Guinier, Ewart

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Labor leader, former presidential candidate for the Borough of Manhattan, and the first chairman of Harvard University's Department of African American Studies. Born in Panama of West Indian parents in 1910, Ewart Guinier migrated to the United States in 1925 and studied at Harvard University, the City University of New York, Columbia University and New York University. He became the International Secretary of the United Public Workers of America in 1940, and was the Liberal Party candidate for the presidency of the Borough of Manhattan in 1949. In the 1930s, Guinier helped organize community efforts to break the traditional pattern of lily-white employment in the main shopping district in Harlem and to open jobs for African Americans in New York's public transportion system. An active figure in progressive and labor circles, he served as vice-president of the National Negro Labor Council in the 1950s, and also worked with the National Urban League, the Harlem Affairs Committee and the Jamaica Coordinating Council. He served as the first chairman of the African American Studies Department at Harvard University from 1969 to 1976, and held a full professorship until his retirement in 1980. Ewart Guinier died in 1990.

From the guide to the Ewart Guinier papers, 1910-1989, (The New York Public Library. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division.)

Labor leader, former presidential candidate for the Borough of Manhattan, and the first chairman of Harvard University's Department of African American Studies.

Born in Panama of West Indian parents in 1910, Ewart Guinier migrated to the United States in 1925 and studied at Harvard University, the City University of New York, Columbia University and New York University. He became the International Secretary of the United Public Workers of America in 1940, and was the Liberal Party candidate for the presidency of the Borough of Manhattan in 1949. In the 1930s, Guinier helped organize community efforts to break the traditional pattern of lily-white employment in the main shopping district in Harlem and to open jobs for African Americans in New York's public transportion system. An active figure in progressive and labor circles, he served as vice-president of the National Negro Labor Council in the 1950s, and also worked with the National Urban League, the Harlem Affairs Committee and the Jamaica Coordinating Council. He served as the first chairman of the African American Studies Department at Harvard University from 1969 to 1976, and held a full professorship until his retirement in 1980. Ewart Guinier died in 1990.

From the description of Ewart Guinier papers, 1910-1989. (New York Public Library). WorldCat record id: 122571037

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Du Bois, Shirley Graham, 1896-1977. Papers, 1865-1998 (inclusive), 1905-1975 (bulk). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Guide to the Daily Worker and Daily World Photographs Collection, 1920-2001 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives
creatorOf Lawrence D. Reddick World War II project, 1943-1953 (bulk 1943-1945) New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Papers of Shirley Graham Du Bois, 1865-1998 (inclusive), 1905-1975 (bulk) Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Levin, Harry. Harry Levin Papers. 1920-1995. Houghton Library
referencedIn Records of the Association of African and Afro-American Students at Harvard and Radcliffe, 1963-1976 Harvard University Archives.
referencedIn Harvard University. Corporation. Committee to Develop the W.E.B. Du Bois Institute. Records of the Chairman, 1972-1980 (inclusive). Harvard University, Archives
creatorOf Ewart Guinier papers, 1910-1989 The New York Public Library. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division.
creatorOf Guinier, Ewart. Ewart Guinier papers, 1910-1989. New York Public Library System, NYPL
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Association for the Study of Afro-American Life and History. corporateBody
associatedWith Association of African and Afro-American Students at Harvard and Radcliffe. corporateBody
associatedWith Bok, Derek Curtis person
associatedWith Bok, Derek Curtis. person
associatedWith Columbia University. Urban Center. corporateBody
associatedWith Communist Party of the United States of America. corporateBody
associatedWith Cuney, William Waring, 1906-1976. person
associatedWith Douglass Urban Corporation. corporateBody
associatedWith Du Bois, Shirley Graham, 1896-1977. person
associatedWith Du Bois, Shirley Graham, 1906-1977. person
associatedWith Dunlop, John T. (John Thomas), 1914-2003. person
associatedWith Ford, Franklin L. (Franklin Lewis), 1920-2003. person
associatedWith Gulf Oil Corporation. corporateBody
associatedWith Harlem Affairs Committee. corporateBody
associatedWith Harvard-Radcliffe Afro-American Cultural Center. corporateBody
associatedWith Harvard University corporateBody
associatedWith Harvard University. Afro-American Studies Department corporateBody
associatedWith Harvard University. Afro-American Studies Dept. corporateBody
associatedWith Harvard University. Corporation. Committee to Develop the W.E.B. Du Bois Institute. corporateBody
associatedWith Harvard University. DuBois Institute. corporateBody
associatedWith Jamaica Coordinating Committee. corporateBody
associatedWith Kilson, Martin person
associatedWith Kilson, Martin. person
associatedWith Leonard, Walter J person
associatedWith Leonard, Walter J. person
correspondedWith Levin, Harry, 1912-1994 person
associatedWith National Association of Black and Ethnic Studies Directors. corporateBody
associatedWith National Council of American-Soviet Friendship (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith Pan-African Liberation Committee. corporateBody
associatedWith Patterson, Orlando, 1940- person
associatedWith Reddick, Lawrence Dunbar, 1910-1995. person
associatedWith Rosovsky, Henry person
associatedWith Rosovsky, Henry. person
associatedWith SHIRLEY GRAHAM DU BOIS, 1896-1977 person
associatedWith Stuckey, Sterling. person
associatedWith Student Organization of Black Unity. corporateBody
associatedWith Turner, James person
associatedWith Turner, James. person
associatedWith United Public Workers of America. corporateBody
associatedWith Urban League of Greater New York. corporateBody
associatedWith Walters, Ronald W person
associatedWith Walters, Ronald W. person
associatedWith W.E.B. Du Bois Institute for Afro-American Research. corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
New York (N.Y.)
Panama--Panama Canal
Panama Canal (Panama)
Panama Canal (Panama)
Queens (New York, N.Y.)
New York (State)--New York
United States
Subject
Community organization--New York (State)--New York--Queens
Discrimination in employment--Law and legislation--United States
Community organization
Campaign literature
African American college administrators
African American labor union members
Community development
Discrimination in employment
African Americans scholars
Local elections--New York (State)--New York
African AmericanxEducation
African--American studies
Affirmative action programs
Government employee unions--United States
Discrimination in employment--Panama--Panama Canal
African American college students--Political activity
Labor unions--Government employees
African American scholars
African American college teachers--Selection and appointment
Loyalty oaths
Detente
Community development--New York (State)--New York--Queens
African Americans--Study and teaching
Labor movement
Black studies
African Americans--Education
African American--Study and teaching--United States
Local election
Student movements
Local government--Queens (New York, N.Y.)
Labor unions and communism
Blacks--Study and teaching
Civil service--Minority employment
Labor unions and communism--United States
Labor movement--United States
Community development--Queens (New York, N.Y.)
Labor unions--African American membership
Community organization--Queens (New York, N.Y.)
Loyalty oaths--United States
Discrimination in employment--Law and legislation
Local government
Student movements--United States
Occupation
Function

Person

Active 1943

Active 1953

Information

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