New York Central Railroad

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The New York Central Railroad first stationed business representatives in Cleveland, Ohio, in 1853. However, it was not until 1870 that the railroad established a significant presence in the local railroad economy. During the 1880s and 1890s the New York Central purchased controlling interests in various railroads to secure routes into Cleveland from the east and west. During the early twentieth century the railroad built and bought lines through and around Cleveland. Yards that were key to New York Central's repair, maintenance, and storage operations included Collinwood in the east, Linndale in the west, and Union Depot on the shore of Lake Erie. In 1921 the New York Central participated in the financing of Cleveland Union Terminal (C.U.T.) on Public Square and eventually established a yard on the site while maintaining the lakefront property. In 1929 the railroad had 9,963 employees in the Cleveland area and established one of its two national offices downtown. During the Depression many yard workers were furloughed, and labor organizations like the Communist Party had "units" within the yards. Many employees served in World War II, a time when the yards experienced unprecedented passenger and freight activity. In the 1950s and 1960s passenger traffic significantly declined, and freight activity decreased as well, albeit less dramatically. In 1975 the remnants of the New York Central and other once prosperous railroads were consolidated by the United States government under the name Conrail.

click here to view the Encyclopedia of Cleveland History entry for the New York Central Railroad

From the guide to the New York Central Railroad Records, 1880-1957, (Western Reserve Historical Society)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Howell, John S.,. John S. Howell collection, 1805-1889. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Lake Placid-North Elba Historical Society. Record book collection, 1883-1964. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Syracuse Jubilee records, 1936. New York State Historical Documents
creatorOf New York Central Railroad Records, 1880-1957 Western Reserve Historical Society
referencedIn Sternbergh family. Papers, 1760-1885. American Periodical Series I
referencedIn Seth P. Holcombe, Papers, Bulk, 1946-1953, undated, 1887, 1946-1953 Archives and Special Collections at the Thomas J. Dodd Research Center, University of Connecticut Libraries
referencedIn Syracuse grade crossing elimination records, 1917-1936. New York State Historical Documents
creatorOf New York Central Railroad. New York Central Railroad records, 1917-1968. New York State Historical Documents
referencedIn Brooks A. Bentz Railroad Collection., undated, 1889, 1913-1975 Archives & Special Collections at the Thomas J. Dodd Research Center.
referencedIn Richard C. Carpenter Papers, 1889-2001. Archives and Special Collections at the Thomas J. Dodd Research Center, University of Connecticut Libraries
referencedIn William Higginbotham Papers, undated, 1895, 1902, 1931-1972 Archives and Special Collections at the Thomas J. Dodd Research Center, University of Connecticut Libraries
referencedIn J. Walter Thompson Company. Information Center Records, 1890s-1987 David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
referencedIn New York, New Haven & Hartford Railroad Records, undated, 1760-1980 Archives and Special Collections at the Thomas J. Dodd Research Center, University of Connecticut Libraries
referencedIn Early Onondaga County legal documents, 1809-1854. New York State Historical Documents
referencedIn Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen. Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen. Series 7. Files of the New York Central Railroad (Lines East) General Grievance Committee, 1923-1973. Cornell University Library
referencedIn New York and Harlem Railroad. Time Book, 1858-1860. American Periodical Series I
referencedIn James W. Wall, Photograph Collection, undated, 1934-1991 Archives and Special Collections at the Thomas J. Dodd Research Center, University of Connecticut Libraries
referencedIn United States. Presidential Railroad Commission. United States. Presidential Railroad Commission. Series 2. Labor union exhibits, 1960-1961. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Papers, 1840-1961. Harvard Law School Library, Harvard University.
referencedIn Cole, David Lawrence, 1902-1977. David Lawrence Cole series 4, subseries 1. General case files, 1946-1977. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Dreyfuss, Henry, 1904-1972. Papers, 1929-1972. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen. Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen Series 5, Subseries 1. Agreements, 1891-1965. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Tormey, Frank, 1889-. Frank Tormey oral history, 1963-1964. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Papers, 1890-1996 Radcliffe College Archives, Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
