Johnson, Gerald W. (Gerald White), 1890-1980

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Writer and journalist; friend of H. L. Mencken; speech-writer for Adlaie E. Stevenson's 1952 presidential campaign.

From the description of Letter to Dr. Solis-Cohen [manuscript], 1952 November 9. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 647996418

Gerald W. Johnson was an alumnus of Wake Forest College (Class of 1911) a newspaper reporter and columnist on the Baltimore Sun and other newspapers; and an author.

From the description of Gerald White Johnson Papers, 1886-1989 (Wake Forest University - ZSR Library). WorldCat record id: 60690714

Journalist and historian, colleague of H.L. Mencken and speech writer for Adlai E. Stevenson.

From the description of Correspondence to Maxwell Struthers Burt, 1951. (University of Pennsylvania Library). WorldCat record id: 122526761

Biography

Gerald Woodrow Johnson was born in Spangle, Washington, in 1917. He graduated from Washington State College in 1937, received the M.S. degree from the same college in 1939, and was awarded a Ph.D. in physics from the University of California, Berkeley, in 1947.

After teaching physics at Washington State University for two years, Johnson began working in solid state and neutron physics at Brookhaven National Laboratory in 1949. In 1951 he headed the Analysis Branch, Nuclear Weapons Effects, in the Armed Forces Special Weapons Project. Johnson joined the Lawrence Radiation Laboratory in 1953 and was later named associate director for testing, responsible for nuclear testing in Nevada and the Pacific. In 1957, he became the laboratory's first director of the Plowshare Program, an effort to develop civil, industrial, and scientific uses of nuclear explosives. From 1961 to 1963 Johnson worked in the Kennedy Administration as chairman of the military liaison committee to the Atomic Energy Commission and also as special assistant to the Secretary of Defense for atomic energy. In this position, Johnson was responsible for the safety of nuclear weapons and the introduction of permissive action links into the U.S. and NATO stockpiles. From 1963 to 1966 he was associate director of the Lawrence Radiation Laboratory and from 1966 to 1968 served as director of U.S. Navy Laboratories in Washington, D.C. In 1968 Johnson joined Gulf Energy and Environmental Systems in San Diego, where he served as manager of explosives engineering services. He was appointed director of the Atomic Energy Commission Division of Applied Technology in 1972. From 1974 to 1977 Johnson worked in energy program development for the Energy Management Division of TRW, Inc. During the following two years, he served as personal representative of the Secretary of Defense to the Strategic Arms Limitations Talks and to the Comprehensive Test Ban negotiations. Johnson returned to TRW in 1979 as a senior technical staff member of the Defense Systems Group. From 1987 to present, Johnson has held the position of Adjunct Professor of Political Science at UCSD, where he is affiliated with the Program in Science, Technology and Public Affairs and the Institute on Global Conflict and Cooperation.

In addition to career positions, Johnson has served on a number of committees and delegations, including: Special Assistant to the Director of Research of the Atomic Energy Commission, 1953; Special Assistant to the Secretary of Defense for Atomic Energy and Chairman of the Military Liaison Committee to the Atomic Energy Commission, 1961-1963; member of the Scientific Advisory Committee of the Defense Intelligence Agency, 1965-1969; member of several U.S. delegations regarding nuclear test monitoring and arms control, and Consultant to the Secretary of Defense, 1979-1980.

Awards presented to Johnson include the Distinguished Civilian Award by the Secretary of the Navy, 1968, and a citation from the Secretary of Defense for SALT II work, 1979.

