involved in a long distance courtship with May Davidson Purple from Apalachin, New York. The two were married on August 9, 1899. Rhodes returned to New Mexico to earn enough money to bring his family west. The family lived in Tularosa, New Mexico for two years where a son, Alan was born on June 12, 1901. May traveled home to Apalachin in 1902 to visit her parents and decided to remain, leaving Rhodes by himself from 1902 to 1906. During these lonely years he wrote at least ten stories. He visited friends, wrote, and read books. In 1904, a flood destroyed his ranch and corrals and by April of 1906 he had decided to join his family in New York. For the next twenty years Rhodes lived and wrote in New York. This period is often referred to as his "years of exile." It was in New York that he reconstructed his beloved New Mexico in fictional tales and essays. By 1926, Rhodes' health had deteriorated and he longed to return to New Mexico. In September of 1917, Gene and May returned to New Mexico. They settled in Alamogordo where they were joined by their son, Alan. Soon after, a long time friend, Albert Fall, allowed them to live in the "Rock House" on his ranch until 1929. Failing health necessitated another move to a different climate. The Rhodes family moved to California in 1931 where they lived near the ocean between La Jolla and San Diego. Here Rhodes wrote, corresponded with old friends, played baseball, and enjoyed his later years. He died on June 27, 1934 and at his request was buried in New Mexico close to his original ranch headquarters at Rhodes Pass in the San Andres Mountains.

From the description of Eugene Manlove Rhodes collection, 1900-1990. (New Mexico State University). WorldCat record id: 60678174

A novelist and short-story writer, Rhodes was one of the few writers about the West who was a westerner himself. Although born in Nebraska, Rhodes spent much of his life in New Mexico, several years in New York, and his last years in California. Rhodes returned to New Mexico frequently in his stories, and his novels include: Good men and true (1910), West is west (1917), Copper streak trail (1922) and Beyond the desert (1934). Of his several novelettes, Paso por aqui (1926) has been singled out as his masterpiece.

From the description of Papers of Eugene Manlove Rhodes, 1892-1951. (Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens). WorldCat record id: 122570705

American cowboy and author known as "the novelist of the cattle kingdom."

From the description of Papers about Eugene Manlove Rhodes [manuscript], 1936-1943 (bulk 1936-1937). (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 647840697

Eugene Manlove Rhodes. (Box 1, Folder 23).

"Cowboy chronicler" Eugene Manlove Rhodes was born in Tecumseh, Nebraska on January 19, 1869. He moved to New Mexico with his parents in 1881, and immediately fell in love with New Mexico. By age 13, he was an accomplished well digger; by age 16, he was accomplished as a stone mason, road builder (he built the first road from Engle to Tularosa, over the San Andres Mountains), and horseman. Rhodes was largely self-educated. He was an avid and eclectic reader. In 1888, he was admitted to the University of the Pacific, in California. Financial problems caused him to leave the university after two years; however, it was here that his first published works appeared, unsigned, in the college newspaper. His first signed published piece was the poem, "Charlie Graham," which appeared in Charles Lummis' Land of Sunshine in 1896.

Rhodes married May Louise Davison Purple, a widow with 2 sons from Apalachin, New York in 1899. Shortly after their marriage, Rhodes spent nearly two decades away from and longing for New Mexico. During this time, he wrote his first 7 novels. In 1926, he and his wife returned to New Mexico, living in Santa Fe for less than a year, and then, Alamogordo. When they could not afford to pay their rent in Alamogordo, Albert B. Fall gave them a house at White Mountain, 12 miles from Three Rivers. Eugene's poor health exiled him and May to Pacific Beach, California in 1930. Rhodes died on June 27, 1934. Per his request, he was returned to New Mexico to be buried in the San Andres Mountains.

Rhodes' philosophy, "master of no man, servant of none" permeated his life and his writing. Many of his works appeared in magazines including Land of Sunshine, Out West, McClure's, Redbook, Sunset, and Cosmopolitan, and much of his fiction was serialized in the Saturday Evening Post prior to being published as a book. Ten books by Rhodes were published between 1910 and 1935. Several of his works sold as motion pictures. Bernard DeVoto praised Rhodes' works as "the only body of fiction devoted to the cattle kingdom which is both true to it and written by an artist in prose." Despite his apparent success as a writer, for most of his life, Rhodes was broke or in debt.

