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Oxford University ran a series of expeditions to the Arctic regions during the 1920s and 1930s

From the guide to the Oxford University Arctic Expeditions, 1921-1936, 1921-1936, (Scott Polar Research Institute, University of Cambridge)

Teaching in Oxford developed during the eleventh century, helped from 1167 by Henry II's decision to ban English students from attending the University of Paris. The university had a master by 1201, on whom was conferred the title of Chancellor in 1214. Halls of residence were established during the thirteenth century, followed by the endowment of the first colleges, University, Balliol and Merton, between 1249 and 1264. By the fourteenth century the university was recognised as one of the foremost seats of learning in Europe. During the civil war Oxford University was royalist, and Charles I held a parliament of his own in Convocation House.

From the guide to the Oxford University: Petitions and Declarations, c. 1650, (Cambridge University Library, Department of Manuscripts and University Archives)

From 1908, entrants to the Colonial Administrative Service destined for West and East Africa were offered training on a short course at the Imperial Institute in London. In 1926, as part of the expansion of the Colonial Service following the end of the First World War, Sir Ralph Furse persuaded the Colonial Office to transfer the training course to the universities at Oxford and Cambridge. The course was originally called the Tropical African Service (TAS) course, although it was renamed the Colonial Administrative Service (CAS) course in 1933, reflecting its opening to Eastern cadets too. Initially the course lasted for two terms (four months) which enabled a probationer to embark on their training in either October or January, but this ultimately changed so that the training period coincided with the full academic year. The training at the universities moved away from the practical subjects taught at the Imperial Institute and became more academic, aiming to provide a theoretical introduction to colonial government. An African language, anthropology, law, agriculture, forestry and 'British Rule in Africa' now dominated the syllabus, under the direction of the colonial historians Professor Sir Reginald Coupland (1884-1952) at Oxford and Professor Eric Walker (1886-1976) at Cambridge. The services of the Imperial Institute were retained for the teaching of tropical medicine and accounting during the Oxford and Cambridge vacations (six weeks at Christmas and Easter).

As part of the post-war reorganisation of the Colonial Service, the Colonial Office set up the Devonshire Committee to make recommendations for post-war training. The Devonshire Committee sat throughout 1944 and 1945 and, in their report, recommended that there be two courses. The first, called the Devonshire 'A' Course - or First (Devonshire) course - would be a full years course scheduled to start in October 1947 at Oxford, Cambridge and also at the London School of Economics (LSE). There was also to be a Devonshire 'B' Course - or Second (Devonshire) course - which would be a sabbatical year, also offered by all 3 institutions. The Devonshire 'B' Course proved especially valuable for those who, having had their university education interrupted (or perhaps cancelled) by war service, had joined the CAS in 1945 or 1946 and been sent straight out to the colonies without the opportunity to attend the Devonshire 'A' Course. The Committee also argued that a Colonial Service club in each university would be essential as a meeting place for all those taking the course. The Devonshire courses (which were renamed Overseas Service courses in 1954) continued until 1969.

