Connecticut Land Company

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The Connecticut Land Company (1795-1809) was a syndicate of 35 groups representing 58 individuals who purchased on credit the majority of Connecticut's Western Reserve land as a speculative venture. Proceeds from the sale of the Reserve were used to establish the Connecticut School Fund. The Western Reserve was that area of northeastern Ohio which Connecticut reserved for her citizens in 1786 in exchange for ceding the remainder of her western land claims to the newly-formed United States government. Settlers were slow to purchase Reserve lands, and many of the original proprietors did not make any profits due to company mismanagement.

From the description of Records, 1765-1835 [microform]. ca. 1765-1835. (Connecticut State Library). WorldCat record id: 46389572

From the description of Miscellaneous records, 1765-1835. (Rhinelander District Library). WorldCat record id: 22505071

The Connecticut Land Company (f. 1795) was a syndicate of thirty-five groups representing 58 individuals who purchased the majority of Connecticut's Western Reserve lands for profitable resale. The Western Reserve was that area of northeastern Ohio which Connecticut reserved for her citizens in 1786 in exchange for ceding the remainder of her western land claims to the newly-formed United States government. For approximately 1.2 million dollars, the land company received title to all Reserve lands except the Firelands in the extreme west of the region and a Salt Springs Tract in the Mahoning Valley. Each purchasing group received a number of shares proportionate to the money invested in the venture. Seven directors were then appointed to settle the Indian claims, survey the land into townships, sell the land, establish settlements, and run the company. Slow land sales and company mismanagement dogged the venture and by 1809 an annual report reflected a large amount of unpaid interest on the company's debt and unsafe collateral on the original debt. The Connecticut Land Company dissolved that same year when all unsold land was divided among the proprietors.

click here to view the Encyclopedia of Cleveland History entry for the Connecticut Land Company

