Crotti, Jean, 1878-1958

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Swiss painter.

From the description of Letters : to Andre de Ridder, 1923-1926. (Getty Research Institute). WorldCat record id: 79925131


From the description of Jean Crotti papers, 1910-1973. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122455421

From the description of Jean Crotti papers, 1910-1973. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 319939689

Jean Crotti (1878-1958) was a painter who lived and worked in both Paris, France and New York, N.Y.

From the description of Jean Crotti papers, 1913-1973, bulk 1913-1961. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 657037265

Jean Crotti (1870-1958) was a Dadist painter who worked primarily in Paris, France and New York. He was married to Suzanne Duchamp, Marcel Duchamp's sister, and friends with notable avant-garde and Dada European and American painters of the period. He is also known for creating the "Gemmail" technique of layering colored glass that produced unique color combinations when illuminated.

Jean Crotti was born April 24, 1878 in Bulle, near Fribourg, Switzerland, the son of a painting contractor. The family moved to Fribourg in 1887.

Beginning in 1898, Crotti struggled with questions of a religious and spiritual nature while at the School of Decorative Arts in Munich. Dissatisfied there, he moved to Paris in 1901, where he spent a year studying at the Acad?©mie Julian under Tony-Robert Fleury and Jules Lefebvre. Still dissatisfied in 1902, he established a small independent studio in the Rue Fontaine.

Crotti exhibited a canvas at the Salon des Ind?©pendants in 1907, and was accepted as a member of the Salon d'Automne in 1909. From 1910 to 1912, he was influenced by Cubism and its offshoot, Orphism.

To escape from wartime Paris in 1914, Crotti and his first wife, Yvonne Chastel, moved to New York City where Crotti had his first solo exhibition at the Bourgeois Gallery. In 1915, Crotti met Francis Picabia and also shared a studio with Marcel Duchamp who was a major influence. Crotti began his Dada period and was included in an exhibition of French paintings at the Montross Gallery in New York, with Duchamp, Albert Gleizes, and Jean Metzinger.

Crotti separated from his first wife, Yvonne Chastel, in 1916 and returned to Paris alone. By 1917, Crotti's marriage had dissolved and he married Suzanne Duchamp in 1919. Crotti met Suzanne Duchamp, also a painter, through his friendship with her brother Marcel Duchamp. During this time, Crotti completed and exhibited paintings associated with the Dada movement. One of his more notable works was entitled Explacatif, bearing the word "Tabu" that expressed Crotti's concepts of mystery and infinity with spiritual overtones.

In 1935 Crotti began to research a new technique using layers of colored glass, referred to as "gemmail." The term is a contraction of "gem" referring to the colored glass and "enamel" referring to the method of affixing the pieces of glass to each other. After much experimentation, an "enamel" fixative was found that would permanently hold the glass pieces in place while still allowing light to shine through all the layers. Several prominent artists including Georges Braque and Pablo Picasso became interested in using this medium. Crotti had the process patented, but in 1955 ceded the rights to Roger Malherbe who adapted it to commercial uses.

Jean Crotti died on January 30, 1958 in Paris, France.

From the guide to the Jean Crotti papers, 1913-1973, bulk 1913-1961, (Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Crotti, Jean, 1878-1958. Letters : to Andre de Ridder, 1923-1926. Getty Research Institute
creatorOf CROTTI, JEAN. Artist file : miscellaneous uncataloged material. Museum of Modern Art (MOMA)
referencedIn Miscellaneous art exhibition catalog collection Archives of American Art
referencedIn Duchamp, Marcel, 1887-1968. Marcel Duchamp letters, 1943-1963. Getty Research Institute
creatorOf Jean Crotti papers Archives of American Art
creatorOf Weyhe Gallery. Correspondence with Carl Zigrosser, 1916-1971, n.d. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Blancpain, Paul person
associatedWith Blancpain, Paul. person
associatedWith Braque, Georges, 1882-1963. person
associatedWith Christian, 1895-1969. person
associatedWith Cocteau, Jean, 1889-1963. person
associatedWith Coudour, Henri person
associatedWith Coudour, Henri. person
associatedWith Crotti, Andre person
associatedWith Crotti, Andre. person
associatedWith Crotti, Lysbeth. person
associatedWith Crotti, Marie. person
associatedWith Duchamp, Marcel, 1887-1968. person
associatedWith Duchamp, Suzanne, 1889-1963. person
associatedWith Dufy, Raoul, 1877-1953. person
associatedWith Everling, Germaine. person
associatedWith Gleizes, Albert, 1881-1953. person
associatedWith Guillaume, Paul, 1891-1934. person
associatedWith Herbist, George. person
associatedWith Massot, Pierre de. person
associatedWith Massot, Pierre de. person
associatedWith Matisse, Henri, 1869-1954. person
associatedWith Montross Gallery. corporateBody
associatedWith Nokache, Armand person
associatedWith Nokache, Armand. person
associatedWith Ozenfant, Amédée, 1886-1966. person
associatedWith Pach, Walter, 1883-1958. person
associatedWith Pansaers, Clément, 1885-1922. person
associatedWith Picabia, Francis, 1879-1953. person
associatedWith Picasso, Pablo, 1881-1973 person
associatedWith Renoir, Auguste, 1841-1919. person
associatedWith Renoir, Pierre, 1885-1952. person
associatedWith Reynolds, Mary, 1891-1950. person
associatedWith Ridder, André de, 1868-1921. person
associatedWith Salmon, Andr? ©, 1881- person
associatedWith Salmon, André, 1881- person
associatedWith Salmon, André, 1881- person
associatedWith Seuphor, Michel, 1901- person
associatedWith Severini, Gino, 1883-1966. person
associatedWith Signac, Paul, 1863-1935. person
associatedWith Varèse, Edgard, 1883-1965. person
associatedWith Varese, Louise person
associatedWith Varese, Louise. person
associatedWith Var? ¨se, Edgard, 1883-1965 person
associatedWith Villern, Jean. person
associatedWith Villon, Jacques, 1875-1963. person
associatedWith Waldemar George, 1893- person
associatedWith Weyhe Gallery. corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
Art criticism
Avant-garde (Aesthetics)
Painting, French


Birth 1878-04-24

Death 1958-01-30





Ark ID: w64j0ggn

SNAC ID: 45674133