From the guide to the Gerald Johnson Papers, 1938 - 1995, (University of California, San Diego. Geisel Library. Mandeville Special Collections Library.)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Johnson, Gerald W. (Gerald White), 1890-1980. Correspondence to Maxwell Struthers Burt, 1951. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Johnson, Gerald W. (Gerald White), 1890-1980. Letter to Dr. Solis-Cohen [manuscript], 1952 November 9. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Barr, Stringfellow, 1897-1982. Papers of Stringfellow Barr, 1927-1968. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Luxon, Norval Neil, b. 1899. Norval Neil Luxon papers, circa 1930-1989. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Scott Millross Buchanan papers, 1911-1972. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Curthoys, Roy Lancaster, 1892-1971. Papers [manuscript]. Libraries Australia
creatorOf Fisher, Leonard Everett. America moves forward : a history for Peter : production material. University of Minnesota, Minneapolis
referencedIn Book-of-the-Month Club. Book-of-the-Month Club records, 1939-1967. Library of Congress
referencedIn Book-of-the-Month Club Records, 1939-1967, (bulk 1939-1960) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Robert E. Sherwood papers, 1917-1968 (inclusive), 1934-1955 (bulk). Houghton Library.
creatorOf Wilson, James Southall, 1880-1963. Correspondence relating to the Southern Writers Convention sponsored by the "Virginia Quarterly Review" at the University of Virginia, October 23-24, 1931 [manuscript], 1931-1932. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Johnson, Gerald W. (Gerald White), 1890-1980. Gerald White Johnson Papers, 1886-1989 Wake Forest University - ZSR Library, Z. Smith Reynolds Library
referencedIn Lewis Gannett papers, 1681-1966 (inclusive) 1900-1960 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Theodore Roosevelt Collection: Books, pamphlets, periodicals, 18-- - <ongoing> Theodore Roosevelt Collection, Harvard College Library, Harvard University
creatorOf Sandburg, Carl, 1878-1967. Letters of tribute to Carl Sandburg [manuscript], 1951-1952. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Rubin, Louis Decimus, 1923-. Louis Decimus Rubin papers, 1945- (Series 1.1.1 I-N) [manuscript]. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
creatorOf Johnson, Gerald W. (Gerald White), 1890-1980. Viewpoint : how things look from Bolton Street / Gerald W. Johnson. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Harriss, Robert Preston, 1903-. Robert Preston Harriss papers, 1913-1989. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
creatorOf Fisher, Leonard Everett. The British Empire : an American view of its history from 1776 to 1945 : production material. University of Minnesota, Minneapolis
referencedIn Walser, Richard Gaither, 1908-1988. Richard Gaither Walser papers, 1918-1988 [manuscript]. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
creatorOf Fisher, Leonard Everett. America grows up : a history for Peter : production material. University of Minnesota, Minneapolis
creatorOf Johnson, Gerald W. (Gerald White), 1890-1980. [Letter] 1948 Feb. 18, Baltimore, Md. [to] Fannie Memory / Gerald W. Johnson. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Green, Paul, 1894-1981. Paul Green papers, 1880-1985. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
creatorOf Allen, Carleton Kemp, Sir, 1887-1966,. Letters to the editors of the Virginia Quarterly Review 1925-1934. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Herring, Harriet L. (Harriet Laura). Harriet L. Herring papers, 1925-1968 [manuscript]. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
creatorOf Gerald Johnson Papers, 1938 - 1995 University of California, San Diego. Geisel Library. Mandeville Special Collections Library.
creatorOf Langford, Gerald, 1911-. Papers of Gerald Langford [manuscript], 1947-1981. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Stevenson, Adlai E. (Adlai Ewing), 1900-1965. Adlai E. Stevenson papers, 1861-1990 (bulk 1952-1965). Princeton University Library