From the guide to the Eugene Manlove Rhodes Collection, 1916-1972 (bulk 1930 ), (University of New Mexico. Center for Southwest Research.)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Dickey, Roland F. Roland F. Dickey collection, 1855-1972 (bulk, 1946-1958). New Mexico State Library
creatorOf Rhodes, Eugene Manlove, 1869-1934. Papers of Eugene Manlove Rhodes, 1892-1951. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
creatorOf Eugene Manlove Rhodes Papers, 1930-1938 Museum of New Mexico. Fray Angélico Chávez History Library.
creatorOf Rhodes, Eugene Manlove, 1869-1934. Papers about Eugene Manlove Rhodes [manuscript], 1936-1943 (bulk 1936-1937). University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Thorp, N. Howard (Nathan Howard), 1867-1940. Papers of N. Howard Thorp, ca. 1908-1999. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn Lummis, Charles Fletcher, 1859-1928. Charles F. Lummis collection, 1878-1920. Museum of New Mexico Library
creatorOf Lummis, Charles, 1859-1928. Charles Fletcher Lummis Manuscript Collection 1879-1928 [manuscript materials] : at the Autry National Center / Charles Fletcher Lummis. Gene Autry Western Heritage Museum
creatorOf Hutchinson, W. H. (William Henry), 1910-1990. William Henry Hutchinson papers, 1941-1968. University of Texas at El Paso
creatorOf Lummis, Charles Fletcher, 1859-1928. Lummis correspondence series papers, 1880-1928 / Chas. F. Lummis. Gene Autry Western Heritage Museum
referencedIn Charles F. Lummis Collection, 1878-1920 Museum of New Mexico. Fray Angélico Chávez History Library.
referencedIn Alice Corbin Henderson Collection TXRC92-A24., 1861-1987 Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
creatorOf Eugene Manlove Rhodes Collection, 1916-1972 (bulk 1930 ) University of New Mexico. Center for Southwest Research
creatorOf Eugene Manlove Rhodes collection, 1916-1972, (bulk 1930). University of New Mexico-Main Campus
referencedIn Peckinpah, C. L. Letter to W. H. Hutchinson, 1956, Jan. 10. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
creatorOf Rhodes, Eugene Manlove, 1869-1934. Eugene Manlove Rhodes papers, 1930-1938. Museum of New Mexico Library
referencedIn Raine, William MacLeod, 1871-1954. William MacLeod Raine papers, 1945. New Mexico State University
referencedIn Houghton Mifflin Company correspondence and records, 1832-1944. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Dobie, J. Frank (James Frank), 1888-1964. A Bar Cross man: review; [manuscript]. Southwestern University, A. Frank Smith, Jr. Library Center
creatorOf Henderson, Alice Corbin, 1881-1949. Papers, 1861-1987 (bulk 1920-1949). Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
referencedIn W. H. Hutchinson Papers, 1925-1985 (bulk 1952-1979) Archives and Special Collections. New Mexico State University Library.
referencedIn Cleaveland, Agnes Morley, 1874-1958. Agnes Morley Cleaveland papers, 1865-1954. New Mexico State University
referencedIn Knibbs, Henry Herbert, 1874-1945. Henry Herbert Knibbs papers, 1906-1951. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Hutchinson, W. H. (William Henry), 1910-1990. W.H. Hutchinson papers, 1902-1989 (bulk 1952-1979). New Mexico State University
creatorOf Fall, Albert B. (Albert Bacon), 1861-1944. Albert B. Fall family papers, 1910-1941. New Mexico State University
creatorOf Rhodes, Eugene Manlove, 1869-1934. Autograph letter signed E.M.Rhodes to: "Dear Mr.Fullerton" August 13, 1925. Wellesley College
creatorOf Rhodes, Eugene Manlove, 1869-1934. Papers, 1914-1942. American Primers
referencedIn Douglas, Frances, 1870-. Papers, 1890-1963 (bulk 1900-1948). University of Arizona Libraries
creatorOf Rhodes, Hinman. Diary of Hinman Rhodes, diaries, 1866. University of Iowa Libraries
referencedIn Cunningham, Eugene, 1896-1957. Papers of Eugene Cunningham, 1915-1958. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn Rydal Press Collection, 1930-1967 Fray Angélico Chávez History Library, Santa Fe, New Mexico, U.S.A.
referencedIn W.H. Hutchinson papers, 1902-1989 New Mexico State University. Archives and Special Collections Department.
referencedIn De Voto, Bernard Augustine, 1897-1955. Bernard De Voto papers, 1918-1955 (bulk 1944-1951). Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