From the guide to the Connecticut Land Company Miscellaneous Records, 1765-1835, (Western Reserve Historical Society)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Lord, Samuel Phillips. Samuel Phillips Lord papers, 1795-1813. Western Reserve Historical Society, Research Library
referencedIn Doty, James Duane, 1799-1865. Records of the States of the United States of America [microform] : a microfilm compilation. Miscellany. Ohio. Western Reserve - Connecticut Land Company papers, 1795-1810 / prepared by the Library of Congress in Association with the University of North Carolina ; collected and edited under the direction of William Sumner Jenkins. Ohio History Connection, Ohio Historical Society
creatorOf Phelps, Oliver, 1749-1809. Account, 1809 Jan. Newberry Library
referencedIn Boardman, Elijah. Letters, 1804-1820. Western Reserve Historical Society, Research Library
referencedIn Canfield, Judson, 1759-1840. Judson Canfield papers, 1760-1856. Litchfield Historical Society
creatorOf Western Reserve Historical Society. Manuscripts relating to the early history of the Western Reserve, 1795-1869 [microform]. Cleveland State University Library, Michael Schwartz Library
creatorOf Phelps, Oliver, 1749-1809. The Oliver Phelps family papers, 1792-1879, bulk 1794-1810, 1830-1870. Western Reserve Historical Society, Research Library
creatorOf Harmon family. Papers, 1766-1885, bulk 1795-1860. Western Reserve Historical Society, Research Library
referencedIn Walworth family. Walworth family papers, 1774-1884. Western Reserve Historical Society, Research Library
creatorOf Connecticut Land Company. Records, 1765-1835 [microform]. Connecticut State Library, CSL
creatorOf Harmon, John, 1789-1871. The John Harmon family papers, ca. 1800-1872. Western Reserve Historical Society, Research Library
referencedIn Walworth family. Walworth family papers, 1774-1884 [microform]. Western Reserve Historical Society, Research Library
referencedIn Odell and Cozad Abstracting Companies Search Books, 1870-1900. Western Reserve Historical Society, Research Library
creatorOf Mastick, Asahel. Mastick and Tomlinson family papers, 1784-1869. Western Reserve Historical Society, Research Library
referencedIn Austin, Eliphalet. Land indenture, 1801. Ohio History Connection, Ohio Historical Society
referencedIn Ayer, Edward Everett, 1841-1927. Treaty betwe[e]n the United States of America and the sachems, chiefs and warriors of the Wyandot, Ottawa, Chippawa, Munsee and Delaware, Shawanee and Pottawatima Nations : holden at Fort Industry on the Miami of the lake, 1805 July 4. Newberry Library
referencedIn Cleaveland, Moses, 1754-1806. Moses Cleaveland speech to the Senecas, 1796. Western Reserve Historical Society, Research Library
creatorOf Connecticut Land Company. Miscellaneous records, 1765-1835. Western Reserve Historical Society, Research Library
creatorOf Dyer, Albion Morris, 1858-1912. Papers, 1909-1912. Western Reserve Historical Society, Research Library
referencedIn Western Reserve (Ohio) collection, 1796-1808 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Cleaveland, Moses, 1754-1806. Moses Cleaveland letter to chiefs of the Six Nations, 1796 May 29. Western Reserve Historical Society, Research Library
referencedIn McClellan, John, 1767-1858. McClellan family papers, 1697-1907. Connecticut Historical Society
referencedIn Atwater, Amzi, 1776-1850. Manuscripts relating to the early history of the Connecticut Western Reserve, 1795-1869. Western Reserve Historical Society, Research Library
referencedIn Connecticut Historical Society. Collection of deeds and legal papers, 1743-1902. Connecticut Historical Society
referencedIn Trumbull County (N.W.T.). Records. Ohio History Connection, Ohio Historical Society
creatorOf Connecticut Land Company. Records, 1795-1817 / Connecticut Land Company. Western Reserve Historical Society, Research Library
creatorOf Vance, Joseph, d. 1824. Papers. Ohio History Connection, Ohio Historical Society
referencedIn William L. Clements Library. Western Reserve (Ohio) collection, 1796-1808. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
referencedIn Connecticut archives. Susquehannah settlers, 2nd series [microform] 1771-1797. Western lands, 2nd series, 1783-1819. Connecticut State Library, CSL
creatorOf Root, Ephraim, 1762-1825. Papers, 1769-1837. Western Reserve Historical Society, Research Library
creatorOf Connecticut Land Company Records, 1795-1817 Western Reserve Historical Society
referencedIn Wadsworth, Elijah, 1747-1817. Elijah Wadsworth family papers, 1792-1868 [microform]. Western Reserve Historical Society, Research Library
referencedIn Six Nations. Chiefs of the Six Nations letter to Moses Cleaveland, 1796 June 6. Western Reserve Historical Society, Research Library
referencedIn Flewwelling, Samuel, 1774 or 5-1849. Samuel Flewwelling papers, 1799-1868. Litchfield Historical Society
creatorOf Kirtland, Turhand, 1755-1844. Turhand Kirtland papers, 1794-1880, bulk 1794-1844 [microform]. Western Reserve Historical Society, Research Library
referencedIn Griswold family. Papers, 1782-1842 (inclusive). Harvard Business School, Knowledge and Library Services/Baker Library
creatorOf Connecticut Land Company. Records. Ohio History Connection, Ohio Historical Society