creatorOf Alfred A. Knopf, Inc. Records. : Series II., Alfred A. Knopf Personal, 1874-1984 (bulk 1953-1984). Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
creatorOf Alfred A. Knopf, Inc. Records. Series VII., Other Department Files, 1916-1996 (bulk 1943-1969). Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
referencedIn Oswald Garrison Villard papers, 1872-1949. Houghton Library.
referencedIn John Mason Brown papers, 1922-1967. Houghton Library.
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Adams, James Truslow, 1878-1949. person
associatedWith Alfred A. Knopf, Inc. corporateBody
associatedWith Barr, Stringfellow, 1897-1982. person
associatedWith Book-of-the-Month Club. corporateBody
correspondedWith Brown, Harold person
correspondedWith Brown, John Mason, 1900-1969 person
correspondedWith Buchanan, Scott Millross, 1895-1968 person
correspondedWith Cranston, Alan Macgregor person
associatedWith Crittenden, Ethel Taylor, 1881-1983. person
associatedWith Curthoys, Roy Lancaster, 1892-1971. person
associatedWith Daniels, Jonathan, 1902-1981. person
correspondedWith Doolittle, James Harold, 1896-1993 person
associatedWith Eisenhower, Dwight D. (Dwight David), 1890-1969. person
associatedWith Fisher, Leonard Everett. person
associatedWith Fitzgerald, F. Scott (Francis Scott), 1896-1940. person
associatedWith Gaines, Francis Pendleton, 1892-1963. person
correspondedWith Gannett, Lewis, 1891-1966 person
associatedWith Green, Paul, 1894-1981. person
associatedWith Gulf General Atomic Incorporated corporateBody
associatedWith Harriss, Robert Preston, 1903- person
associatedWith Henderson, Archibald, 1877-1963. person
associatedWith Herring, Harriet L. (Harriet Laura) person
associatedWith Heyward, DuBose, 1885-1940. person
associatedWith International Atomic Energy Agency corporateBody
correspondedWith Jackson, Henry M. (Henry Martin), 1912-1983 person
correspondedWith Kennedy, Edward Moore, 1932- person
correspondedWith Kennedy, John F. (John Fitzgerald), 1917-1963 person
correspondedWith Kennedy, Robert F., 1925-1968 person
associatedWith Langford, Gerald, 1911- person
associatedWith Luxon, Norval Neil, b. 1899. person
correspondedWith McIlhenny, George person
associatedWith Memory, Fannie. person
correspondedWith Mondale, Walter F., 1928- person
associatedWith Odum, Howard Washington, 1884-1954. person
correspondedWith Proxmire, William person
correspondedWith Rickover, Hyman George person
associatedWith Rubin, Louis Decimus, 1923- person
associatedWith Sandburg, Carl, 1878-1967. person
correspondedWith Sherwood, Robert E. (Robert Emmet), 1896-1955 person
associatedWith Sledd, Benjamin Franklin, 1864-1940. person
associatedWith Solis-Cohen, Dr., person
associatedWith Stallings, Laurence, 1894-1968. person
associatedWith Stephenson, Gilbert Thomas, 1884-1972. person
associatedWith Stevenson, Adlai E. (Adlai Ewing), 1900-1965. person
associatedWith Sun (Baltimore, Md. : 1837) corporateBody
correspondedWith Teller, Edward, 1908-2003 person
associatedWith TRW Defense and Space Systems Group corporateBody
correspondedWith Turner, Stansfield, 1923- person
associatedWith United States. corporateBody
associatedWith U.S. Atomic Energy Commission corporateBody
correspondedWith Vance, Cyrus R. (Cyrus Roberts), 1917- person
correspondedWith Villard, Oswald Garrison, 1872-1949 person
associatedWith WAAM (Television station : Baltimore, Md.) corporateBody
associatedWith Wake Forest University corporateBody
associatedWith Walser, Richard Gaither, 1908-1988. person
associatedWith Wilson, James Southall, 1880-1963. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
United States
United States
Subject
Journalists--Manuscript
Vietnam--Description and travel
Nuclear weapons--Political aspects
Politics, Practical
Presidents--Election--1952
Hero worship
Nuclear disarmament--United States
Broadcast journalism
Nuclear arms control--Government policy--United States
Nuclear energy--Government policy--United States
Nuclear weapons--Testing
Science--Social aspects--Manuscripts
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1890

Death 1980-03-22

Americans

English

Information

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SNAC ID: 45716172