Reynolds, Mary, 1891-1950

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Mary Reynolds (1891-1950) was one of the most important figures of the Surrealist movement. A young war widow, she moved from the U.S. to Paris in 1919. In 1923 she met Marcel Duchamp and maintained a friendship with him until her death. During the 1920s, she studied with the Parisian bookbinder Pierre Legrain and applied her skills to books given to her by such friends as Max Ernst, Man Ray, Paul Eluard, André Breton, Jean Cocteau, and Salvador Dali. Reynolds was active in the French Resistance during Word War II, but eventually fled occupied Paris for the U.S. After the war, she returned to Paris where she lived until her death.

From the description of Mary Reynolds collection, 1940-1974. (Art Institute of Chicago). WorldCat record id: 80243145

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Ford, Charles Henri. Charles Henri Ford papers, 1928-1947 (inclusive). Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Boyle, Kay, 1902-1992. Kay Boyle and Joseph Franckenstein correspondence, 1940-1963. Southern Illinois University, Morris Library
creatorOf Reynolds, Mary, 1891-1950. Mary Reynolds collection, 1940-1974. Aurora University, Phillips Library
referencedIn Jones Studio (Boulder, Colo.) Photographer. Delta Gamma, 1914. Boulder Public Library
creatorOf Toby Gordon Ryan Collection. The Marriage Proposal / by Anton Chekov, 1937 - house program. University of Guelph
referencedIn Jean Crotti papers, 1913-1973, bulk 1913-1961 Archives of American Art
creatorOf Duchamp, Marcel, 1887-1968. Rotorelief : disques optiques, 1935. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Crotti, Jean, 1878-1958. Jean Crotti papers, 1913-1973, bulk 1913-1961. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Reynolds, William, 1847-1934. Reynolds-McBride family papers, 1866-2000. Newberry Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
correspondedWith Arensberg, Walter, 1878-1954 person
associatedWith Boyle, Kay, 1902-1992. person
correspondedWith Calder, Alexander, 1898-1976 person
correspondedWith Cocteau, Jean, 1889-1963 person
associatedWith Crotti, Jean, 1878-1958. person
correspondedWith Cunard, Nancy person
correspondedWith Duchamp, Marcel, 1887-1968 person
associatedWith Edwards, Hugh L. person
associatedWith Flanner, Janet, 1892-1978. person
associatedWith Ford, Charles Henri. person
correspondedWith Guggenheim, Peggy, 1898-1979 person
correspondedWith Hubachek, Frank B. person
correspondedWith Humes, Elizabeth person
associatedWith Jones Studio (Boulder, Colo.) Photographer. corporateBody
correspondedWith Kuh, Katharine person
correspondedWith Man Ray, 1890-1976 person
correspondedWith Reynolds, William, 1847-1934. person
associatedWith Toby Gordon Ryan Collection. corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country


Birth 1891

Death 1950



Ark ID: w6b006r8

SNAC ID: 15728907