creatorOf Connecticut Land Company. Records, 1796 Feb. 11. Ohio History Connection, Ohio Historical Society
referencedIn Bronson, Hermon. Hermon Bronson papers, 1808-1822. Western Reserve Historical Society, Research Library
referencedIn Atwater, Amzi, 1776-1850. Manuscripts relating to the early history of the Connecticut Western Reserve, 1795-1869 [microform]. Western Reserve Historical Society, Research Library
referencedIn Wadsworth Family. Papers, 1764-1800. Connecticut Historical Society
referencedIn Connecticut. School Fund Managers. Record books, 1801-1803, 1807-1810. Western Reserve Historical Society, Research Library
referencedIn Wadsworth, Elijah, 1747-1817. Family papers, 1792-1868. Western Reserve Historical Society, Research Library
creatorOf Kirtland, Turhand, 1755-1844. Turhand Kirtland papers, 1794-1880, bulk 1794-1844. Western Reserve Historical Society, Research Library
referencedIn Cleaveland, Moses, 1754-1806. Moses Cleaveland letter to Joseph Brant, 1796 May 26. Western Reserve Historical Society, Research Library
referencedIn Porter, Augustus, 1769-1849. A plan of the survey made by, & under the direction of Augustus Porter upon the Connecticut Reserve for the Connecticut Land Company in the year 1796. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
referencedIn Moses Warren, Jr., letters, Warren, Moses, Jr. letters, 1796-1797 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Ely, Theodore, b. 1764. Theodore Ely papers, 1768-1842. Churchill County Museum
referencedIn Samuel Huntington papers, Huntington, Samuel papers, 1768-1828 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Cleaveland, Moses, 1754-1806. Papers, 1796-1805. Western Reserve Historical Society, Research Library
referencedIn Judd, William, 1743-1804. Papers, 1786-1797. Connecticut Historical Society
referencedIn Warren, Moses, 1762-1835. Moses Warren, Jr., letters, 1796-1797. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
referencedIn Connecticut archives. Susquehannah settlers, 1st series [microform] 1755-1797. Western lands, 1st series, 1783-1789. Connecticut State Library, CSL
creatorOf Connecticut Land Company Miscellaneous Records, 1765-1835 Western Reserve Historical Society
referencedIn Cleaveland, Moses, 1754-1806. Moses Cleaveland speech to the Six Nations, 1796 June 21. Western Reserve Historical Society, Research Library
referencedIn Ohio. Auditor of State. Drafts of land for the Western Reserve (1811 copy), 1798-1809. Ohio History Connection, Ohio Historical Society
creatorOf Stow, Joshua. Papers, 1795-1832 / Joshua Stow. Western Reserve Historical Society, Research Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Austin, Eliphalet. person
associatedWith Boardman, Elijah. person
associatedWith Bronson, Hermon. person
associatedWith Canfield, Judson, 1759-1840. person
associatedWith Cleaveland, Moses, 1754-1806. person
associatedWith Coit, Daniel Lathrop, 1754-1833. person
associatedWith Connecticut Historical Society. corporateBody
associatedWith Connecticut. School Fund Managers. corporateBody
associatedWith Doty, James Duane, 1799-1865. person
associatedWith Dyer, Albion Morris, 1858-1912. person
associatedWith Ely, Theodore, b. 1764. person
associatedWith Flewwelling, Samuel, 1774 or 5-1849. person
associatedWith Granger, Gideon, 1767-1822. person
associatedWith Griswold family. family
associatedWith Harmon family. family
associatedWith Huntington, Samuel, 1765-1817 person
associatedWith Judd, William, 1743-1804. person
associatedWith Kirtland, Turhand, 1755-1844. person
associatedWith Lord, Samuel Phillips. person
associatedWith McClellan, John, 1767-1858. person
associatedWith Ohio. Auditor of State. corporateBody
associatedWith Perkins, Elias. person
associatedWith Perkins, Enoch, 1760-1828. person
associatedWith Perkins, Joseph, 1819-1885. person
associatedWith Phelps, Oliver, 1749-1809. person
associatedWith Porter, Augustus, 1769-1849. person
associatedWith Root, Ephraim, 1762-1825. person
associatedWith Six Nations. corporateBody
associatedWith Stow, Joshua. person
associatedWith Trumbull County (N.W.T.) corporateBody
associatedWith Vance, Joseph, d. 1824. person
associatedWith Wadsworth, Elijah, 1747-1817. person
associatedWith Wadsworth Family. family
associatedWith Walworth family. family
associatedWith Walworth family. family
associatedWith Warren, Moses. person
associatedWith Warren, Moses, 1762-1835. person
associatedWith White, Philo. person
associatedWith William L. Clements Library. corporateBody
associatedWith Young, John. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Ohio
Ohio
Lisbon (Ohio)
Lisbon (Ohio)
Ohio--Lisbon
Ohio--Lisbon
Western Reserve (Ohio)
Western Reserve (Ohio)
Western Reserve (Ohio)
Western Reserve (Ohio)
United States
Ohio--Western Reserve
Ohio--Western Reserve
Subject
Western Reserve (Ohio)--History--Sources
Real property--Ohio
Real property
Decedents' estates
Real property--Ohio--New Lisbon
Connecticut Land Company
Road construction
Real property--Ohio--Western Reserve
New Lisbon (Ohio)--History--Sources
Land companies
Land companies--United States
Decedents' estates--Ohio--Western Reserve
Roads--Ohio--Design and construction
Occupation
Function

Corporate Body

Active 1795

Active 1817

Information

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