referencedIn Remembering Indiana in the Twentieth Century, 1995-1996 Indiana University Center for the Study of History and Memoryhttp://www.indiana.edu/~cshm
referencedIn Emley, Edna Z. Edna Z. Emley Papers, 1836-1941. Michigan State University Libraries, Main Library
referencedIn Joseph R. Snopek Railroad Collection, undated, 1902-1999 Archives and Special Collections at the Thomas J. Dodd Research Center, University of Connecticut Libraries
referencedIn Cayuga Lake Railroad. Cayuga Lake Railroad petition and report, [1840?], 1867. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Schenectady and Troy Railroad. Account books, 1839-1853. American Periodical Series I
creatorOf New York Central Railroad. New York Central Railroad. Tariff Files, 1909-1956. New York State Historical Documents
referencedIn Leroy Y. Beaujon, Railroad Collection, undated, 1868-1971 Archives and Special Collections at the Thomas J. Dodd Research Center, University of Connecticut Libraries
referencedIn University Railroad Collection, undated, 1841-1993. Archives and Special Collections at the Thomas J. Dodd Research Center, University of Connecticut Libraries
referencedIn Judson, Clarence H. Clarence H. Judson Papers, 1874-1988 1883-1886. Michigan State University Libraries, Main Library
referencedIn Sprague, Frank J. (Frank Julian), 1857-. Frank J. Sprague papers, 1874-1939. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Owen D. Young Library. Special Collections. Railroad collection, 1840-1929. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Brotherhood of Railroad Signalmen, General Committee of the New York Central Railroad (Lines West), chairman's files, 1909-1962 [bulk 1931-1962]. Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library
creatorOf New York Central Railroad. New York Central Railroad Collection, 1839-1940, 1850-1910 (bulk). New York State Historical Documents
referencedIn Don Ball, Jr. Railroad Photograph Collection., undated, 1895-1975. Archives & Special Collections at the Thomas J. Dodd Research Center.
referencedIn New York, New Haven & Hartford Railroad Photograph Collection., undated, 1900-1971. Archives & Special Collections at the Thomas J. Dodd Research Center.
referencedIn J. Walter Thompson Company. Domestic Advertisements Collection, 1875-2001 and undated, bulk 1920s-1990s David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
referencedIn Doble, William J., 1904-1972. Brotherhood of Railroad Signalmen, General Committee of the New York Central Railroad (Lines West), chairman's files, 1909-1962, bulk 1931-1962. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Francis D. Donovan Papers., undated, 1829-1997. Archives & Special Collections at the Thomas J. Dodd Research Center.
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Anne Murray Morgan, 1925- person
associatedWith Ball, Don, Jr. person
associatedWith Beaujon, Leroy Y. Collector. person
associatedWith Bentz, Brooks A. person
associatedWith Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen. corporateBody
associatedWith Carpenter, Richard C. person
associatedWith Cayuga Lake Railroad. corporateBody
associatedWith Cole, David Lawrence, 1902-1977. person
associatedWith Coughlin, William Bruce. person
associatedWith Doble, William J. person
associatedWith Doble, William J., 1904-1972. person
associatedWith Donovan, Francis D. person
associatedWith Dreyfuss, Henry, 1904-1972. person
associatedWith Emley, Edna Z. person
correspondedWith Hand, Learned, 1872-1961 person
associatedWith Higginbotham, William person
associatedWith Holcombe, Seth P., 1918-2009 person
associatedWith Howell, John S., person
associatedWith Indiana University Center for the Study of History and Memory corporateBody
associatedWith Judson, Clarence H. person
associatedWith J. Walter Thompson Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Lake Placid-North Elba Historical Society. corporateBody
associatedWith New York and Harlem Railroad. corporateBody
associatedWith New York, New Haven & Hartford Railroad. corporateBody
associatedWith Owen D. Young Library. Special Collections. corporateBody
associatedWith Schenectady and Troy Railroad. corporateBody
associatedWith Snopek, Joseph. (Collector) person
associatedWith Sprague, Frank J. (Frank Julian), 1857- person
associatedWith Sternbergh family. family
associatedWith Tormey, Frank, 1889- person
associatedWith United States. Presidential Railroad Commission. corporateBody
correspondedWith University of Connecticut (Collector). corporateBody
associatedWith Wall, James W. person
associatedWith Wilhelm, Henry T., 1906-1994 person
Place Name Admin Code Country
New York (State)
Subject
Railroads--Ohio--Cleveland--Employees
Railroads
Railroad companies--Ohio--Cleveland
Transportation
Railroads--Ohio--Cleveland--Yards
New York Central Railroad Company--Employees
Cleveland (Ohio)--Commerce
New York Central Railroad Company
Occupation
Function

Corporate Body

Active 1917

Active 1968

Information

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