creatorOf Eugene Manlove Rhodes papers, 1914-1942 L. Tom Perry Special Collections20th Century Western & Mormon Manuscripts
referencedIn Gaston, Edwin W. Edwin W. Gaston, Jr. papers, 1946-1977. Stephen F. Austin State University, East Texas Research Center
creatorOf Lummis, Charles Fletcher, 1859-1928. Lummis correspondence series papers, 1880-1928 / Chas. F. Lummis. Southwest Museum, Braun Research Library
referencedIn Maynard Dixon Papers, [ca. 1896-1946] Bancroft Library
referencedIn Bernard Augustine De Voto Papers, 1918-1955 (inclusive), 1944-1951 (bulk) Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
creatorOf Rhodes, Eugene Manlove, 1869-1934. Eugene Manlove Rhodes collection, 1900-1990. New Mexico State University
referencedIn Dickey, Roland F. Roland F. Dickey photograph collection [graphic]. New Mexico State Library
creatorOf Lake, Stuart N. Papers of Stuart N. Lake, 1854-1963. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Asplund, Julia B., (Julia Brown), 1875-1958. person
associatedWith Brandt & Brandt. corporateBody
associatedWith Bugbee, H. D. (Harold Dow), 1900-1963. person
associatedWith Bynner, Witter, 1881-1968. person
associatedWith Chapman, William Gerard, 1877-1945, person
associatedWith Cleaveland, Agnes Morley, 1874-1958. person
associatedWith Cunningham, Eugene, 1896-1957. person
associatedWith De Voto, Bernard Augustine, 1897-1955. person
associatedWith Dickey, Roland F. person
associatedWith Dixon, Maynard, 1875-1946. person
associatedWith Dobie, J. Frank (James Frank), 1888-1964. person
correspondedWith Douglas, Frances, 1870- person
associatedWith Eugene Manlove Rhodes collection, 1900-1990 person
associatedWith Fall, Albert B. (Albert Bacon), 1861-1944. person
associatedWith Fullerton, Hugh S. (Hugh Stuart), 1873-1945. person
associatedWith Gaston, Edwin W. person
associatedWith Gilliland, Jim. person
associatedWith Gilman, Charlotte Perkins, 1860-1935. person
associatedWith Gould, Charles Newton, 1868-1949. person
associatedWith Harcourt Brace & Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Henderson, Alice Corbin, 1881-1949 person
associatedWith Houghton Mifflin Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Hughes, John R. person
associatedWith Hughes, John R. person
associatedWith Hughes, Rupert, 1872-1956. person
associatedWith Hutchinson, W. H. (William Henry), 1910-1934 person
associatedWith Hutchinson, W. H. (William Henry), 1910-1990. person
associatedWith Knibbs, Harry Herbert, 1874-1945. person
associatedWith Knibbs, Henry Herbert, 1874-1945. person
associatedWith Lake, Stuart N. person
associatedWith Lee, Oliver person
associatedWith Lee, Oliver. person
associatedWith Lummis, Charles Fletcher, 1859-1928. person
associatedWith New Mexico State Library Extension Service. corporateBody
associatedWith Parker, Dorothy, 1893-1967 person
associatedWith Peckinpah, C. L. person
associatedWith Raine, William MacLeod, 1871-1954. person
associatedWith Rhodes, Alan Hinman person
associatedWith Rhodes, Hinman. person
associatedWith Rhodes, Mary Davison, person
associatedWith Rhodes, May D. person
associatedWith Rhodes, May Davidson person
associatedWith Richter, Conrad, 1890-1968. person
associatedWith Starrett, Charles Vincent Emerson, 1886- person
associatedWith Thorp, N. Howard (Nathan Howard), 1867-1940. person
associatedWith White, William Allen, 1868-1944. person
associatedWith Yore, Clem (Clement), 1875-1936. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
New Mexico
New Mexico
West (U.S.)
New Mexico
West (U.S.)
Subject
Authors, American--West (U.S.) - Correspondence
American literature--West (U.S.)
Western stories--Authorship
Correspondence
Authors, American--20th century--Biography
Authors
Authors, American--20th century--Correspondence
Serial publication of books
Authors, American--Correspondence
Material Types
Authors--New Mexico
Authors, American--Archives
Authors, American--20th century--Manuscripts
Books--Reviews
American literature
American fiction--Southwest, New
Literary agents
Western stories
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1869-01-19

Death 1934-06-27

Information

Permalink: http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6dr350b

Ark ID: w6dr350b

SNAC ID: 50850736