From the guide to the Photographs of Cadets from the Oxford University Colonial Administrative Service Course / Colonial Services Club, 1929, 1931-1940, 1947-1950, (The Bodleian Library of Commonwealth and African Studies at Rhodes House)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
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referencedIn Fuller, Lon L. Lon L. Fuller papers. 1926-1977. Harvard Law School Library, Harvard University.
referencedIn Addison, Henry. Henry Addison Papers, 1776-1794. William L. Clements Library
creatorOf Oxford University: Petitions and Declarations, c. 1650 Cambridge University Library, Department of Manuscripts and University Archives
referencedIn Constance Fussell: Album of crests and monograms, c. 1865 Cambridge University Library, Department of Manuscripts and University Archives
creatorOf Oxford University Arctic Expeditions, 1921-1936, 1921-1936 Scott Polar Research Institute
referencedIn Brydges, Egerton, Sir, 1762-1837. Notes on Copyright bill, [1814?]. Rosenbach Museum & Library
referencedIn Sir William Trumbull: Papers, c. 1588-c. 1700 Cambridge University Library, Department of Manuscripts and University Archives
referencedIn Gabriel family. Gabriel family papers, 1916-1925. Cornell University Library
referencedIn The S.E.Finer Papers, 1954-1955 University of Essex: Albert Sloman Library
referencedIn Bentley, E. C. (Edmund Clerihew), 1875-1956. Letters, 1897-1920. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Cecil John Rhodes miscellany, 1886-1930 Hoover Institution Archives
referencedIn Powell, Herbert Marcus, 1906-1991. Papers, 1925-1974. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn John Ivory: Notes to Lectures by John Keill on Optics and Hydrostatics, c.1710 Cambridge University Library, Department of Manuscripts and University Archives
referencedIn Eliot, Henry Ware, 1879-1947, collector. T. S. Eliot collection, 1881-1994. Houghton Library
referencedIn Papers, 1917-1977 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn John Edward Bickersteth Mayor: Historical Papers, Late 19th century Cambridge University Library, Department of Manuscripts and University Archives
referencedIn Kate Millett papers, 1912-2002 and undated, bulk 1951-2001 David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
referencedIn Scott, Austin Wakeman. Austin Wakeman Scott papers. 1906-1979. Harvard Law School Library, Harvard University.
referencedIn Sherwin, Belle, 1868-1955. Papers, 1880-1955 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn A pictorial log of the trip to England of the track teams of Cornell University and Princeton University, 1930. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Indiana University Oral History Archive, 1991-1998 Indiana University, Bloomington. Center for the Study of History and Memory
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referencedIn Papers of John Rawls, 1942-2003 and undated. Harvard University Archives.
referencedIn Leach, Walter Barton. W. Barton Leach Papers. 1920-1971. Harvard Law School Library, Harvard University.
referencedIn Reynolds Price Papers, bulk, 1927-2010 and undated, 1956-2006 David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
referencedIn Papers, 1779-1825. Houghton Library
referencedIn Wilkinson, Denys Haigh, Sir. Papers, 1960s. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
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referencedIn Leonard Victor Eggleston Notebooks, 1941-1974 University of Sheffield Library
referencedIn Letters sent to Walter Hines Page from various correspondents, English period, 1876-1937. Houghton Library
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referencedIn Papers on English ballads, 1906-1910. Houghton Library
referencedIn Arthur E. Sutherland papers Harvard Law School Library, HLS Library
referencedIn Ambarum Club: Minutes, 1880-1917 Cambridge University Library, Department of Manuscripts and University Archives
referencedIn AURA - Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy, Incorporated, 1983-1984 Indiana University, Bloomington. Center for the Study of History and Memory
referencedIn Douglas V. and Dorothy M. Steere papers, 1896-2003 Haverford College Quaker & Special Collections
referencedIn Macdonald, J. Ross (James Ross), 1923-. Papers, 1932-1989. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Freund, Paul A. Paul A. Freund papers. 1918-1993. Harvard Law School Library, Harvard University.
referencedIn Allen, John Jasper. The Whippiad. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
referencedIn Homerton College Records, 1782-1999 Cambridge University: Homerton College
referencedIn Wood, Anthony 1632 -1695. Historia et antiquitates Universitatis Oxoniensis [Manuscrito] Antonius a Wood. Biblioteca Nacional de España, Biblioteca Nacional - Madrid
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referencedIn Edwin M. Yoder Papers (#4963), 1945-1998 University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library. Southern Historical Collection
referencedIn Revisers of the English Bible: Minutes, Correspondence and Papers, 1870-1899 Cambridge University Library, Department of Manuscripts and University Archives
referencedIn Houghton Library. Houghton Library printed book provenance file, L-Q. 1942. Houghton Library
creatorOf Photographs of Cadets from the Oxford University Colonial Administrative Service Course / Colonial Services Club, 1929, 1931-1940, 1947-1950 The Bodleian Library of Commonwealth and African Studies at Rhodes House
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Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Addison, Henry. person
associatedWith Allen, John Jasper. person
associatedWith Ambarum Club corporateBody
associatedWith BELLE SHERWIN, 1868-1955 person
associatedWith Bentley, E. C. (Edmund Clerihew), 1875-1956. person
associatedWith Bryant, Frank Egbert, 1877-1910 person
associatedWith Brydges, Egerton, Sir, 1762-1837. person
associatedWith Burke, Edmund, 1729-1797 person
associatedWith Chawner, George person
associatedWith Constance M. Fussell person
associatedWith Douglas, Cameron. person
associatedWith Edward Byles Cowell person
associatedWith English Bible revision companies and committees person
associatedWith Fuller, Lon L., 1902- person
associatedWith Gabriel family. family
associatedWith Great Britain Colonial Administrative Service corporateBody
associatedWith Helen Hill Miller, 1899- person
associatedWith Homerton College corporateBody
associatedWith Houghton Library. person
associatedWith Indiana University Center for the Study of History and Memory corporateBody
associatedWith Ivory, John person
associatedWith John Edward Bickersteth Mayor person
associatedWith Leach, W. Barton (Walter Barton), 1900- person
associatedWith Leonard Victor Eggleston person
associatedWith Macdonald, J. Ross (James Ross), 1923- person
associatedWith Millett, Kate person
associatedWith Murphy, Michael. person
associatedWith Oxford University Arctic Expeditions 1921-1936 corporateBody
associatedWith Page, Walter Hines, 1855-1918 person
associatedWith Paul A. Freund person
associatedWith Powell, Herbert Marcus, 1906-1991. person
associatedWith Price, Reynolds, 1933-2011 person
associatedWith Professor Samuel Edward Finer person
associatedWith Rawls, John, 1921-2002 person
associatedWith Rhodes, Cecil John, 1853-1902 person
associatedWith Rostovtzeff, Michael Ivanovitch, 1870-1952 person
associatedWith Sakharov, Andreĭ, 1921-1989 person
correspondedWith Scott, Austin Wakeman, 1884-1981 person
associatedWith Selig, Richard, 1929-1957 person
associatedWith Sir William Trumbull: Papers person
associatedWith Steere, Dorothy M., 1908-2003 person
associatedWith Steere, Douglas V. (Douglas Van), 1901-1995 person
correspondedWith Sutherland, Arthur E., 1902-1973 person
associatedWith Wilkinson, Denys Haigh, Sir. person
associatedWith Wood, Anthony 1632 -1695. person
associatedWith Yoder, Edwin M (Edwin Milton), 1934- person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Arctic regions Discovery and exploration
Subject
Religion
Colonial administrators England Oxford Study and teaching
Occupational training England Oxford
Clubs England Oxford Photographs
Portraits, Group
Occupation
Function

Corporate Body

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